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Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.
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The unadjusted gender pay pap (GPG) is an important indicator used within the European employment strategy (EES) to monitor imbalances in wages between men and women. It is defined as the difference between the average gross hourly earnings of men and women expressed as a percentage of the average gross hourly earnings of men.
Main statistical findings
Gender pay gap levels
The gender pay gap varies significantly across EU Member States
For the economy as a whole, in 2013, women's gross hourly earnings were on average 16.4 % below those of men in the European Union (EU-28) and 16.6 % in the euro area (EA-17). Across Member States, the gender pay gap varied by 26.7 percentage points, ranging from 3.2 % in Slovenia to 29.9 % in Estonia (Figure 1).More ...
- Here defined as industry, construction and services except public administration and defence and compulsory social security: NACE Rev. 2 Sections B to S with the exception of Section O.