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Welcome to Statistics Explained
Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics.

Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting all statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up everyone's encyclopedia of European statistics, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the very latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users alike.

To find the information you need, use the hierarchical theme tree, the online publications, the categories or the search function (alt-f).


Updated: High-tech statistics

High-tech exports by high-technology group of products, EU-27 and selected countries, 2013.png
This article analyses data on high-technology or 'high-tech' sectors in the European Union (EU) and in some EFTA and candidate countries. In the global race for competitiveness, it is essential to create, exploit and commercialise new technologies. High-tech sectors and enterprises are key drivers of economic growth, productivity, and generally provide high value added and well-paid employment. More ...

Updated: Air pollution by industries and households

Total acidifying potential emissions, EU 27, 2000 - 2012, (thousand tonnes of SO2 equivalents of SO2, NOx and NH3) New.png
This article analyses the emissions to air of five acidifying gases and ozone precursor substances in the European Union (EU) in a breakdown by industries and households that are responsible for their generation. The data source is the European environmental accounts. The article also briefly explains the differences between air emissions accounts reported under the Regulation (EU) Nr 691/2011 on European environmental economic accounts, More ...

New: Agriculture statistics - family farming in the EU

Average utilised agricultural area per holding for farms with only family workers, 2010 (hectares).png
This article is part of a set of statistical articles that together form Eurostat’s statistical book on Agriculture, forestry and fishery statistics. It presents data on family farming which is based on the most recent farm structure survey (FSS) conducted across the European Union (EU) as an agricultural census in 2009/10. The United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) declared 2014 to be the International year of family farming. The FAO defines a family farm as “… an agricultural holding which is managed and operated by a household and where farm labour is largely supplied by that household”. More ...

New: Annual national accounts - how ESA 2010 has changed the main GDP aggregates

Impact of methodological changes and statistical improvements on the level of GDP 2010.png
This article analyses the impact of ESA 2010 revisions focusing on nominal GDP at the European level. Observing the main aggregates of the three approaches used in estimating GDP at market prices, it includes an analysis of the industries which have generated significant revisions to gross value added (GVA), and continues with a similar analysis of the categories of final expenditure and of the components of income. More ...

New: Road freight vehicle statistics - lorries, road tractors and trailers

Share of lorries by load capacity class, % of all registered lorries, 31 12 2012 (1).png
This article presents statistics on vehicles for transport of freight in the European Union (EU): lorries, road tractors, semi-trailers and trailers. It describes the development in the number of such vehicles and describes the trends in the registration of new vehicles. It also analyses the load capacity of these vehicles, which is essential for the capacity of the transport sector in the EU to move freight. More ...

Updated: Inflation in the euro area

Euro area annual inflation and its main components, 2005-2015-01-p.png
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. More ...

Updated: Maritime ports freight and passenger statistics

Gross weight of seaborne goods handled in all ports (in million tonnes) 1997-2013.png
This article presents the latest statistical data on freight handling and passenger traffic in ports in the European Union (EU), Iceland, Norway, Montenegro and Turkey. It also covers maritime transport flows with the main partner geographical areas, as well as individual results for major European ports. This article contains data for 2013. The next update (with figures for 2014) is provisionally scheduled for February 2016. Please note that the 2012 and 2013 figures for France are provisional estimates which are likely to be revised. More ...

Updated: Minimum wage statistics

Minimum wages, 1 January 2015 (EUR per month) YB15 II.png
This article illustrates how minimum wage levels vary considerably across the European Union (EU) Member States; it also provides a comparison with the situation in the candidate countries and the United States. Minimum wage statistics, as published by Eurostat, refer to national minimum wages. More ...

Today's article

Passenger transport statistics

Rail passenger transport, 2013 (¹) (Passenger-km per inhabitant) YB15.png
This article provides details relating to recent trends for passenger transport statistics within the European Union (EU). It presents information on a range of passenger transport modes, such as road, rail, air and maritime transport. Among these, the principal mode of passenger transport is that of the passenger car, fuelled by a desire to have greater mobility and flexibility. The high reliance on the use of the car as a means of passenger transport across the EU has contributed to an increased level of congestion and pollution in many urban areas and on many major transport arteries.

Main statistical findings

Passenger cars accounted for 83.3 % of inland passenger transport in the EU-28 in 2012, with motor coaches, buses and trolley buses (9.2 %) and trains (7.4 %) both accounting for less than a tenth of all traffic (as measured by the number of inland passenger-kilometres (pkm) travelled by each mode) — see Table 1.

Between 2002 and 2012 there was a marked increase in the relative importance of the use of passenger cars among many of the Member States that joined the EU in 2004 or 2007, in particular in Bulgaria, Estonia, Slovakia and Lithuania; there was also a substantial increase in the use of passenger cars in Turkey. By contrast, the relative importance of cars as a mode of inland passenger transport fell in eight of the EU-15 Member States. The most sizeable reductions in the relative importance of passenger cars between 2002 and 2012 were recorded in Italy (the share of cars in total inland passenger transport fell 4.4 percentage points), Luxembourg (-2.7 percentage points) and the United Kingdom (-2.4 points), while the relative importance of the car also fell in three more of the largest EU Member States — Germany, Spain and France. The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (-3.5 points) and Switzerland (-2.4 points) also recorded a contraction in the relative importance of passenger cars for inland passenger transport. More ...