Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

To find the information you need, please select a theme from the menu below or use the coloured boxes on the right. The search function (alt-f) can also be used.

New / updated articles

Freight transport statistics
Updated 08/02/2016
This article presents information on freight transport in the European Union (EU), which includes the following transport modes: road, rail, air, maritime and inland waterways. The ability to move goods safely, quickly and cost-efficiently to markets is important for international trade, national distributive trades and economic development. The rapid increase in global trade up to the onset of the global financial and economic crisis and the deepening integration of an enlarged EU, alongside a range of economic practices (including the concentration of production in fewer sites to reap economies of scale, delocalisation, and just-in-time deliveries), may explain the relatively fast growth of freight transport across the EU. More ...
This article provides details relating to recent trends for passenger transport statistics within the European Union (EU). It presents information on a range of passenger transport modes, such as road, rail, air and maritime transport. Among these, the principal mode of passenger transport is that of the passenger car, fuelled by a desire to have greater mobility and flexibility. The high reliance on the use of the car as a means of passenger transport across the EU has contributed to an increased level of congestion and pollution in many urban areas and on many major transport arteries. More ...
Nuclear energy statistics
Updated 05/02/2016
This article provides recent statistics on nuclear energy in the European Union (EU). The production of electricity in nuclear plants within the EU-28 countries peaked at 1 008.4 thousand gigawatt hours (GWh) in 2004, then slowly decreased to 876.3 thousand GWh in 2014. In 2014, nuclear plants generated around 27 % of the electricity produced in the European Union, with nuclear reactors operating in 14 Member States. More ...
This article presents quarterly statistics on balance of payments in the EU-28, the euro area and the Member States. Balance of payments, which is a summary of the transactions of a given economy with the rest of the world, comprises the current account, which covers international transactions in goods, services, income, and current transfers, More ...
Energy saving statistics
Updated 04/02/2016
The European Union (EU) has committed itself to a 20 % energy saving by the year 2020. This objective is also known as the 20 % energy efficiency improvements objective. This article provides statistical evaluation of the progress made towards this objective and describes the statistical method for its measurement. More ...
In 2013, in the European Union (EU-28), there were 90.6 million people aged between 15 and 29[1] (17.9 % of the population). For young people, just as for the population as a whole, the cost and quality of housing is key to living standards and well-being, an element of social inclusion. More ...

Did you know that....

In 2014, tax revenue in the EU-28 stood at 40.0 % of GDP. The ratio of tax revenue to GDP was highest in Denmark (50.8 %), Belgium and France (both at 47.9 %), while the lowest ratios were recorded in Romania (27.7 % of GDP), Bulgaria (27.8 % ) and Lithuania (28.0 % ). Read more...

Focus on

Population statistics at regional level
Foreign citizens, by NUTS level 3 region, 2011 (¹) (% of the population) RYB15.png
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat regional yearbook publication. It describes regional demographic patterns across the European Union (EU). The content of this article is based on data from a population and housing census conducted in 2011, rather than regional demography statistics (which have been the source of information traditionally used in the Eurostat regional yearbook)

The census is a very detailed source of data and includes information for some variables down to the level of municipalities; for the purpose of this article the data has been aggregated in order to be able to present data at NUTS level 2 or level 3 so as to provide coherent information in the form of maps across the whole of the EU.

Main statistical findings

This article, based on data from a population and housing census conducted in 2011, looks at a range of demographic issues, focusing on: the movement of individuals both into and within the EU; single-person households; and the formation of different types of family units.

More ...
  1. Bookmark – Population on 1 January by five years age group and sex.