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Green Paper on policy options for progress towards a European Contract Law (ECL)


When developing policy and legislation, the European Commission consults widely with EU citizens and stakeholders through public consultations.

Green Paper on policy options for progress towards an European contract law for consumers and businesses

Target group(s)

We welcome contributions from all citizens and stakeholders, EU countries, EU institutions, national, regional and local authorities, intergovernmental and non-governmental organisations, academia, social partners and civil society organisations.

Period of consultation

Closed (01.07.2010.- 31.01.2011)

Objective of the consultation

The internal market is built on a multitude of contracts governed by different national contract laws. Yet, differences between national contract laws may entail additional transaction costs and give rise to legal uncertainty for businesses and lead to a lack of consumer confidence in the internal market. These divergences in contract law rules may require businesses to adapt their contractual terms. Furthermore, diverging national laws are rarely available in other European languages. These differences imply that market actors may need to take advice from a lawyer who knows the respective foreign laws.

The Commission wants citizens and businesses to take full advantage of the internal market. The EU must do more to ease cross-border transactions.

The purpose of this Green Paper is to set out the options on how to strengthen the internal market by making progress in the area of European contract law and to launch a public consultation on these options. Depending on the evaluation of the results of the consultation, the Commission could propose further action by the end of 2011.


Green Paper from the Commission on policy options for progress towards a European Contract Law for consumers and businessespdf(67 kB) Choose translations of the previous link 


View the contributions

320 contributions were submitted.

In the interests of transparency, organisations have been invited to provide the public with relevant information about themselves by registering in the Interest Representative Register and subscribing to its Code of Conduct. If the organisation is not registered, the submission is published separately from the registered organisations.

  • Bundesverband der Deutschen Volks- und Raiffeisenbanken e. V., Bundesverband Öffentlicher Banken Deutschlands e. V. und Deutscher Sparkassen- und Giroverband e. V.pdf [78 KB] Deutsch
  • Centrum für Europäische Politik (CEP)pdf [114 KB] Deutsch
  • Chambre de commerce et d'industrie de Paris ( CCIP)pdf [44 KB] français
  • Colegio de Registradores de la Propiedad y Mercantiles de Españapdf [55 KB] español
  • Council of Bars and Law Societies of Europe (CCBE)pdf [193 KB] français
  • European Economic and Social Committeepdf [75 KB] français
  • European Federation of Building Societiespdf [160 KB] Deutsch
  • Handwerkskammer Niederbayern-Oberpfalzpdf [62 KB] Deutsch
  • Notaires d'Europe (CNUE)pdf [358 KB] français
  • Parliament of the Czech Republicpdf [363 KB] čeština
  • Working Group on European Private Law of the University of Luxembourgpdf [66 KB] Deutsch
  • Working Group on European Private Law of the University of Luxembourgpdf [175 KB] français
  • Wragge & Co LLPpdf Choose translations of the previous link  [116 KB]
  • Zentralverband der deutschen Werbewirtschaft e.V. (ZAWpdf [49 KB] Deutsch)
  • Zentralverband des Deutschen Handwerks e.V. (ZDH)pdf [57 KB] Deutsch
  • Zentralverband Deutsches Kraftfahrzeuggewerbe (ZDK)pdf [72 KB] Deutsch
  • Zentralverband Sanitär Heizung Klimapdf [1008 KB] Deutsch