Road safety: EU reports lowest ever number of road deaths and takes first step towards an injuries strategy
Road fatalities across the EU have decreased by 9% in 2012. According to new figures published by the European Commission today, 2012 saw the lowest number of people killed in road traffic in EU countries since the first data were collected.
Vice-President Siim Kallas, Commissioner for transport, said, "2012 was a landmark year for European road safety, with the lowest ever number of road deaths recorded. A 9% decrease means that 3,000 lives were saved last year. It is hugely encouraging to see these kinds of results. Still 75 people die on Europe's roads every day, so there is no room for complacency. We have ambitious goals to cut EU road deaths in half by 2020 and we need to keep up this momentum to get there.
"Road deaths are only the tip of the iceberg. For every death on Europe's roads there are 10 serious injuries such as damage to the brain or spinal cord. We need a strategy to bring down the number of serious road injuries everywhere in the EU."
Country by country statistics (see IP/13/236) show that the number of road deaths still varies greatly across the EU. The countries with the lowest number of road fatalities remain the UK, Sweden, the Netherlands and Denmark, reporting around 30 deaths per million inhabitants.
Compared to the disappointing figures of 2011, when progress in cutting road deaths fell to 2%, the reduction of 9% in 2012 mean that Member States are back on track towards the objective of halving road deaths between 2010 and 2020. In order to reach this goal, an average reduction of around 7% is needed.
The most worrying feature of the road safety statistics for 2011 was a high increase in the number of killed vulnerable users such as pedestrians, motorcyclists and elderly people – in spite of an overall reduction of road fatalities. Based on the provisional data for 2012, the number of vulnerable user fatalities has decreased substantially in 2012.
EU Road safety action programme 2011–2020
The European Road Safety Action Programme 2011-2020 (See MEMO/10/343) sets out challenging plans to reduce the number of road deaths on Europe's roads by half in the next 10 years. It contains ambitious proposals focussing on making improvements to vehicles, infrastructure and road users' behaviour. For example, key recent initiatives include:
- A new EU Driving Licence, since January 2013, with tighter rules for the access of young people to powerful motorbikes;
- National enforcement plans- submitted by Member States providing a rich source of best practices;
- Cross border enforcement rules to crackdown on traffic offences committed abroad (drink driving, speeding etc) in force since November 2012;
- Work towards the development of an injuries strategy.
Towards an Injuries strategy: the current situation
It is estimated that for every death on Europe's roads there are 10 serious injuries and 40 more slightly injured.
A key factor contributing to success in tackling road fatalities has been the results-based approach adopted in two consecutive ten-year EU road safety strategies. Much could be gained by applying a similar focus to serious but non-fatal road injuries. The problem is that current figures on serious injuries are general and they are estimates. There are problems with misreporting and underreporting of serious injuries and the figures are not comparable across the EU.
For these reasons, the European Commission has today published a document on serious road traffic injuries [297 KB] outlining the next steps towards a comprehensive EU strategy on serious road injuries, notably: a common definition of serious road traffic injury (applicable from 2013); a way forward for Member States to improve data collection on serious road accidents, (first reporting using comparable EU wide data collection methods and using new definition, 2014); the principle of adopting an EU-level target for the reduction of serious road traffic injuries (for example for the period 2015-2020).
A key step forwards was already taken in 2012 with the agreement on an EU wide system for the definition of serious road injuries. The European Commission has worked extensively with Member States in the High Level Road Safety Group to agree on the use of the MAIS trauma scale (Maximum Abbreviated Injury Score), for the definition of serious road traffic injuries. For more information on the injuries strategy, see MEMO/13/232
5 key facts: What do we already know about serious injuries?
Current estimates indicate:
- Every year, about 250 000 people are seriously injured in road accidents in the EU – compared to the 28 000 road fatalities in 2012.
- While the number of road deaths decreased by 43% during the last decade, the number of seriously injured people decreased by only 36%.
- The most commons serious road injuries are head and brain injuries, followed by injuries to the legs and spine.
- Vulnerable road users, for example pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists or users in certain age groups – notably the elderly – are especially affected by serious road injuries. Serious road traffic injuries more often occur in urban areas than on rural roads.
Helen Kearns (+32 2 298 76 38)
Dale Kidd (+32 2 295 74 61)
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