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Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.
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Labour market statistics are at the heart of many EU policies following the introduction of an employment chapter into the Amsterdam Treaty in 1997. The employment rate, in other words the proportion of the working age population that is in employment, is considered to be a key social indicator for analytical purposes when studying developments within labour markets.
Main statistical findings
Employment rates by sex, age and educational attainment
In 2014, the EU-28 employment rate for persons aged 15 to 64, as measured by the EU’s labour force survey (EU LFS), stood at 64.9 %. The EU-28 employment rate peaked in 2008 at 65.7 % and decreased during successive years to stand at 64.1 % in 2010. This decrease during the global financial and economic crisis — a total fall of 1.6 percentage points — was followed by a period of stability between 2010 and 2013 when the EU-28 employment rate was 64.1 % or 64.2 %. In 2014, the employment rate returned to the upward path observed prior to the crisis, increasing by 0.8 percentage points compared with 2013 to reach 64.9 % — see Table 1.More ...