Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

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New / updated articles

This article takes a look at electricity markets in the European Union (EU), presenting recent statistical data on the number of electricity generating and retailing companies across EU Member States and Norway, FYR of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Turkey. More ...
Waste shipment statistics
Updated 11/02/2016
This article presents statistics on transboundary waste shipments in the European Union (EU). Transboundary waste shipments very often concerns illegal shipments: the waste – often hazardous – has been sent to another EU country or to a developing country in order to avoid the costs of appropriate treatment. However, a lot of shipments of hazardous waste are performed legally, i.e. where the waste has been notified to the authorities in advance. This article gives an overview of these notified waste shipments. More ...
One of the five headline targets of the Europe 2020 headline indicators is to reduce poverty by lifting at least 20 million people out of the risk of poverty or social exclusion by 2020. This article presents geographical and temporal comparisons of the monetary and non-monetary elements of the indicator that describes poverty and social exclusion in the European Union (EU) using the most recent data (2013 and 2014) from the EU statistics on income and living conditions (EU-SILC). Comparisons over the most recent years enable, inter alia, analysis of the impact of the economic crisis and the austerity measures taken to overcome the crisis on the Europe 2020 headline target. More ...
This article presents a detailed statistical overview of the production and consumption of energy from renewable sources in the European Union (EU). It is based on data compiled in accordance with accounting rules set down in the Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. The statistical information presented in this article is coherent with statistical information reported under Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 on energy statistics. More ...
This article presents the main trends in road freight transport up to 2014 in the European Union (EU). The analysis is carried out for national, international, cross-trade as well as cabotage transport. Road freight transport by type of goods and distance classes are also presented in this article, as well as goods moved on countries’ territories and country-to-country flows. More ...
This article provides an overview of the development of the services turnover indicator in the European Union (EU), the euro area and the European Member states over recent years and describes how it is calculated. The index of turnover in (other) services is a business cycle indicator which measures the quarterly development of turnover in the European service industries with the exception of financial services and services in retail and wholesale trade for which a separate indicator exists (hence "other" services; in this article the "other" will be omitted for easier readability). More ...

Did you know that....

In 2014, the top four most popular tourism destinations in the EU were Spain (260 million nights spent in tourist accommodation establishments by people coming from abroad), Italy (187 million nights), France (131 million nights) and the United Kingdom (105 million nights). Read more...

Focus on

Gender pay gap statistics
The unadjusted gender pay gap, 2013 (1) - difference between average gross hourly earnings of male and female employees as % of male gross earnings.png
This article shows how gender inequalities in terms of pay vary widely among the Member States of the European Union (EU) and among groups of employees.

The unadjusted gender pay pap (GPG) is an important indicator used within the European employment strategy (EES) to monitor imbalances in wages between men and women. It is defined as the difference between the average gross hourly earnings of men and women expressed as a percentage of the average gross hourly earnings of men.

Main statistical findings

Gender pay gap levels

The gender pay gap varies significantly across EU Member States

For the economy as a whole[1], in 2013, women's gross hourly earnings were on average 16.4 % below those of men in the European Union (EU-28) and 16.6 % in the euro area (EA-17). Across Member States, the gender pay gap varied by 26.7 percentage points, ranging from 3.2 % in Slovenia to 29.9 % in Estonia (Figure 1).

More ...
  1. Here defined as industry, construction and services except public administration and defence and compulsory social security: NACE Rev. 2 Sections B to S with the exception of Section O.