Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion

Database of labour market practices

This database gathers practices in the field of employment submitted by European countries for the purposes of mutual learning. These practices have proven to be successful in the country concerned, according to its national administration. The European Commission does not have a position on the policies or measures mentioned in the database.

Sweden The Occupational Compass
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Original Title: Yrkeskompassen
Country: Sweden
Responsible body: The Swedish Public Employment Service, (Arbetsförmedlingen)
Start Year of implementation: 2008
End Year of implementation: Ongoing
EU policy relevance:

Yrkeskompassen is a web-based guidance tool that contains occupational forecasts for one, five and ten years. Before 2008 the Employment Service published similar information in printed form. Yrkeskompassen aims to offer support to all who are looking for work but especially for those who are about to make a career choice. The information in Yrkeskompassen can thus be used for the choice of education and/or profession as well as for guidance. Yrkeskompassen is also a source of information for people who work with guidance. With nearly 200 occupational forecasts, Yrkeskompassen is covering about 80 per cent of employment in the Swedish labour market. In addition to information about the job opportunities in different occupations, Yrkeskompassen also provides information about: 

  • the types of programmes (education) that are relevant for the respective professions/ occupations;
  • the specific skills that are important in different occupations; and
  • what is important to keep in mind for those who are interested in a career in specific occupations.

It also includes filmed interviews with people working in the profession in question and links to information from other sources.  

Yrkeskompassen is thus a tool that facilitates both the labour and skills supply and leads to better functioning of the labour markets.

National labour market context: The Swedish labour market is characterised by matching problems between young people's choice of education and the labour/ skills needs of employers. This applies to both the short and long term. The young people's interest in the vocational programmes in secondary schools has been inadequate for a long time. At tertiary level there is a need to increase the interest to become, for example, a teacher, nurse, engineer or IT-specialist. The Public Employment Service has highlighted this in our occupational forecasts for a long time. To ensure an adequate supply of labour in different occupations, it is important that both those who are about to establish themselves in the labour market and those who are planning to switch careers have access to good information about the job opportunities in different occupations. Yrkeskompassen gives the users access to this type of information.
Policy area: Skills supply, productivity and lifelong learning
Specific policy or labour market problem being addressed: Good information about the job opportunities in different occupations is an important part of the process to facilitate the matching between demand and supply in the labour market. Good information is a key factor for increasing labour mobility. This applies both to geographical mobility and mobility between different occupations. The Public Employment Service also uses the information we publish in Yrkeskompassen to highlight the importance of certain types of education and training programmes. Based on our long-term occupational projections, we describe which sectors or occupations experience higher levels of workforce shortages. In addition, we always emphasise the importance of young people completing their education.
Aims and objectives of the policy or measure:

The main purpose of Yrkeskompassen is to provide job seekers with accurate information about the job opportunities in different occupations. The short-term forecasts (1 year) are very useful for the choice of occupation and guidance for job seekers that are already qualified for different types of occupations. Similarly, the long-term forecasts (5 and 10 years) are particularly useful for young people and jobseekers that need to complement their qualifications for specific occupations. It is important that long-term choices of career and/or education are based on long-term forecasts. 

Main activities / actions underpinning the policy or measure:

The one year occupational forecasts are based on the local employment offices assessments of labour demand and supply in a year for around 200 occupations. The assessments are based on the Employment Service's professional knowledge and assessment of both the supply and demand for labour. The forecasts are produced twice a year.

Yrkeskompassen can be used both by individuals seeking employment and in meetings between employment officers and job seekers. The system can also be used/ presented when the employment office conducts group sessions for job seekers.

The information included in Yrkeskompassen is national but can in part be disaggregated to the regional level. Parts of the regional information are published in short regional reports. These reports are called "Job Opportunities" ("Jobbmöjligheter").

Target groups: primarily young people (aged 16 to 25 years) but the information is available, as well as useful for anyone seeking information about job opportunities in different occupations.

Geographical scope of policy or measure: National
Target groups: Young people (aged 16 to 25 years), Other
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