Education and Training

National Reference Metadata in ESS Standard for Quality Reports Structure (ESQRS)

Compiling agency: Ministry of National Education of Turkey (MoNE) Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat) (for Finance Tables)

Time Dimension: 2018-A0

Data Provider: TR4

Data Flow: EDUCAT_ESQRS_A


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Statistical presentation
3. Statistical processing
4. Quality management
5. Relevance
6. Accuracy and reliability
7. Timeliness and punctuality
8. Coherence and comparability
9. Accessibility and clarity
10. Cost and Burden
11. Confidentiality
12. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)
 



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

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1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Ministry of National Education of Turkey (MoNE)

Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat) (for Finance Tables)

1.2. Contact organisation unit

MoNE- Strategy Development Presidency, Department of Statistics and Performance Management

TurkStat - Social Sector Statistics Department - Education Statistics Group

1.5. Contact mail address

MoNE: Milli Egitim Bakanligi Strateji Gelistirme Başkanligi 4. Kat. B. Blok Bakanliklar/ANKARA - TURKEY

TurkStat: Devlet Mah. Necatibey Cad. No:114 06420 Çankaya/ANKARA


2. Statistical presentation Top
2.1. Data description

NATIONAL EDUCATION SYSTEM
The following documents provide general information on the educational system; please add the relevant links for your country.

General link to Eurydice:
https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/home_en
National system broad overview:
https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/turkey_en
National Education System Description:
https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/turkey_en
National Education System - Provisions regarding language learning:
https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/key-data-teaching-languages-school-europe-%E2%80%93-2017-edition_en
Structure of Education and Training Systems:

https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/structure-european-education-systems-201718-schematic-diagrams_en (Page 32)

Please, use the box below if you wish to complement or amend the information provided by Eurydice:
 

 

Link to the ISCMAP programme and qualification:
 Ánnex I
National link to programmes and qualifications:
 

 

Further information on data flagged ‘d’ in the database is available to download from the Annex of the Metadata page for Education administrative data from 2013 onwards (ISCED 2011):
https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/cache/metadata/en/educ_uoe_enr_esms.htm


Annexes:
ISCED map 2018
2.2. Classification system

Not available.
New concept added with the migration to SIMS 2.0.
Information (content) will be available after the next collection.

2.3. Coverage - sector

Not available.
New concept added with the migration to SIMS 2.0.
Information (content) will be available after the next collection.

2.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

Not available.
New concept added with the migration to SIMS 2.0.
Information (content) will be available after the next collection.

2.5. Statistical unit

Not available.
New concept added with the migration to SIMS 2.0.
Information (content) will be available after the next collection.

2.6. Statistical population

Not available.
New concept added with the migration to SIMS 2.0.
Information (content) will be available after the next collection.

2.7. Reference area

Not available.
New concept added with the migration to SIMS 2.0.
Information (content) will be available after the next collection.

2.8. Coverage - Time

Not available.
New concept added with the migration to SIMS 2.0.
Information (content) will be available after the next collection.

2.9. Base period

Not available.
New concept added with the migration to SIMS 2.0.
Information (content) will be available after the next collection.


3. Statistical processing Top
3.1. Source data

For each UOE table, please list the source(s) used to compile information: UOE table, name, type, date of availability and responsibility.

 

Sources used for data on enrolments
Detailed variables concerned Name of the source Type (Survey / Register / Estimation / Other) Responsible of the source (UOE data provider / Other: which-one?)
ISCED 0-3 Annual publication "National Education Statistics-Formal Education" and MoNE MEBBIS database
Register UOE data provider (Ministry of National Education)
ISCED 5-8 Higher Education Council Statistics (Higher Education Information Management System) Register Other: Higher Education Council
ISCED 01 (Early childhood education and care) Ministry of Family, Labour and Social Services statistical data Register Other:  Ministry of Family, Labour and Social Services

 

Sources used for data on entrants
Detailed variables concerned Name of the source Type (Survey / Register / Estimation / Other) Responsible of the source (UOE data provider / Other: which-one?)
ISCED 0-3 Annual publication "National Education Statistics-Formal Education" and MoNE MEBBIS database Register UOE data provider (Ministry of National Education)
ISCED 5-8 Higher Education Council statistics (Higher Education Information Management System) Register Other: Higher Education Council

 

Sources used for data on personnel
Detailed variables concerned Name of the source Type (Survey / Register / Estimation / Other) Responsible of the source (UOE data provider / Other: which-one?)
ISCED 0-3 Annual publication "National Education Statistics-Formal Education" and MoNE MEBBIS database Register UOE data provider (Ministry of National Education)
ISCED 5-8 Higher Education Council Statistics (Higher Education Information Management System) Register Other: Higher Education Council

 

Sources used for data on enrolments at regional level
Detailed variables concerned Name of the source Type (Survey / Register / Estimation / Other) Responsible of the source (UOE data provider / Other: which-one?)
ISCED 0-3 Annual publication "National Education Statistics-Formal Education" and MoNE MEBBIS database Register UOE data provider (Ministry of National Education)
ISCED 5-8 Higher Education Council statistics (Higher Education Information Management System) Register Other: Higher Education Council

 

Sources used for data on foreign languages learning
Detailed variables concerned Name of the source Type (Survey / Register / Estimation / Other) Responsible of the source (UOE data provider / Other: which-one?)
ISCED 0-3 MoNE MEBBIS database Register UOE data provider (Ministry of National Education)

 

Sources used for data on graduates
Detailed variables concerned Name of the source Type (Survey / Register / Estimation / Other) Responsible of the source (UOE data provider / Other: which-one?)
ISCED 0-3 Annual publication "National Education Statistics-Formal Education" and MoNE MEBBIS database Register UOE data provider (Ministry of National Education)
ISCED 5-8 Higher Education Council statistics (Higher Education Information Management System) Register Other: Higher Education Council

 

Sources used for data on education expenditure by TurkStat
Detailed variables concerned Name of the source Type (Survey / Register / Estimation / Other) Responsible of the source (UOE data provider / Other: which-one?)
ISCED 0-8

Ministry of Treasury and Finance - Government budget statistics

Ministry of Treasury and Finance - Revolving funds of public institutions

Revenue Administration - Annual Industry and Services Statistics

Turkish National Agency - International funds

Register TurkStat
ISCED 0-8 TurkStat - Household Budget Survey Survey

TurkStat

ISCED 5-8 TurkStat - Research and Development Statistics Register based statistics

TurkStat

3.2. Frequency of data collection

Annual.

3.3. Data collection

Education:

MoNE collects and processes data from:

-School and institution directorates

-District Directorates

-Provincial Organisations

- General directorates of MoNE

-Presidency of Information Technology Department

-Presidency of Strategy Development

 

Education Expenditure (Finance) (TurkStat):

TurkStat collects and processes a large set of data on education expenditures:

-       Central government budget

-       Local bovernment budget

-       Revolving funds of public institutions (for income other than government)

-       “Out of budget” autonomous institutions

-       Higher Education Council

-       International funds

-       Households survey

-       Research and Development Statistics

-       Private schools, registered as companies

-       Private educational institutions recorded as foundations

3.4. Data validation

MoNE:

MoNE collects and processes data in sequence of;

 School and Institution Directorates,  District Directorates,  Provincial Organisations and General Directorates of MoNE .Then data coming from these sources are edited by  Presidency of Information Technology Department of MoNE. At last the data is classified by Presidency of Strategy Development.

  

Education Expenditure (Finance) (TurkStat):

Data coming from different sources are edited by checking the variables’ attributes such as data format, length, and type or nomenclature codes. Large differences between the current period of time and historical data are detected and searched from the data source. Data, used in the education expenditure statistics, are mostly validated in the original source but the internal consistency of the data is also checked in the context of the education expenditures. All processes are done by using Excel, R Studio and SAS. 

3.5. Data compilation

Operations performed on data to derive new information according to a given set of rules.

 

Weighting methods
Weighted figures for differing reference periods Weighted figures for differing theoretical ages Conversion factors from part-time to full-time equivalent (FTE) data
     

 

 

Estimations methods used in the UOE questionnaires
Type of data Detailed variables concerned ISCED level Reference year(s) Data source (internal to UOE or not) Data type (sample-based or not) Data source name in English Reason Description of the estimation method
Graduates  First-time graduates ISCED 3-8  All  Internal to UOE  Register  MoNE MEBBIS database  No data available yet to identify first-time graduates.   Since graduation from the same ISCED level more than once is not a very common practice, all students who have graduated from an ISCED level in the reference year are regarded as first-time graduates.
Finance Public expenditure in education institutions ISCED 0-1 All Internal to UOE Population-based Final Accounts No disaggregated data on public expenditure for some programmes of ISCED 0 and ISCED 1. MoNE's expenditure to education institutions in ISCED level 1 and nursery classes opened within primary schools is included under the budget of a single unit. Thus, there is no disaggregated expenditure data for nursery classes and primary schools. Public expenditure data for these levels is estimated based on the number of students in each level.

 

 

3.6. Adjustment

Not available.


4. Quality management Top
4.1. Quality assurance

Not available.
New concept added with the migration to SIMS 2.0.
Information (content) will be available after the next collection.

4.2. Quality management - assessment

Several quality improvements have been achieved as compared to the previous years:

- Data on entrants and graduates in open education for ISCED levels 2 and 3 which could not be reported before are included as from the UOE 2014 data collection.

- Age distribıtion of students in open education for ISCED levels 2 and 3 and age distribution of classroom teachers in ISCED levels 0-2 which could not be provided in the previuos years are included in the relevant questionnaires as from the UOE 2014 data collection. 

- Age distribution of classroom teachers in ISCED level 3 which could not be provided in the previuos years are included in the relevant questionnaires in the UOE 2015 data collection.

- There have been significant improvements regarding education expenditure data in UOE 2016 data collection.

     * Administrative registers were started to be used in the calculations of private education institutions.

     * Number of students was calculated according to financial year instead of academic year as of 2012.

     * With regard to the allocation of expenditures by educational levels (international education classification - ISCED), the assumptions were reviewed and the distributions were revised.

     * All items were reviewed within the frame of household side and the list of items on expenditures for educational purposes was revised.

     * Transfer payments of governments to households, previously covered in government and household expenditures, were reported separately and consolidated total education expenditures were calculated accordingly.

- Number of mobile new entrants and graduates by age which could not be provided in UOE 2014 data collection is submitted within UOE 2015 data collection.  


5. Relevance Top
5.1. Relevance - User Needs

Not available.

5.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

Not available.

5.3. Completeness

The extent to which all statistics that are needed are available.

 

ISCED levels not covered
  Enrolments Entrants Personnel Foreign languages learning Regional enrolments Graduates Education expenditure
Data not covered
Everything is covered
Everything is covered School level management personnel and teachers aids in ISCED 0. Data not submitted  Data not submited.

Everything is covered

Everything is covered
Reasons for unavailable data and, planned actions to improve coverage      Data not available in the database.        
5.3.1. Data completeness - rate

Not available.


6. Accuracy and reliability Top
6.1. Accuracy - overall

Not applicable.

6.2. Sampling error

Not applicable.

6.2.1. Sampling error - indicators

Not applicable.

6.3. Non-sampling error

Not applicable.

6.3.1. Coverage error

Divergence between the frame population and the target population.

 

Vocational training Programmes shorter than one semester
(or Implementation of the semester rule)
Are vocational and technical training programmes in enterprises included in the UOE data collection (YES/NO)? If Yes, how is the 10% school based component over the whole length of the programme assessed? Do (formal) programmes of shorter duration than one semester, full time equivalent duration as defined nationally, exist (YES/NO)? If Yes, how their duration (shorter than one semester) is assessed? Are all programmes of shorter duration than one semester, full time equivalent duration as defined nationally excluded from the UOE data collection (YES/NO)? If NO, how does the coverage deviate from the UOE Manual recommendation?
YES Every education programme in our register meets the requirements. NO Not applicable  YES  Not applicable

 

Early childhood education programmes
ISCED 01 programmes Reporting of Age in ISCED 0 Personnel in ISCED 0 What is the starting age of compulsory Primary education (ISCED 1)? This is needed for the calculation of ECE indicators such as 'Pupils aged between 4 years old and the starting age of compulsory education, by sex - as % of the population of the corresponding age group'
Do Early Childhood Educational Development programmes (ISCED 01) exist in the country 
(YES/NO)?
If Yes, are these programmes included in the UOE data collection 
(YES/NO)?
Are children under the age of 3 reported as participating in ISCED 02 Pre-primary education programmes? (YES/NO) If YES, please explain why. Are Classroom Teachers and Teacher Aides reported separately in the UOE data collection? (YES/NO) If NO, why? How are they reported? What is the minimum level of qualification required to become a Classroom Teacher at ISCED 01 and 02? Please give ISCED level. What is the minimum level of qualification required to become a Teachers’ Aide at ISCED 01 and 02? Please give ISCED level.
 YES  YES  NO   YES    ISCED 6  MISSING  66 MONTHS

 

Special education needs (SNE) programmes

Are students in special education included in the data provided on enrolments, entrants, graduates and regional data 
(YES/NO)?
If NO, could you please specify for which questionnaires and explain why?
 YES  

 

Adult education programmes and "continuing education"

Are adult education programmes included in the data? (YES/NO)  If NO, why?  If YES, does the national definition of “adult” or “continuing” education fully comply with the category as defined by the UOE manual? If the national definition of “adult” or “continuing” education programmes does not fully comply with the category as defined by the UOE manual, how it is assessed that the national “adult” or “continuing” programmes are similar or equivalent to corresponding initial education? 
 YES    YES  

 

Students enrolled in educational institutions organised by ministries other than ministry of education

Do educational programmes organised by Ministries other than Ministry of education exist in the country (YES/NO)?  If Yes, what is the coverage of these programmes in the UOE data collection?  If Yes, and if relevant, which of those programmes are excluded from the UOE data collection?
 NO    

 

Domestic educational activities Distance learning / e-learning programmes
Are all country’s domestic educational activities reported in the UOE data collection (YES/NO)? If NO, which domestic educational activity (e.g. for example Distance learning/e-learning involving two countries, commuting students, foreign campus, European administration schools, etc.) are not reported and why? Are distance learning programmes data reported in the UOE questionnaires? (YES / NO / Partially / Not relevant) If NO, please explain why. If Partially, which ones are excluded and for what reasons? If distance students are included in the data, are national distance learners in programmes organised by institutions outside your country excluded?
YES    Partially   Open Education Programmes are not covered in Finance questionnaire (including Students aligned on expenditure) at Tertiary level.  YES

 

Students participating in exchange programmes (credit mobile students) Foreign languages learning
Are students in short term postings (i.e. exchange programmes (credit mobility)) excluded from the population of students in the data collection (YES/NO)? If Yes, how the length of their stay abroad is assessed? If NO, why they are not excluded? Are students with SNE (Special Needs Education) enrolled in special schools excluded from the data on foreign languages? (YES/NO) Apart from SNE pupils, is the scope of the population the same as the total of students enrolled? (YES/NO) If NO, which pupils are not included?
 YES  Credit mobile students that are enrolled in an education institution abroad and that will fulfil less than a school year of their studies in the country are excluded.    YES  NO  Students in open (distance) education schools are not included.

 

National programmes not covered by the UOE data collection, by ISCED level - Reasons why they are not covered
Programmes not covered at ISCED 0-Early childhood education Programmes not covered at ISCED 1-primary level of education Programmes not covered at ISCED 2-lower secondary level of education Programmes not covered at ISCED 3-upper secondary level of education Programmes not covered at ISCED 4-post-secondary non-tertiary education Programmes not covered at ISCED 5-short-cycle tertiary education Programmes not covered at ISCED 6– Bachelor's or equivalent level Programmes not covered at at ISCED 7 – Master's or equivalent level Programmes not covered at ISCED 8 – Doctoral or equivalent level  
       Data on journeymanship and mastership programmes are not covered as they do not fall within the scope of UOE data collection.          "Specialization in medicine" programmes are not covered in UOE 2018 since this data could not be compiled by HEC for the reference year. It is foreseen that the data will be available again in the subsequent data collections.  

 

Graduates: unduplicated count
Is the method of unduplicated count used for calculation of Graduates in the UOE data collection
(YES/NO)?
If YES, please explain the method.
 YES  Estimation

 

Tertiary education programmes (ISCED Levels 5-8)
Orientation of programme in tertiary education Personnel in tertiary education, Academic staff
Does the orientation (general/academic, vocational/professional) in tertiary education (ISCED levels 5 to 7) exist in the country
(YES/NO)?
If YES, what is the national definition of the programme orientation? Are PhD candidates who are employed and hold titles such as teaching assistant, teaching associate, teaching fellow, research assistant reported as academic staff in the UOE data collection (YES/NO)?
 YES All ISCED level 5 programmes are vocational programmes designed to equip students with relevant labour force qualifications. These programmes are carried out by Vocational Higher Schools. There is no formal national definition of academic/professional for ISCED levels 6 and 7.   YES
6.3.1.1. Over-coverage - rate

Not available.

6.3.1.2. Common units - proportion

Not applicable.

6.3.2. Measurement error

Not applicable.

6.3.3. Non response error

Not applicable.

6.3.3.1. Unit non-response - rate

Not applicable.

6.3.3.2. Item non-response - rate

Not applicable.

6.3.4. Processing error

Not applicable.

6.3.4.1. Imputation - rate

Not applicable.

6.3.5. Model assumption error

Not applicable.

6.4. Seasonal adjustment

Not applicable.

6.5. Data revision - policy

Education Finance (TurkStat):

The Revision Information Form regarding the revisions to be carried out in the following reference year for the statistics produced in the scope of Education Expenditure Statistics release announced in the beginning of the year.



Annexes:
TurkStat Revision Information Form
6.6. Data revision - practice

 

Any change in a value of a statistic released to the public.

 

Type of data reviewed Detailed variables concerned Reference time period Year when the revision was made Reason having led to the revision Consequences on accuracy
 Education Expenditure    2011-2016 2018 A revision was worked out as a result of the methodological improvements, administrative records rather than data collected through survey especially in previous periods use and access to additional data sources.    
6.6.1. Data revision - average size

Not available.


7. Timeliness and punctuality Top
7.1. Timeliness

Length of time between data availability and the event or phenomenon they describe. Typically includes:

                                                          

Information related to the latest reference year (academic year t-t+1, or financial year t)
Data collection Post-collection phase Dissemination/publication in your country Additional comments on deadlines and timeliness
Type of data Start date End date Start date End date Start date End date
Enrolments, Entrants, Personel, Regional Statistics October year t December year t November year t April year t+1 May year t+1                   September year t+1  
Graduates October year t+1 December year t+1 November year t+1 March year t+2 April year t+2                   September year t+2  
Information related to the latest reference year (academic year t-t+1, or financial year t)
Data collection Post-collection phase Dissemination/publication in your country Additional comments on deadlines and timeliness
Type of data Start date End date Start date End date Start date End date
Education Expenditure September year t+1 November year t+1 November year t+1 December year t+1 December year t+1         December year t+1  20th day of or the nearest date (it is announced in National Data Release Calender in the beginning of the year)
               


Annexes:
National Data Release Calender
7.1.1. Time lag - first result

Not available.

7.1.2. Time lag - final result

Not available.

7.2. Punctuality

Not available.

7.2.1. Punctuality - delivery and publication

The number of days between the delivery/release date of data and the target date on which they were scheduled for delivery/ release.

 

Submission dates for the latest reference year (academic year t-t+1, or financial year t)
Deadline for transmission of data: 30 September t+2 Deadline for transmission of data: 30 November of t+2
Enrolments Entrants Personnel Foreign languages learning Regional data Graduates Education expenditure
09 November year t+2 08 January year t+2 18 November year t+2 Not submitted  Not submitted 11 February year t+3 25 December year t+2

 

If relevant,reasons for late delivery and action taken or planned for improving punctuality
Enrolments Entrants Personnel Foreign languages learning Regional data Graduates Education expenditure
-Due to heavy workload -Due to heavy workload  -Due to heavy workload Data could not be submitted due to heavy workload in 2018 data collection. -Data could not be submitted due to heavy workload in 2018 data collection. -Due to heavy workload Financial year t data is relesead around the 20th day of December of t+1 and data of financial year t-1 (which is supposed to be submitted to Eurostat in 30 November of the year t) is subject to revision in the last release. TurkStat can send much earlier provisional results.


8. Coherence and comparability Top
8.1. Comparability - geographical

The extent to which statistics are comparable between countries.

A. Deviations between the national methodology and the UOE Manual: non financial data

Reference period Data collection period Reference date for student and personnel ages
     

 

Enrolment: data collection period Enrolment in multiple fields of education Count of students: if relevant, detailed list of variables for which double counting are significant and why. Regional enrolment Foreign languages learning
         

 

Entrants New entrants by field of education Graduates from specific programmes Graduates by field of education
       

 

Educational personnel in work- and school-based combined programmes Educational personnel taxonomy: classroom teachers (ISCED 0-4) and academic staff (ISCED 5-8) Educational staff at ISCED level 0 Educational personnel at ISCED levels 5-8 Educational personnel and temporary replacements
   Education staff whose primary duty is not teaching (i.e., schools heads and deputy school heads) are included in the data on classroom teachers since disaggregated data is not available.      

 

B. Deviations between the national methodology and the UOE Manual: financial data

Expenditure at the pre-primary level - the childcare component
Reference period Expenditure at the pre-primary level: is the childcare component excluded (yes/no/partially)? If yes, which is exactly the share of "day care component" to be excluded from the data on the pre-primary level? If no, which estimation method is used to determine the share? Expenditure for teaching/academic hospitals Ancillary services expenditure Evening child care
   Yes  All programmes which fall into the scope of ISCED 0 are education only programmes.      

 

Cost of a dual-system programme to the employer. Adjustment of enrolments in case there is no data on expenditure at the workplace Expenditure for contributions on pension schemes Households' payments for private tutering Student living costs Ancillary services coverage
           

 

8.1.1. Asymmetry for mirror flow statistics - coefficient

Not applicable.

8.2. Comparability - over time

The extent to which statistics are comparable or reconcilable over time.

  Main changes compared to data transmitted for the previous reference period
Enrolments Entrants Personnel Foreign languages learning Regional data Graduates Education expenditure
Changes in the educational system              
Changes in the coverage   Data on ISCED level 8 does not cover Specialization in Medical Science and Specialization in Dentistry programmes for the 2017-2018 academic year since the data could not be collected for the given year.   Data on ISCED level 8 does not cover Specialization in Medical Science and Specialization in Dentistry programmes for the 2017-2018 academic year since the data could not be collected for the given year.       Data on ISCED level 8 does not cover Specialization in Medical Science and Specialization in Dentistry programmes for the 2017-2018 academic year since the data could not be collected for the given year.  Data on ISCED level 8 does not cover Specialization in Medical Science and Specialization in Dentistry programmes for the 2017-2018 academic year since the data could not be collected for the given year.  The coverage has been improved to include the education expenditures of all institutions from all sources. Data series is revised back in accordance with the changes in the  coverage.
Changes in the methodology              
Other changes              

 

Main changes over time
Type of data Detailed variables concerned Reference year(s) Changes in the educational system Changes in the coverage Changes in the methodology Other changes
ISCED level 3 Graduation at upper secondary   education 2008 Significant decrease in upper   secondary graduation rate due to the extension of the duration of upper   secondary education from 3 years to 4 years in the school year 2005/06.      
Tertiary education programmes by field of education Number of   enrolments, entrants and graduates in tertiary education by field of   education from 2011on     Revisement in the classification of tertiary programmes according to fields of education and trainig, leading to some changes in the allocation of programmes by fields of education.  
 ISCED level 0 Enrolments in ISCED 0 from 2013 on  The starting age of primary education has been lowered to  5.5 years which resulted in a decrease in 5 year-old students and increase in 4 year-old students in pre-primary education.      
 ISCED levels 1 & 2 All tables from 2013 on  8 years of primary education (which was reported under ISCED 1 until the reference year 2011-2012 and reported as 5 years of primary and 3 years of lower secondary education for the school year 2011-2012) was transformed into 4 years of primary and 4 years of lower secondary education.      
Expenditure All ISCED levels from 2011 on   Improved coverage due to inclusion of household expenditure on education in data collection (ISCED levels 0-3 in 2011 and all levels of education from 2012 on)    
Expenditure  ISCED level 0  from 2011 on   The coverage of ISCED 0 expenditure which only included expenditure of pre-primary schools are expanded to also cover expenditure of nursery classes opened within primary and other schools.    
Expenditure All ISCED levels from 2011 on   Adminsitrative records are used in calculations in regarding private education institutions.    
Expenditure All ISCED levels from 2011 on   Annual personel expenses for cleaning, maintenance, repair and security in schools which were obtained from Turkish Employment Agency according to Community Benefit Program are included in calculations.     
Expenditure    
 All ISCED levels  from 2011 on   Donations for school and classroom purposes obtained from MONE are included in calculations.    
Expenditure
All ISCED levels from 2012 on   The number of students calculated by fiscal year correction rather than academic year is used since 2012.    
Expenditure
 
All ISCED levels from 2011 on   From the state, which was previously present in state and household expenditures, to households transfer expenditures (scholarships, grants, student loans, etc.)are reported separately  and accordingly consolidated total education expenditures were calculated.    
ISCED levels 6-8  All tables from 2013 on     Change in ISCED classification with the implementation of ISCED 2011: Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy and Veterinary Faculties  which were reported under ISCED 5A in ISCED 1997 (bachelor degree programmes) are reported under ISCED 7 (long first degree programmes leading to masters degree). Specialization in Medical Science and Specialization in Dentistry which were reported under ISCED 5A in ISCED 1997 are included under ISCED 8 in ISCED 2011.   
8.2.1. Length of comparable time series

MoNE: not available.

Education Expenditures (Finance) (TurkStat): 2011-2017

8.3. Coherence - cross domain

The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with those obtained through other data sources or statistical domains.

 Education Expenditure (Finance) (TurkStat):

Name of the national publication Coherence issues
 National Accounts  Government financial statistics for education
 Household consumption expenditure by types of expenditure  Household expenditure on education
 Gross domestic expenditure on R&D by sector and source of funds  R&D funds in higher education.
8.4. Coherence - sub annual and annual statistics

Not available.

8.5. Coherence - National Accounts

The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with National Accounts.

 Education Finance (TurkStat):

Calculation method Scope of education
Data based on COFOG for education sector.  Government education expenditure
8.6. Coherence - internal

Not available.


9. Accessibility and clarity Top
9.1. Dissemination format - News release

MoNE:

Press national education statistics link.

 

Education Expenditure (Finance) (TurkStat):

Press release and statistical tables.



Annexes:
Education Statistics/Press Releases
National Education Statistics Books
9.2. Dissemination format - Publications

MoNE:

National Education Statistics- Formal Education (A Publication of Official Statistics Programme)



Annexes:
National Education Statistics Books
9.3. Dissemination format - online database

Not available.



Annexes:
Education Statistics/Education Expenditure/Education Expenditure Statistics
9.3.1. Data tables - consultations

MoNE:

National Education Statistics- Formal Education (online)

Education Expenditure (Finance) (TurkStat):

Statistical tables

9.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Not available.

9.5. Dissemination format - other

Not available.

9.6. Documentation on methodology

MoNE:

Not available.

 

Education Expenditure (Finance) (TurkStat):

Metadata

Methodological document (in-house documents)

 



Annexes:
Metadata
9.7. Quality management - documentation

Not available.

9.7.1. Metadata completeness - rate

Not available.

9.7.2. Metadata - consultations

MoNE:

Not available.

Education Expenditure (Finance) (TurkStat):

Metadata - IPA MBP 2015 Project: Improvement of Expenditure Data on Education

Metadata- NES: Education Expenditure Statistics



Annexes:
Improvement of Education Expenditure Data Consultation Report (1)
Improvement of Education Expenditure Data Consultation Report (2)
Improvement of Education Expenditure Data Consultation Report (3)
Education Expenditure Statistics Consultation Report
Education Expenditure Statistics Consultation Report


10. Cost and Burden Top

Indication of the cost associated with the collection and production of a statistical product and burden on respondents.

 

Time spent (in working days) Comments
100 working days in full time equivalent  


11. Confidentiality Top
11.1. Confidentiality - policy

MoNE:

Not available.

Education Expenditure (Finance) (TurkStat):

Confidentiality policy is regulated by law and regulations.

Statistics Law of Turkey (2005)

Regulation on Procedure and Principles of Data Confidentiality and Confidential Data Security in Official Statistics (2006)



Annexes:
STATISTICS LAW OF TURKEY
11.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

Not available.

 

 


12. Comment Top

No comment.


Related metadata Top


Annexes Top
ISCED Mapping Turkey 2018