Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

To find the information you need, please select a theme from the menu below or use the coloured boxes on the right. The search function (alt-f) can also be used.

New / updated articles

EU28 Turnover in industry total domestic non-domestic monthly seasonally adjusted 2000-2015.png
This article provides an overview of the development of the industrial turnover indicator in the European Union (EU), the euro area and the European Member states over recent years and describes how it is compiled. The index of industrial turnover is a business cycle indicator which measures the monthly development of turnover in the European industry. More ...
Inflation in the euro area
Updated 31/07/2015
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are early estimates of euro area inflation. More ...
Unemployment statistics
Updated 31/07/2015
This article presents the very latest unemployment figures for the European Union (EU), the euro area and individual Member States, complemented by an overview of long-term developments since the year 2000. Unemployment levels and rates move in a cyclical manner, largely related to the general business cycle. However, other factors such as labour market policies and demographic developments may also influence the short and long-term evolution. More ...
This article analyses labour market participation in the European Union (EU), broken down by sex and age, on the basis of the results of the EU Labour force survey (EU-LFS). In 2014, the number of inactive persons as a percentage of the working age population in the EU-28 reached a new low of 27.7 %, continuing the downward trend of the previous years. This positive development is largely due to the increased participation of women in the labour market. More ...
The indices for building permits are business cycle indicators providing information on the development of granted building permits in the European Union (EU). Short-term statistics provide two types of indices for building permits. The so-called "dwelling index" simply reflects the evolution in terms of the number of dwellings. More ...
The production index for construction is a business cycle indicator which measures monthly changes in the price adjusted output of construction. The construction production index corresponds to the industrial production index but covers (parts of) NACE section F. More ...

Did you know that....

In 2013, the highest fertility rates were reported by France (1.99 live births per woman) and Ireland (1.96). In contrast, the lowest fertility rates were recorded in Poland (1.29), Spain (1.27) and Portugal (1.21). Read more...

Focus on

GDP at regional level
Gross domestic product (GDP) per inhabitant, in purchasing power standard (PPS), by NUTS 2 regions, 2011 (1) (% of the EU-28 average, EU-28 = 100) RYB14.png
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat Regional Yearbook publication. It presents a regional analysis of economic developments within the European Union (EU). It is principally based upon an analysis of gross domestic product (GDP), which is viewed as being one of the leading measures for studying economic development and growth. It also includes information concerning regional labour productivity and the distribution of income.

Economic accounts provide important information for the regional analysis of an economy. These statistics also serve as the basis for the allocation of expenditure under the EU’s cohesion policy (see Cohesion policy — alignment with the Europe 2020 strategy within the introductory article for more details). Indeed, every region of the EU is covered by cohesion policy: however, most structural funds are directed to NUTS 2 regions where GDP per inhabitant is less than 75 % of the EU-28 average (the allocation of cohesion funds is based on a decision referring to average GDP per inhabitant during the three-year period from 2007 to 2009).

Main statistical findings

Up until the onset of the financial and economic crisis, the economic differences between European regions were being reduced, as ‘poorer’ regions generally moved closer to ‘richer’ regions through a process of convergence. However, the financial and economic crisis had a widespread effect on many regions, and the post-crisis period shows evidence of growing disparities, especially in some areas most severely affected by the crisis.

The statistics presented in this article for regional economic accounts are generally shown at the NUTS 2 level for the period up to 2011; information is provided at the more detailed NUTS 3 level for GDP per inhabitant. Data for Switzerland are only available at a national level, while statistics for the four French overseas regions are estimated.

More ...

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