Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

To find the information you need, please select a theme from the menu below or use the coloured boxes on the right. The search function (alt-f) can also be used.

New / updated articles

Inflation in the euro area
Updated 30/06/2015
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are early estimates of euro area inflation. More ...
Unemployment statistics
Updated 30/06/2015
This article presents the very latest unemployment figures for the European Union (EU), the euro area and individual Member States, complemented by an overview of long-term developments since the year 2000. Unemployment levels and rates move in a cyclical manner, largely related to the general business cycle. However, other factors such as labour market policies and demographic developments may also influence the short and long-term evolution. More ...
The balance of payments records all economic transactions between resident and non-resident entities during a given period. This article presents data on the current and financial accounts of the balance of payments for the European Union (EU) and its Member States. More ...
Expenditure on education may help foster economic growth, enhance productivity, contribute to people’s personal and social development, and help reduce social inequalities. Within the European Union (EU) the proportion of financial resources devoted to education is one of the key choices made by national governments. More ...
This article presents statistics concerning the European Union’s (EU’s) resource productivity as well as information on the extraction of natural resources consumed by the EU economy. The article is based on domestic material consumption (DMC) and its components, as defined in the material flow accounts. More ...
This article presents an overview of European Union (EU) statistics related to mental and behavioural disorders, Alzheimer’s disease (which is a disease of the nervous system) and intentional self-harm (which is an external cause of morbidity and mortality). It focuses on four aspects: deaths from mental and behavioural disorders, Alzheimer’s disease and intentional self-harm, the extent of depressive disorders, healthcare for mental and behavioural disorders and Alzheimer’s disease, and the availability of specialist healthcare resources (beds and personnel). More ...

Did you know that....

In 2013, the expected number of healthy life years at birth was higher for women than for men in 16 of the 28 EU Member States, with the difference exceeding 3 years in Estonia, Poland and Bulgaria and ranging up to 5 years in Lithuania. Read more...

Focus on

Agricultural products
Production of cereals, EU-28, 2013 (¹) (%, based on tonnes) YB15.png
There is a wide diversity of natural environments, climates, economic conditions and farming practices across Europe. They are reflected in the broad array of food and drink products that are made available for human consumption and animal feed, as well as a range of inputs for non-food processes. Indeed, agricultural products contribute to the cultural identity of Europe’s people and regions.

Main statistical findings

Crops

In 2013, the EU-28 produced 306 million tonnes of cereals (including rice). This was the highest level of production since a peak in production in 2008. The EU-28's production of cereals in 2013 was 20.9 million tonnes higher than in 2012 (+7.3 %).

The EU-28 produced 109.1 million tonnes of sugar beet in 2013, which was 5.7 million tonnes less than in 2012. The production of the other main root crop in the EU-28 — potatoes — was 53.9 million tonnes.

Oilseeds production has followed an upward pattern in recent years mainly due to the increased use of oilseeds for bioenergy production. Rape and turnip rape, and sunflower seeds are the main types of oilseeds produced in the EU-28. In 2013, 21.0 million tonnes of rape and turnip rape were produced, a much larger volume than in 2012 (+9.2 %). By comparison, an estimated 9.2 million tonnes of sunflower seeds were produced across the EU-28 in 2013.

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