Main Page

From Statistics Explained

Welcome to Statistics Explained
Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics.

Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting all statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up everyone's encyclopedia of European statistics, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the very latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users alike.

To find the information you need, use the hierarchical theme tree, the online publications, the categories or the search function (alt-f).


New: Tourism statistics - expenditure

Total expenditure by destination, EU-28, 2012, (%).png
This article is part of the Eurostat online publication Tourism trips of Europeans. The publication provides recent statistics on tourism demand in the European Union (EU) and EFTA countries. The other articles in this online publication analyse physical flows of tourists. This one adds a monetary dimension by taking a closer look at the expenditure of EU More ...

Updated: Tourism statistics - occupancy rates in hotels and similar establishments

Net occupancy rates of bed places in hotels and similar establishments, January to September 2014, EU-28 (%).png
This article focuses on the short-term evolution of the net occupancy rates of bed places and bedrooms of hotels and similar accommodation establishments in the European Union (EU) and contains the first publication of data for September 2014. More ...

Updated: Underemployment and potential additional labour force statistics

Unemployment rate and new supplementary indicators, EU-28, age 15-74, 2008-2014Q3.png
This article reports on three forms of unemployment in the European Union (EU) which are not covered by the ILO definition of unemployment. They are: underemployed part-time workers, jobless persons seeking a job but not immediately available for work and jobless persons available for work but not seeking it. These three groups do not meet all criteria of the ILO unemployment definition i.e. being without work, actively seeking work, and being available for work. More ...

Updated: Unemployment statistics

Unemployment rates, seasonally adjusted, December 2014.png
This article presents the very latest unemployment figures for the European Union (EU), the euro area and individual Member States, complemented by an overview of long-term developments since the year 2000. Unemployment levels and rates move in a cyclical manner, largely related to the general business cycle. However, other factors such as labour market policies and demographic developments may also influence the short and long-term evolution. More ...

Updated: Inflation in the euro area

Euro area annual inflation and its main components, 2005-January-2015 v2-e.png
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are early estimates of euro area inflation. More ...

Updated: Tourism statistics - nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments

Percentage change in number of nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments, October 2014 compared with October 2013 (%) V2.png
This article focuses on the short-term evolutions in the nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments in the European Union (EU). The data of the most recent reference month available (October 2014) are compared with the same month of the previous year. In addition, data from January 2014 to October 2014 are compared with the same period one year earlier. Furthermore, the article includes estimates for the annual comparison of the entire year 2014 with 2013. More ...

Updated: Natural gas market indicators

Number of main entities bringing gas and their cumulative market share in year 2013.png
This article takes a look at the natural gas markets in the European Union (EU), presenting recent statistical data on the number and activities of companies that either bring natural gas into the country or by indigenous production (IMport and PROduction  = IMPRO) and retail companies across EU Member States, Serbia, Turkey and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM). More ...

Updated: Structural business statistics overview

Enterprise size class analysis of employment, EU-28, 2012 (¹) YB15.png
This article presents structural business statistics (SBS); these data describe the structure, main characteristics and performance of economic activities across the European Union (EU). While the statistics presented in this article are generally analysed at the level of NACE sections readers should note that structural business statistics are available at a much more detailed level (several hundred sectors). More ...

Today's article

Agricultural products

Production of cereals, EU-28, 2012 (1) (%, based on tonnes) YB14.png
There is a wide diversity of natural environments, climates, economic conditions and farming practices across Europe. They are reflected in the broad array of food and drink products that are made available for human consumption and animal feed, as well as a range of inputs for non-food processes. Indeed, agricultural products contribute to the cultural identity of Europe’s people and regions.

With this in mind, European Union (EU) legislation has been developed to protect particular food and drink product names which are linked to a specific territory or a specific production method, aiming to provide guarantees as to the origin (demarcation) and authenticity of a range of products.

Main statistical findings


In 2013, the EU-28 produced 306 million tonnes of cereals (including rice). Despite the vagaries of the weather, cereal production in the EU-28 was relatively stable between 2003 and 2014 — generally not fluctuating by more than +/-12 % (see Figure 1) — albeit with notably higher harvests in 2004 and 2008 and relatively low harvests in 2003 and 2007. The production of cereals in the EU-28 fell from a high recorded in 2008 with production down by 6.0 % in 2009 and by a further 5.1 % in 2010; the positive increase (2.5 %) in the level of output in 2011 and a decrease of roughly the same magnitude (-2.8 %) in 2012 almost cancelled each other out, while the production of cereals within the EU-28 rose by 7.3 % in 2013. More ...