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Welcome to Statistics Explained
Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics.

Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting all statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up everyone's encyclopedia of European statistics, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the very latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users alike.

To find the information you need, use the hierarchical theme tree, the online publications, the categories or the search function (alt-f).


New: Annual national accounts - how ESA 2010 has changed the main GDP aggregates

Impact of methodological changes and statistical improvements on the level of GDP 2010.png
This article analyses the impact of ESA 2010 revisions focusing on nominal GDP at the European level. Observing the main aggregates of the three approaches used in estimating GDP at market prices, it includes an analysis of the industries which have generated significant revisions to gross value added (GVA), and continues with a similar analysis of the categories of final expenditure and of the components of income. More ...

Updated: Unemployment statistics

Unemployment rates, seasonally adjusted, January 2015.png
This article presents the very latest unemployment figures for the European Union (EU), the euro area and individual Member States, complemented by an overview of long-term developments since the year 2000. Unemployment levels and rates move in a cyclical manner, largely related to the general business cycle. However, other factors such as labour market policies and demographic developments may also influence the short and long-term evolution. More ...

Updated: Maritime ports freight and passenger statistics

Gross weight of seaborne goods handled in all ports (in million tonnes) 1997-2013.png
This article presents the latest statistical data on freight handling and passenger traffic in ports in the European Union (EU), Iceland, Norway, Montenegro and Turkey. It also covers maritime transport flows with the main partner geographical areas, as well as individual results for major European ports. This article contains data for 2013. The next update (with figures for 2014) is provisionally scheduled for February 2016. Please note that the 2012 and 2013 figures for France are provisional estimates which are likely to be revised. More ...

Updated: Europe 2020 indicators - executive summary

Europe 2020 headline indicators, EU-28, 2008–13.PNG
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat publication Smarter, greener, more inclusive? - Indicators to support the Europe 2020 strategy, providing recent statistics on the EU's Europe 2020 strategy. More ...

Updated: Agricultural production - animals

Production of meat, 2013.png
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat publication Agriculture, forestry and fishery statistics. It presents information on livestock and meat production in the European Union (EU). More ...

Updated: Inflation in the euro area

Euro area annual inflation and its main components, 2005-February-2015-e.png
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are early estimates of euro area inflation. More ...

Updated: Minimum wage statistics

Minimum wages, 1 January 2015 (EUR per month) YB15 II.png
This article illustrates how minimum wage levels vary considerably across the European Union (EU) Member States; it also provides a comparison with the situation in the candidate countries and the United States. Minimum wage statistics, as published by Eurostat, refer to national minimum wages. More ...

New: Road freight vehicle statistics - lorries, road tractors and trailers

Share of lorries by load capacity class, % of all registered lorries, 31 12 2012 (1).png
This article presents statistics on vehicles for transport of freight in the European Union (EU): lorries, road tractors, semi-trailers and trailers. It describes the development in the number of such vehicles and describes the trends in the registration of new vehicles. It also analyses the load capacity of these vehicles, which is essential for the capacity of the transport sector in the EU to move freight. More ...

Today's article

Causes of death statistics

Causes of death — standardised death rate, 2010 (per 100 000 inhabitants) YB14 II.png
This article gives an overview of recent statistics on causes of death in the European Union (EU). By relating all deaths in the population to an underlying cause of death, the risks associated with death from a range of specific diseases and other causes can be assessed; these figures can be further analysed by age, sex, nationality and region (NUTS level 2), using standardised death rates.

Main statistical findings

The latest provisional information for the EU-28 relating to causes of death is available for the 2010 reference period. Table 1 shows that diseases of the circulatory system and cancer (malignant neoplasms) were, by far, the leading causes of death.

Between 2004 and 2010 there was an 8.4 % reduction in EU-28 death rates relating to cancer for men and a 4.8 % reduction for women; much larger reductions were recorded in relation to deaths from ischaemic heart disease or from transport accidents (where rates fell by more than 20 %) — see Figures 1 and 2. It should be noted that the time series for malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lung that are presented in Figures 1 and 2 (as well as in Figure 6 later in this article) do not include data for Germany, Italy or the Netherlands as the time series for these Member States are not complete.

Diseases of the circulatory system

Diseases of the circulatory system include those related to high blood pressure, cholesterol, diabetes and smoking; the most common causes of death from diseases of the circulatory system are ischaemic heart diseases and cerebrovascular diseases. Ischaemic heart diseases accounted for 147.2 deaths per 100 000 inhabitants across the EU-28 in 2010. The EU Member States with the highest death rates from ischaemic heart disease were the Baltic Member States, Slovakia and Hungary — all close to or above 400 deaths per 100 000 inhabitants in 2010. At the other end of the range, France, Portugal, the Netherlands, Spain, Luxembourg and Belgium had the lowest death rates from ischaemic heart disease — below 100.0 deaths per 100 000 inhabitants in 2010. More ...