Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

To find the information you need, please select a theme from the menu below or use the coloured boxes on the right. The search function (alt-f) can also be used.

New / updated articles

One of the five headline targets of the Europe 2020 headline indicators is to reduce poverty by lifting at least 20 million people out of the risk of poverty or social exclusion by 2020. This article presents geographical and temporal comparisons of the monetary and non-monetary elements of the indicator that describes poverty and social exclusion in the European Union (EU) using the most recent data (2012 and 2013) from the EU statistics on income and living conditions (EU-SILC). More ...
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat flagship publication 'Being young in Europe today' (which can be consulted in order to get a layouted pdf version). Youth employment is a key aspect of Europe's prosperity. Young people represent an important source of skills, creativity and dynamism. A better harnessing of these qualities could help Europe’s economy grow and become more competitive. However, the youth unemployment rate has been rising steadily over the last few years, turning it into a major concern for the EU. More ...
This article reports on three forms of unemployment in the European Union (EU) which are not covered by the ILO definition of unemployment. They are: underemployed part-time workers, jobless persons seeking a job but not immediately available for work and jobless persons available for work but not seeking it. These three groups do not meet all criteria of the ILO unemployment definition i.e. being without work, actively seeking work, and being available for work. More ...
This article presents recent statistics on resource productivity in the European Union (EU) and its Member States. The EU’s resource productivity has increased by 26.3% in the 2002–13 timeframe. Whereas resource productivity has slowly increased over the years between 2002 and 2008, the sharp increases in 2008-2010 and 2011-2013 were, to a large extent, caused by a decline in various resource-intensive industries during the economic crisis. More ...
This article is part of an online publication and provides information on a range of business statistics for the enlargement countries (except Iceland), in other words the candidate countries and potential candidates.. More ...
International trade — especially the size and evolution of imports and exports — is an important indicator of a country’s economic performance, showing its status on the international stage. This article takes a closer look at recent trends in the imports and exports of several of the world’s large economies, focusing on key trade statistics for goods and giving an insight into EU trading patterns compared to the world’s major economies. The article only deals with extra-EU trade, and does not consider trade between EU Member States (intra-EU trade). More ...

Did you know that....

In 2012, 41 % of the EU-28 population lived in flats, just over one third (34 %) in detached houses and 24 % in semi-detached houses. The share of persons living in flats was highest among the EU Member States in Estonia (65 %), Spain (65 %) and Latvia (64 %). Read more...

Focus on

Agricultural products
Production of cereals, EU-28, 2013 (¹) (%, based on tonnes) YB15.png
There is a wide diversity of natural environments, climates, economic conditions and farming practices across Europe. They are reflected in the broad array of food and drink products that are made available for human consumption and animal feed, as well as a range of inputs for non-food processes. Indeed, agricultural products contribute to the cultural identity of Europe’s people and regions.

Main statistical findings

Crops

In 2013, the EU-28 produced 306 million tonnes of cereals (including rice). This was the highest level of production since a peak in production in 2008. The EU-28's production of cereals in 2013 was 20.9 million tonnes higher than in 2012 (+7.3 %).

The EU-28 produced 109.1 million tonnes of sugar beet in 2013, which was 5.7 million tonnes less than in 2012. The production of the other main root crop in the EU-28 — potatoes — was 53.9 million tonnes.

Oilseeds production has followed an upward pattern in recent years mainly due to the increased use of oilseeds for bioenergy production. Rape and turnip rape, and sunflower seeds are the main types of oilseeds produced in the EU-28. In 2013, 21.0 million tonnes of rape and turnip rape were produced, a much larger volume than in 2012 (+9.2 %). By comparison, an estimated 9.2 million tonnes of sunflower seeds were produced across the EU-28 in 2013.

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