Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

To find the information you need, please select a theme from the menu below or use the coloured boxes on the right. The search function (alt-f) can also be used.

New / updated articles

In June 2014, Eurostat published an article describing the construction of a set of indicators of economic globalisation. This set of indicators has now been extended in two ways. Firstly, the indicators are calculated separately for intra-EU and extra-EU partners; secondly, the indicators are calculated separately for 12 NACE Rev. 2 sections of the non-financial business economy. The present article shows graphs and figures for nine of the indicators in two NACE sections (manufacturing, wholesale and retail trade) to illustrate the type of information that could be used to track the various aspects of globalisation. More ...
This article presents recent statistics on the tourism industries in the European Union (EU). While tourism statistics focus on either the accommodation sector or the demand side (from households), and relate mainly to physical flows (arrivals or nights spent at tourist accommodation or trips made by residents of a country), this analysis is based on economic data extracted from other areas of official statistics, in particular structural business statistics (SBS) and short-term business statistics (STS). Thus a more complete economic analysis can be drawn of this sector, which is an important motor for many countries' economies and labour markets. More ...
This article is part of an online publication and presents information relating to a range of demographic statistics for the European Union (EU) and in the six countries that together form the European Neighbourhood Policy-East (ENP-East) region, namely, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. Aside from basic data on population levels, the article also provides information on the fertility rate, the infant mortality rate and life expectancy. More ...
Changes in the price of consumer goods and services are usually referred to as the inflation rate. Inflation is an increase in the general price level of goods and services. When there is inflation in an economy, the value of money decreases because a given amount will buy fewer goods and services than before. This article analyses the accuracy of the euro area inflation flash estimates, usually released at the end of the reference month and describes the methodology used in their production. More ...
Inflation in the euro area
Updated 19/05/2015
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. More ...
This article analyses data on trade in agricultural products, concentrating on exports and imports between the European Union (EU) and all countries outside of the EU (extra-EU). In 2013, extra-EU trade in agricultural products accounted for 6.9 % of total EU-28 international trade. This share is very similar for imports (7 %) and exports (6.8 %). Data on trade in agricultural products is central for two important EU policies: the Common agricultural policy (CAP) and the common trade policy, which manages trade relations with non-EU countries. More ...

Did you know that....

Almost half (49 %) of all enterprises in the EU-28 carried out innovation activities during the period 2010-12. Read more...

Focus on

Waste statistics
Waste generation by economic activities and households, EU-28, 2012 (%) YB15.png
This article gives an overview on the development of waste generation and treatment in the European Union (EU) and several non-member countries; it draws exclusively on data collected within the framework of Regulation 2150/2002 of the European Parliament and Council on waste statistics.

Waste, defined by Directive 2008/98/EC Article 3(1) as ‘any substance or object which the holder discards or intends or is required to discard’, potentially represents an enormous loss of resources in the form of both materials and energy; in addition, the management and disposal of waste can have serious environmental impacts. Landfills, for example, take up land space and may cause air, water and soil pollution, while incineration may result in emissions of dangerous air pollutants, unless properly regulated.

EU waste management policies therefore aim to reduce the environmental and health impacts of waste and to improve the EU’s resource efficiency. The long-term aim of these policies is to reduce the amount of waste generated and when waste generation is unavoidable to promote it as a resource and achieve higher levels of recycling and the safe disposal of waste.

Main statistical findings

Total waste generation

In 2012, the total waste generated in the EU-28 by all economic activities and households amounted to 2 515 million tonnes; this was slightly higher than in 2010 and 2008 (2 460 million tonnes and 2 427 million tonnes) but lower than in 2004; the relatively low figures for 2008 and 2010 may, at least in part, reflect the downturn in economic activity as a result of the financial and economic crisis. As shown in Table 1, there were considerable variations across EU-28 Member States in 2012, both in the amount of waste generated and in the activities that mostly contributed to waste generation.

More ...

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