Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

To find the information you need, please select a theme from the menu below or use the coloured boxes on the right. The search function (alt-f) can also be used.

New / updated articles

Inflation in the euro area
Updated 31/03/2015
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are early estimates of euro area inflation. More ...
Unemployment statistics
Updated 31/03/2015
This article presents the very latest unemployment figures for the European Union (EU), the euro area and individual Member States, complemented by an overview of long-term developments since the year 2000. Unemployment levels and rates move in a cyclical manner, largely related to the general business cycle. However, other factors such as labour market policies and demographic developments may also influence the short and long-term evolution. More ...
Hourly labour costs
Updated 30/03/2015
This article provides recent statistics on hourly labour costs in the European Union (EU). In 2014, average hourly labour costs were estimated at EUR 24.6 in the EU-28 and at EUR 29.2 in the euro area (EA-18). However, this average masks significant gaps between EU Member States, with hourly labour costs ranging between EUR 3.8 and EUR 40.3. More ...
Eurostat disseminates early results for severe material deprivation rates so that trends in poverty levels can be tracked more closely. 2014 data are available for over half the European Union (EU) Member States, and Iceland. The coverage and the timeliness is expected to increase in the coming years. More ...
This article presents statistics on net social protection expenditure in the EU. These statistics are collected through the European system of integrated social protection statistics (ESSPROS). More ...
This article focuses on the short-term evolutions in the nights spent at tourist accommodation in the European Union (EU). The data of the most recent reference month available (December 2014) are compared with the same month of the previous year. In addition, the article includes estimates for the annual comparison of the entire year 2014 with 2013. More ...

Did you know that....

In 2013, the share of employees working part-time was highest in the Netherlands (52.4 % of employees), followed by Germany (27.6 %) and Austria (26.5 %), while the lowest shares were recorded in Romania (0.7 %), Bulgaria (2.2 %) and Slovakia (5.1 %). Read more...

Focus on

Passenger transport statistics
Rail passenger transport, 2013 (¹) (Passenger-km per inhabitant) YB15.png
This article provides details relating to recent trends for passenger transport statistics within the European Union (EU). It presents information on a range of passenger transport modes, such as road, rail, air and maritime transport. Among these, the principal mode of passenger transport is that of the passenger car, fuelled by a desire to have greater mobility and flexibility. The high reliance on the use of the car as a means of passenger transport across the EU has contributed to an increased level of congestion and pollution in many urban areas and on many major transport arteries.

Main statistical findings

Passenger cars accounted for 83.3 % of inland passenger transport in the EU-28 in 2012, with motor coaches, buses and trolley buses (9.2 %) and trains (7.4 %) both accounting for less than a tenth of all traffic (as measured by the number of inland passenger-kilometres (pkm) travelled by each mode) — see Table 1.

Between 2002 and 2012 there was a marked increase in the relative importance of the use of passenger cars among many of the Member States that joined the EU in 2004 or 2007, in particular in Bulgaria, Estonia, Slovakia and Lithuania; there was also a substantial increase in the use of passenger cars in Turkey. By contrast, the relative importance of cars as a mode of inland passenger transport fell in eight of the EU-15 Member States. The most sizeable reductions in the relative importance of passenger cars between 2002 and 2012 were recorded in Italy (the share of cars in total inland passenger transport fell 4.4 percentage points), Luxembourg (-2.7 percentage points) and the United Kingdom (-2.4 points), while the relative importance of the car also fell in three more of the largest EU Member States — Germany, Spain and France. The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (-3.5 points) and Switzerland (-2.4 points) also recorded a contraction in the relative importance of passenger cars for inland passenger transport.

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