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Employee Involvement - European Cooperative Society

European Cooperative Society

Cooperatives wishing to engage in cross-border business may make use of the Statute of European Cooperative Society (SCE) established by an EU Regulation (1435/2003).

The information, consultation and participation rights of employees in an SCE are safeguarded and promoted by a supplementary Directive (2003/72/EC).

A European Cooperative Society may be created:

  • By five or more natural persons resident in at least two Member States
  • By five or more natural persons and companies and firms and other legal bodies governed by public or private law, formed under the law of a Member State, resident in, or governed by law of at least two different Member States
  • By companies and firms and other legal bodies governed by public or private law, formed under the law of a Member State which are governed by the law of at least two different Member States
  • By a merger between cooperatives formed under the law of a Member State with registered office and head offices within the Community if for at least two years it has had an establishment or subsidiary governed by the law of another member state
  • By conversion of a cooperative formed under the law of a Member State, which has its registered office and head offices within the Community if for at least two years it has had an establishment or subsidiary governed by the law of another member state.

The legislative framework also provides for the involvement of employees in European Cooperatives. This is the subject of a special supplementary Directive (2003/72/EC). Information, consultation and in some cases, participation procedures at transnational level are to be used whenever a European Cooperative is created. These procedures are established as a priority through an agreement.

The texts of the Regulation and the Directive are available, together with implementation reports.

Directives

Studies

Implementation

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