Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

To find the information you need, please select a theme from the menu below or use the coloured boxes on the right. The search function (alt-f) can also be used.

New / updated articles

In June 2014, Eurostat published an article describing the construction of a set of indicators of economic globalisation. This set of indicators has now been extended in two ways. Firstly, the indicators are calculated separately for intra-EU and extra-EU partners; secondly, the indicators are calculated separately for 12 NACE Rev. 2 sections of the non-financial business economy. The present article shows graphs and figures for nine of the indicators in two NACE sections (manufacturing, wholesale and retail trade) to illustrate the type of information that could be used to track the various aspects of globalisation. More ...
This article presents recent statistics on the tourism industries in the European Union (EU). While tourism statistics focus on either the accommodation sector or the demand side (from households), and relate mainly to physical flows (arrivals or nights spent at tourist accommodation or trips made by residents of a country), this analysis is based on economic data extracted from other areas of official statistics, in particular structural business statistics (SBS) and short-term business statistics (STS). Thus a more complete economic analysis can be drawn of this sector, which is an important motor for many countries' economies and labour markets. More ...
This article is part of an online publication and presents information relating to a range of demographic statistics for the European Union (EU) and in the six countries that together form the European Neighbourhood Policy-East (ENP-East) region, namely, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. Aside from basic data on population levels, the article also provides information on the fertility rate, the infant mortality rate and life expectancy. More ...
Changes in the price of consumer goods and services are usually referred to as the inflation rate. Inflation is an increase in the general price level of goods and services. When there is inflation in an economy, the value of money decreases because a given amount will buy fewer goods and services than before. This article analyses the accuracy of the euro area inflation flash estimates, usually released at the end of the reference month and describes the methodology used in their production. More ...
Inflation in the euro area
Updated 19/05/2015
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. More ...
This article analyses data on trade in agricultural products, concentrating on exports and imports between the European Union (EU) and all countries outside of the EU (extra-EU). In 2013, extra-EU trade in agricultural products accounted for 6.9 % of total EU-28 international trade. This share is very similar for imports (7 %) and exports (6.8 %). Data on trade in agricultural products is central for two important EU policies: the Common agricultural policy (CAP) and the common trade policy, which manages trade relations with non-EU countries. More ...

Did you know that....

Almost half (49 %) of all enterprises in the EU-28 carried out innovation activities during the period 2010-12. Read more...

Focus on

Gender statistics
Gender gap in tertiary education.png
This article presents gender statistics for the European Union (EU), a selection of indicators from fields such as education, labour market, earnings and health, which are particularly important for measuring differences in the situation of women and men (i.e. gender gaps). Gender statistics constitute an area that cuts across traditional fields of statistics to identify, produce and disseminate data reflecting the realities of the lives of women and men, and policy issues relating to gender equality[1].

The indicators show gender gaps, together with levels achieved for the population as a whole, at EU level and across Member States (e.g. the gender employment gap with the employment rate). This approach shows gender gaps in access to resources and opportunities in the broader context of the actual resources and opportunities available. The article includes links to other articles and publications that provide more detailed analysis of gender gaps.

Main statistical findings

Education

One of the prominent indicators in education statistics is the proportion of persons who have attained tertiary education (i.e. who graduated from universities or other higher education institutions). This indicator belongs to the set of headline indicators used to monitor the Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. In particular, one of EU-level headline targets of the strategy is to increase, by 2020, the share of the population aged 30–34 having completed tertiary education to at least 40%[2].

More ...
  1. Developing Gender Statistics: A Practical Tool, UNECE, 2010
  2. The EU-level targets have been translated into national targets in each EU country, reflecting different situations and circumstances

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