Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

To find the information you need, please select a theme from the menu below or use the coloured boxes on the right. The search function (alt-f) can also be used.

New / updated articles

This article presents an overview of European Union (EU) statistics related to consultations of medical professionals, in particular the consultation of doctors, dentists, psychologists and physiotherapists. This article is one of a set of statistical articles concerning healthcare activities in the EU which forms part of an online publication on health statistics. More ...
This article is part of the Eurostat online publication Tourism trips of Europeans providing recent statistics on tourism demand in the European Union (EU) and EFTA countries. The article takes a closer look at trips that EU residents (aged 15 and over) made in 2013, with a focus on the characteristics of these trips. Specific aspects such as top destinations, More ...
This article presents recent statistics on the acquisition of citizenship in the European Union (EU). In 2013, 984 800 people obtained citizenship of an EU-28 Member State, an increase of 20 % compared with 2012; More people had acquired the citizenship of an EU Member State than in any other year during the period from 2002 to 2012. The main contribution to the increase at EU level came from Spain (+131 700), followed by Italy (+35 300), the United Kingdom (+13 600) and Greece (+9 200). The increase in Spain, however, is a consequence of a change in the source of information, concept and time reference. More ...
Currently there are 24 official languages recognised within the European Union (EU), in addition to which there are regional, minority languages, and languages spoken by migrant populations. More ...
Inflation in the euro area
Updated 30/06/2015
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are early estimates of euro area inflation. More ...
Unemployment statistics
Updated 30/06/2015
This article presents the very latest unemployment figures for the European Union (EU), the euro area and individual Member States, complemented by an overview of long-term developments since the year 2000. Unemployment levels and rates move in a cyclical manner, largely related to the general business cycle. However, other factors such as labour market policies and demographic developments may also influence the short and long-term evolution. More ...

Did you know that....

In 2013, the expected number of healthy life years at birth was higher for women than for men in 16 of the 28 EU Member States, with the difference exceeding 3 years in Estonia, Poland and Bulgaria and ranging up to 5 years in Lithuania. Read more...

Focus on

International trade in goods
Shares in the world market for exports, 2012 (% share of world exports) YB15.png
This article discusses the development of the European Union’s (EU) international trade in goods. It considers the EU’s share in world import and export markets, intra-EU trade, the EU’s main trading partners, and the EU’s most widely traded product categories.

The EU-28 accounts for around one sixth of the world’s trade in goods. The value of international trade in goods significantly exceeds that of services (by about three times), reflecting the nature of some services which makes them harder to move across borders.

Main statistical findings

Extra-EU trade

EU-28 international trade in goods with the rest of the world (the sum of extra-EU exports and imports) was valued at EUR 3 419 billion (= EUR 3 419 000 million) in 2013 — see Table 2; while EU-28 exports registered a record level, imports decreased by more than EUR 100 billion in comparison with 2012. As a result, the EU-28’s trade balance was positive for the first time since the beginning of the series (data for the extra-EU exports for the EU-28 are available since 2002).

After experiencing a sharp fall in both exports and imports in 2009, the EU-28 saw its exports rise to a record level of EUR 1 737 billion in 2013, an increase of 3.2 % compared with the year before. The largest increase was registered for the residual category of commodities and transactions not elsewhere classified (SITC 9), and in particular for exports of non-monetary gold (SITC 971). Imports of goods into the EU-28 fell by 6.5 % in 2013 to be valued at EUR 1 682 billion, with the largest reductions recorded for imports of mineral fuels and lubricant products (SITC 3) and imports of raw materials (SITC 2).

Germany remained by far the largest player in relation to extra EU-28 trade in 2013, contributing 27.1 % of the EU-28’s exports of goods to non-member countries and accounting for almost one fifth (18.8 %) of the EU-28’s imports (see Table 3). The next three largest exporters, the United Kingdom (13.3 %), Italy (10.4 %) and France (10.2 %), remained the same as in 2012, and were the only other EU Member States to account for a double-digit share of EU-28 exports. The Netherlands (14.2 %), the United Kingdom (14.0 %), France (9.8 %) and Italy (9.5 %) followed Germany as the largest importers of goods from non-member countries in 2013; the relatively high share for the Netherlands can, at least in part, be explained by the considerable amount of goods that flow into the EU through Rotterdam — the EU’s leading sea port. The largest extra EU-28 trade surplus in goods, valued at EUR 154.0 billion, was recorded by Germany, followed by Ireland (EUR 22.5 billion) and Italy (EUR 20.0 billion).

Intra-EU trade

Trade in goods between EU Member States (intra-EU trade) was valued — in terms of dispatches — at EUR 2 839 billion in 2013 (see Table 4). This was about two thirds higher than the level recorded for exports from the EU-28 to non-member countries (extra-EU trade). The importance of the EU’s internal market was underlined by the fact that intra-EU trade of goods was higher than extra-EU trade for each EU Member State, with the exceptions of Greece and the United Kingdom (see Figure 5).

More ...

Notice: Uncommitted DB writes (transaction from DatabaseBase::query (LCStore_DB::get)). in /ec/prod/app/webroot/estat_home/statistics_explained/includes/db/Database.php on line 3945