Pesticide sales (aei_fm_salpest09)

Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Compiling agency: Eurostat, the Statistical Office of the European Union


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4. Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and comparability
16. Cost and Burden
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)
National metadata



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

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1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Eurostat, the Statistical Office of the European Union

1.2. Contact organisation unit

E1: Agriculture and fisheries

1.5. Contact mail address

European Commission, Eurostat

L-2920, LUXEMBOURG


2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 18/07/2018
2.2. Metadata last posted 18/07/2018
2.3. Metadata last update 08/04/2019


3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

The data set comprises the annual sales of pesticides placed on the market from reference year 2011 onwards, according to Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009  as amended by Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/269 of 16 February 2017  as regards the list of active substances. The six pesticides groups (highest aggregation levels) disseminated by Eurostat are the following:-

  • Fungicides and bactericides (excluding fungicides of microbiological or botanical origin)
  • Herbicides, haulm desructors and moss killers
  • Insecticides and acaricides (excluding insecticides of microbiological or botanical origin)
  • Molluscicides
  • Plant growth regulators 
  • Other plant protection products

From reference year 2016 onwards, the second highest aggregation level (categories of products) is also published.

3.2. Classification system

The classification of the active substances in pesticides, is annexed (Annex III) to Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/269 of 16 February 2017  amending Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning statistics on pesticides, as regards the list of active substances. 

The active substances are classified according to chemical and functional similarity. Aggregation levels in descending order comprise:- major groups, categories of products, chemical classes and active substances.

The list of substances is revised on a regular basis and at least every five years. The revisions are elaborated with the expert input of DG SANTE. The lists applicable over time are annexed at the end of this report. 

The geographical classifiaction for Country codes (ISO 3166) is applied.

3.3. Coverage - sector

Sales of pesticides in the national territory of each Member State.

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

This data collection comprises pesticide sales data in EU,  EFTA (Switzerland and Norway) plus Turkey, based on the term "placing on the market" as defined in Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market and repealing Council Directives 79/117/EEC and 91/414/EEC. The scope of this Regulation covers plant protection products and their active substances as can be seen from the key terms of the act immediately below:-

Plant protection product: products consisting of or containing active substances, safeners or synergists, and intended for one of the following uses: protecting plants or plant products against all harmful organisms or preventing the action of such organisms, unless the main purpose of these products is considered to be for reasons of hygiene rather than for the protection of plants or plant products; influencing the life processes of plants, such as substances influencing their growth, other than as a nutrient; preserving plant products, in so far as such substances or products are not subject to special Community provisions on preservatives; destroying undesired plants or parts of plants, except algae unless the products are applied on soil or water to protect plants;  checking or preventing undesired growth of plants, except algae.

Active substances: substances or micro-organisms, including viruses, having general or specific action against harmful organisms or on plants, parts of plants or plant products.

Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 25 November 2009, concerning statistics on pesticides establishes a common framework for the systematic production of Community statistics on the placing on the market and use of those pesticides which are plant protection products as defined in Article 2 (a)(i).

The statistics shall apply to the annual amounts of pesticides placed on the market in accordance with Annex I and the quantity of each active substance contained in the pesticides shall be compiled according to the list in Annex III. Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009  was amended by Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/269 of 16 February 2017  as regards the list of active substances.

 The intention of both Eurostat and DG SANTE is that Countries will use the administrative data from the relevant national authorities (e.g. Plant Protection authorities) and the Statistical Offices will be in charge of transmitting the data to Eurostat. Member States shall transmit to the Commission (Eurostat) the statistical results, including confidential data via eDAMIS either in SDMX-ML format, as required by the implementing Commission Regulation (EU) No 408/2011 or in a web-form format (web forms will be abolished from reference year 2017 onwards).

3.5. Statistical unit

Most Member States collect the data directly from authorisation holders. This means, that for most active substances, there is only one data provider, which leads to the information being confidential. As there are many classes with only a few substances, or the producer/importer is the same for many of the substances in the group, this has led to a situation where a considerable amount of aggregated data at higher levels is also confidential. If sales statistics were collected from retail sellers, there would be a high number of statistical units, giving little cause for data confidentiality issues.

3.6. Statistical population

Plant protection products on the market in the respective Country.

3.7. Reference area

EU Member States, EFTA countries (Switzerland plus Norway) and Turkey.

3.8. Coverage - Time

Reference year 2011 onwards.

3.9. Base period

Not applicable.


4. Unit of measure Top

Kilograms of active substances.


5. Reference Period Top

Annual data.


6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

Commission Regulation(EU) No 656/2011 of 7 July 2011, implementing Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning statistics on pesticides, as regards definitions and list of active substances.

Regulation(EC) No 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 25 November 2009, concerning statistics on pesticides as amended by Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/269 of 16 February 2017  as regards the list of active substances.

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

at Country level can be obtained by accessing the attached National Quality Reports.


7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 25 November 2009, stipulates that for reasons of confidentiality, the Commission (Eurostat) shall aggregate the data before publication in accordance with the chemical classes or categories of products indicated in Annex III, taking due account of the protection of confidential data at the level of individual Member State. The confidential data shall be used by national authorities and by the Commission (Eurostat) exclusively for statistical purposes, in accordance with Article 20 of Regulation (EC) No 223/2009.

Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 prohibits the disclosure of data on individual active substances. According to Article 3(4) "For reasons of confidentiality, the Commission (Eurostat) shall aggregate the data before publication in accordance with the chemical classes or categories of products indicated in Annex III, taking due account of the protection of confidential data at the level of individual Member State. The confidential data shall be used by national authorities and by the Commission (Eurostat) exclusively for statistical purposes, in accordance with Article 20 of Regulation (EC) No 223/2009".

Consequently, Eurostat cannot disclose data on individual active substances. In addition, the aggregated data cannot always be disseminated if there is a direct or indirect risk of statistical units being identified. If sales statistics are collected from retail sellers, there would be a high number of statistical units, giving little cause for data confidentiality issues. However, it has become apparent that most Member States collect the data directly from authorisation holders. This means, that for most active substances, there is only one data provider, which leads to the information being confidential. As there are many classes with only a few substances, or the producer/importer is the same for many of the substances in the group, this has led to a situation where a considerable amount of aggregated data at higher levels is also confidential.


8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

The data is published annually as soon as it is processed and validated by Eurostat. Target date is end of March.

8.2. Release calendar access

Not available

8.3. Release policy - user access

In line with the Community legal framework and the European Statistics Code of Practice Eurostat disseminates European statistics on Eurostat's website (see item 10 - 'Accessibility and clarity') respecting professional independence and in an objective, professional and transparent manner in which all users are treated equitably. The detailed arrangements are governed by the Eurostat protocol on impartial access to Eurostat data for users.


9. Frequency of dissemination Top

Annual dissemination.


10. Accessibility and clarity Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

Not available.

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications

The data is published in Eurobase and under Agri-environmental indicator - consumption of pesticides

The disseminated data excludes biological substances because not all MSs are able to convert CFU (colony formation unit) into kg (kilogram).

10.3. Dissemination format - online database

The data is published in Eurobase

The disseminated data excludes biological substances because not all MSs are able to convert CFU (colony formation unit) into kg (kilogram).

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

No micro-data is disseminated.

10.5. Dissemination format - other

Not applicable

10.6. Documentation on methodology

See "A common methodology for the collection of pesticide usage statistics within agriculture and horticulture", 2008 edition.

10.7. Quality management - documentation

Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 25 November 2009, stipulates that the quality criteria as laid down in Article 12 (1) of Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics shall apply. Additionally, Member States shall provide the Commission (Eurostat) with reports on the quality of the data transmitted as referred to in Annexes I and II. The Commission (Eurostat) shall assess the quality of data transmitted.

Annual quality reports exist for each Country's data and are attched to this quality report.


11. Quality management Top
11.1. Quality assurance

Not available

11.2. Quality management - assessment

Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 25 November 2009, stipulates that the quality criteria as laid down in Article 12 (1) of Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics shall apply. Additionally, Member States shall provide the Commission (Eurostat) with reports on the quality of the data transmitted as referred to in Annexes I and II. The Commission (Eurostat) shall assess the quality of data transmitted.

The overall assessment of the data quality is "good".


12. Relevance Top
12.1. Relevance - User Needs

The Sixth Community Environment Action Programme recognised that the impact of pesticides on human health and the environment, in particular from pesticides used in agriculture, must be reduced further. It underlined the need to achieve more sustainable use of pesticides and called for a significant overall reduction of risks and the use of pesticides consistent with the necessary crop protection. In its Communication to the Council, the European Parliament and the European Economic and Social Committee entitled ‘Towards a Thematic Strategy on the Sustainable Use of Pesticides’, the Commission, recognised the need for detailed, harmonised and up-to-date statistics on sales and use of pesticides at Community level. Such statistics are necessary for assessing policies of the European Union on sustainable development and for calculating relevant indicators on the risks for health and the environment related to pesticide use.

Harmonised and comparable Community statistics on pesticide sales and use are thus essential for the development and monitoring of Community legislation and policies.

12.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

Not available.

12.3. Completeness

Member States' deliverables are in full compliance with ESS regulations.


13. Accuracy Top
13.1. Accuracy - overall

A high degree of accuracy is expected from administrative data sources.

13.2. Sampling error

Not applicable.

13.3. Non-sampling error

Not applicable.


14. Timeliness and punctuality Top
14.1. Timeliness

12 months after the end of the reference year.

14.2. Punctuality

Most Member States are able to meet the transmission deadlines.


15. Coherence and comparability Top
15.1. Comparability - geographical

Not available.

15.2. Comparability - over time

Not available.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain

Not applicable.

15.4. Coherence - internal

Not applicable.


16. Cost and Burden Top

Most Member States use administrative data sources. For the ones that do not, the cost and burden vary according to the MS. 


17. Data revision Top
17.1. Data revision - policy

Member States have to transmit finalised data to Eurostat. There are no planned revisions as such. 

17.2. Data revision - practice

The data revision practices of the Member States can vary. Specific information can be found in the attached National Quality Reports.


18. Statistical processing Top
18.1. Source data

The Statistical offices of the countries obtain the data of the national industries via Plant Protection authorities or other relevant national authorities as defined in Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009.

18.2. Frequency of data collection

Annual.

18.3. Data collection

The data collection process varies according to Member State. It is either collected from administrative sources, or via surveys and censuses.

18.4. Data validation

Verifying the reporting unit and the active substance.

Eliminating double counting.

Comparing the data with amounts of previous years.

18.5. Data compilation

Data compilation is done at country level. Sales data from the reporting companies are summed up by active substance and product and then aggregated according to the categories specified in Annex III of Regulation EC No 1185/2009.

18.6. Adjustment

Not applicable.


19. Comment Top

The disseminated data excludes biological substances because not all MSs are able to convert CFU (colony formation unit) into kg (kilogram).


Related metadata Top


Annexes Top
List of active substances for reference year 2011
List of active substances for reference year 2012
List of active substances for reference years 2013-2015 inclusive
List of active substances for reference year 2016
List of active substances for reference year 2017