Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

To find the information you need, please select a theme from the menu below or use the coloured boxes on the right. The search function (alt-f) can also be used.

New / updated articles

Unemployment statistics
Updated 01/09/2015
This article presents the very latest unemployment figures for the European Union (EU), the euro area and individual Member States, complemented by an overview of long-term developments since the year 2000. Unemployment levels and rates move in a cyclical manner, largely related to the general business cycle. However, other factors such as labour market policies and demographic developments may also influence the short and long-term evolution. More ...
Monitoring sustainable development is a bi-annual Eurostat publication, also downloadable in pdf format (latest edition 2015, ISBN: 978-92-79-49391-1). The articles are updated every two years, when the new edition of the publication appears. More ...
This article presents recent data on both the geographical and sectoral aspects of the maritime economy of the European Union (EU). The maritime economy is now often referred to as the ‘blue economy’. It covers all marketable activities linked to the sea. More ...
Inflation in the euro area
Updated 31/08/2015
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are early estimates of euro area inflation. More ...
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat regional yearbook publication. It presents regional agricultural statistics within the European Union (EU) and provides a selection of Eurostat’s statistics within this domain, including data covering the agricultural census and livestock numbers, as well as agricultural products. It begins with a special section that is devoted to information on a range of agri-environmental indicators in order to celebrate the international year of soils. More ...
This article analyses the tourism trends of the 2014-2015 winter season[1] in the European Union (EU) Member States, EFTA and candidate countries. In terms of nights spent at hotels and similar accommodation establishments, tourism recorded positive growth rates in most countries, compared with the same period in 2013-2014. More ...

Did you know that....

On average, a girl born in the EU-28 in 2012 could expect to live 83.1 years, while the corresponding life expectancy at birth for a newly-born boy was 5.6 years lower, at 77.5 years. Read more...

Focus on

Government finance statistics
Public balance, 2013 and 2014 (¹) (net lending or net borrowing of consolidated general government sector, % of GDP) YB15 II.png
This article examines how key government finance indicators have developed in the European Union (EU) and the euro area. Specifically, it considers public (general government) deficits, general government gross debt, the revenue and expenditure of general government, as well as taxes and social contributions, which are the main sources of government revenue.

These statistics are crucial indicators for determining the health of a Member State’s economy. Under the terms of the EU’s Stability and Growth Pact (SGP), EU Member States pledged to keep their deficits and debt below certain limits: a Member State’s government deficit may not exceed -3 % of its gross domestic product (GDP), while its debt may not exceed 60 % of GDP. If a Member State does not respect these limits, the so-called excessive deficit procedure is triggered. This entails several steps — including the possibility of sanctions — to encourage the Member State concerned to take appropriate measures to rectify the situation. The same deficit and debt limits are also criteria for economic and monetary union (EMU) and hence for joining the euro. Furthermore, the latest revision of the integrated economic and employment guidelines (revised as part of the Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth) includes a guideline to ensure the quality and the sustainability of public finances.

Main statistical findings

In 2014, the government deficit (net borrowing of the consolidated general government sector, as a share of GDP) of both the EU-28 and the euro area (EA-19) decreased compared with 2013, while general government debt increased (both relative to GDP and in absolute terms).

More ...
  1. The winter season runs from November to April of the following year. For example, the 2014/2015 winter season ran from November 2014 to April 2015.

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