This report illustrates the state and development of social enterprise in Europe. The research was conducted by independent academics supported by the EMES network and the EURICSE research centre. In each country the researchers engaged in an interactive process with a wide range of stakeholders to ensure the accuracy of the picture.
Seven country reports also provides a comprehensive picture of social enterprises and their eco-systems in France, Italy, Spain, Belgium, Ireland, Slovakia and Poland.
The reports are available online only and in English.
This policy brief on strategies and policies to scale the social impact of social enterprises was produced within a multiannual cooperation between the LEED programme of the OECD and the Directorate General Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion of the European Commission. It begins by explaining what a social enterprise is and what scaling means in the context of social enterprises. It then compares the scaling patterns of social enterprises and conventional enterprises, looking at social impact vs. profit maximisation, the types of goods and services involved, and stakeholder relations. It goes on to examine specific strategies for scaling impact and also highlights the challenges and policy responses connected with this.
This compendium contains 20 case studies of public programmes in European countries that are successfully supporting business creation by people from disadvantaged and under-represented groups in entrepreneurship. The populations targeted by these programmes include youth, women, seniors, the unemployed, immigrants, ethnic minorities and people with disabilities. Each programme description details the programme’s activities and approach, assesses the challenges faced in development and implementation, and offers tips for successful transfer to other contexts.
This publication is only available in electronic format in English. German and French versions will follow.
The OECD and European Commission have produced a new policy brief on youth entrepreneurship. It covers the scale of self-employment and entrepreneurship activities undertaken by young people, including by gender, education level, industry sector, country and sub-national geographic areas, as well as the drivers for and barriers to youth entrepreneurship and self-employment. The policy brief also presents policy lessons from evidence on entrepreneurship activities and policy experience. This publication is available online only in English, French and German.
Self-employment makes a considerable contribution to the EU economy in terms of entrepreneurship and job creation and accounted for almost 15% of total employment in the Union in 2009. However, it also carries a degree of risk and EU-level policies have been developed over a number of years to support self-employment and small and medium-sized enterprises. Such measures have been stepped up in the light of the economic crisis and its impact, both at EU- and Member State-level. The European Employment Observatory Review for 2010 on self-employment in Europe provides an introduction to the self-employment situation in Europe including the impact of the economic crisis, its role in the labour market, attitudes towards the subject and problems faced by the self-employed. The Review then assesses national labour market policies and crisis recovery measures and examines the quality of self-employed work and actions to improve this, before providing some final conclusions. This publication is available in printed format in English, French and German.