Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

To find the information you need, please select a theme from the menu below or use the coloured boxes on the right. The search function (alt-f) can also be used.

New / updated articles

The EU in the world
Updated 03/09/2015
The EU in the world 2015 — A statistical portrait is an online and printed Eurostat publication, also downloadable in pdf format, ISBN 978-92-79-48417-9, doi:10.2785/940619, Cat. No KS-EX-15-001-EN-N. Paper publication: ISBN 978-92-79-48417-9, doi: 10.2785/245735, Cat. KS-EX-15-001-EN-C. More ...
This article focuses on the most significant goods by value (according to the CPA classification) exchanged in intra-EU trade. It presents statistics for the EU-28, EU-27, EU-25, EU-15 and EU-12 aggregates for the years 2013, 2012, 2006, 2004 and 1994 respectively. Statistics on goods traded between EU Member States — especially the size and evolution of imports and exports — enable the EU and national authorities to evaluate the growth of the Single Market and the integration of EU economies. More ...
This article is part of a set of statistical articles for monitoring sustainable development, which are based on the Eurostat publication 'Sustainable development in the European Union - 2015 monitoring report of the EU sustainable development strategy'. The report is published every two years and provides an overview of progress towards the goals and objectives set in the EU sustainable development strategy. More ...
This article focuses on trade and production of products identified as being of high-technology. The high-tech products are divided into 9 groups according to the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC — Rev. 4): Aerospace, computers & office machines, electronics-telecommunications, pharmacy, scientific instruments, electrical machinery, chemistry, non-electrical machinery and armament. More ...
Unemployment statistics
Updated 01/09/2015
This article presents the very latest unemployment figures for the European Union (EU), the euro area and individual Member States, complemented by an overview of long-term developments since the year 2000. Unemployment levels and rates move in a cyclical manner, largely related to the general business cycle. However, other factors such as labour market policies and demographic developments may also influence the short and long-term evolution. More ...
This article presents recent data on both the geographical and sectoral aspects of the maritime economy of the European Union (EU). The maritime economy is now often referred to as the ‘blue economy’. It covers all marketable activities linked to the sea. More ...

Did you know that....

On average, a girl born in the EU-28 in 2012 could expect to live 83.1 years, while the corresponding life expectancy at birth for a newly-born boy was 5.6 years lower, at 77.5 years. Read more...

Focus on

Air transport statistics
2012 2013 growth in total passenger air transport by Member State (in %) .png
This article analyses recent data on air transport in the European Union (EU), both for passengers and freight and mail. It presents data on air passengers transported, showing the slight increase observed at EU-28 level between 2012 and 2013. The role of air transport in freight transport is less pronounced, as aircrafts are an expensive transport mode in terms of tonne-kilometres and only competitive for longer distances and relatively light high-value or perishable goods.

The article distinguishes national (domestic), intra- and extra-EU transport, and also takes a look at the relative importance and ranking of airports.

Main statistical findings

Progressive growth in air transport of passengers in the course of 2013

In 2013, the total number of passengers travelling by air in the European Union could be established at 842 million, an increase of 1.7 % compared with 2012.

More ...

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