Welcome To Statistics Explained
Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.
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- Unemployment statistics
- Migration and migrant population statistics
- Asylum statistics
- Energy price statistics
- Wages and labour costs
- National accounts and GDP
- GDP per capita, consumption per capita and price level indices
- Minimum wage statistics
- Population structure and ageing
- Electricity and natural gas price statistics
Economic accounts provide important information for the regional analysis of an economy. These statistics also serve as the basis for the allocation of expenditure under the EU’s cohesion policy (see Cohesion policy — alignment with the Europe 2020 strategy within the introductory article for more details). Indeed, every region of the EU is covered by cohesion policy: however, most structural funds are directed to NUTS 2 regions where GDP per inhabitant is less than 75 % of the EU-28 average (the allocation of cohesion funds is based on a decision referring to average GDP per inhabitant during the three-year period from 2007 to 2009).
Main statistical findings
Up until the onset of the financial and economic crisis, the economic differences between European regions were being reduced, as ‘poorer’ regions generally moved closer to ‘richer’ regions through a process of convergence. However, the financial and economic crisis had a widespread effect on many regions, and the post-crisis period shows evidence of growing disparities, especially in some areas most severely affected by the crisis.
The statistics presented in this article for regional economic accounts are generally shown at the NUTS 2 level for the period up to 2011; information is provided at the more detailed NUTS 3 level for GDP per inhabitant. Data for Switzerland are only available at a national level, while statistics for the four French overseas regions are estimated.More ...