Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

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New / updated articles

Nuclear energy statistics
Updated 05/02/2016
This article provides recent statistics on nuclear energy in the European Union (EU). The production of electricity in nuclear plants within the EU-28 countries peaked at 1 008.4 thousand gigawatt hours (GWh) in 2004, then slowly decreased to 876.3 thousand GWh in 2014. In 2014, nuclear plants generated around 27 % of the electricity produced in the European Union, with nuclear reactors operating in 14 Member States. More ...
This article presents quarterly statistics on balance of payments in the EU-28, the euro area and the Member States. Balance of payments, which is a summary of the transactions of a given economy with the rest of the world, comprises the current account, which covers international transactions in goods, services, income, and current transfers, More ...
Energy saving statistics
Updated 04/02/2016
The European Union (EU) has committed itself to a 20 % energy saving by the year 2020. This objective is also known as the 20 % energy efficiency improvements objective. This article provides statistical evaluation of the progress made towards this objective and describes the statistical method for its measurement. More ...
In 2013, in the European Union (EU-28), there were 90.6 million people aged between 15 and 29[1] (17.9 % of the population). For young people, just as for the population as a whole, the cost and quality of housing is key to living standards and well-being, an element of social inclusion. More ...
This article focuses on the short-term evolution of the net occupancy rates of bed places and bedrooms of hotels and similar accommodation establishments in the European Union (EU) and contains the first publication of data for September 2015. More ...
This article reports on three forms of unemployment in the European Union (EU) which are not covered by the ILO definition of unemployment. They are: underemployed part-time workers, jobless persons seeking a job but not immediately available for work and jobless persons available for work but not seeking it. These three groups do not meet all criteria of the ILO unemployment definition i.e. being without work, actively seeking work, and being available for work. More ...

Did you know that....

In 2014, tax revenue in the EU-28 stood at 40.0 % of GDP. The ratio of tax revenue to GDP was highest in Denmark (50.8 %), Belgium and France (both at 47.9 %), while the lowest ratios were recorded in Romania (27.7 % of GDP), Bulgaria (27.8 % ) and Lithuania (28.0 % ). Read more...

Focus on

Electricity price statistics
Electricity prices for household consumers, 2015s1 (EUR kWh).png
This article highlights the evolution of electricity prices both for industrial and household consumers within the European Union (EU), but includes also price data from Norway, Liechtenstein, Iceland, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia, Turkey and Kosovo (under UN Security Council Resolution 1244). Due to the fact that Lithuania joined the euro area on 1st of January 2015, the price comparisons between the first semester of 2015 and the first semester of 2014 have not been evaluated.

The price of energy in the EU depends on a range of different supply and demand conditions, including the geopolitical situation, import diversification, network costs, environmental protection costs, severe weather conditions, or levels of excise and taxation. Note that prices presented in this article include taxes, levies and VAT for household consumers but exclude refundable taxes and levies and VAT for industrial/business users. An overview of the average prices in euro per kilowatt hour of electricity for the last 3 years (first semester for each year) is given in Table 1.

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  1. Bookmark – Population on 1 January by five years age group and sex.