Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

To find the information you need, please select a theme from the menu below or use the coloured boxes on the right. The search function (alt-f) can also be used.

New / updated articles

This article focuses on a selection of indicators on quarterly sector accounts for non-financial corporations in the European Union (EU) and the euro area. Covered are, among others, the business investment rate and the profit share of non-financial corporations. Another article focuses on quarterly sector accounts for households, covering, among others, the household saving rate and the household investment rate. More ...
This article focuses on a selection of indicators on quarterly sector accounts for households in the European Union (EU) and the euro area. Covered are, among others, the household saving rate and the household investment rate. Another article focuses on quarterly sector accounts for non-financial corporations, covering, among others, the business investment rate and the profit share of non-financial corporations. More ...
Inflation in the euro area
Updated 30/04/2015
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are early estimates of euro area inflation. More ...
This article focuses on the short-term evolution of the net occupancy rates of bed places and bedrooms of hotels and similar accommodation establishments in the European Union (EU) and contains the first publication of data for December 2014. More ...
Waste statistics
Updated 30/04/2015
This article gives an overview on the development of waste generation and treatment in the European Union (EU) and several non-member countries; it draws exclusively on data collected within the framework of Regulation 2150/2002 of the European Parliament and Council on waste statistics. More ...
Unemployment statistics
Updated 30/04/2015
This article presents the very latest unemployment figures for the European Union (EU), the euro area and individual Member States, complemented by an overview of long-term developments since the year 2000. Unemployment levels and rates move in a cyclical manner, largely related to the general business cycle. However, other factors such as labour market policies and demographic developments may also influence the short and long-term evolution. More ...

Did you know that....

In 2013, the proportion of employees in the EU-28 with a contract of limited duration was 13.8 %. More than one in four (26.8 %) employees in Poland had a temporary contract and this proportion was above one in five in Spain (23.2 %), Portugal (21.5 %) and the Netherlands (20.3 %). Read more...

Focus on

R & D expenditure
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D in the Triad and China, 2002–12 (% of GDP) YB14.png
This article presents data on research and development (R & D) expenditures within the European Union (EU), according to the sector of performance and the source of funds. The data are obtained through statistical surveys which are regularly conducted at national level covering R & D performing entities in the private and public sectors.

One of the key objectives of the EU during the last decade has been to encourage increasing levels of investment, in order to provide a stimulus to the EU’s competitiveness. The Lisbon strategy set the EU an objective of devoting 3 % of its gross domestic product (GDP) to R & D activities by 2010. The target was not reached — and subsequently the 3 % target was maintained, forming one of five key targets within the Europe 2020 strategy adopted in 2010.

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