Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

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New / updated articles

This article is part of an online publication and presents information relating to tourism in the European Union (EU) and the countries that form the European Neighbourhood Policy-South (ENP-South) region, namely, Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Syria and Tunisia. More ...
This article is part of an online publication and provides information on a range of education statistics for the enlargement countries (except Iceland), in other words the candidate countries and potential candidates. More ...
Inflation in the euro area
Updated 17/04/2015
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. More ...
Wages and labour costs
Updated 16/04/2015
This article compares and contrasts figures on wages and labour costs (employers’ expenditure on personnel) in the European Union (EU) Member States and in EU candidate and European Free Trade Association (EFTA) countries. More ...
Being young in Europe today is an online Eurostat publication presenting recent statistics on the situation of children and young people in the European Union (EU); it is also available in paper format and as a downloadable PDF file (latest edition), ISBN 978-92-79-43243-9, doi: 10.2785/59267, Cat. No: KS-05-14-031-EN-N. More ...
This article presents the main results from quarterly statistics on maritime transport of goods in the European Union (EU), plus figures for Iceland, Norway and Turkey. It covers the gross weight of goods handled in the main European ports, by type of cargo, direction, reporting country and various partner maritime geographical areas. These data are complemented by maritime transport flows with the main extra-EU partners, and with individual results for the major European ports. More ...
This article describes the house price index (HPI) in the euro area and the European Union (EU), presenting data on this indicator both at European and Member State level. It also provides examples of possible use of this indicator in relation to other statistics, such as consumer price indices, rent price indices and household disposable income. Finally, a summary description of the methodology used in the compilation of the HPI is given. More ...

Did you know that....

Ireland had the youngest population in the EU with a median age of 36 years in 2013 (EU-28 average 42.2 years). Read more...

Focus on

Consumer prices - inflation and comparative price levels
HICP all-items, development of the annual average inflation rates, 2002–12 (%) YB14 I.png
An increase in the general level of prices of goods and services in an economy is called inflation; it is usually measured by consumer price indices or retail price indices. Within the European Union (EU), a specific consumer price index for the purpose of tracing price developments has been developed — it is called the harmonised index of consumer prices (HICP). If there is inflation within an economy, then the purchasing power of money falls as consumers are no longer able to purchase the same amount of goods and services (with the same amount of money). By contrast, if prices fall, then consumers should be able to purchase more goods and services; this is often referred to as deflation. When there is no change in prices (or relatively low rates of inflation) this may be referred to as a period of price stability.

Purchasing power parities estimate price level differences between countries and these can be used to calculate price level indices, which may in turn be used as a starting point for analysing price convergence between countries or regions.

Main statistical findings

Inflation: price changes over time

Compared with historical trends, consumer price indices rose at a relatively modest pace during the last two decades. The inflation rate of the EU (an evolving aggregate reflecting EU membership) decreased during the 1990s, reaching 1.2 % by 1999, after which the pace of price increases settled within the range of 2.0 % to 2.3 % per annum during the period 2000 to 2007.

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