Welcome To Statistics Explained

Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics. Statistics Explained is an official Eurostat website presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way. Together, the articles make up an encyclopedia of European statistics for everyone, completed by a statistical glossary clarifying all terms used and by numerous links to further information and the latest data and metadata, a portal for occasional and regular users.

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New / updated articles

This article analyses the tourism trends of the 2014-2015 winter season[1] in the European Union (EU) Member States, EFTA and candidate countries. In terms of nights spent at hotels and similar accommodation establishments, tourism recorded positive growth rates in most countries, compared with the same period in 2013-2014. More ...
This article presents statistical data on man-made (anthropogenic) emissions of six greenhouse gases within the European Union (EU), discussing the trends on the basis of the latest available data from the annual greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories, submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), covering years up to 2012. More ...
Increasing migration into an already culturally diverse European Union (EU) generates a need to prepare immigrants, and their descendants, to be more successful and more active participants in society by means of education and training. This article presents EU statistics on education as a measure of migrant integration and elaborates on the existing Zaragoza indicators on education More ...
This article provides a selection of statistics, analysed by degree of urbanisation, across nine dimensions that have been identified as contributing towards an individuals’ quality of life; the principal source is EU statistics on income and living conditions (EU-SILC). More ...
Inflation in the euro area
Updated 14/08/2015
The data in this article show the most recent annual rates of change for the euro area headline inflation and its main components issued by Eurostat. The figures presented are actual HICP figures. More ...
The industrial production index (abbreviated IPI and sometimes also called industrial output index or industrial volume index) is a business cycle indicator which measures monthly changes in the price-adjusted output of industry. This article takes a look at the industrial production index as it is calculated in the European Union (EU) as well as in some EFTA and candidate countries. More ...

Did you know that....

For medium size household consumers, electricity prices during the second semester of 2014 were the highest in the EU in Denmark (EUR 0.304 per kWh), Germany (EUR 0.297per kWh) and Ireland (EUR 0.254 per kWh), while the lowest were found in Bulgaria (EUR 0.090 per kWh), Hungary (EUR 0.115 per kWh) and Malta (EUR 0.125 per kWh). Read more...

Focus on

Government finance statistics
Public balance, 2013 and 2014 (¹) (net lending or net borrowing of consolidated general government sector, % of GDP) YB15 II.png
This article examines how key government finance indicators have developed in the European Union (EU) and the euro area. Specifically, it considers public (general government) deficits, general government gross debt, the revenue and expenditure of general government, as well as taxes and social contributions, which are the main sources of government revenue.

These statistics are crucial indicators for determining the health of a Member State’s economy. Under the terms of the EU’s Stability and Growth Pact (SGP), EU Member States pledged to keep their deficits and debt below certain limits: a Member State’s government deficit may not exceed -3 % of its gross domestic product (GDP), while its debt may not exceed 60 % of GDP. If a Member State does not respect these limits, the so-called excessive deficit procedure is triggered. This entails several steps — including the possibility of sanctions — to encourage the Member State concerned to take appropriate measures to rectify the situation. The same deficit and debt limits are also criteria for economic and monetary union (EMU) and hence for joining the euro. Furthermore, the latest revision of the integrated economic and employment guidelines (revised as part of the Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth) includes a guideline to ensure the quality and the sustainability of public finances.

Main statistical findings

In 2014, the government deficit (net borrowing of the consolidated general government sector, as a share of GDP) of both the EU-28 and the euro area (EA-19) decreased compared with 2013, while general government debt increased (both relative to GDP and in absolute terms).

More ...
  1. The winter season runs from November to April of the following year. For example, the 2014/2015 winter season ran from November 2014 to April 2015.

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