Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

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New / updated articles

This article focuses on a selection of indicators on quarterly sector accounts for households in the European Union (EU) and the euro area. Covered are, among others, the household saving rate and the household investment rate. Another article focuses on quarterly sector accounts for non-financial corporations, covering, among others, the business investment rate and the profit share of non-financial corporations. More ...
This article focuses on a selection of indicators on quarterly sector accounts for non-financial corporations in the European Union (EU) and the euro area. Covered are, among others, the business investment rate and the profit share of non-financial corporations. Another article focuses on quarterly sector accounts for households, covering, among others, the household saving rate and the household investment rate. More ...
The construction producer price index (CPPI) (sometimes also referred to as “construction output price index”) is a European Union (EU) business cycle indicator showing the trend in the prices for new residential buildings. More ...
This article provides an overview of statistical information on end-of-life vehicles in the European Union since 2006. Information and data are based on the Directive 2000/53/EC on end-of-life vehicles and the Commission Decision 2005/293/EC, which lays down rules on the monitoring of the reuse / recovery and reuse / recycling targets for end-of-life vehicles. More ...
Packaging waste statistics
Updated 27/07/2015
This article examines the recent statistics on packaging waste in the 28 European Union (EU) Member States [1]. In particular it summarises the developments during the 2005–12 period for which official reporting on packaging waste for all EU Member States was implemented. More ...
This article presents the services producer price index (SPPI) (also called service output price index), measuring prices of services, as it is calculated and used at the level of the European Union (EU) and its Member States. The services producer price index is a business cycle indicator which provides information on the development of prices for numerous service industries. More ...

Did you know that....

In 2013, the highest fertility rates were reported by France (1.99 live births per woman) and Ireland (1.96). In contrast, the lowest fertility rates were recorded in Poland (1.29), Spain (1.27) and Portugal (1.21). Read more...

Focus on

Population statistics at regional level
Population density, by NUTS 3 regions, 2012 (1) (inhabitants per km²) RYB14.png
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat Regional Yearbook publication. It describes regional demographic patterns across the European Union (EU). Statistics on regional demography are one of the few areas where detailed NUTS 3 information is collected and published for each of the EU Member States. At the time of writing, the latest information is available for vital demographic events (births and deaths) and a range of demographic indicators generally through to the end of 2012, although earlier reference periods have been used for some countries (principally Ireland, Romania and the United Kingdom — see the footnotes under each map or figure for more information).

Demographic changes in the European Union (EU) are likely be of considerable importance in the coming decades as the vast majority of models concerning future population trends suggest that the EU’s population will continue to age, due to consistently low fertility levels and extended longevity. Although migration plays an important role in the population dynamics of European countries, migration alone will almost certainly not reverse the ongoing trend of population ageing experienced in many parts of the EU. The social and economic consequences associated with population ageing are likely to have profound implications across Europe, both nationally and regionally. For example, low fertility rates will lead to a reduction in the number of students in education, there will be fewer working-age persons to support the remainder of the population, and a higher proportion of elderly persons (some of whom will require additional infrastructure, healthcare services and adapted housing). These structural demographic changes could impact on the capacity of governments to raise tax revenue, balance their own finances, or provide adequate pensions and healthcare services.

Main statistical findings

There were 505.7 million inhabitants living in the EU-28 at the start of 2013; there were almost 100 million additional inhabitants when compared with aggregated 1960 population figures for the EU-28 Member States. Between the start of 2012 and the start of 2013, the EU-28’s population increased by 1.1 million (or 0.2 %).

More ...
  1. Data on packaging waste statistics is only available for EU-28 in 2012, in previous years data for Croatia was not included.

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