Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

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New / updated articles

This article analyses the tourism trends of the 2014-2015 winter season[1] in the European Union (EU) Member States, EFTA and candidate countries. In terms of nights spent at hotels and similar accommodation establishments, tourism recorded positive growth rates in most countries, compared with the same period in 2013-2014. More ...
This article presents statistical data on man-made (anthropogenic) emissions of six greenhouse gases within the European Union (EU), discussing the trends on the basis of the latest available data from the annual greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories, submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), covering years up to 2012. More ...
Increasing migration into an already culturally diverse European Union (EU) generates a need to prepare immigrants, and their descendants, to be more successful and more active participants in society by means of education and training. This article presents EU statistics on education as a measure of migrant integration and elaborates on the existing Zaragoza indicators on education More ...
This article provides a selection of statistics, analysed by degree of urbanisation, across nine dimensions that have been identified as contributing towards an individuals’ quality of life; the principal source is EU statistics on income and living conditions (EU-SILC). More ...
Inflation in the euro area
Updated 14/08/2015
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. More ...
The industrial production index (abbreviated IPI and sometimes also called industrial output index or industrial volume index) is a business cycle indicator which measures monthly changes in the price-adjusted output of industry. This article takes a look at the industrial production index as it is calculated in the European Union (EU) as well as in some EFTA and candidate countries. More ...

Did you know that....

For medium size household consumers, electricity prices during the second semester of 2014 were the highest in the EU in Denmark (EUR 0.304 per kWh), Germany (EUR 0.297per kWh) and Ireland (EUR 0.254 per kWh), while the lowest were found in Bulgaria (EUR 0.090 per kWh), Hungary (EUR 0.115 per kWh) and Malta (EUR 0.125 per kWh). Read more...

Focus on

Structural business statistics overview
Enterprise size class analysis of employment, EU-28, 2012 (¹) YB15.png

This article presents structural business statistics (SBS); these data describe the structure, main characteristics and performance of economic activities across the European Union (EU). While the statistics presented in this article are generally analysed at the level of NACE sections readers should note that structural business statistics are available at a much more detailed level (several hundred sectors).

Structural business statistics can provide answers to questions on the wealth creation (value added), investment and labour input of different economic activities. The data can be used to analyse structural shifts, for example between industry and services, country specialisations in particular activities, sectoral productivity and profitability, as well as a range of other topics. Because they are available broken down by enterprise size class, structural business statistics also permit a detailed analysis of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which is of particular use to EU policymakers and analysts wishing to focus on entrepreneurship and the role of SMEs. Furthermore, structural business statistics provide useful background information on which to base an interpretation of short-term statistics and the business cycle.

Main statistical findings

Sectoral analysis

Services activities accounted for the two largest shares of the enterprise population within the EU-28’s non-financial business economy (industry, construction, distributive trades and non-financial services) when analysed at the NACE Rev. 2 section level: slightly fewer than 3 in every 10 (27.9 %) of the 22.4 million enterprises in the EU’s non-financial business economy were classified to distributive trades (motor trades, wholesale trade and retail trade), while just over one in six (17.5 %) were in professional, scientific or technical activities — see Figure 1. Many of these business services have benefitted from the outsourcing phenomenon, which may explain, in part, the structural shift towards services.

More ...
  1. The winter season runs from November to April of the following year. For example, the 2014/2015 winter season ran from November 2014 to April 2015.

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