Statistics Explained

Regional yearbook foreword

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The Eurostat regional yearbook provides statistics on the people, economy and environment for regions across the European Union (EU). National figures alone cannot reveal the full and sometimes complex picture of what is happening within the EU’s Member States. This has become even clearer during the COVID-19 pandemic that has profoundly changed the world that we live in.

While all regions in the EU have been affected, there have been marked differences in regional outcomes reflecting, among other factors, the prevalence and circulation of the virus, the age structure of populations, the level of healthcare staff and specialist equipment, economic structures and specialisations, digital infrastructures, differences in environmental conditions and different strategies implemented by national, regional or local authorities.

There has been an asymmetric impact on regions with particular economic specialisations, for example, those that normally welcome a high number of tourists, regions characterised by high levels of international or retail trade, or regions characterised by high levels of precarious employment.

The Eurostat regional yearbook offers a set of indicators, which are divided into three main parts: people and society, economy and business, and the environment and natural resources. The analyses presented include maps, figures and infographics, and are designed to highlight regional variations and similarities.

Although it is too soon to evaluate the full impact of the COVID-19 crisis, not least because it continues at the time of writing, the publication provides an initial set of data for 2020 on several subjects, including mortality and excess deaths, educational attainment and the transition from education to work, labour force developments, and how people made use of the internet.

For those wishing to trace the latest COVID-19 developments — as and when additional data become available — Eurostat’s most up-to-date statistics showing the economic and social impacts of the crisis can be found online at:

The Eurostat regional yearbook is available online in Statistics Explained on Eurostat’s website. The latest data can be downloaded from Eurostat’s database, where not only fresher but also more disaggregated data may be found.

I hope that you enjoy exploring the regions of the European Union!

Mariana Kotzeva
Director-General, Eurostat