Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

To find the information you need, please select a theme from the menu below or use the coloured boxes on the right. The search function (alt-f) can also be used.

New / updated articles

Inflation in the euro area
Updated 31/03/2015
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are early estimates of euro area inflation. More ...
Unemployment statistics
Updated 31/03/2015
This article presents the very latest unemployment figures for the European Union (EU), the euro area and individual Member States, complemented by an overview of long-term developments since the year 2000. Unemployment levels and rates move in a cyclical manner, largely related to the general business cycle. However, other factors such as labour market policies and demographic developments may also influence the short and long-term evolution. More ...
Hourly labour costs
Updated 30/03/2015
This article provides recent statistics on hourly labour costs in the European Union (EU). In 2014, average hourly labour costs were estimated at EUR 24.6 in the EU-28 and at EUR 29.2 in the euro area (EA-18). However, this average masks significant gaps between EU Member States, with hourly labour costs ranging between EUR 3.8 and EUR 40.3. More ...
Eurostat disseminates early results for severe material deprivation rates so that trends in poverty levels can be tracked more closely. 2014 data are available for over half the European Union (EU) Member States, and Iceland. The coverage and the timeliness is expected to increase in the coming years. More ...
This article presents statistics on net social protection expenditure in the EU. These statistics are collected through the European system of integrated social protection statistics (ESSPROS). More ...
This article focuses on the short-term evolutions in the nights spent at tourist accommodation in the European Union (EU). The data of the most recent reference month available (December 2014) are compared with the same month of the previous year. In addition, the article includes estimates for the annual comparison of the entire year 2014 with 2013. More ...

Did you know that....

Denmark had the highest price level among the Member States, 42 % above the EU-28 average in 2013. EFTA Member States Norway and Switzerland had higher price levels which exceeded the overall EU-28 level by more than 60 %. Read more...

Focus on

Minimum wage statistics
Minimum wages, January 2015 (¹) (EUR per month) YB15 II.png
This article illustrates how minimum wage levels vary considerably across the European Union (EU) Member States; it also provides a comparison with the situation in the candidate countries and the United States.

Minimum wage statistics, as published by Eurostat, refer to national minimum wages. The national minimum wage usually applies to all employees, or at least to a large majority of employees in a country. It is enforced by law, often after consultation with social partners, or directly by a national intersectoral agreement.

Minimum wages are generally presented as monthly wage rates for gross earnings, that is, before the deduction of income tax and social security contributions payable by the employee; these deductions vary from country to country.

National minimum wages are published by Eurostat bi-annually. They reflect the situation on 1 January and 1 July of each year. As a consequence, modifications to minimum wages introduced between these two dates are only shown for the following bi-annual release of data.

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