Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

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New / updated articles

This article provides an overview of the development of the services turnover indicator in the European Union (EU), the euro area and the European Member states over recent years and describes how it is calculated. The index of turnover in (other) services is a business cycle indicator which measures the quarterly development of turnover in the European service industries with the exception of financial services and services in retail and wholesale trade for which a separate indicator exists (hence "other" services; in this article the "other" will be omitted for easier readability). More ...
The index of the volume of retail trade is a business indicator which measures the monthly changes of the deflated turnover of retail trade both at the level of the European Union (EU) and euro area, and of individual EU Member States (as well as some candidate and EFTA countries). This article provides an overview of the development of the index over recent years and describes how it is calculated. More ...
This article presents the road freight cabotage transport in 2014 in the European Union (EU), from the points of view of hauliers performing cabotage abroad and of the countries where cabotage is performed. Cabotage means transport carried out in country A by hauliers registered in country B. Since national transport markets are not yet fully liberalised, the level of cabotage, together with cross-trade, may be seen as a sign of market integration. More ...
This article provides an overview of the aspects of life where people with disabilities in the European Union (EU) face barriers to participation. It is one of a set of statistical articles concerning disability statistics in the EU and accompanies a number of methodological articles which make up an online publication on disability statistics. More ...
Freight transport statistics
Updated 08/02/2016
This article presents information on freight transport in the European Union (EU), which includes the following transport modes: road, rail, air, maritime and inland waterways. The ability to move goods safely, quickly and cost-efficiently to markets is important for international trade, national distributive trades and economic development. The rapid increase in global trade up to the onset of the global financial and economic crisis and the deepening integration of an enlarged EU, alongside a range of economic practices (including the concentration of production in fewer sites to reap economies of scale, delocalisation, and just-in-time deliveries), may explain the relatively fast growth of freight transport across the EU. More ...
This article provides details relating to recent trends for passenger transport statistics within the European Union (EU). It presents information on a range of passenger transport modes, such as road, rail, air and maritime transport. Among these, the principal mode of passenger transport is that of the passenger car, fuelled by a desire to have greater mobility and flexibility. The high reliance on the use of the car as a means of passenger transport across the EU has contributed to an increased level of congestion and pollution in many urban areas and on many major transport arteries. More ...

Did you know that....

In 2014, tax revenue in the EU-28 stood at 40.0 % of GDP. The ratio of tax revenue to GDP was highest in Denmark (50.8 %), Belgium and France (both at 47.9 %), while the lowest ratios were recorded in Romania (27.7 % of GDP), Bulgaria (27.8 % ) and Lithuania (28.0 % ). Read more...