Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

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New / updated articles

International trade — especially the size and evolution of imports and exports — is an important indicator of a country’s economic performance, showing its status on the international stage. This article takes a closer look at recent trends in imports and exports of several of the world’s big economies, focusing on key trade statistics for goods and giving an insight into EU trading patterns compared to the world’s major economies. The article only deals with extra-EU trade, and does not consider trade between EU Member States (intra-EU trade). More ...
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat flagship publication 'Being young in Europe today' (which can be consulted in order to get a layouted pdf version). The right to education for children and young people contribute to their overall development and consequently lays the foundations for later success in life in terms of employability, social integration, health and wellbeing. Education and training play a crucial role in counteracting the negative effects of social disadvantage. The European Union (EU) therefore wants all children and young people to be able to access and benefit from high-quality education, care and training. More ...
This article is part of an online publication and provides information on a range of labour market statistics for the enlargement countries (except Iceland), in other words the candidate countries and potential candidates. More ...
This article is part of an online publication and provides data on economic statistics for the 10 countries that form the European Neighbourhood Policy-South (ENP-South) region, namely, Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Syria and Tunisia. Recent developments for education statistics in these countries and in the European Union (EU) are presented. The article shows, among others, statistics on compulsory school years, literacy rates, public expenditure on education, youth educational attainment and statistics on tertiary education. More ...
In recent years Eurostat has significantly expanded the range of integrated quarterly data on government finances available, providing a timely and increasingly high quality picture of the evolution of government finances in the European Union (EU). The data presented in this article reflect both non-financial and financial (quarterly non-financial and financial accounts for general government) transactions and cover all European Union (EU-28) countries as well as Iceland, Norway and Switzerland. This article is based on data transmitted to Eurostat at the end of March 2015 and during April 2015 and includes data coverage of the fourth quarter of 2014. It is the third ESA 2010 data published for quarterly government finance statistics. More ...
This article provides an overview of regional unemployment rates across the 272 NUTS-2 regions of the European Union (EU) in 2014, compiled by Eurostat on the basis of data from the EU Labour force survey. Just over half of the NUTS 2 regions1 of the European Union (EU) recorded a decrease of at least 0.5 percentage points in their regional unemployment rate in 2014 compared with 2013. Regional unemployment rates varied widely across the 272 NUTS-2 regions of the EU-28 in 2014, with the lowest rates recorded in the regions of Praha in the Czech Republic and Oberbayern in Germany (both 2.5 %) followed by Tübingen, Oberpfalz, Niederbayern and Unterfranken in Germany (all below 3.0 %), while the highest rates were registered in the Spanish regions of Andalucia (34.8 %), Canarias (32.4 %), Ceuta (31.9 %), Extremadura (29.8 %) and Castilla-la Mancha (29.0 %). More ...

Did you know that....

In 2012, overall greenhouse gas emissions were 9.7 % lower than they had been in 2000 in the EU, in other words, 502 million tonnes less of CO2-eq. were emitted. Read more...

Focus on

Population statistics at regional level
Population density, by NUTS 3 regions, 2012 (1) (inhabitants per km²) RYB14.png
This article is part of a set of statistical articles based on the Eurostat Regional Yearbook publication. It describes regional demographic patterns across the European Union (EU). Statistics on regional demography are one of the few areas where detailed NUTS 3 information is collected and published for each of the EU Member States. At the time of writing, the latest information is available for vital demographic events (births and deaths) and a range of demographic indicators generally through to the end of 2012, although earlier reference periods have been used for some countries (principally Ireland, Romania and the United Kingdom — see the footnotes under each map or figure for more information).

Demographic changes in the European Union (EU) are likely be of considerable importance in the coming decades as the vast majority of models concerning future population trends suggest that the EU’s population will continue to age, due to consistently low fertility levels and extended longevity. Although migration plays an important role in the population dynamics of European countries, migration alone will almost certainly not reverse the ongoing trend of population ageing experienced in many parts of the EU. The social and economic consequences associated with population ageing are likely to have profound implications across Europe, both nationally and regionally. For example, low fertility rates will lead to a reduction in the number of students in education, there will be fewer working-age persons to support the remainder of the population, and a higher proportion of elderly persons (some of whom will require additional infrastructure, healthcare services and adapted housing). These structural demographic changes could impact on the capacity of governments to raise tax revenue, balance their own finances, or provide adequate pensions and healthcare services.

Main statistical findings

There were 505.7 million inhabitants living in the EU-28 at the start of 2013; there were almost 100 million additional inhabitants when compared with aggregated 1960 population figures for the EU-28 Member States. Between the start of 2012 and the start of 2013, the EU-28’s population increased by 1.1 million (or 0.2 %).

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