Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

To find the information you need, please select a theme from the menu below or use the coloured boxes on the right. The search function (alt-f) can also be used.

New / updated articles

In June 2014, Eurostat published an article describing the construction of a set of indicators of economic globalisation. This set of indicators has now been extended in two ways. Firstly, the indicators are calculated separately for intra-EU and extra-EU partners; secondly, the indicators are calculated separately for 12 NACE Rev. 2 sections of the non-financial business economy. The present article shows graphs and figures for nine of the indicators in two NACE sections (manufacturing, wholesale and retail trade) to illustrate the type of information that could be used to track the various aspects of globalisation. More ...
This article presents recent statistics on the tourism industries in the European Union (EU). While tourism statistics focus on either the accommodation sector or the demand side (from households), and relate mainly to physical flows (arrivals or nights spent at tourist accommodation or trips made by residents of a country), this analysis is based on economic data extracted from other areas of official statistics, in particular structural business statistics (SBS) and short-term business statistics (STS). Thus a more complete economic analysis can be drawn of this sector, which is an important motor for many countries' economies and labour markets. More ...
This article is part of an online publication and presents information relating to a range of demographic statistics for the European Union (EU) and in the six countries that together form the European Neighbourhood Policy-East (ENP-East) region, namely, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. Aside from basic data on population levels, the article also provides information on the fertility rate, the infant mortality rate and life expectancy. More ...
Changes in the price of consumer goods and services are usually referred to as the inflation rate. Inflation is an increase in the general price level of goods and services. When there is inflation in an economy, the value of money decreases because a given amount will buy fewer goods and services than before. This article analyses the accuracy of the euro area inflation flash estimates, usually released at the end of the reference month and describes the methodology used in their production. More ...
Inflation in the euro area
Updated 19/05/2015
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. More ...
This article analyses data on trade in agricultural products, concentrating on exports and imports between the European Union (EU) and all countries outside of the EU (extra-EU). In 2013, extra-EU trade in agricultural products accounted for 6.9 % of total EU-28 international trade. This share is very similar for imports (7 %) and exports (6.8 %). Data on trade in agricultural products is central for two important EU policies: the Common agricultural policy (CAP) and the common trade policy, which manages trade relations with non-EU countries. More ...

Did you know that....

Almost half (49 %) of all enterprises in the EU-28 carried out innovation activities during the period 2010-12. Read more...

Focus on

Being young in Europe today - family and society
Private households by household composition, EU-28, 2005 and 2013.png
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat flagship publication 'Being young in Europe today' (which can be consulted in order to get a layouted pdf version). It presents the situation of children and young people in families and society across the European Union (EU). Family structures in the EU Member States vary, reflecting cultural and normative differences across the EU. The general postponement of material and tenure independence by young people indicates a delayed transition to adulthood. This article also depicts the subjective wellbeing of young people and households with children as well as the social and political participation of young people in EU society.

The vast majority of the data used in this article is derived from Eurostat’s population statistics, and more specifically from a set of demography indicators, the EU labour force survey (LFS) and EU statistics on income and living conditions (EU-SILC). However, in order to provide a global view of the main issues such as family composition, other data sources, for example, data from the United Nations were also used.

Main statistical findings

Family composition and household structure

The share of households with children is decreasing in the EU

Less than one third (30.7 %) of all households in the EU-28 had children in 2013 according to data from the EU labour force survey. Couples with children represented one in five (20.5 %) EU households, while single adults with children accounted for 4.3 % of the total number of households. Other types of households with children, for example, households where grandparents, parents and their children lived together, made up 5.8 % of all households.

Looking at developments since 2005, the share of EU-28 households with children decreased by more than 2 percentage points in only eight years (from 32.9 % in 2005 to 30.7 % in 2013), couples with children becoming relatively less frequent. The share of single adults with children was, nevertheless, higher in 2013 than in 2005 (rising from 4.0 % in 2005 to 4.3 % in 2013). Over the same period, the proportion of couples without children and the proportion of single adults without children rose from 24.0 % to 24.8 % and from 28.3 % to 31.7 % respectively.

More ...

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