Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

To find the information you need, please select a theme from the menu below or use the coloured boxes on the right. The search function (alt-f) can also be used.

New / updated articles

This article takes a look at electricity markets in the European Union (EU), presenting recent statistical data on the number of electricity generating and retailing companies across EU Member States and Norway, FYR of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Turkey. More ...
Waste shipment statistics
Updated 11/02/2016
This article presents statistics on transboundary waste shipments in the European Union (EU). Transboundary waste shipments very often concerns illegal shipments: the waste – often hazardous – has been sent to another EU country or to a developing country in order to avoid the costs of appropriate treatment. However, a lot of shipments of hazardous waste are performed legally, i.e. where the waste has been notified to the authorities in advance. This article gives an overview of these notified waste shipments. More ...
One of the five headline targets of the Europe 2020 headline indicators is to reduce poverty by lifting at least 20 million people out of the risk of poverty or social exclusion by 2020. This article presents geographical and temporal comparisons of the monetary and non-monetary elements of the indicator that describes poverty and social exclusion in the European Union (EU) using the most recent data (2013 and 2014) from the EU statistics on income and living conditions (EU-SILC). Comparisons over the most recent years enable, inter alia, analysis of the impact of the economic crisis and the austerity measures taken to overcome the crisis on the Europe 2020 headline target. More ...
This article presents a detailed statistical overview of the production and consumption of energy from renewable sources in the European Union (EU). It is based on data compiled in accordance with accounting rules set down in the Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. The statistical information presented in this article is coherent with statistical information reported under Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 on energy statistics. More ...
This article presents the main trends in road freight transport up to 2014 in the European Union (EU). The analysis is carried out for national, international, cross-trade as well as cabotage transport. Road freight transport by type of goods and distance classes are also presented in this article, as well as goods moved on countries’ territories and country-to-country flows. More ...
This article provides an overview of the development of the services turnover indicator in the European Union (EU), the euro area and the European Member states over recent years and describes how it is calculated. The index of turnover in (other) services is a business cycle indicator which measures the quarterly development of turnover in the European service industries with the exception of financial services and services in retail and wholesale trade for which a separate indicator exists (hence "other" services; in this article the "other" will be omitted for easier readability). More ...

Did you know that....

In 2014, the top four most popular tourism destinations in the EU were Spain (260 million nights spent in tourist accommodation establishments by people coming from abroad), Italy (187 million nights), France (131 million nights) and the United Kingdom (105 million nights). Read more...

Focus on

GDP at regional level
Gross domestic product (GDP) per inhabitant, in purchasing power standard (PPS), by NUTS level 2 region, 2013 (¹) (% of the EU-28 average, EU-28 = 100) RYB15.png
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat regional yearbook publication. It uses a set of regional economic accounts to analyse economic developments within the European Union (EU): the first section is based on gross domestic product (GDP), the principal aggregate for measuring economic developments / growth; the second provides a regional analysis of gross value added by activity (as defined in terms of NACE); while, the article closes with a brief analysis of labour productivity (defined here as gross value added per person employed).

Regional accounts serve as the basis for the allocation of expenditure under the EU’s cohesion policy. Every region of the EU is covered: however, most structural funds are directed to NUTS 2 regions where GDP per capita is less than 75 % of the EU-28 average. The allocation of cohesion funds is currently based on a decision referring to average GDP per capita during the three-year period from 2007 to 2009; more information is provided in an article on regional policies and Europe 2020.

Main statistical findings

GDP at market prices in the EU-28 was valued at EUR 13.5 trillion in 2013, which equated to an average level of approximately 26.6 thousand PPS per capita.

Regional GDP per capita

Map 1 shows GDP per capita in 2013 for NUTS level 2 regions, with the value for each region expressed as a percentage of the EU-28 average (set to equal 100 %). As such, it portrays relatively ‘rich’ regions (shown in green) where GDP per capita was above the EU average and relatively ‘poor’ regions (shown in red). The map reveals a clear east–west divide. However, this pattern is less pronounced than it was almost a decade before — when the EU underwent its largest expansion with the accession of 10 new Member States — as a result of two principal factors:

  • a gradual process of economic convergence, resulting from relatively rapid growth among less developed regions;
  • the financial and economic crisis, which had a considerable impact on the economic performance of most EU Member States.
More ...