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Welcome to Statistics Explained
Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics.

Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting all statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up everyone's encyclopedia of European statistics, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the very latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users alike.

To find the information you need, use the hierarchical theme tree, the online publications, the categories or the search function (alt-f).


Updated: Government finance statistics - quarterly data

EU-28 and EA-18 quarterly net lending - net borrowing by country, seasonally adjusted data.png
In recent years Eurostat has significantly expanded the range of integrated quarterly data on government finances available, providing a timely and increasingly high quality picture of the evolution of government finances in the European Union (EU). The data presented in this article reflect both non-financial and financial (quarterly non-financial and financial accounts for general government) transactions and cover all European Union (EU-28) countries as well as Iceland, Norway and Switzerland. This article is based on data transmitted to Eurostat at the end of December 2014 and during January 2015 and includes data coverage of the third quarter of 2014. It is the second ESA 2010 data published for quarterly government finance statistics. More ...

Updated: Natural gas market indicators

Number of main entities bringing gas and their cumulative market share in year 2013.png
This article takes a look at the natural gas markets in the European Union (EU), presenting recent statistical data on the number and activities of companies that either bring natural gas into the country or by indigenous production (IMport and PROduction  = IMPRO) and retail companies across EU Member States, Serbia, Turkey and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM). More ...

Updated: Inflation in the euro area

Euro area annual inflation and its main components, 2004-2014-12-p version 2.png
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are early estimates of euro area inflation. More ...

Updated: Air passenger transport - monthly statistics

Monthly growth and share EU-28 monthly passengers carried 2013-2014S1.png
This article describes the recent monthly development of passenger transport by air in the European Union (EU). A distinction is made between national (domestic), intra- and extra-EU transport, and the article also looks at the importance of airports. More ...

Updated: Underemployment and potential additional labour force statistics

Unemployment rate and new supplementary indicators, EU-28, age 15-74, 2008-2014Q3.png
This article reports on three forms of unemployment in the European Union (EU) which are not covered by the ILO definition of unemployment. They are: underemployed part-time workers, jobless persons seeking a job but not immediately available for work and jobless persons available for work but not seeking it. These three groups do not meet all criteria of the ILO unemployment definition i.e. being without work, actively seeking work, and being available for work. More ...

Updated: Innovation statistics

Share of innovative enterprises, 2010–12 (¹) (% of all enterprises) YB15.png
This article discusses the innovativeness of enterprises in the European Union (EU). It provides information on the state of innovation and focuses on some features and key aspects of the development of innovations implemented by enterprises. More ...

Updated: Housing price statistics - house price index

House Price Indices euro area and EU aggregates Index levels 2010 100 2014Q3.PNG
This article describes the house price index (HPI) in the euro area and the European Union (EU), presenting data on this indicator both at European and Member State level. It also provides examples of possible use of this indicator in relation to other statistics, such as consumer price indices, rent price indices and household disposable income. Finally, a summary description of the methodology used in the compilation of the HPI is given. More ...

Updated: Electricity market indicators

Cumulative market share and installed capacity share 2013.png
This article takes a look at electricity markets in the European Union (EU), presenting recent statistical data on the number of electricity generating and retailing companies across EU Member States and Norway, FYR of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Turkey. More ...

Today's article

Housing statistics

Distribution of population by dwelling type, 2012 (1) (% of population) YB14 II.png
This article provides an overview of recent statistics on housing in the European Union (EU) and EFTA countries, focusing on dwelling types, tenure status (owning or renting a property), housing quality and affordability.

Decent housing, at an affordable price in a safe environment, is a fundamental need and right. Ensuring this need is met, which is likely to alleviate poverty and social exclusion, is still a significant challenge in a number of European countries.

Main statistical findings

Type of dwelling

In 2012, 41.6 % of the EU-28 population lived in flats, just over one third (34.0 %) in detached houses and 23.7 % in semi-detached houses. The share of persons living in flats was highest across the EU Member States in Estonia (65.1 %), Spain (65.0 %) and Latvia (64.4 %). The share of people living in detached houses peaked in Croatia (73.0 %), Slovenia (66.6 %), Hungary (63.9 %), Romania (60.5 %) and Denmark (57.1 %); Norway also reported a high share (60.7 %) of its population living in detached houses. The highest propensities to live in semi-detached houses were reported in the United Kingdom (60.9 %) and in the Netherlands (60.0 %) — see Figure 1. More ...