Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

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New / updated articles

This article analyses the tourism trends of the 2014-2015 winter season[1] in the European Union (EU) Member States, EFTA and candidate countries. In terms of nights spent at hotels and similar accommodation establishments, tourism recorded positive growth rates in most countries, compared with the same period in 2013-2014. More ...
This article presents statistical data on man-made (anthropogenic) emissions of six greenhouse gases within the European Union (EU), discussing the trends on the basis of the latest available data from the annual greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories, submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), covering years up to 2012. More ...
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat regional yearbook publication. It emphasises the geographic aspects of the digital divide by presenting statistical data for a range of issues linked to the use of the internet across the regions of the European Union (EU). More ...
Increasing migration into an already culturally diverse European Union (EU) generates a need to prepare immigrants, and their descendants, to be more successful and more active participants in society by means of education and training. This article presents EU statistics on education as a measure of migrant integration and elaborates on the existing Zaragoza indicators on education More ...
Inflation in the euro area
Updated 14/08/2015
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. More ...
The industrial production index (abbreviated IPI and sometimes also called industrial output index or industrial volume index) is a business cycle indicator which measures monthly changes in the price-adjusted output of industry. This article takes a look at the industrial production index as it is calculated in the European Union (EU) as well as in some EFTA and candidate countries. More ...

Did you know that....

For medium size household consumers, electricity prices during the second semester of 2014 were the highest in the EU in Denmark (EUR 0.304 per kWh), Germany (EUR 0.297per kWh) and Ireland (EUR 0.254 per kWh), while the lowest were found in Bulgaria (EUR 0.090 per kWh), Hungary (EUR 0.115 per kWh) and Malta (EUR 0.125 per kWh). Read more...

Focus on

Passenger transport statistics
Rail passenger transport, 2013 (¹) (Passenger-km per inhabitant) YB15.png
This article provides details relating to recent trends for passenger transport statistics within the European Union (EU). It presents information on a range of passenger transport modes, such as road, rail, air and maritime transport. Among these, the principal mode of passenger transport is that of the passenger car, fuelled by a desire to have greater mobility and flexibility. The high reliance on the use of the car as a means of passenger transport across the EU has contributed to an increased level of congestion and pollution in many urban areas and on many major transport arteries.

Main statistical findings

Passenger cars accounted for 83.3 % of inland passenger transport in the EU-28 in 2012, with motor coaches, buses and trolley buses (9.2 %) and trains (7.4 %) both accounting for less than a tenth of all traffic (as measured by the number of inland passenger-kilometres (pkm) travelled by each mode) — see Table 1.

Between 2002 and 2012 there was a marked increase in the relative importance of the use of passenger cars among many of the Member States that joined the EU in 2004 or 2007, in particular in Bulgaria, Estonia, Slovakia and Lithuania; there was also a substantial increase in the use of passenger cars in Turkey. By contrast, the relative importance of cars as a mode of inland passenger transport fell in eight of the EU-15 Member States. The most sizeable reductions in the relative importance of passenger cars between 2002 and 2012 were recorded in Italy (the share of cars in total inland passenger transport fell 4.4 percentage points), Luxembourg (-2.7 percentage points) and the United Kingdom (-2.4 points), while the relative importance of the car also fell in three more of the largest EU Member States — Germany, Spain and France. The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (-3.5 points) and Switzerland (-2.4 points) also recorded a contraction in the relative importance of passenger cars for inland passenger transport.

More ...
  1. The winter season runs from November to April of the following year. For example, the 2014/2015 winter season ran from November 2014 to April 2015.

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