In this study, we investigate the rationale for providing services and interventions to jobseekers which most adequately address their potential employment barriers to find a job and doing this as early as possible.
This report identifies shortage and surplus occupations in the EU, Norway, Iceland and Switzerland. It explores the causes of shortages and proposes potential solutions. Some of the jobs in short supply in 2017 include cooks, plumbers, generalist medical practitioners and systems analysts, while there is less demand for general office clerks; shop sales assistants and advertising and marketing professionals. Ultimately, this analysis aims at creating a model which can accurately and comprehensively identify imbalances and cross-border matching possibilities.
Previous reports on the topic:
The inactive population is not a traditional target group for the Public Employment Services (PES), although a significant share of it wants to work and is potentially available for work. The study surveys existing policy regimes and outreach measures for three target groups among the inactive that are central to current policy discussions on increasing labour force participation and social inclusion: 1) Inactive older workers; 2) Working-age women not in the labour force; and 3) Ethnic minorities and migrants. It also depicts in more detail six case studies from Austria, Germany, The Netherlands, Poland, Portugal and Sweden.
Things are moving fast as employment and social affairs make up a decisive part of the roadmap to a more united and democratic EU by June 2019, announced by European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker in September 2017: the Commission proposals to make it happen must be on the table of the European Parliament and Council by May 2018 at the latest.
We explain how the European Pillar of Social Rights, proclaimed by EU leaders last November, serves as a framework for preparing them and is strengthening the social dimension of EU economic governance.
We also review proposals for an EU framework to raise the quality of apprenticeships, report on evidence of an urgent need to take on intergenerational inequality and show how social innovation is a must to ensure sustainable economic growth.
How big is undeclared work in the EU? According to this study, more than 11% of work in the private sector is 'under the table'. However, there are big differences between EU countries, with Poland, Romania and Lithuania having the highest levels of undeclared work, while Germany and the Netherlands have low shares. The study analyses the reasons for this and examines the types of employments where undeclared work is more frequent.