Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

To find the information you need, please select a theme from the menu below or use the coloured boxes on the right. The search function (alt-f) can also be used.

New / updated articles

Cancer statistics
New 06/05/2015
This article presents an overview of European Union (EU) statistics related to cancer and focuses on three aspects: deaths from cancer, cancer healthcare and the availability of specialist healthcare personnel and equipment. Some of the statistics presented in this article are only available for the broader category of neoplasms, which includes benign and uncertain neoplasms as well as malignant ones (cancer). An accompanying article looks in more detail at statistics for a selection of specific cancers: colorectal cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer and prostate cancer. More ...
Effective political decision-making depends on the regular supply of reliable information. Statistics are one of the principal sources of such information, providing quantitative support to the development, implementation, and monitoring of those policies. Statistics are also a powerful tool for communicating with the general public. More ...
This article provides information about expenditure in the European Union (EU) (and some non-member countries) to protect the environment. This covers spending on activities that are directly aimed at the prevention, reduction and elimination of pollution or any other degradation of the environment. Statistics on environmental protection expenditure enable the identification and measurement of society's response to environmental concerns and how it is financed. More ...
This article examines how key government finance indicators have developed in the European Union (EU) and the euro area. Specifically, it considers public (general government) deficits, general government gross debt, the revenue and expenditure of general government, as well as taxes and social contributions, which are the main sources of government revenue. More ...
This article describes the recent monthly development of passenger transport by air in the European Union (EU). A distinction is made between national (domestic), intra- and extra-EU transport, and the article also looks at the importance of airports. More ...
This article focuses on a selection of indicators on quarterly sector accounts for non-financial corporations in the European Union (EU) and the euro area. Covered are, among others, the business investment rate and the profit share of non-financial corporations. Another article focuses on quarterly sector accounts for households, covering, among others, the household saving rate and the household investment rate. More ...

Did you know that....

In 2013, the proportion of employees in the EU-28 with a contract of limited duration was 13.8 %. More than one in four (26.8 %) employees in Poland had a temporary contract and this proportion was above one in five in Spain (23.2 %), Portugal (21.5 %) and the Netherlands (20.3 %). Read more...

Focus on

Minimum wage statistics
Minimum wages, January 2015 (¹) (EUR per month) YB15 II.png
This article illustrates how minimum wage levels vary considerably across the European Union (EU) Member States; it also provides a comparison with the situation in the candidate countries and the United States.

Minimum wage statistics, as published by Eurostat, refer to national minimum wages. The national minimum wage usually applies to all employees, or at least to a large majority of employees in a country. It is enforced by law, often after consultation with social partners, or directly by a national intersectoral agreement.

Minimum wages are generally presented as monthly wage rates for gross earnings, that is, before the deduction of income tax and social security contributions payable by the employee; these deductions vary from country to country.

National minimum wages are published by Eurostat bi-annually. They reflect the situation on 1 January and 1 July of each year. As a consequence, modifications to minimum wages introduced between these two dates are only shown for the following bi-annual release of data.

More ...

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