National accounts - international data cooperation (naid_10)

Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Compiling agency: Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union;  OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development;  IMF: International Monetary Fund

Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4. Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and comparability
16. Cost and Burden
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)

For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT


1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union; 

OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; 

IMF: International Monetary Fund

1.2. Contact organisation unit

Eurostat Unit C2 - National Accounts - production

1.5. Contact mail address

For country data provided by Eurostat please contact:

For country data provided by OECD please contact:

For country data provided by IMF please contact:

For information which country data is provided by which organisation, please refer to section 3.1.

2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 03/03/2016
2.2. Metadata last posted 03/03/2016
2.3. Metadata last update 09/04/2019

3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

National accounts are a coherent set of macroeconomic indicators, which provide an overall picture of the economic situation and are widely used for economic analysis and forecasting, policy design and policy making.

The data presented in this collection are the results of a pilot exercise on the sharing selected main GDP aggregates, population and employment data collected by different international organisations. It was conducted by the Task Force in International Data Collection (TFIDC) which was established by the  Inter-Agency Group on Economic and Financial Statistics (IAG). 

The goal of this pilot is to develop a set of commonly shared principles and working arrangements for data cooperation that could be implemented by the international agencies. The data sets are an experimental exercise to present national accounts data form various countries across the globe in one coherent folder, but users should be aware that these data are collected and validated by different organisations and not fully harmonised from a methodological point of view. 

The domain consists of the following collections:

Annual national accounts (naida_10)


GDP and main aggregates - selected international annual data (naida_10_gdp)


Gross value added by A*10 industry -  selected international annual data (naida_10_a10)


Employment and population -  selected international annual data (naida_10_pe)

Quarterly national accounts (naidq_10)


GDP and main aggregates - selected international quarterly data (naidq_10_gdp)


Gross value added by A*10 industry - selected international quarterly data (naidq_10_a10)


Employment and population - selected international quarterly data (naidq_10_pe)

The table below shows for each country which is the main authority validating the data, the methodological national accounts principles to which the data are compiled to (i.e. ESA 2010, SNA 2008 etc). Further methodological information can be found on the websites.

Provided by
EurostatProvided by
OECDProvided by

AT ESA 2010 AR SNA 2008 AE SNA 1993
BE ESA 2010 AU SNA 2008 AF SNA 1993
BG ESA 2010 BR SNA 2008 AG SNA 2008
CY ESA 2010 CA SNA 2008 AI SNA 1993
CZ ESA 2010 CL SNA 2008 AM SNA 2008
DE ESA 2010 CN SNA 2008 AN SNA 1993
DK ESA 2010 CO SNA 2008 AO SNA 1993
EE ESA 2010 ID SNA 2008 AW SNA 1993
ES ESA 2010 IL SNA 2008 AZ SNA 1993
FI ESA 2010 IN SNA 2008 BB SNA 1993
FR ESA 2010 JP SNA 2008 BD SNA 2008
UK ESA 2010 KR SNA 2008 BF SNA 1993
EL ESA 2010 MX SNA 2008 BH SNA 1993
HR ESA 2010 NZ SNA 2008 BI SNA 1993
HU ESA 2010 RU SNA 2008 BJ SNA 1993
IE ESA 2010 US SNA 2008 BN SNA 1993
IT ESA 2010 ZA SNA 2008 BO SNA 1993
LT ESA 2010     BS SNA 1993
LU ESA 2010     BT SNA 2008
LV ESA 2010     BW SNA 1993
MT ESA 2010     BY SNA 1993
NL ESA 2010     BZ SNA 1993
PL ESA 2010     CD SNA 1993
PT ESA 2010     CF SNA 1993
RO ESA 2010     CG SNA 1993
SE ESA 2010     CI SNA 1993
SI ESA 2010     CM SNA 2008
SK ESA 2010     CR SNA 2008
EU ESA 2010     CV SNA 2008
Euro Area ESA 2010     CW SNA 1993


ESA 2010     DJ SNA 1993
BA ESA 2010     DM SNA 1993
CH ESA 2010     DO SNA 2008
IS ESA 2010     DZ SNA 1993
LI ESA 2010     EC SNA 1993
ME ESA 2010     EG SNA 2008
MK ESA 2010     ER SNA 1993
NO ESA 2010     ET SNA 2008
RS ESA 2010     FJ SNA 1993
TR ESA 2010     FM SNA 1993
XK ESA 2010     GA SNA 1968
        GD SNA 2008
        GE SNA 1993
        GH SNA 2008
        GM SNA 1993
        GN SNA 1993
        GQ SNA 1993
        GT SNA 2008
        GW SNA 1993
        GY SNA 1993
        HN SNA 2008
        HT SNA 1993
        IQ SNA 1993
        IR SNA 1993
        JM SNA 2008
        JO SNA 1993
        KE SNA 2008
        KG SNA 1993
        KH SNA 1993
        KM SNA 1993
        KN SNA 2008
        KW SNA 1993
        KZ SNA 1993
        LA SNA 1993
        LB SNA 2008
        LC SNA 2008
        LK SNA 2008
        LR SNA 2008
        LS SNA 2008
        LY SNA 1993
        MA SNA 1993
        MD SNA 1993
        MG SNA 1968
        ML SNA 1968
        MM SNA 1993
        MN SNA 2008
        MO SNA 2008
        MR SNA 1968
        MS SNA 1993
        MU SNA 2008
        MV SNA 1993
        MW SNA 2008
        MY SNA 2008
        MZ SNA 1993
        N2 SNA 2008
        NA SNA 1993
        NE SNA 1993
        NG SNA 2008
        NI SNA 2008
        NP SNA 1993
        OM SNA 1993
        PA SNA 2008
        PE SNA 2008
        PG SNA 2008
        PH SNA 2008
        PK SNA 2008
        PS SNA 1993
        PY SNA 1993
        QA SNA 1993
        RW SNA 2008
        SA SNA 1993
        SB SNA 1993
        SC SNA 1993
        SD SNA 1993
        SL SNA 1993
        SM SNA 1993
        SN SNA 1993
        SR SNA 2008
        SS SNA 1993
        ST SNA 1993
        SV SNA 2008
        SX SNA 1993
        SY SNA 1993
        SZ SNA 1993
        TD SNA 1993
        TG SNA 1993
        TH SNA 1993
        TJ SNA 1993
        TL SNA 2008
        TN SNA 1993
        TO SNA 1993
        TT SNA 1993
        TZ SNA 2008

ESA 2010

        UG SNA 2008
        UY SNA 1993
        VC SNA 1993
        VE SNA 1968
        VN SNA 1993
        VU SNA 1993
        WS SNA 1993
        YE SNA 1993
        ZM SNA 2008
        ZW SNA 2008

Data sources: National Statistical Institutes, transmitted to and technically validated by Eurostat, OECD and IMF. 

3.2. Classification system

The national accounts classifications used in this data set are consistent with those in:

- Eurostat's RAMON classification database

- United Nations classification registry.

3.3. Coverage - sector

National accounts presented in this collection generally refer to the whole economy, with the exception of specific aggregates.

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

This domain encompasses the main aggregates on national accounts. Its main variables are: GDP and its components, employment, final consumption aggregates, gross capital formation aggregates, income, exports and imports as well as population and employment figures.

In principle, the pilot project for international data sharing covers the following indicators:

  • Gross domestic product at market prices
  • Statistical discrepancy (expenditure approach)
  • Statistical discrepancy (production approach)
  • Statistical discrepancy (income approach)
  • Output
  • Intermediate consumption
  • Gross value added at basic prices
  • Value added excluding FISIM
  • Taxes less subsidies on products
  • Total final consumption expenditure
  • Government final consumption expenditure
  • Household final consumption expenditure
  • Individual consumption expenditure
  • Gross capital formation
  • Gross fixed capital formation
  • Exports of goods (fob) and services
  • Imports of goods (fob) and services
  • External balance of goods and services
  • Compensation of employees
  • Gross wages and salaries
  • Operating surplus and mixed income, gross
  • Taxes less subsidies on production
  • Net primary income from RoW
  • Gross national income at market prices
  • Consumption of fixed capital
  • Net national income at market prices
  • Net current transfers from RoW
  • Disposable income, net
  • Adjustments (net equity, PF)
  • National saving, net
  • Net capital transfers from RoW
  • (+/-) non-financial non-produced assets
  • Net lending or net borrowing of the nation
  • Total population
  • Employment, domestic concept
  • Employees, domestic concept
  • Self-employed, domestic concept

While data for all indicators and countries will not be available at the first stage of dissemination, data coverage will progressively expand.

For further explanations on the indicators see: nama_10 and namq_10 metadata.

3.5. Statistical unit

National accounts aim to capture economic activity within the domestic territory. They combine data from a host of base statistics, and thus they have no common sampling reference frame.

3.6. Statistical population

National accounts combine data from many source statistics and administrative sources. The concept of statistical population is not applicable in a national accounts context.

3.7. Reference area

Note that for some countries not covered in the national accounts domain, some central aggregates such as GDP may be available from the general statistics domain of Eurostat's online database.

3.8. Coverage - Time

Coverage in time depends on the country and indicator and varies within the dataset. For most EU member states ESA 2010 data is available from 1995 onwards.

3.9. Base period

Many non-EU countries compile volume estimates in constant prices. Because the base period varies across countries the volume series are presented as an index.

Base periods are not applicable to chain linked volume series

4. Unit of measure Top

National accounts main aggregates data are typically transmitted in national currency, and expressed in current prices, previous year prices and chain-linked volumes, but some countries still use constant price series based on a specific base year. These series can then be converted into other currencies and used to derive indices or growth rates.

The units published in this dataset are currently the following:

  • CP_MEUR: Current prices, million euro
  • CP_MNAC: Current prices, million units of national currency
  • CP_MUSD: Current prices, million US dollars
  • CLV_I10: Chain linked volumes, index 2010=100
  • KP_I10: Constant prices, index 2010=100
  • THS_HW: Thousand hours worked
  • THS_PER: Thousand persons

However, not all units are available for all countries and indicators, and the list will be reviewed and adapted to the available data.

For further explanations on the units see: nama_10 and namq_10 metadata.

5. Reference Period Top

The accounting period is the calendar year, with temporal coverage varying across geographical units.

6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

Not applicable.

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

The data presented is based on an informal agreement between Eurostat, OECD and IMF to provide data to other international organisations under the auspices of the Inter-Agency Group on Economic and Financial Statistics (IAG). More information on the IAG can be found here:

7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

Only data flagged free for publication is disseminated in this dataset.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

Only data flagged free for publication is disseminated in this dataset.

8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

Not applicable.

8.2. Release calendar access

Not applicable.

8.3. Release policy - user access

Not applicable.

9. Frequency of dissemination Top

Daily, as transmitted by the data providing organisation.

10. Accessibility and clarity Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

Not available.

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications

Not available.

10.3. Dissemination format - online database

The same dataset is published by the following organisations in their dissemination systems: BIS, ECB, Eurostat, IMF, OECD, UNSD, World Bank.

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Not applicable.

10.5. Dissemination format - other

Not available.

10.6. Documentation on methodology

SNA 93: 

SNA 2008: 

ESA 95: 

ESA 2010:

For an overview of which methodology is followed by which reference area, please check the table in section 3.1

10.7. Quality management - documentation

Not available.

11. Quality management Top
11.1. Quality assurance

Assured by the national statistical office and the data providing organisation (see section 3.1 above for corresponding sending organisation for each reference area).

11.2. Quality management - assessment

Not available.

12. Relevance Top
12.1. Relevance - User Needs

Users of national accounts data are typically interested in analysing structural changes in the economy from a short and medium-term perspective.

12.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

National accounts data are a key instrument for economic analysis.

12.3. Completeness

National accounts data provide detailed breakdowns on production, consumption, investment and income. The international data cooperation dataset shows a subset of these data.

13. Accuracy Top
13.1. Accuracy - overall

Managed by sending organisation (see section 3.1 above for corresponding sending organisation for each reference area).

13.2. Sampling error

Not applicable.

13.3. Non-sampling error

Not applicable.

14. Timeliness and punctuality Top
14.1. Timeliness

Managed by sending organisation (see section 3.1 above for corresponding sending organisation for each reference area).

14.2. Punctuality

Managed through dissemination policies by each receiving organisation (see section 3.1 above for corresponding sending organisation for each reference area).

15. Coherence and comparability Top
15.1. Comparability - geographical

The data are compiled using the national accounts terminology.

Note: data may not be directly comparable as countries use different methodologies i.e. ESA2010, SNA 2008, SNA93 and the volume indices may be in chain linked volumes or constant prices.

15.2. Comparability - over time

Note: Data may be comparable over time only if they are compiled using the same methodology.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain

Managed by sending organisation (see section 3.1 above for corresponding sending organisation for each reference area).

15.4. Coherence - internal

Managed by sending organisation (see section 3.1 above for corresponding sending organisation for each reference area).

16. Cost and Burden Top

Not available.

17. Data revision Top
17.1. Data revision - policy

National data are revised according to national schedules, and revisions are applied to Eurostat's online database as soon as they become available to Eurostat.

European aggregates are regularly updated according to a pre-announced release schedule (see dedicated website and nama_10 and namq_10 metadata).

17.2. Data revision - practice

National accounts data are subject to continuous routine revisions as new input data becomes available. 

18. Statistical processing Top
18.1. Source data

Countries use many sources to compile their national accounts, among them administrative data from government, population censuses, business surveys and household surveys. No single survey can hence be referred to. Sources vary from country to country and may cover a large set of economic, social, financial and environmental items, which need not always be strictly related to national accounts. In any case, there is no single survey source for national accounts

18.2. Frequency of data collection

Data are collected from national sources.  As the breadth of the sources varies, so does the frequency of collection, from monthly to annually, and in the case of population censuses they are mostly collected every decade.  

18.3. Data collection

Data are transmitted via SDMX which introduced standardised codes.

National Accounts combine data from many source statistics. Techniques of data collection vary widely, depending on the compilation approach, the source statistics available, the particular account in the system of accounts, the timeliness of data release and other factors.

18.4. Data validation

Source data undergo a sequence of checks within national statistical institutes. The international organisation responsible for transmitting the series checks national data mainly for completeness (coverage of reference periods and variables) and consistency (accounting consistency, time-consistency between quarterly and annual accounts and consistency over time) and follows up with national statistical institutes on any lack of quality in this respect.

18.5. Data compilation

The data are compiled at a national level.  Eurostat converts volume series into indices to enable comparability of the estimates.

18.6. Adjustment

Not applicable.

19. Comment Top

Due to different revision policy between countries, there may be a difference between the aggregates and the appropriate sum of national data between updates. 

Related metadata Top

Annexes Top