Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

To find the information you need, please select a theme from the menu below or use the coloured boxes on the right. The search function (alt-f) can also be used.

New / updated articles

This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on Eurostat’s publication The EU in the world 2015. This article focuses on population structure and population developments in the European Union (EU) and in the 15 non-EU members of the Group of Twenty (G20). More ...
This article focuses on the most significant goods by value (according to the CPA classification) exchanged in intra-EU trade. It presents statistics for the EU-28, EU-27, EU-25, EU-15 and EU-12 aggregates for the years 2013, 2012, 2006, 2004 and 1994 respectively. Statistics on goods traded between EU Member States — especially the size and evolution of imports and exports — enable the EU and national authorities to evaluate the growth of the Single Market and the integration of EU economies. More ...
This article provides an overview of statistical data on sustainable development in the area of socioeconomic development. It is based on the set of sustainable development indicators the European Union (EU) agreed upon for monitoring its sustainable development strategy. More ...
This article focuses on trade and production of products identified as being of high-technology. The high-tech products are divided into 9 groups according to the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC — Rev. 4): Aerospace, computers & office machines, electronics-telecommunications, pharmacy, scientific instruments, electrical machinery, chemistry, non-electrical machinery and armament. More ...
Unemployment statistics
Updated 01/09/2015
This article presents the very latest unemployment figures for the European Union (EU), the euro area and individual Member States, complemented by an overview of long-term developments since the year 2000. Unemployment levels and rates move in a cyclical manner, largely related to the general business cycle. However, other factors such as labour market policies and demographic developments may also influence the short and long-term evolution. More ...
This article presents recent data on both the geographical and sectoral aspects of the maritime economy of the European Union (EU). The maritime economy is now often referred to as the ‘blue economy’. It covers all marketable activities linked to the sea. More ...

Did you know that....

On average, a girl born in the EU-28 in 2012 could expect to live 83.1 years, while the corresponding life expectancy at birth for a newly-born boy was 5.6 years lower, at 77.5 years. Read more...

Focus on

International trade in goods
Shares in the world market for exports, 2013 (% share of world exports) YB16.png
This article discusses the development of the European Union’s (EU) international trade in goods. It considers the EU’s share in world import and export markets, intra-EU trade, the EU’s main trading partners, and the EU’s most widely traded product categories.

The EU-28 accounts for around one sixth of the world’s trade in goods. The value of international trade in goods significantly exceeds that of services (by about three times), reflecting the nature of some services which makes them harder to move across borders.

Main statistical findings

Main global players for international trade

The EU-28, China and the United States have been the three largest global players for international trade since 2004 when China passed Japan — see Figures 1–3 and Table 1.

In relation to trade balances, China and Russia have had the biggest annual trade surpluses since 2005, while the United States had the largest annual deficit (see also Table 1).

More ...

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