National accounts - international data cooperation (naid_10)

Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Compiling agency: Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union;  OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development;  IMF: International Monetary Fund UNSD: United Nations Statistics Division

Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4. Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and comparability
16. Cost and Burden
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)

For any question on data and metadata, please contact: Eurostat user support


1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union; 

OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; 

IMF: International Monetary Fund

UNSD: United Nations Statistics Division

1.2. Contact organisation unit

Eurostat Unit C2 - National Accounts - production

1.5. Contact mail address

For country data provided by Eurostat please contact:

For country data provided by OECD please contact:

For country data provided by IMF please contact:

For country data provided by UNSD please contact:

For information which country data is provided by which organisation, please refer to section 3.1.

2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 22/02/2021
2.2. Metadata last posted 22/02/2021
2.3. Metadata last update 22/02/2021

3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

National accounts are a coherent set of macroeconomic indicators, which provide an overall picture of the economic situation and are widely used for economic analysis and forecasting, policy design and policy making.

The data presented in this collection are the results of a pilot exercise on the sharing selected main GDP aggregates, population and employment data collected by different international organisations. It was conducted by the Task Force in International Data Collection (TFIDC) which was established by the  Inter-Agency Group on Economic and Financial Statistics (IAG). 

The goal of this pilot was to develop a set of commonly shared principles and working arrangements for data cooperation that could be implemented by the international agencies. The data sets present national accounts data form various countries across the globe in one coherent folder, but users should be aware that these data are collected and validated by different organisations and not fully harmonised from a methodological point of view. 

The domain consists of the following collections:

Annual national accounts (naida_10)


GDP and main aggregates - selected international annual data (naida_10_gdp)


Gross value added by A*10 industry -  selected international annual data (naida_10_a10)


Employment and population -  selected international annual data (naida_10_pe)

Quarterly national accounts (naidq_10)


GDP and main aggregates - selected international quarterly data (naidq_10_gdp)


Gross value added by A*10 industry - selected international quarterly data (naidq_10_a10)


Employment and population - selected international quarterly data (naidq_10_pe)

The table below shows for each country which is the main authority validating the data.

For Eurostat countries national accounts are compiled using ESA 2010, which is compatible with SNA 2008 which is mostly used by other countries. 

Further methodological information can be found on the websites.

Provided by EUROSTAT  
EU European Union
EA Euro Area
BE Belgium
BG Bulgaria
CZ Czech Republic
DK Denmark
DE Germany
EE Estonia
IE Ireland
EL Greece
ES Spain
FR France
HR Croatia
IT  Italy
CY Cyprus
LV Latvia
LT Lithuania
LU Luxembourg
HU Hungary
MT Malta
NL Netherlands
AT Austria
PL Poland
PT Portugal
RO Romania
SI Slovenia
SK Slovakia
FI Finland
SE Sweden
IS Iceland
LI Liechtenstein
NO Norway
CH Switzerland
ME Montenegro
MK Republic of North Macedonia
AL Albania
RS Serbia
TR Turkey
BA Bosnia and Herzegovina
XK Kosovo



Provided by OECD  
AR Argentina
AU Australia
BR Brazil
CA Canada
CL Chile
CN China
CO Colombia
CR Costa Rica
ID Indonesia
IL Israel
IN India
JP Japan
KR Korea, Republic of
MX Mexico
NZ New Zealand
RU Russian Federation
SA Saudi Arabia
UK United Kingdom
US United States
ZA South Africa


Provided by IMF  
AM Armenia
AZ Azerbaijan
BB Barbados
BF Burkina Faso
BN Brunei Darussalam
BO Bolivia
BW Botswana
BY Belarus
BZ Belize
CI Cote d`Ivoire
CM Cameroon
CV Cape Verde
DO Dominican Republic
DZ Algeria
EC Ecuador
EG Egypt
GE Georgia
GH Ghana
GT Guatemala
HK Hong Kong, China
HN Honduras
JM Jamaica
JO Jordan
KE Kenya
KG Kyrgyzstan
KH Cambodia
LK Sri Lanka
MA Morocco
MD Moldova, Republic of
MG Madagascar
MN Mongolia
MO Macao
MU Mauritius
MY Malaysia
MZ Mozambique
NA Namibia
NG Nigeria
NI Nicaragua
OM Oman
PA Panama
PE Peru
PH Philippines
PS Palestine, State of
PY Paraguay
RW Rwanda
SC Seychelles
SG Singapore
SN Senegal
SV El Salvador
TH Thailand
TJ Tajikistan
TN Tunisia
TZ Tanzania, United Republic of
UA Ukraine
UG Uganda
UY Uruguay
VE Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic
VN Viet Nam
WS Samoa


Provided by UNSD  
AD Andorra
AE United Arab Emirates
AF Afghanistan
AG Antigua and Barbuda
AI Anguilla
AN Netherlands Antilles
AO Angola
AW Aruba
BD Bangladesh
BH Bahrain
BI Burundi
BJ Benin
BQ Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba
BS Bahamas
BT Bhutan
CD Congo, the Democratic Republic of the
CF Central African Republic
CG Congo
CU Cuba
CW Curacao
DJ Djibouti
DM Dominica
ET Ethiopia
FJ Fiji
FM Micronesia, Federated States of
GA Gabon
GD Grenada
GM Gambia
GN Guinea
GQ Equatorial Guinea
GW Guinea-Bissau
GY Guyana
HK Hong Kong, China
HT Haiti
IQ Iraq
IR Iran, Islamic Republic of
KI Kiribati
KM Comoros
KN Saint Kitts and Nevis
KW Kuwait
KY Cayman Islands
KZ Kazakhstan
LA Lao People`s Democratic Republic
LB Lebanon
LC Saint Lucia
LR Liberia
LS Lesotho
LY Libya
ML Mali
MM Myanmar
MR Mauritania
MS Montserrat
MV Maldives
MW Malawi
NE Niger
NP Nepal
NR Nauru
NU Niue
PG Papua New Guinea
PK Pakistan
PR Puerto Rico
PW Palau
QA Qatar
SB Solomon Islands
SD Sudan
SG Singapore
SL Sierra Leone
SM San Marino
SO Somalia
SR Suriname
SS South Sudan
ST Sao Tome and Principe
SX Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
SY Syrian Arab Republic
SZ Kingdom of Eswatini
TC Turks and Caicos Islands
TD Chad
TG Togo
TL Timor-Leste
TM Turkmenistan
TO Tonga
TT Trinidad and Tobago
TV Tuvalu
VC Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
VG Virgin Islands, British
VU Vanuatu
YE Yemen
ZM Zambia
ZW Zimbabwe


Data sources: National Statistical Institutes, transmitted to and technically validated by Eurostat, the OECD, the IMF and the UNSD. 

3.2. Classification system

The national accounts classifications used in this data set are consistent with those in:

- Eurostat's RAMON classification database

- United Nations classification registry.

3.3. Coverage - sector

National accounts presented in this collection generally refer to the whole economy, with the exception of specific aggregates.

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

This domain encompasses the main aggregates on national accounts. Its main variables are: GDP and its components, employment, final consumption aggregates, gross capital formation aggregates, income, exports and imports as well as population and employment figures.

In principle, the pilot project for international data sharing covers the following indicators:

  • Gross domestic product at market prices
  • Statistical discrepancy (expenditure approach)
  • Statistical discrepancy (production approach)
  • Statistical discrepancy (income approach)
  • Output
  • Intermediate consumption
  • Gross value added at basic prices
  • Value added excluding FISIM
  • Taxes less subsidies on products
  • Total final consumption expenditure
  • Government final consumption expenditure
  • Household final consumption expenditure
  • Individual consumption expenditure
  • Gross capital formation
  • Gross fixed capital formation
  • Exports of goods (fob) and services
  • Imports of goods (fob) and services
  • External balance of goods and services
  • Compensation of employees
  • Gross wages and salaries
  • Operating surplus and mixed income, gross
  • Taxes less subsidies on production
  • Net primary income from RoW
  • Gross national income at market prices
  • Consumption of fixed capital
  • Net national income at market prices
  • Net current transfers from RoW
  • Disposable income, net
  • Adjustments (net equity, PF)
  • National saving, net
  • Net capital transfers from RoW
  • (+/-) non-financial non-produced assets
  • Net lending or net borrowing of the nation
  • Total population
  • Employment, domestic concept
  • Employees, domestic concept
  • Self-employed, domestic concept

Please note that data for all indicators and countries are not fully available, but data coverage is progressively expanding.

For further explanations on the indicators see: nama_10 and namq_10 metadata.

3.5. Statistical unit

National accounts aim to capture economic activity within the domestic territory. They combine data from a host of base statistics, and thus they have no common sampling reference frame.

3.6. Statistical population

National accounts combine data from many source statistics and administrative sources. The concept of statistical population is not applicable in a national accounts context.

3.7. Reference area

Note that for some countries not covered in the national accounts domain, some central aggregates such as GDP may be available from the general statistics domain of Eurostat's online database.

3.8. Coverage - Time

Coverage in time depends on the country and indicator and varies within the dataset. For most EU member states ESA 2010 data is available from 1995 onwards.

3.9. Base period

Many non-EU countries compile volume estimates in constant prices. Because the base period varies across countries the volume series are presented as an index.

Base periods are not applicable to chain linked volume series

4. Unit of measure Top

National accounts main aggregates data are typically transmitted in national currency, and expressed in current prices, previous year prices and chain-linked volumes, but some countries still use constant price series based on a specific base year. These series can then be converted into other currencies and used to derive indices or growth rates.

The units published in this dataset are currently the following:

  • CP_MEUR: Current prices, million euro
  • CP_MNAC: Current prices, million units of national currency
  • CP_MUSD: Current prices, million US dollars
  • CLV_I10: Chain linked volumes, index 2010=100
  • KP_I10: Constant prices, index 2010=100
  • THS_HW: Thousand hours worked
  • THS_PER: Thousand persons

However, not all units are available for all countries and indicators.

For further explanations on the units see: nama_10 and namq_10 metadata.

5. Reference Period Top

The accounting period is the calendar year, with temporal coverage varying across geographical units.

6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

Not applicable.

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

The data presented is based on an informal agreement between Eurostat, OECD, IMF and UNSD to provide data to other international organisations under the auspices of the Inter-Agency Group on Economic and Financial Statistics (IAG). More information on the IAG can be found here:

7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

Only data flagged free for publication is disseminated in this dataset.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

Only data flagged free for publication is disseminated in this dataset.

8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

Not applicable.

8.2. Release calendar access

Not applicable.

8.3. Release policy - user access

Not applicable.

9. Frequency of dissemination Top

Daily, as transmitted by the data providing organisation.

10. Accessibility and clarity Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

Not available.

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications

Not available.

10.3. Dissemination format - online database

The same dataset is published by the following organisations in their dissemination systems: BIS, ECB, Eurostat, IMF, OECD, UNSD, World Bank.

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Not applicable.

10.5. Dissemination format - other

Not available.

10.6. Documentation on methodology

SNA 93: 

SNA 2008: 

ESA 95: 

ESA 2010:

For an overview of which methodology is followed by which reference area, please check the table in section 3.1

10.7. Quality management - documentation

Not available.

11. Quality management Top
11.1. Quality assurance

Assured by the national statistical office and the data providing organisation (see section 3.1 above for corresponding sending organisation for each reference area).

11.2. Quality management - assessment

Not available.

12. Relevance Top
12.1. Relevance - User Needs

Users of national accounts data are typically interested in analysing structural changes in the economy from a short and medium-term perspective.

12.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

National accounts data are a key instrument for economic analysis.

12.3. Completeness

National accounts data provide detailed breakdowns on production, consumption, investment and income. The international data cooperation dataset shows a subset of these data.

13. Accuracy Top
13.1. Accuracy - overall

Managed by sending organisation (see section 3.1 above for corresponding sending organisation for each reference area).

13.2. Sampling error

Not applicable.

13.3. Non-sampling error

Not applicable.

14. Timeliness and punctuality Top
14.1. Timeliness

Managed by sending organisation (see section 3.1 above for corresponding sending organisation for each reference area).

14.2. Punctuality

Managed through dissemination policies by each receiving organisation (see section 3.1 above for corresponding sending organisation for each reference area).

15. Coherence and comparability Top
15.1. Comparability - geographical

The data are compiled using the national accounts terminology.

Note: data may not be directly comparable as countries use different methodologies i.e. ESA2010, SNA 2008, SNA93 and the volume indices may be in chain linked volumes or constant prices.

15.2. Comparability - over time

Note: Data may be comparable over time only if they are compiled using the same methodology.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain

Managed by sending organisation (see section 3.1 above for corresponding sending organisation for each reference area).

15.4. Coherence - internal

Managed by sending organisation (see section 3.1 above for corresponding sending organisation for each reference area).

16. Cost and Burden Top

Not available.

17. Data revision Top
17.1. Data revision - policy

National data are revised according to national schedules, and revisions are applied to Eurostat's online database as soon as they become available to Eurostat.

European aggregates are regularly updated according to a pre-announced release schedule (see dedicated website and nama_10 and namq_10 metadata).

17.2. Data revision - practice

National accounts data are subject to continuous routine revisions as new input data becomes available. 

18. Statistical processing Top
18.1. Source data

Countries use many sources to compile their national accounts, among them administrative data from government, population censuses, business surveys and household surveys. No single survey can hence be referred to. Sources vary from country to country and may cover a large set of economic, social, financial and environmental items, which need not always be strictly related to national accounts. In any case, there is no single survey source for national accounts

18.2. Frequency of data collection

Data are collected from national sources.  As the breadth of the sources varies, so does the frequency of collection, from monthly to annually, and in the case of population censuses they are mostly collected every decade.  

18.3. Data collection

Data are transmitted via SDMX which introduced standardised codes.

National Accounts combine data from many source statistics. Techniques of data collection vary widely, depending on the compilation approach, the source statistics available, the particular account in the system of accounts, the timeliness of data release and other factors.

18.4. Data validation

Source data undergo a sequence of checks within national statistical institutes. The international organisation responsible for transmitting the series checks national data mainly for completeness (coverage of reference periods and variables) and consistency (accounting consistency, time-consistency between quarterly and annual accounts and consistency over time) and follows up with national statistical institutes on any lack of quality in this respect.

18.5. Data compilation

The data are compiled at a national level.  Eurostat converts volume series into indices to enable comparability of the estimates.

18.6. Adjustment

Not applicable.

19. Comment Top

Due to different revision policy between countries, there may be a difference between the aggregates and the appropriate sum of national data between updates. 

Related metadata Top

Annexes Top