Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

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New / updated articles

In June 2014, Eurostat published an article describing the construction of a set of indicators of economic globalisation. This set of indicators has now been extended in two ways. Firstly, the indicators are calculated separately for intra-EU and extra-EU partners; secondly, the indicators are calculated separately for 12 NACE Rev. 2 sections of the non-financial business economy. The present article shows graphs and figures for nine of the indicators in two NACE sections (manufacturing, wholesale and retail trade) to illustrate the type of information that could be used to track the various aspects of globalisation. More ...
This article presents recent statistics on the tourism industries in the European Union (EU). While tourism statistics focus on either the accommodation sector or the demand side (from households), and relate mainly to physical flows (arrivals or nights spent at tourist accommodation or trips made by residents of a country), this analysis is based on economic data extracted from other areas of official statistics, in particular structural business statistics (SBS) and short-term business statistics (STS). Thus a more complete economic analysis can be drawn of this sector, which is an important motor for many countries' economies and labour markets. More ...
This article is part of an online publication and presents information relating to a range of demographic statistics for the European Union (EU) and in the six countries that together form the European Neighbourhood Policy-East (ENP-East) region, namely, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. Aside from basic data on population levels, the article also provides information on the fertility rate, the infant mortality rate and life expectancy. More ...
Changes in the price of consumer goods and services are usually referred to as the inflation rate. Inflation is an increase in the general price level of goods and services. When there is inflation in an economy, the value of money decreases because a given amount will buy fewer goods and services than before. This article analyses the accuracy of the euro area inflation flash estimates, usually released at the end of the reference month and describes the methodology used in their production. More ...
Inflation in the euro area
Updated 19/05/2015
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. More ...
This article analyses data on trade in agricultural products, concentrating on exports and imports between the European Union (EU) and all countries outside of the EU (extra-EU). In 2013, extra-EU trade in agricultural products accounted for 6.9 % of total EU-28 international trade. This share is very similar for imports (7 %) and exports (6.8 %). Data on trade in agricultural products is central for two important EU policies: the Common agricultural policy (CAP) and the common trade policy, which manages trade relations with non-EU countries. More ...

Did you know that....

Almost half (49 %) of all enterprises in the EU-28 carried out innovation activities during the period 2010-12. Read more...

Focus on

Agricultural products
Production of cereals, EU-28, 2013 (¹) (%, based on tonnes) YB15.png
There is a wide diversity of natural environments, climates, economic conditions and farming practices across Europe. They are reflected in the broad array of food and drink products that are made available for human consumption and animal feed, as well as a range of inputs for non-food processes. Indeed, agricultural products contribute to the cultural identity of Europe’s people and regions.

Main statistical findings

Crops

In 2013, the EU-28 produced 306 million tonnes of cereals (including rice). This was the highest level of production since a peak in production in 2008. The EU-28's production of cereals in 2013 was 20.9 million tonnes higher than in 2012 (+7.3 %).

The EU-28 produced 109.1 million tonnes of sugar beet in 2013, which was 5.7 million tonnes less than in 2012. The production of the other main root crop in the EU-28 — potatoes — was 53.9 million tonnes.

Oilseeds production has followed an upward pattern in recent years mainly due to the increased use of oilseeds for bioenergy production. Rape and turnip rape, and sunflower seeds are the main types of oilseeds produced in the EU-28. In 2013, 21.0 million tonnes of rape and turnip rape were produced, a much larger volume than in 2012 (+9.2 %). By comparison, an estimated 9.2 million tonnes of sunflower seeds were produced across the EU-28 in 2013.

More ...

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