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Welcome to Statistics Explained
Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics.

Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting all statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up everyone's encyclopedia of European statistics, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the very latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users alike.

To find the information you need, use the hierarchical theme tree, the online publications, the categories or the search function (alt-f).


New: Annual national accounts - how ESA 2010 has changed the main GDP aggregates

Impact of methodological changes and statistical improvements on the level of GDP 2010.png
This article analyses the impact of ESA 2010 revisions focusing on nominal GDP at the European level. Observing the main aggregates of the three approaches used in estimating GDP at market prices, it includes an analysis of the industries which have generated significant revisions to gross value added (GVA), and continues with a similar analysis of the categories of final expenditure and of the components of income. More ...

Updated: Europe 2020 indicators - executive summary

Europe 2020 headline indicators, EU-28, 2008–13.PNG
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat publication Smarter, greener, more inclusive? - Indicators to support the Europe 2020 strategy, providing recent statistics on the EU's Europe 2020 strategy. More ...

Updated: Maritime ports freight and passenger statistics

Gross weight of seaborne goods handled in all ports (in million tonnes) 1997-2013.png
This article presents the latest statistical data on freight handling and passenger traffic in ports in the European Union (EU), Iceland, Norway, Montenegro and Turkey. It also covers maritime transport flows with the main partner geographical areas, as well as individual results for major European ports. This article contains data for 2013. The next update (with figures for 2014) is provisionally scheduled for February 2016. Please note that the 2012 and 2013 figures for France are provisional estimates which are likely to be revised. More ...

Updated: Unemployment statistics

Unemployment rates, seasonally adjusted, January 2015.png
This article presents the very latest unemployment figures for the European Union (EU), the euro area and individual Member States, complemented by an overview of long-term developments since the year 2000. Unemployment levels and rates move in a cyclical manner, largely related to the general business cycle. However, other factors such as labour market policies and demographic developments may also influence the short and long-term evolution. More ...

Updated: Inflation in the euro area

Euro area annual inflation and its main components, 2005-February-2015-e.png
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are early estimates of euro area inflation. More ...

Updated: Gender pay gap statistics

The unadjusted gender pay gap, 2013 (1) - difference between average gross hourly earnings of male and female employees as % of male gross earnings.png
This article shows how gender inequalities in terms of pay vary widely among the Member States of the European Union (EU) and among groups of employees. The unadjusted gender pay pap (GPG) is an important indicator used within the European employment strategy (EES) to monitor imbalances in wages between men and women. It is defined as the difference between the average gross hourly earnings of men and women expressed as a percentage of the average gross hourly earnings of men. More ...

Updated: Minimum wage statistics

Minimum wages, 1 January 2015 (EUR per month) YB15 II.png
This article illustrates how minimum wage levels vary considerably across the European Union (EU) Member States; it also provides a comparison with the situation in the candidate countries and the United States. Minimum wage statistics, as published by Eurostat, refer to national minimum wages. More ...

Updated: Agricultural accounts and prices

Intermediate inputs consumed by the agricultural industry at basic prices, EU-28, 2013.png
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat publication Agriculture, forestry and fishery statistics. It gives an overview of indicators on agricultural output, agricultural income and of agricultural prices in the European Union (EU). The data are extracted from Eurostat collections of agricultural statistics: economic accounts for agriculture (EAA), agricultural price indices (API) and absolute agricultural prices. More ...

Today's article

Gender statistics

Gender gap in tertiary education.png
This article presents gender statistics for the European Union (EU), a selection of indicators from fields such as education, labour market, earnings and health, which are particularly important for measuring differences in the situation of women and men (i.e. gender gaps). Gender statistics constitute an area that cuts across traditional fields of statistics to identify, produce and disseminate data reflecting the realities of the lives of women and men, and policy issues relating to gender equality[1].

The indicators show gender gaps, together with levels achieved for the population as a whole, at EU level and across Member States (e.g. the gender employment gap with the employment rate). This approach shows gender gaps in access to resources and opportunities in the broader context of the actual resources and opportunities available. The article includes links to other articles and publications that provide more detailed analysis of gender gaps. More ...

  1. Developing Gender Statistics: A Practical Tool, UNECE, 2010