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Welcome to Statistics Explained
Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics.

Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting all statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up everyone's encyclopedia of European statistics, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the very latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users alike.

To find the information you need, use the hierarchical theme tree, the online publications, the categories or the search function (alt-f).


Updated: Maritime ports freight and passenger statistics

Gross weight of seaborne goods handled in all ports (in million tonnes) 1997-2013.png
This article presents the latest statistical data on freight handling and passenger traffic in ports in the European Union (EU), Iceland, Norway, Montenegro and Turkey. It also covers maritime transport flows with the main partner geographical areas, as well as individual results for major European ports. This article contains data for 2013. The next update (with figures for 2014) is provisionally scheduled for February 2016. Please note that the 2012 and 2013 figures for France are provisional estimates which are likely to be revised. More ...

Updated: Minimum wage statistics

Minimum wages, 1 January 2015 (EUR per month) YB15 II.png
This article illustrates how minimum wage levels vary considerably across the European Union (EU) Member States; it also provides a comparison with the situation in the candidate countries and the United States. Minimum wage statistics, as published by Eurostat, refer to national minimum wages. More ...

New: Annual national accounts - how ESA 2010 has changed the main GDP aggregates

Impact of methodological changes and statistical improvements on the level of GDP 2010.png
This article analyses the impact of ESA 2010 revisions focusing on nominal GDP at the European level. Observing the main aggregates of the three approaches used in estimating GDP at market prices, it includes an analysis of the industries which have generated significant revisions to gross value added (GVA), and continues with a similar analysis of the categories of final expenditure and of the components of income. More ...

Updated: Unemployment statistics

Unemployment rates, seasonally adjusted, January 2015.png
This article presents the very latest unemployment figures for the European Union (EU), the euro area and individual Member States, complemented by an overview of long-term developments since the year 2000. Unemployment levels and rates move in a cyclical manner, largely related to the general business cycle. However, other factors such as labour market policies and demographic developments may also influence the short and long-term evolution. More ...

Updated: Europe 2020 indicators - executive summary

Europe 2020 headline indicators, EU-28, 2008–13.PNG
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat publication Smarter, greener, more inclusive? - Indicators to support the Europe 2020 strategy, providing recent statistics on the EU's Europe 2020 strategy. More ...

Updated: Agricultural production - animals

Production of meat, 2013.png
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat publication Agriculture, forestry and fishery statistics. It presents information on livestock and meat production in the European Union (EU). More ...

New: Road freight vehicle statistics - lorries, road tractors and trailers

Share of lorries by load capacity class, % of all registered lorries, 31 12 2012 (1).png
This article presents statistics on vehicles for transport of freight in the European Union (EU): lorries, road tractors, semi-trailers and trailers. It describes the development in the number of such vehicles and describes the trends in the registration of new vehicles. It also analyses the load capacity of these vehicles, which is essential for the capacity of the transport sector in the EU to move freight. More ...

Updated: Inflation in the euro area

Euro area annual inflation and its main components, 2005-February-2015-e.png
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are early estimates of euro area inflation. More ...

Today's article

Tourism statistics

Number of nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments, EU-28, 2003–13 (billion nights spent by residents and non-residents) YB15.png
This article provides information on recent statistics in relation to tourism in the European Union (EU). Tourism plays an important role in the EU because of its economic and employment potential, as well as its social and environmental implications. Tourism statistics are not only used to monitor the EU’s tourism policies but also its regional and sustainable development policies.

Main statistical findings

Tourism — demand and supply

Residents (aged 15 and above) from within the EU-28 [1] made 1.1 billion tourism trips in 2013, for personal or business purposes. Short trips (of one to three nights) accounted for more than half (57.5 %) of the total number of trips made (see Table 1), while three quarters (75.3 %) of all trips made were to domestic destinations, with the remainder abroad.

In some EU Member States, over half of the total number of tourism trips made in 2013 were to destinations abroad; this was the case for Luxembourg, Belgium, Malta and Slovenia (as well as Switzerland). However, less than 10 % of the trips taken by residents of Romania, Spain, Greece (data are for 2012) and Portugal were abroad. These figures appear to be influenced by both the size of the Member States and their geographical location (smaller and more northerly countries tended to report a higher propensity for their residents to travel abroad). More ...

  1. EU-28 aggregates for the number of trips and the number of nights spent by EU residents were made for the purpose of this publication and do not include data for Poland or Sweden.