Tourism statistics - occupancy rates in hotels and similar establishments


Data extracted in April 2019.

Planned article update: January 2020.

Highlights
In December 2018, the occupancy rates of bed places in tourist accommodation in the EU increased compared with the same month in 2017.
On average for the 4th quarter of 2018, the highest occupancy rate of bed places in tourist accommodation in the EU was observed in Cyprus (58.6%).
During the 4th quarter of 2018, the highest occupancy rate of bedrooms in tourist accommodation in the EU was observed in Malta in October (85.5%).

Net occupancy rates of bed-places in hotels and similar establishments, December 2018

This article focuses on the short-term evolution of the net occupancy rates of bed places and bedrooms of hotels and similar accommodation establishments in the European Union (EU) and contains the first publication of data for September 2018.

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Occupancy rates of bed places

Data on occupancy rates of bed places for December and the fourth quarter of 2018 (the most recent reference month and quarter available) are compared with the same month and quarter of the previous year. In addition, data from January to December 2018 are compared with the same period in 2017 (see Figure 1).

Figure 1: Net occupancy rates of bed places in hotels and similar establishments, January to December 2017 and January to December 2018, EU-28 (%) - Source: Eurostat (tour_occ_mnor) (tour_occ_nim)

In December 2018 compared with December 2017, net occupancy rates of bed places in the EU increased by 0.5 percentage points (see Table 1). Looking at country level, in December 2018 net occupancy rates of bed places ranged from 22.6 % in Greece to 47.7 % in Spain (see Figure 2).

Table 1: Net occupancy rates of bed-places in hotels and similar establishments, December 2018, 4th quarter 2018 and January to December 2018 compared with the same periods of 2017 (%) - Source: Eurostat (tour_occ_mnor) (tour_occ_nim)


Figure 2: Net occupancy rates of bed places in hotels and similar establishments, December 2018 (%) - Source: Eurostat (tour_occ_mnor)

During the fourth quarter (October to December) 2018, net occupancy rates of bed places in the EU increased by 1.6 percentage points compared with the same quarter of the year before (see Table 1). During this period, on average more than half of the available bed places in Cyprus and Spain were occupied.

Looking at the twelve-month period from January to December 2018, net occupancy rates of bed places in the EU increased by 1.3 percentage points compared with the previous year (see Table 1). The biggest increase was observed in Italy (+5.5 percentage points followed by Belgium (+5.0 percentage points), while Cyprus, Estonia, Spain, Portugal, Sweden and Finland recorded drops. During this period, on average more than three out of five available bed places in Cyprus, Spain and Croatia were occupied.

Occupancy rates of bedrooms

Monthly data on occupancy rates of bedrooms from October to December 2018 are compared with the same months of the previous year (see Table 2). Please note that aggregates for EU-28 and estimates for periods longer than one month cannot be calculated using the available data for bedroom occupancy rates.

Table 2: Net occupancy rates of bedrooms in hotels and similar establishments, October, November and December 2018 compared with the same months of 2017 (%) - Source: Eurostat (tour_occ_mnor)

In December 2018, occupancy rates of bedrooms in hotels and similar accommodation of the EU Member States where data are available, ranged from 23.6 % in Greece to 62.7 % in Belgium. During this month, on average more than three out of five available bedrooms in Belgium and the Netherlands have been in use, while less than one out of three available bedrooms in Greece, Croatia, Slovakia and Bulgaria were occupied (see Figure 3).

Malta was the Member State with the highest occupancy rate of bedrooms in October 2018, with 85.5 % while in November 2018 the United Kingdom recorded the highest occupancy rate (76.1 %) (see table 2).

Figure 3: Net occupancy rates of bedrooms in hotels and similar establishments, December 2018 (%) - Source: Eurostat (tour_occ_mnor)

Source data for tables and graphs

Data sources

Data on arrivals for the same reference period are available in the Eurostat database. For more recent data on nights spent, see Nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments.

Context

The EU is a major tourist destination, with five Member States among the world’s top ten destinations for holidaymakers, according to UNWTO[1] data. Tourism is an important activity in the EU which contributes to employment and economic growth, as well as to the development of rural, peripheral or less-developed areas. These characteristics drive the demand for reliable and harmonised statistics on this activity, as well as within the wider context of regional policy and sustainable development policy areas.

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