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Welcome to Statistics Explained
Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics.

Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting all statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up everyone's encyclopedia of European statistics, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the very latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users alike.

To find the information you need, use the hierarchical theme tree, the online publications, the categories or the search function (alt-f).


Updated: Minimum wage statistics

Minimum wages, 1 January 2015 (EUR per month) YB15 II.png
This article illustrates how minimum wage levels vary considerably across the European Union (EU) Member States; it also provides a comparison with the situation in the candidate countries and the United States. Minimum wage statistics, as published by Eurostat, refer to national minimum wages. More ...

Updated: Inflation in the euro area

Euro area annual inflation and its main components, 2005-February-2015-e.png
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are early estimates of euro area inflation. More ...

Updated: Europe 2020 indicators - climate change and energy

Final energy consumption, by sector, EU-28 Fig 15.PNG
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat publication Smarter, greener, more inclusive? - Indicators to support the Europe 2020 strategy. It provides recent statistics on climate change and energy in the European Union (EU), key areas of the EU's Europe 2020 strategy. As unchecked climate change would erode the foundations of modern society, the EU has committed to limiting the mean global temperature rise to 2 °C above pre-industrial levels, through reducing the emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs). More ...

Updated: Gender pay gap statistics

The unadjusted gender pay gap, 2013 (1) - difference between average gross hourly earnings of male and female employees as % of male gross earnings.png
This article shows how gender inequalities in terms of pay vary widely among the Member States of the European Union (EU) and among groups of employees. The unadjusted gender pay pap (GPG) is an important indicator used within the European employment strategy (EES) to monitor imbalances in wages between men and women. It is defined as the difference between the average gross hourly earnings of men and women expressed as a percentage of the average gross hourly earnings of men. More ...

New: Services trade by enterprise characteristics - STEC

Figure 1. Exported services by enterprise's size class, by countries, 2011.png
What do we know about the enterprises that trade in services from one economy to another? What is the impact of trade in services on employment in a world of interconnected economies? This article aims to describe the universe of service traders, by focusing on enterprise level data and providing a closer view of the traders' characteristics such as: size (the number of employees), ownership (foreign-controlled or domestic) and economic activity. More ...

Updated: Maritime ports freight and passenger statistics

Gross weight of seaborne goods handled in all ports (in million tonnes) 1997-2013.png
This article presents the latest statistical data on freight handling and passenger traffic in ports in the European Union (EU), Iceland, Norway, Montenegro and Turkey. It also covers maritime transport flows with the main partner geographical areas, as well as individual results for major European ports. This article contains data for 2013. The next update (with figures for 2014) is provisionally scheduled for February 2016. Please note that the 2012 and 2013 figures for France are provisional estimates which are likely to be revised. More ...

Updated: Agricultural accounts and prices

Intermediate inputs consumed by the agricultural industry at basic prices, EU-28, 2013.png
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat publication Agriculture, forestry and fishery statistics. It gives an overview of indicators on agricultural output, agricultural income and of agricultural prices in the European Union (EU). The data are extracted from Eurostat collections of agricultural statistics: economic accounts for agriculture (EAA), agricultural price indices (API) and absolute agricultural prices. More ...

Updated: Unemployment statistics

Unemployment rates, seasonally adjusted, January 2015.png
This article presents the very latest unemployment figures for the European Union (EU), the euro area and individual Member States, complemented by an overview of long-term developments since the year 2000. Unemployment levels and rates move in a cyclical manner, largely related to the general business cycle. However, other factors such as labour market policies and demographic developments may also influence the short and long-term evolution. More ...

Today's article

Gender statistics

Gender gap in tertiary education.png
This article presents gender statistics for the European Union (EU), a selection of indicators from fields such as education, labour market, earnings and health, which are particularly important for measuring differences in the situation of women and men (i.e. gender gaps). Gender statistics constitute an area that cuts across traditional fields of statistics to identify, produce and disseminate data reflecting the realities of the lives of women and men, and policy issues relating to gender equality[1].

The indicators show gender gaps, together with levels achieved for the population as a whole, at EU level and across Member States (e.g. the gender employment gap with the employment rate). This approach shows gender gaps in access to resources and opportunities in the broader context of the actual resources and opportunities available. The article includes links to other articles and publications that provide more detailed analysis of gender gaps.

Main statistical findings


One of the prominent indicators in education statistics is the proportion of persons who have attained tertiary education (i.e. who graduated from universities or other higher education institutions). This indicator belongs to the set of headline indicators used to monitor the Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. In particular, one of EU-level headline targets of the strategy is to increase, by 2020, the share of the population aged 30–34 having completed tertiary education to at least 40%[2]. More ...

  1. Developing Gender Statistics: A Practical Tool, UNECE, 2010
  2. The EU-level targets have been translated into national targets in each EU country, reflecting different situations and circumstances