Main Page

From Statistics Explained

Welcome to Statistics Explained
Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics.

Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting all statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up everyone's encyclopedia of European statistics, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the very latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users alike.

To find the information you need, use the hierarchical theme tree, the online publications, the categories or the search function (alt-f).


Updated: Minimum wage statistics

Minimum wages, 1 January 2015 (EUR per month) YB15 II.png
This article illustrates how minimum wage levels vary considerably across the European Union (EU) Member States; it also provides a comparison with the situation in the candidate countries and the United States. Minimum wage statistics, as published by Eurostat, refer to national minimum wages. More ...

Updated: Maritime ports freight and passenger statistics

Gross weight of seaborne goods handled in all ports (in million tonnes) 1997-2013.png
This article presents the latest statistical data on freight handling and passenger traffic in ports in the European Union (EU), Iceland, Norway, Montenegro and Turkey. It also covers maritime transport flows with the main partner geographical areas, as well as individual results for major European ports. This article contains data for 2013. The next update (with figures for 2014) is provisionally scheduled for February 2016. Please note that the 2012 and 2013 figures for France are provisional estimates which are likely to be revised. More ...

New: Annual national accounts - how ESA 2010 has changed the main GDP aggregates

Impact of methodological changes and statistical improvements on the level of GDP 2010.png
This article analyses the impact of ESA 2010 revisions focusing on nominal GDP at the European level. Observing the main aggregates of the three approaches used in estimating GDP at market prices, it includes an analysis of the industries which have generated significant revisions to gross value added (GVA), and continues with a similar analysis of the categories of final expenditure and of the components of income. More ...

New: Road freight vehicle statistics - lorries, road tractors and trailers

Share of lorries by load capacity class, % of all registered lorries, 31 12 2012 (1).png
This article presents statistics on vehicles for transport of freight in the European Union (EU): lorries, road tractors, semi-trailers and trailers. It describes the development in the number of such vehicles and describes the trends in the registration of new vehicles. It also analyses the load capacity of these vehicles, which is essential for the capacity of the transport sector in the EU to move freight. More ...

Updated: Air pollution by industries and households

Total acidifying potential emissions, EU 27, 2000 - 2012, (thousand tonnes of SO2 equivalents of SO2, NOx and NH3) New.png
This article analyses the emissions to air of five acidifying gases and ozone precursor substances in the European Union (EU) in a breakdown by industries and households that are responsible for their generation. It briefly explains the differences between air emissions accounts reported under the Regulation (EU) Nr 691/2011 on European environmental economic accounts, More ...

Updated: High-tech statistics

High-tech exports by high-technology group of products, EU-27 and selected countries, 2013.png
This article analyses data on high-technology or 'high-tech' sectors in the European Union (EU) and in some EFTA and candidate countries. In the global race for competitiveness, it is essential to create, exploit and commercialise new technologies. High-tech sectors and enterprises are key drivers of economic growth, productivity, and generally provide high value added and well-paid employment. More ...

Updated: Inflation in the euro area

Euro area annual inflation and its main components, 2005-2015-01-p.png
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. More ...

New: Agriculture statistics - family farming in the EU

Average utilised agricultural area per holding for farms with only family workers, 2010 (hectares).png
This article is part of a set of statistical articles that together form Eurostat’s statistical book on Agriculture, forestry and fishery statistics. It presents data on family farming which is based on the most recent farm structure survey (FSS) conducted across the European Union (EU) as an agricultural census in 2009/10. The United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) declared 2014 to be the International year of family farming. The FAO defines a family farm as “… an agricultural holding which is managed and operated by a household and where farm labour is largely supplied by that household”. More ...

Today's article

GDP at regional level

Gross domestic product (GDP) per inhabitant, in purchasing power standard (PPS), by NUTS 2 regions, 2011 (1) (% of the EU-28 average, EU-28 = 100) RYB14.png
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat Regional Yearbook publication. It presents a regional analysis of economic developments within the European Union (EU). It is principally based upon an analysis of gross domestic product (GDP), which is viewed as being one of the leading measures for studying economic development and growth. It also includes information concerning regional labour productivity and the distribution of income.

Economic accounts provide important information for the regional analysis of an economy. These statistics also serve as the basis for the allocation of expenditure under the EU’s cohesion policy (see Cohesion policy — alignment with the Europe 2020 strategy within the introductory article for more details). Indeed, every region of the EU is covered by cohesion policy: however, most structural funds are directed to NUTS 2 regions where GDP per inhabitant is less than 75 % of the EU-28 average (the allocation of cohesion funds is based on a decision referring to average GDP per inhabitant during the three-year period from 2007 to 2009).

Main statistical findings

Up until the onset of the financial and economic crisis, the economic differences between European regions were being reduced, as ‘poorer’ regions generally moved closer to ‘richer’ regions through a process of convergence. However, the financial and economic crisis had a widespread effect on many regions, and the post-crisis period shows evidence of growing disparities, especially in some areas most severely affected by the crisis.

The statistics presented in this article for regional economic accounts are generally shown at the NUTS 2 level for the period up to 2011; information is provided at the more detailed NUTS 3 level for GDP per inhabitant. Data for Switzerland are only available at a national level, while statistics for the four French overseas regions are estimated. More ...