Landings of fishery products (fish_ld)

Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Compiling agency: Eurostat, Statistical Office of the European Union

Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4. Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and comparability
16. Cost and Burden
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)

Eurostat and National Quality Reports according to ESQRS (ESS Standard for Quality Reports Structure)
National metadata

National quality report

National metadata produced by countries and released by Eurostat

For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT


1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Eurostat, Statistical Office of the European Union

1.2. Contact organisation unit

E1: Agriculture and fisheries

1.5. Contact mail address

2920 Luxembourg LUXEMBOURG

2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 11/06/2019
2.2. Metadata last posted 11/06/2019
2.3. Metadata last update 11/06/2019

3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

Landings of fishery products in the ports of EEA member countries (quantity and value)

3.2. Classification system

The 3-alpha species identifier is a unique three letter code (according to the FAO ASFIS List of Species for Fishery Statistics Purposes) that is widely used for the exchange of data with national correspondents and among fishery agencies. More information on other code lists  used for landings statistics can be found in the Fisheries statistics

( Handbook )

3.3. Coverage - sector

NACE class 03.11 'Marine fishing'

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

The concepts and definitions used in the submission of these landing statistics are those developed by the Eurostat Working Group "Fishery Statistics".

Species. The species are basically those covered by the EU market regulations although national authorities submit information for other species that they consider important on their markets. All species are identified in the data-base by the internationally assigned ASFIS (Aquatic Sciences and Fishery Information System) three letter (3-alpha) identifier (e.g. COD = Atlantic cod, PLE = European plaice).

The following are definitions which the national authorities are required to apply in application of Council Regulation no 2104/93:

Presentation. For each of the species the national authorities are requested to submit information on each of the forms in which the species is presented on the market.

Fillets refers to strips of flesh cut parallel to the backbone of the fish and consisting of the right or left side of the fish, provided that the head, viscera, fins (dorsal, anal, caudal, ventral, pectoral) and bones (vertebrae or large backbone, ventral or costal, bronchial or stirrup bones, etc.) have been removed and the two sides are not connected, for example by the back or stomach.

Whole fish refers to ungutted fish

Cleaned refers to squid where the arms, head and internal organs have been removed from the body.

Frozen fish are fish that have been subjected to freezing in a manner to preserve the inherent quality of the fish by reducing the average temperature to -18ºC or lower and which are then kept at a temperature of -18º or lower.

Fresh fish are fish that have not been preserved, cured, frozen or otherwise treated other than chilled. They are generally presented whole or gutted.

Salted fish are fish often in gutted or headed form that are preserved in salt or brine.

Destination. The landings are divided into those destined for human consumption and those destined for other uses (for example, animal feed and reduction to meal and oil).

Human consumption is defined to include all products which are sold at first sale for human consumption or which are landed under contract or other agreement for human consumption. Excluded are quantities destined for human consumption but which, at the moment of sale, due to market conditions, hygiene regulations or similar causes are withdrawn from the market for human consumption.

Industrial uses is defined to include all products specifically landed for reduction to meal and oil or for consumption by animals plus quantities which, although originally intended for human consumption, are not sold for this purpose at first sale.


Weight: The weight recorded is the weight of the product as landed (landed weight).

Average price. The price quoted is that at the time of the first sale of the product. For products which are not immediately sold or which are subject to a contract or other arrangement, the average price has been estimated by the national authorities using a method appropriate for that particular situation.

3.5. Statistical unit

The data refer to a range of fishery products (combinations of species and their presentation form)

3.6. Statistical population

Under the terms of Council Regulation no 2104/93, the reporting country is required to include data for all products landed by Community and EFTA fishing vessels in ports of that country. Under the provisions of the Regulation the reporting country is not required to report landings by its vessels in ports other than the national ports.

The data are required to include products discharged within the territory of the reporting country and covered by document T2M referred to in Council Regulation (EEC) no 137/79. Also included are products transshipped to vessels of third countries from Community and EFTA fishing vessels and other components of the Community and EFTA fishing fleet which are discharged within the territory of that Member State.

Community vessels are vessels flying the flag or, or registered in, a Community Member State.

EFTA vessels are vessels flying the flag of, or registered in, a member country of EFTA. In fisheries context this means Iceland and Norway.

Third country vessels are vessels flying the flag of, or registered in, a country other than the member countries of the EU or of EFTA.

3.7. Reference area

EU Member States and EFTA countries (=European Economic Area). The database includes data from the EU-Member States and Iceland and Norway.

3.8. Coverage - Time

Data are available from 1992 onwards.

3.9. Base period

Not applicable.

4. Unit of measure Top

Tonnes, Euro and Euro/Tonne

5. Reference Period Top

Calendar year

6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

The submission of these landing statistics is covered by the following legislation: 

Regulation (EC) no 1921/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006, on the submission of statistical data on landings of fishery products in Member States and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) 1382/91 (data from 2007 onward)

These regulations are EEA relevant: that is, they apply to EU Member States and EFTA countries.

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

Not available.

7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

In case the national data contains confidential records they are not published but only a c-flag (confidential) is shown in the database. In this case, aggregates including these records are not calculated (including the EU-aggregate).

8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

The deadline for the data submission by countries in Annual on 30 june year N + 1 (where N is the reference year) 

8.2. Release calendar access

Not available.

8.3. Release policy - user access

In line with the Community legal framework and the European Statistics Code of Practice Eurostat disseminates European statistics on Eurostat's website respecting professional independence and in an objective, professional and transparent manner in which all users are treated equitably. The detailed arrangements are governed by the Eurostat protocol on impartial access to Eurostat data for users.

9. Frequency of dissemination Top

The data are annual. 

Eurostat launches quality reports updates every three years as required by the Regulation EC (No) 1921/2006

10. Accessibility and clarity Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

News releases on-line.

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications

Results are published in Agriculture, forestry and fishery statistics book

10.3. Dissemination format - online database

The crop statistics can be found in Eurostat database table landings of fishery producs (fish_ld):

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Not applicable

10.5. Dissemination format - other


10.6. Documentation on methodology

Fisheries statistics Handbook, rev. 2018 (see Annex 1) gives a summary of the methodologies used for landings statistics.

10.7. Quality management - documentation

The quality reports are required only for the landing statistics. Article 6 of Regulation (EC) No 1921/2006 indicates that:

1. By 19 January 2008 each Member State shall submit a detailed methodological report to the Commission describing how the data have been collected and the statistics compiled. That report shall include details of any sampling techniques and an evaluation of the quality of the resulting estimates.

2. The Commission shall examine the reports and present its conclusions to the relevant working group of the Standing Committee for Agricultural Statistics (hereinafter referred to as ‘the Committee’) established by Article 1 of Council Decision 72/279/EEC.

3. The Member States shall inform the Commission of any change in the information provided for under paragraph 1 within three months of the introduction of such change. They shall also forward to the Commission details of any substantial changes in the collection methods used.

11. Quality management Top
11.1. Quality assurance

Handbook on Annual Crop Statistics gives guidance on the methodology for collecing data on annual crop (see Annex).

11.2. Quality management - assessment

Eurostat monitors regularly the quality of landings statistics. In general the data are of good quality.

Eurostat launches regular quality reporting updates every three years as it is required to submit an assessment report to the European Parliament and the Council on the statistical data compiled pursuant to Regulation EC (No) 1921/2006 and in particular on their relevance and quality. The report shall also analyse the cost-effectiveness of the system used for the collection and processing of statistical data and shall put forward best practices for reducing the workload for Member States and enhancing the usefulness and quality of the statistical data. The first report was due by 19 January 2010 and every three years thereafter,

12. Relevance Top
12.1. Relevance - User Needs

The data are used for monitoring the fisheries products markets and for policy (Common Fisheries Policy) montoring and assessments.

12.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

No user satisfaction survey carried out.

12.3. Completeness

Most of the requested data are available, but there are some missing data in the older time series.

13. Accuracy Top
13.1. Accuracy - overall

The reliability of landings statistics is good.  Most data are extracted from log-books, landings declarations and sales notes.

13.2. Sampling error

Only 4 countries use sample surveys for the provision of landings statistics (CY, EL, IT and MT).  Plese refer to the EU-level and national quality reports for more details on sampling error.

All other countries use administrative data and/or a cencus as data source(s).

13.3. Non-sampling error

The non-sampling error analysis is done for a set of parameters:

-        Coverage error (for census, sample surveys and administrative data);

-        Measurement error (for census and sample surveys);

-        Non-response error (for census and sample surveys);

-        Processing error (for census and sample surveys);

-        Model assumption error (for census and sample surveys).

14. Timeliness and punctuality Top
14.1. Timeliness

6 months after the end of the reference period

14.2. Punctuality

The punctuality of the data transmissions is assessed by Eurostat on the basis of received transmissions in EDAMIS.

15. Coherence and comparability Top
15.1. Comparability - geographical

Although the quality of the data varies from country to country (being in many cases a function of the general characteristics of the national fishing industry), there is a high degree of comparability between countries, due to the fact that the concepts and definitions used in the compilation of catch statistics are those laid down by the Coordinating Working Party on Fishery Statistics (CWP)  being in force since the late 1950's and being applied uniformly worldwide by the CWP and by the national authorities reporting to its member organizations.

15.2. Comparability - over time

A high degree of comparability over time is also ensured by the worldwide adoption of the CWP concepts and definitions.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain

Landings of fishery products statistics are established in close collaboration with international fishery agencies, along with which quality and coherence of the data are managed.

15.4. Coherence - internal

Not available.

16. Cost and Burden Top

Not available.

17. Data revision Top
17.1. Data revision - policy

There is no fixed timetable for the provision of revisions to the database. Revisions may occur at any time when new data are available.

17.2. Data revision - practice

As and when revisions are received from the national authorities, they are incorporated in the database at the earliest opportunity. Justifications for major revisions are sought from the national authorities.

18. Statistical processing Top
18.1. Source data

The statistical data on landings of fishery products are based on an array of data sources. The quality report provides the following set of sources as possible options:

-        Administrative data;

-        Census;

-        Sample surveys;

-        Expert(s) estimate(s);

-        Other data sources.

The countries reported in total 47 different sources.

Around 68% of data are collected from administrative sources, 17% from censuses, followed by information collected via sample surveys. Other sources as well as expert estimate contribute to a lesser extent (Figure 1). 

18.2. Frequency of data collection


18.3. Data collection

Under the EU legislation the national authorities are required to collect landings data from all EEA vessels landing fishery products in their ports. The recording of data of vessels from third countries is facultative. The national authorities are not required to submit data on landings of their vessels in foreign ports.

All fisheries data sent by the EU27 and EFTA countries are sent through eDAMIS as a Single Entry Point of data to Eurostat. Upon the reception of new data, the domain manager and the Fishery statistics section's common mailbox, ESTAT FISHERIES INBOX (, are automatically notified by eDAMIS. The XML files are transferred from the eDAMIS server to a dedicated folder on the production server ("fish-staging"). 

Compliance: Countries, which have not provided data one week before the end of the deadline, are notified with a reminder sent by the eDAMIS collection system automatically and then each week. Eurostat domain managers contact the data provider three weeks later. In case of non-response, Eurostat contacts the data provider again before sending the formal reminder letter, which is the last step before starting an infringement procedure.

18.4. Data validation

It should be noted that the reliability of the data is highly dependant on the quality of the submissions by the national authorities.

18.5. Data compilation

EU and EEA aggregates are compiled by summation of the data for the individual countries.

18.6. Adjustment

Not applicable.

19. Comment Top


Related metadata Top

Annexes Top
Fisheries : The collection and compilation of fish catch and landing statistics in member countries of the European Economic Area
Fisheries : The collection and compilation of fishery statistics in European Union Candidate Countries
Catches and Landings Handbook 2019