Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

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New / updated articles

This article analyses the tourism trends of the 2014-2015 winter season[1] in the European Union (EU) Member States, EFTA and candidate countries. In terms of nights spent at hotels and similar accommodation establishments, tourism recorded positive growth rates in most countries, compared with the same period in 2013-2014. More ...
This article presents statistical data on man-made (anthropogenic) emissions of six greenhouse gases within the European Union (EU), discussing the trends on the basis of the latest available data from the annual greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories, submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), covering years up to 2012. More ...
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat regional yearbook publication. It emphasises the geographic aspects of the digital divide by presenting statistical data for a range of issues linked to the use of the internet across the regions of the European Union (EU). More ...
Increasing migration into an already culturally diverse European Union (EU) generates a need to prepare immigrants, and their descendants, to be more successful and more active participants in society by means of education and training. This article presents EU statistics on education as a measure of migrant integration and elaborates on the existing Zaragoza indicators on education More ...
Inflation in the euro area
Updated 14/08/2015
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. More ...
The industrial production index (abbreviated IPI and sometimes also called industrial output index or industrial volume index) is a business cycle indicator which measures monthly changes in the price-adjusted output of industry. This article takes a look at the industrial production index as it is calculated in the European Union (EU) as well as in some EFTA and candidate countries. More ...

Did you know that....

For medium size household consumers, electricity prices during the second semester of 2014 were the highest in the EU in Denmark (EUR 0.304 per kWh), Germany (EUR 0.297per kWh) and Ireland (EUR 0.254 per kWh), while the lowest were found in Bulgaria (EUR 0.090 per kWh), Hungary (EUR 0.115 per kWh) and Malta (EUR 0.125 per kWh). Read more...

Focus on

R & D expenditure
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D in the Triad and China, 2003–13 (% of GDP) YB15.png
This article presents data on research and development (R & D) expenditures within the European Union (EU), according to the sector of performance and the source of funds. The data are obtained through statistical surveys which are regularly conducted at national level covering R & D performing entities in the private and public sectors.

One of the key objectives of the EU during the last decade has been to encourage increasing levels of investment, in order to provide a stimulus to the EU’s competitiveness. The Lisbon strategy set the EU an objective of devoting 3 % of its gross domestic product (GDP) to R & D activities by 2010. The target was not reached — and subsequently the 3 % target was maintained, forming one of five key targets within the Europe 2020 strategy adopted in 2010.

Main statistical findings

Gross domestic expenditure on R & D (GERD) stood at EUR 272 billion in the EU-28 in 2013, which was a 0.7 % increase on the year before, and 43.8 % higher than 10 years earlier (in 2003) — note that these rates of change are in current prices and so reflect price changes as well as real changes in the level of expenditure. In 2012, the level of expenditure on R & D in the EU-28 was equivalent to 76.4 % of that recorded by the United States, while it was 2.1 times as high as in China; in 2011, the EU-28's R & D expenditure was 1.8 times as high as in Japan, and 8.0 times as high as in South Korea.).

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  1. The winter season runs from November to April of the following year. For example, the 2014/2015 winter season ran from November 2014 to April 2015.

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