Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

To find the information you need, please select a theme from the menu below or use the coloured boxes on the right. The search function (alt-f) can also be used.

New / updated articles

Nuclear energy statistics
Updated 05/02/2016
This article provides recent statistics on nuclear energy in the European Union (EU). The production of electricity in nuclear plants within the EU-28 countries peaked at 1 008.4 thousand gigawatt hours (GWh) in 2004, then slowly decreased to 876.3 thousand GWh in 2014. In 2014, nuclear plants generated around 27 % of the electricity produced in the European Union, with nuclear reactors operating in 14 Member States. More ...
This article presents quarterly statistics on balance of payments in the EU-28, the euro area and the Member States. Balance of payments, which is a summary of the transactions of a given economy with the rest of the world, comprises the current account, which covers international transactions in goods, services, income, and current transfers, More ...
Energy saving statistics
Updated 04/02/2016
The European Union (EU) has committed itself to a 20 % energy saving by the year 2020. This objective is also known as the 20 % energy efficiency improvements objective. This article provides statistical evaluation of the progress made towards this objective and describes the statistical method for its measurement. More ...
In 2013, in the European Union (EU-28), there were 90.6 million people aged between 15 and 29[1] (17.9 % of the population). For young people, just as for the population as a whole, the cost and quality of housing is key to living standards and well-being, an element of social inclusion. More ...
This article focuses on the short-term evolution of the net occupancy rates of bed places and bedrooms of hotels and similar accommodation establishments in the European Union (EU) and contains the first publication of data for September 2015. More ...
This article reports on three forms of unemployment in the European Union (EU) which are not covered by the ILO definition of unemployment. They are: underemployed part-time workers, jobless persons seeking a job but not immediately available for work and jobless persons available for work but not seeking it. These three groups do not meet all criteria of the ILO unemployment definition i.e. being without work, actively seeking work, and being available for work. More ...

Did you know that....

In 2014, tax revenue in the EU-28 stood at 40.0 % of GDP. The ratio of tax revenue to GDP was highest in Denmark (50.8 %), Belgium and France (both at 47.9 %), while the lowest ratios were recorded in Romania (27.7 % of GDP), Bulgaria (27.8 % ) and Lithuania (28.0 % ). Read more...

Focus on

Agricultural products
Production of cereals, EU-28, 2013 (¹) (%, based on tonnes) YB15.png
There is a wide diversity of natural environments, climates, economic conditions and farming practices across Europe. They are reflected in the broad array of food and drink products that are made available for human consumption and animal feed, as well as a range of inputs for non-food processes. Indeed, agricultural products contribute to the cultural identity of Europe’s people and regions.

Main statistical findings

Crops

In 2013, the EU-28 produced 306 million tonnes of cereals (including rice). This was the highest level of production since a peak in production in 2008. The EU-28's production of cereals in 2013 was 20.9 million tonnes higher than in 2012 (+7.3 %).

The EU-28 produced 109.1 million tonnes of sugar beet in 2013, which was 5.7 million tonnes less than in 2012. The production of the other main root crop in the EU-28 — potatoes — was 53.9 million tonnes.

Oilseeds production has followed an upward pattern in recent years mainly due to the increased use of oilseeds for bioenergy production. Rape and turnip rape, and sunflower seeds are the main types of oilseeds produced in the EU-28. In 2013, 21.0 million tonnes of rape and turnip rape were produced, a much larger volume than in 2012 (+9.2 %). By comparison, an estimated 9.2 million tonnes of sunflower seeds were produced across the EU-28 in 2013.

More ...
  1. Bookmark – Population on 1 January by five years age group and sex.