Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

To find the information you need, please select a theme from the menu below or use the coloured boxes on the right. The search function (alt-f) can also be used.

New / updated articles

This article presents a detailed statistical overview of the production and consumption of energy from renewable sources in the European Union (EU). It is based on data compiled in accordance with accounting rules set down in the Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. The statistical information presented in this article is coherent with statistical information reported under Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 on energy statistics. More ...
This article presents the main trends in road freight transport up to 2014 in the European Union (EU). The analysis is carried out for national, international, cross-trade as well as cabotage transport. Road freight transport by type of goods and distance classes are also presented in this article, as well as goods moved on countries’ territories and country-to-country flows. More ...
This article provides an overview of the development of the services turnover indicator in the European Union (EU), the euro area and the European Member states over recent years and describes how it is calculated. The index of turnover in (other) services is a business cycle indicator which measures the quarterly development of turnover in the European service industries with the exception of financial services and services in retail and wholesale trade for which a separate indicator exists (hence "other" services; in this article the "other" will be omitted for easier readability). More ...
This article provides an overview of the development of the industrial turnover indicator in the European Union (EU), the euro area and the EU Member states over recent years and describes how it is compiled. The index of industrial turnover is a business cycle indicator which measures the monthly development of turnover in the European industry. More ...
This article provides an overview of the aspects of life where people with disabilities in the European Union (EU) face barriers to participation. It is one of a set of statistical articles concerning disability statistics in the EU and accompanies a number of methodological articles which make up an online publication on disability statistics. More ...
Freight transport statistics
Updated 08/02/2016
This article presents information on freight transport in the European Union (EU), which includes the following transport modes: road, rail, air, maritime and inland waterways. The ability to move goods safely, quickly and cost-efficiently to markets is important for international trade, national distributive trades and economic development. The rapid increase in global trade up to the onset of the global financial and economic crisis and the deepening integration of an enlarged EU, alongside a range of economic practices (including the concentration of production in fewer sites to reap economies of scale, delocalisation, and just-in-time deliveries), may explain the relatively fast growth of freight transport across the EU. More ...

Did you know that....

In 2014, the top four most popular tourism destinations in the EU were Spain (260 million nights spent in tourist accommodation establishments by people coming from abroad), Italy (187 million nights), France (131 million nights) and the United Kingdom (105 million nights). Read more...

Focus on

Income distribution statistics
At-risk-of-poverty rate and threshold, 2013 YB15.png
This article analyses recent statistics on monetary poverty and income inequalities in the European Union (EU). Comparisons of standards of living between countries are frequently based on gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, which presents in monetary terms how rich one country is compared with another. However, this headline indicator says very little about the distribution of income within a country and also fails to provide information in relation to non-monetary factors that may play a significant role in determining the quality of life of a particular population. On the one hand, inequalities in income distribution may create incentives for people to improve their situation through work, innovation or acquiring new skills. On the other hand, such income inequalities are often viewed as being linked to crime, poverty and social exclusion.

Main statistical findings

At-risk-of-poverty rate and threshold

In 2013, 16.6 % of the EU-28 population was assessed to be at-risk-of-poverty after social transfers (see Figure 1). This share, calculated as a weighted average of national results, conceals considerable variations across the EU Member States. In five Member States, namely Greece (23.1 %), Romania (22.4 %), Bulgaria (21.0 %), Lithuania (20.6 %) and Spain (20.4 %), one fifth or more of the population was viewed as being at-risk-of-poverty; this was also the case in Serbia (24.5 %) and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (24.2 %). The lowest proportions of persons at-risk-of-poverty were observed in the Netherlands (10.4 %) and the Czech Republic (8.6 %). Norway (10.9 %) and Iceland (9.3 %) also reported relatively low shares of their respective populations as being at-risk-of-poverty.

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