Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion

Access to Evidence of Effectiveness

Implementation cost information is available

  1. 1. Early Childhood Care and Education Scheme (ECCE) in Ireland

    Ireland, 2010 - Still operating

    The ECCE scheme provides early childhood care and education to eligible pre-school children in the Republic of Ireland, completely free of charge. This study analyses determinants of child outcomes for a cohort of children who participated in the scheme during the 2012-2013 school year. A ‘before and after approach’ was taken, which assessed the children’s social, emotional, language and cognitive skills.

    Evidence level:  Emergent Practice


  2. 2. Nuffield Early Language Intervention

    United Kingdom, 2004 - Still operating

    The Nuffield Early Language Intervention (NELI) is an intensive language support programme delivered by teaching assistants and designed to improve the spoken language ability of young children with relatively poor spoken language skills. The sessions focus on improving children’s vocabulary, listening, narrative skills and phonological awareness.

    Evidence level:  Promising Practice


  3. 3. Parents under Pressure (PuP)

    United Kingdom, 2012 - Still operating

    Parents under Pressure (PuP) is a programme for parents who face multiple adversities, including dependence on psychoactive drugs or alcohol. PuP contains 12 modules delivered over 20 weeks, including one-to-one sessions with the PUP therapist at family’s home and additional support, e.g., housing or legal advice, based on family needs. PuP aims to develop a safe and nurturing relationship between child and caregiver and thus reduce likelihood of child abuse.

    Evidence level:  Promising Practice


  4. 4. Steps Towards Alcohol Misuse Prevention Programme (STAMPP)

    United Kingdom, 2011 - Still operating

    Steps Towards Alcohol Misuse Prevention Programme (STAMPP) is a universal school-based intervention aiming to reduce alcohol use by adolescents – in particular, heavy episodic drinking and alcohol-related harms. The programme consists of a ten-lesson classroom-based curriculum and an information session for parents and carers, followed by information leaflets.

    Evidence level:  Promising Practice


  5. Implementation cost information is not available

  6. 5. Adaptive Word Retrieval Programme

    Netherlands, Unknown - Unknown

    The Adaptive Word Retrieval programme is a school based study that aims to enhance children’s vocabulary acquisition in kindergarten. The programme builds on previous research findings suggesting that active retrieval might help with the consolidation of words from episodic (based on experiences) to semantic (language) memory by translating context-specific information to people’s existing knowledge. Children that were assigned to the experimental condition received extra word retrieval activities such as semantic feedback for words the children did not learn during the classroom vocabulary programme. The study was implemented in the Netherlands across different regions with wide range of economic backgrounds. Study findings indicate that children participating in the programme have higher growth in knowledge of target words.

    Evidence level:  Emergent Practice


  7. 6. Classroom-based cognitive behaviour therapy to prevent anxiety (FRIENDS programme)

    United Kingdom, 2011 - Still operating

    The FRIENDS protocol is designed to be delivered in both clinical and educational settings by teachers, psychologists, and allied health professionals. The programme is a manualised cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) intervention. It is based on the principles of CBT and aims to help children develop skills to counter the cognitive, emotional, and behavioural aspects of anxiety. It seeks to teach children to develop emotional awareness and regulation skills, identify and replace cognitions that increase anxiety with more balanced and functional ways of thinking, and to develop problem-solving skills to confront and cope with situations and events that provoke anxiety.

    Evidence level:  Promising Practice


  8. 7. Curriculum-based Anti-bullying Programme

    Greece, 2003 - Still operating

    The practice described here is an anti-bullying intervention based on a set of curricular activities embedded within the wider curriculum. The curriculum is well planned with 3 axes: awareness raising; self-reflection and the all-important commitment to new behaviours. The intervention project was developed in response to the problem of bullying at schools. The main aims of the programme were to i) decrease overall bullying and victimization ii) enhance the number of children helping the victims in bullying (defenders) and reduce the number of children who remain separate from the bullying situation (outsiders) and iii) to enhance students’ self-efficacy beliefs for intervening and iv) to promote positive interactions with peers. The programme was implemented in 13 different classrooms from fourth- to sixth-grade across 10 primary schools in Greece. The core of the programme consisted of eight instructional hours implemented over a one-month period. The practice was developed by the researchers and it was implemented by school teachers who received specific after-school training from the researchers. All teachers who were willing to participate received the training. The training was delivered with the expectation to engage teachers in the programme and raise their knowledge about implementing particular anti-bullying curricular activities. There are no available materials that document the teacher training, the eight curricular activities, and the programme implementation. The cost-effectiveness of the intervention was not evaluated. The programme was implemented in the school year 2003-04. There is no information on whether the intervention or something similar was implemented again.

    Evidence level:  Emergent Practice


  9. 8. FearNot!: a computer based anti-bulling programme designed to foster peer intervention

    United Kingdom, Germany, 2007 - Unknown

    The practice FearNot! is a virtual learning anti-bullying intervention. The main aim of the practice is to help victims escape victimization, reduce overall bullying by reducing the number of bullies and at the same time increase the number of new defenders.

    Evidence level:  Emergent Practice


  10. 9. Join the Healthy Boat – Primary School

    Germany, 2009 - Still operating

    ‘Join the Healthy Boat – Primary School’ is a school-based intervention targeting children in grades 1 to 4 (ages 6-10). The intervention was designed, implemented, and evaluated by a research group at Ulm University from 2010 to 2011, in collaboration with schools across the region of Baden-Württemberg in Germany. It is delivered by trained teachers throughout the academic year as part of the existing school curriculum, and consists of face-to-face classroom modules, guided physical activities during recess, and media-based homework assignments to be completed with parents in the children’s homes. The intervention aims to prevent childhood obesity by educating children on the risks of unhealthy leisure and eating habits, as well as informing them of the various foods, drinks, and recreational activities that are consistent with a healthier and more active lifestyle.

    Evidence level:  Emergent Practice


  11. 10. Online parenting support: Positive parents (Educar en positivo)

    Spain, Unknown - Still operating

    The ‘Positive parents’ platform is an online parenting programme that seeks to help parents improve their parenting skills and their relationship with their children. This practice has been implemented and evaluated in Spain.

    Evidence level:  Emergent Practice


  12. 11. Parenting Skills Program (PSP)

    Spain, 2011 - Still operating

    PSP is a group-based parenting programme that aims to improve parenting skills and parent social support, reduce parenting stress and children’s problem behaviours. To achieve this, the programme provides parents with support to develop assertive communication and conflict resolution skills, strengthen empathy, emotional self-regulation and parental confidence, and improve parents’ understanding of child development and child behaviour management.

    Evidence level:  Emergent Practice


  13. 12. Parenting UR Teen

    United Kingdom, 2010 - 2012

    'Parenting UR Teen' is a group-based parenting programme that aims to enhance family relationships, parental wellbeing and teen social functioning by promoting authoritative parenting style. The programme built on previous research findings suggesting that authoritative parenting practices, such as use of firm control and rational discipline, are associated with a number of positive outcomes: for example, better school performance, less delinquent behavior and enhanced emotional and social competence. The programme was delivered in eight weeks and incorporated weekly sessions on various topics including: parenting styles, teen development, self-esteem, conflict, problem solving. Evidence on the effectiveness of the 'Parenting UR Teen’ programme comes from one randomised controlled study that was run in Northern Ireland with 145 parents from a wide range of economic backgrounds. The evaluation results indicate that the programme is beneficial for parents in terms of improved overall well-being and that it also had positive impact on their child’s behavior and their family functioning as a whole.

    Evidence level:  Emergent Practice


  14. 13. Raising the Achievement of Bilingual Learners in Primary Schools

    United Kingdom, 2004 - Still operating

    The practice was implemented in primary schools across the UK and consists in embedding and strengthening well-established English as Additional Language (EAL) pedagogy with the aim of raising achievement of bilingual learners, and increasing teacher confidence in meeting the needs of bilingual pupils. The practice consists of a wide range of teaching approaches that can be tailored to the needs of the school or teacher. It is not a new practice, although it is innovative in emphasising certain existing elements of EAL practice which are not common, such as enabling children to use their first language to learn.

    Evidence level:  Emergent Practice


  15. 14. School-based intervention for obesity prevention: the children study

    Greece, 2004 - 2006

    The programme builds on prior findings that school-based prevention against obesity using awareness raising can lead to significant reduction in obesity through better self-discipline in the long-run. At the same time, the study acknowledges that understanding the social and environmental factors that influence children’s behaviour is important.

    Evidence level:  Emergent Practice


  16. 15. Social-Emotional Prevention Programme (SEP)

    Romania, 2009 - 2009

    Social-Emotional Prevention (SEP) is a multifaceted practice (including children, parents and teachers) aimed at improving social and emotional competencies. It is a hybrid programme, combining the delivery of targeted (for high risk children) and universal (for all children) elements within the prevention programme. This group-based programme comprises three components: a classroom curriculum, teacher training and parent training. The evidence of its effectiveness comes from a trial implemented in Romania.

    Evidence level:  Emergent Practice


  17. 16. SPELL: Structured Preschool Efforts in Language and Literacy

    Denmark, 2012 - 2015

    Structured Preschool Efforts in Language and Literacy (SPELL) is a 20-week small-group intervention which uses storybook reading and provides an explicit scope and sequence of language and literacy education. SPELL is an adapted version of a previously studied programme, Read It Again-PreK! (RIA, Justice & McGinty, 2013). The curriculum implemented in RIA was adapted into SPELL a version that is specific to the Danish context and language. The goal of SPELL is to increases children’s language and preliteracy skills.

    Evidence level:  Promising Practice


  18. 17. Theraplay

    Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, 1980 - Still operating

    Theraplay is an interactive, directive, short-term, developmental play therapy that emphasises parental involvement through structured, attachment-based play, guided challenge, social engagement, playful regulation of affect, and high levels of nurture. Theraplay relies on four interactive principles: structure by the therapist, social engagement and regulation, nurture and safety, and regulated challenges.

    Evidence level:  Promising Practice


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