Energy saving statistics


Data from January 2020

Planned article update: February 2021

Highlights

In 2018, primary energy consumption in the EU was 5 % above the 2020 energy target and 22 % above the 2030 target.

In 2018, final energy consumption in the EU was 3 % above the 2020 energy target and 17 % above the 2030 target.

Distance to 2020 and 2030 targets for primary energy consumption, EU-27
Source: Eurostat (nrg_ind_eff)

Energy efficiency targets for 2020 and 2030

The European Union (EU) has committed itself to a 20 % reduction of energy consumption by the year 2020 compared to baseline[1] projections. This objective is also known as the 20 % energy efficiency target. In other words, the EU has committed[2] itself to have a primary energy consumption of no more than 1 483 Mtoe and a final energy consumption of no more than 1 086 Mtoe in 2020. For 2030 the binding target is at least 32.5 % reduction. This translates into a primary energy consumption of no more than 1 273 Mtoe and a final energy consumption of no more than 956 Mtoe in 2030. With the withdrawal of the United Kingdom, the Union's energy consumption figures for 2020 and 2030 needs to be adjusted to the situation of 27 Member States. A technical adaptation of targets results in a primary energy consumption of no more than 1 312 Mtoe in 2020 and 1 128 Mtoe in 2030 and a final energy consumption of no more than 959 Mtoe in 2020 and 846 Mtoe in 2030.

This article provides statistical evaluation of the energy consumption trends in relation to these objectives and describes the statistical method for its measurement.

Full article

Primary energy consumption and distance to 2020 and 2030 targets

Over the years, the primary energy consumption has fluctuated as energy needs are influenced by economic developments, the structural changes in industry, the implementation of energy efficiency measures and also the specific weather situation (such as cold vs. warm winters). After having increased by 4.0 % between 2014 and 2017 (three consecutive years of increases), the Primary energy consumption decreased in 2018 by 0.7%. Since its peak in 2006, it decreased by 9.0 %. The gap between the actual level of primary energy consumption and the target level in 2020 was 15.2% in 2006, 1.5 % in 2014 and in 2018 it was 4.9 %. The distance to the 2030 target was 22.0 % in 2018. Please see data shown in Table 1 and Figure 1.

Table 1: Primary energy consumption and distance to 2020 and 2030 targets, EU-27
Source: Eurostat (nrg_ind_eff)


Figure 1: Distance to 2020 and 2030 targets for primary energy consumption, EU-27
Source: Eurostat (nrg_ind_eff)

Final energy consumption and distance to 2020 and 2030 targets

Final energy consumption (shown in Table 2 and in Figure 2) has increased for the fourth consecutive year (increasing since 2014). In 2018 it was 5.5 % higher than in 2014. While in 2014 the final energy consumption was 2.2 % below the 2020 target level, in 2018 it was 3.2% above the 2020 target level. The distance to the 2030 target was 17.0 % in 2018. The final energy consumption peaked in 2006 and its level in 2018 was 5.4% below this peak.

Table 2: Final energy consumption and distance to 2020 and 2030 targets, EU-27
Source: Eurostat (nrg_ind_eff)


Figure 2: Distance to 2020 and 2030 targets for final energy consumption, EU-27
Source: Eurostat (nrg_ind_eff)

Source data for tables and graphs

Data sources

Data from energy balances have been used for all calculations. Data are available for all EU Member States and for all time periods from 1990. The most recent data available are for 2018. In general, data are complete, recent and highly comparable across countries. This results in high accuracy and accountability of EU aggregate figures.

Methodology

The target values for 2020 and 2030 are fixed in Article 3 of Directive 2012/27/EU:

  • the Union’s 2020 energy consumption has to be no more than 1 483 Mtoe of primary energy or no more than 1 086 Mtoe of final energy
  • the Union's 2030 energy consumption has to be no more than 1 273 Mtoe of primary energy and/or no more than 956 Mtoe of final energy

These values apply to EU-28. With the withdrawal of the United Kingdom, the Union's energy consumption figures for 2020 and 2030 needs to be adjusted to the situation of 27 Member States. A technical adaptation, respecting the same calculation principles, results in a primary energy consumption of no more than 1 312 Mtoe in 2020 and 1 128 Mtoe in 2030 and a final energy consumption of no more than 959 Mtoe in 2020 and 846 Mtoe in 2030. More details are available on the website of DG Energy.

The primary energy consumption used for monitoring progress towards 2020 and 2030 targets is taken from energy balances: Primary energy consumption (Europe 2020-2030) [code: PEC2020-2030]. The primary energy consumption has to be measured in Mtoe.

The final energy consumption used for monitoring progress towards 2020 and 2030 targets is taken from energy balances: Final energy consumption (Europe 2020-2030) [code: FEC2020-2030]. The final energy consumption has to be measured in Mtoe.

The distance to target in absolute terms (Mtoe) is calculated as a difference between the observed energy consumption in a given year to the absolute primary and final energy consumption targets in 2020 or 2030 according to Directive 2012/27/EU.

The distance to target in relative terms (as percentage) is calculated as a ratio of the distance in a given year to primary and final energy consumption target in 2020 or 2030 according to Directive 2012/27/EU.

Context

Europe cannot afford to waste energy. Energy efficiency is the most cost effective way to reduce emissions, improve energy security, enhance competitiveness and make energy consumption more affordable for all consumers. Energy efficiency is also one of the key factors in achieving our long-term energy and climate goals.

The European Council adopted in 2007 energy and climate change objectives for 2020:

  • to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 20 %
  • to increase the share of renewable energy to 20 %
  • to make a 20 % improvement in energy efficiency.

The European Parliament has continuously supported more ambitious goals.

On 25 October 2012, the EU adopted Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency. This Directive establishes a common framework of measures for the promotion of energy efficiency within the Union in order to ensure the achievement of the 20 % headline target on energy efficiency.

On 11 December 2018, the EU amended Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency and set a 2030 target of 32.5 %, also with a possible upward revision in 2023.

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Energy statistics - quantities, annual data (nrg_quant)
Energy indicators (nrg_ind)
Energy efficiency (nrg_ind_eff)

Notes

  1. Projections made in years 2007 for energy consumption in year 2020. The target was set as 20% reduction from the projected value.
  2. see Article 3 of Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency and also article