Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

To find the information you need, please select a theme from the menu below or use the coloured boxes on the right. The search function (alt-f) can also be used.

New / updated articles

Coal consumption statistics
Updated 06/07/2015
This article explains how consumption and supply of coal in the European Union (EU) has evolved, highlighting the trends in production and consumption of the main types of solid fossil fuels: hard coal and lignite. In addition the article gives a breakdown of the origin of hard coal imported into the EU in 2014 and figures on the supply of coke for 2013 and 2014. More ...
This article presents an overview of European Union (EU) statistics related to preventive services, notably cancer screening and vaccination against influenza. This article is one of a set of statistical articles concerning healthcare activities in the EU which forms part of an online publication on health statistics.]], More ...
The dependency of the European Union (EU) on energy imports, particularly of oil and more recently of gas, forms the backdrop for policy concerns relating to the security of energy supplies. This article looks at the production of primary energy in the EU and, as a result of the shortfall between production and consumption, More ...
This article is part of the Eurostat online publication Tourism trips of Europeans providing recent statistics on tourism demand in the European Union (EU) and EFTA countries. The article takes a closer look at trips that EU residents (aged 15 and over) made in 2013, with a focus on the characteristics of these trips. Specific aspects such as top destinations, More ...
This article presents recent statistics on the acquisition of citizenship in the European Union (EU). In 2013, 984 800 people obtained citizenship of an EU-28 Member State, an increase of 20 % compared with 2012; More people had acquired the citizenship of an EU Member State than in any other year during the period from 2002 to 2012. The main contribution to the increase at EU level came from Spain (+131 700), followed by Italy (+35 300), the United Kingdom (+13 600) and Greece (+9 200). The increase in Spain, however, is a consequence of a change in the source of information, concept and time reference. More ...
Currently there are 24 official languages recognised within the European Union (EU), in addition to which there are regional, minority languages, and languages spoken by migrant populations. More ...

Did you know that....

In 2013, the expected number of healthy life years at birth was higher for women than for men in 16 of the 28 EU Member States, with the difference exceeding 3 years in Estonia, Poland and Bulgaria and ranging up to 5 years in Lithuania. Read more...

Focus on

Housing statistics
Distribution of population by dwelling type, 2012 (1) (% of population) YB14 II.png
This article provides an overview of recent statistics on housing in the European Union (EU) and EFTA countries, focusing on dwelling types, tenure status (owning or renting a property), housing quality and affordability.

Decent housing, at an affordable price in a safe environment, is a fundamental need and right. Ensuring this need is met, which is likely to alleviate poverty and social exclusion, is still a significant challenge in a number of European countries.

Main statistical findings

Type of dwelling

In 2012, 41.6 % of the EU-28 population lived in flats, just over one third (34.0 %) in detached houses and 23.7 % in semi-detached houses. The share of persons living in flats was highest across the EU Member States in Estonia (65.1 %), Spain (65.0 %) and Latvia (64.4 %). The share of people living in detached houses peaked in Croatia (73.0 %), Slovenia (66.6 %), Hungary (63.9 %), Romania (60.5 %) and Denmark (57.1 %); Norway also reported a high share (60.7 %) of its population living in detached houses. The highest propensities to live in semi-detached houses were reported in the United Kingdom (60.9 %) and in the Netherlands (60.0 %) — see Figure 1.

More ...

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