Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

To find the information you need, please select a theme from the menu below or use the coloured boxes on the right. The search function (alt-f) can also be used.

New / updated articles

This article presents statistics on two different indicators of avoidable mortality: amenable and preventable deaths. The concept of amenable and preventable mortality is based on the idea that certain deaths (for specific age groups and according to specific diseases as defined by the ICD classification, see the section data sources and availability) could be 'avoided', that means would not have occurred at this stage, if there had been more effective public health and medical interventions in place. More ...
Air pollution statistics
Updated 04/08/2015
This article highlights the emission levels of air pollutants in the European Union (EU). The air pollutants comprise those generally reported under the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP Convention) and include: sulphur oxides (SOx), ammonia (NH3), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) conducive to acidification, eutrophication or ozone formation. Greenhouse gas emissions, however, are not analysed here, but in a specific article. More ...
This article provides an overview of the development of the industrial turnover indicator in the European Union (EU), the euro area and the European Member states over recent years and describes how it is compiled. The index of industrial turnover is a business cycle indicator which measures the monthly development of turnover in the European industry. More ...
Inflation in the euro area
Updated 31/07/2015
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are early estimates of euro area inflation. More ...
Unemployment statistics
Updated 31/07/2015
This article presents the very latest unemployment figures for the European Union (EU), the euro area and individual Member States, complemented by an overview of long-term developments since the year 2000. Unemployment levels and rates move in a cyclical manner, largely related to the general business cycle. However, other factors such as labour market policies and demographic developments may also influence the short and long-term evolution. More ...
This article analyses labour market participation in the European Union (EU), broken down by sex and age, on the basis of the results of the EU Labour force survey (EU-LFS). In 2014, the number of inactive persons as a percentage of the working age population in the EU-28 reached a new low of 27.7 %, continuing the downward trend of the previous years. This positive development is largely due to the increased participation of women in the labour market. More ...

Did you know that....

In 2012, the highest number of patent applications relative to the population was reported by Sweden (290 per million inhabitants), Germany (278) and Finland (271). Read more...

Focus on

Waste statistics
Waste generation by economic activities and households, EU-28, 2012 (%) YB15.png
This article gives an overview on the development of waste generation and treatment in the European Union (EU) and several non-member countries; it draws exclusively on data collected within the framework of Regulation 2150/2002 of the European Parliament and Council on waste statistics.

Waste, defined by Directive 2008/98/EC Article 3(1) as ‘any substance or object which the holder discards or intends or is required to discard’, potentially represents an enormous loss of resources in the form of both materials and energy; in addition, the management and disposal of waste can have serious environmental impacts. Landfills, for example, take up land space and may cause air, water and soil pollution, while incineration may result in emissions of air pollutants.

EU waste management policies therefore aim to reduce the environmental and health impacts of waste and to improve the EU’s resource efficiency. The long-term aim of these policies is to reduce the amount of waste generated and when waste generation is unavoidable to promote it as a resource and achieve higher levels of recycling and the safe disposal of waste.

Main statistical findings

Total waste generation

In 2012, the total waste generated in the EU-28 by all economic activities and households amounted to 2 515 million tonnes; this was slightly higher than in 2010 and 2008 (2 460 million tonnes and 2 427 million tonnes) but lower than in 2004(2 565 million tonnes); the relatively low figures for 2008 and 2010 may, at least in part, reflect the downturn in economic activity as a result of the financial and economic crisis. As shown in Table 1, there were considerable variations across EU-28 Member States in 2012, both in the amount of waste generated and in the activities that mostly contributed to waste generation.

More ...

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