The labour cost index (LCI)
shows the short-term development of the labour cost
, the total cost on an hourly basis of employing labour. In other words, the LCI measures the cost pressure arising from the production factor “labour”. This article takes a look at the most recent evolutions of the LCI, both at the level of the European Union (EU)
and the Member States
. More ...
This article presents the European Union (EU)
indicators on the enforcement of immigration legislation (EIL)
. It provides statistics on non-EU citizens refused entry at external borders,
apprehended as being illegally present or subject to an obligation to leave the territory of an EU Member State. The indicators in this article can be regarded as an official record of persons subject to enforcement of immigration
legislation, providing a general overview of the outcomes of territorial surveillance and control procedures. More ...
This article takes a close look at recent trends, focusing on total intra-EU
trade in goods and the most traded products. It presents statistics for the EU-28
aggregate and for individual Member States for the period covering 2002 to 2013, although the composition of the actual EU has changed over this period.
Statistics on international trade in goods between Member States of the European Union (EU)
- especially the size and evolution of imports and exports - enable the EU and national authorities to evaluate the growth of the Single Market
and the integration of EU economies. These statistics also provide EU businesses with essential information for their sales and marketing policies. More ...
This article presents the main results from quarterly statistics on maritime transport of goods in the European Union (EU)
, plus figures for Iceland, Norway and Turkey. It covers the gross weight
of goods handled in the main European ports
, by type of cargo, direction, reporting country and various partner maritime geographical areas. These data are complemented by maritime transport flows with the main extra-EU
partners, and with individual results for the major European ports. More ...
This article describes recent developments in relation to numbers of asylum applicants
and first instance decisions on asylum applications
in the European Union (EU)
. Asylum is a form of international protection given by a state on its territory. It is granted to a person who is unable to seek protection in his/her country of citizenship and/or residence, in particular for fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion. More ...
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area
and its main components issued by Eurostat
. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. More ...
This article presents an overview of the findings of the 2014 ‘Survey on ICT (information and communication technology) usage in households and by individuals’. It takes a closer look at individuals' internet and mobile internet use in the EU
and a set of newly released indicators relating to the use of cloud services. More ...
This article provides an overview of electricity and derived heat production as well as consumption in the European Union (EU)
in 2012, based on the annual data provided by each Member State. Detailed data are available on gross electricity and derived heat production by type of generation plant (main activity producers, autoproducers) and by product generated (electricity only plants , combined heat and power (CHP) plants, heat only plants). In addition, simplified electricity and derived heat balances as well as trade data and other indicators are provided in the source file that can be found at the end of this article
. More ...
Currently there are 24 official languages recognised within the European Union (EU), in addition to which there are regional, minority languages, and languages spoken by migrant populations.
In 1958, legislation specified German, French, Italian and Dutch as the official and working languages of the European Union’s (EU) predecessor, the European Communities. There have always been fewer official languages than EU Member States, as some share common languages, for example in Belgium where the official languages are Dutch, French and German, while in Cyprus the majority of the population speaks Greek. Since Croatia’s accession there are 24 official languages recognised within the EU. In addition there are indigenous regional, minority languages (such as Catalan, Galician and Basque in Spain, or Welsh and Scottish Gaelic in the United Kingdom), and languages that have been brought into the EU by migrant populations, notably Arabic, Turkish, Urdu, Hindi and Chinese.
School and other educational institutions provide the main opportunity for the vast majority of people to learn languages and linguistic diversity is actively encouraged within many further educational establishments and workplaces. This article presents statistics on language learning at primary and secondary schools in the EU Member States, EFTA and candidate countries.
Main statistical findings
Within primary education, a clear majority of pupils (choose to) study English. Indeed, learning English is mandatory in several countries within secondary education institutions, and so a number of EU Member States have close to 100 % of pupils learning this language already in primary education, as shown in Figure 1. The highest shares of primary education pupils studying English in 2011 were recorded in Malta, Spain, Austria, Italy, Greece, Croatia and Poland, with more than nine out of every ten children studying English; this was also the case in Liechtenstein, Norway and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. The relative importance of English as a foreign language may be further magnified because pupils tend to receive more instruction in their first foreign language than they do for any subsequent languages they (choose to) study.