| Welcome to Statistics Explained
| Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics.
Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting all statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up everyone's encyclopedia of European statistics, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the very latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users alike.
To find the information you need, use the hierarchical theme tree, the online publications, the categories or the search function (alt-f).
The labour cost index (LCI)
shows the short-term development of the labour cost
, the total cost on an hourly basis of employing labour. In other words, the LCI measures the cost pressure arising from the production factor “labour”. This article takes a look at the most recent evolutions of the LCI, both at the level of the European Union (EU)
and the Member States
. More ...
This article is part of the Eurostat
online publication Tourism trips of Europeans
, providing recent statistics on tourism demand
in the European Union (EU)
Three types of tourism
flows can be distinguished: domestic tourism (persons making tourism trips within their country of residence), outbound tourism and inbound tourism. More ...
— a contraction of biological diversity — encompasses the number, variety and variability of living organisms, including mankind. Given that humans depend on the natural richness of our planet for the food, energy, raw materials, clean air and clean water that make life possible and drive economies and societies, most commentators agree it is imperative that humans seek to prevent a loss of biodiversity, as a reduction or loss of biodiversity may not only undermine the natural environment but also economic and social goals.
The challenges associated with preserving biodiversity have made this topic an international issue. This article examines two indicators for biodiversity in the European Union (EU)
— namely, information on protected areas (for terrestrial and maritime areas) and bird populations. More ...
This article presents an overview of the findings of the 2014 ‘Survey on ICT (information and communication technology) usage in households and by individuals’. It takes a closer look at individuals' internet and mobile internet use in the EU
and a set of newly released indicators relating to the use of cloud services. More ...
’s material flow accounts are a comprehensive data framework that systematically records the inputs of materials to European economies, breaking them down by material category such as fossil energy materials
, metal ores
etc. More ...
This article presents the European Union (EU)
indicators on the enforcement of immigration legislation (EIL)
. It provides statistics on non-EU citizens refused entry at external borders,
apprehended as being illegally present or subject to an obligation to leave the territory of an EU Member State. The indicators in this article can be regarded as an official record of persons subject to enforcement of immigration
legislation, providing a general overview of the outcomes of territorial surveillance and control procedures. More ...
This article describes recent developments in relation to numbers of asylum applicants
and first instance decisions on asylum applications
in the European Union (EU)
. Asylum is a form of international protection given by a state on its territory. It is granted to a person who is unable to seek protection in his/her country of citizenship and/or residence, in particular for fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion. More ...
This article presents statistical data on business demography
in the European Union (EU)
, treating aspects such as the total number of active enterprises
in the business economy
, their birth rates
, death rates
, and the survival rate
. In the business demography domain, the business economy
covers sections B to N, excluding activities of holding companies – K64.2 (NACE Rev.2
). More ...
This article gives an overview on the development of waste generation and treatment in the European Union (EU) and several non-member countries; it draws exclusively on data collected within the framework of Regulation 2150/2002 of the European Parliament and Council on waste statistics.
Waste, defined by Directive 2008/98/EC Article 3(1) as ‘any substance or object which the holder discards or intends or is required to discard’, potentially represents an enormous loss of resources in the form of both materials and energy; in addition, the management and disposal of waste can have serious environmental impacts. Landfills, for example, take up land space and may cause air, water and soil pollution, while incineration may result in emissions of dangerous air pollutants, unless properly regulated.
EU waste management policies therefore aim to reduce the environmental and health impacts of waste and improve the EU’s resource efficiency. The long-term aim of these policies is to reduce the amount of waste generated and when waste generation is unavoidable to promote it as a resource and achieve higher levels of recycling and the safe disposal of waste.
Main statistical findings
Total waste generation
In 2010, the total generation of waste from economic activities and households in the EU-28 amounted to 2 506 million tonnes; this was slightly higher than in 2008 but lower than in 2004 and 2006; the relatively low figures for 2008 and 2010 may, at least in part, reflect the downturn in economic activity as a result of the financial and economic crisis. Among the waste generated in the EU-28 in 2010, some 101.4 million tonnes (4.0 % of the total) were classified as hazardous waste. This was equivalent to an average of about 5.0 tonnes of waste for each inhabitant in the EU-28, of which 201 kg were hazardous waste.