Weekly deaths – special data collection (demomwk)

Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Compiling agency: Eurostat


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4. Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and comparability
16. Cost and Burden
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

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1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Eurostat

1.2. Contact organisation unit

F2 Population and Migration

1.5. Contact mail address

2920 Luxembourg LUXEMBOURG


2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 05/10/2020
2.2. Metadata last posted 05/10/2020
2.3. Metadata last update 05/10/2020


3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

In April 2020 Eurostat set up an exceptional temporary data collection on total weekly deaths, in order to support the policy and research efforts related to Covid-19. With this data collection, Eurostat's efforts are concentrated on providing quickly statistics that show the changing situation of the total number of weekly deaths from early 2020 onwards.

The available data on the total weekly deaths are transmitted by the National Statistical Institutes to Eurostat on voluntary basis. Data are collected cross classified by sex, 5-year age-groups and NUTS3 region (NUTS2016). The age breakdown by 5-year age group is the most significant and should be considered by the reporting countries as the main option; when that is not possible, data may be provided with less granularity. Similar with the regional structure, data granularity varies with the country.

Eurostat requested from the National Statistical Institutes the transmission of a back time series of weekly deaths for as many year as possible, recommending as starting point the year 2000. Shorter time series, imposed by data availability, are transmitted by some countries. A long enough time series is necessary for temporal comparisons and statistical modelling.

 

The purpose of Eurostat’s online tables in the folder Weekly deaths - special data collection (demomwk) is to make available to users information on the weekly number of deaths disaggregated by sex, 5 years age group and NUTS3 regions over the last 20 years, depending on the availability in each country covered in Eurostat demographic statistics data collections. In order to ensure the highest timeliness possible, data are made available as reported by the countries, and work is ongoing in order to improve data quality and user friendliness.

3.2. Classification system

The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) is applied for the regional structure of the countries.

The definition of ‘week’ is given by ISO8601 week number.

3.3. Coverage - sector

Not applicable.

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

Death means the permanent disappearance of all evidence of life at any time after life birth has taken place (postnatal cessation of vital functions without capability of resuscitation).

Eurostat's recommendation for the definition of time of death is by ‘date of occurrence’, but data by ‘date of registration’ are accepted.

3.5. Statistical unit

Death, as vital event.

3.6. Statistical population

Deaths occurying to the usual resident population in the territory.

3.7. Reference area

Country and regions within the country, depending on data transmited by the national statistical institutes.

3.8. Coverage - Time

Week.

The definition of ‘week’ is given by ISO8601 week number.

3.9. Base period

Not applicable.


4. Unit of measure Top

Number.


5. Reference Period Top

The latest available weekly data are transmitted by the National Statistical Institutes to Eurostat every week. No reference week is set up, as every country has its own data processing and release calendar. Data are processed by Eurostat as soon as they are transmitted, for a timely dissemination.


6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

National Statistical Institutes are transmitting weekly deaths statistics to Eurostat on voluntary basis.

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

Not applicable.


7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

Not applicable.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

Not applicable.


8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

Not available.

8.2. Release calendar access

Not available.

8.3. Release policy - user access

In line with the Community legal framework and the European Statistics Code of Practice Eurostat disseminates European statistics on Eurostat’s website in an objective, professional and transparent manner in which all users are treated equitably. The detailed arrangements are governed by the Eurostat protocol on impartial access to Eurostat data for users.


9. Frequency of dissemination Top

Weekly.


10. Accessibility and clarity Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

Not available.

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications

Not available.

10.3. Dissemination format - online database

Eurostat online database: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/data/database, folder Weekly deaths - special data collection (demomwk).

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Not applicable.

10.5. Dissemination format - other

Not applicable.

10.6. Documentation on methodology

See below the ‘Note on the European data collection on Weekly Deaths Counts (EuroWDC)’.



Annexes:
Draft note on the new European data collection on Weekly Deaths Counts
10.7. Quality management - documentation

Not available.


11. Quality management Top
11.1. Quality assurance

Eurostat efforts are concentrated on providing quickly statistics that show the changing situation as concerns the total number of weekly deaths from early 2020 onwards. Work is ongoing to improve data quality and user friendliness.

Incoming weekly statistics are not submitted to Eurostat's regular validation process. Consistency of the weekly deaths data has not been checked against the annual or the monthly deaths series available in Eurostat's online tables demo_magec, demo_mmonth, demo_r_magec and demo_r_magec3. Higher level totals by age or by region may not always be available if they were not transmitted by the countries.

11.2. Quality management - assessment

Data referring to recent weeks may be under-reporting the actual number of deaths and they are likely to be revised.


12. Relevance Top
12.1. Relevance - User Needs

Eurostat set up an exceptional data collection on total weekly deaths in order to support the policy and research efforts related to Covid-19.

Analysis of weekly excess deaths could provide an additional method to assess the pandemic and formulate lessons to be learned. Excess deaths may be obtained by comparing the observed weekly deaths to values expected based on previous years. This approach has the advantage of being comparable across countries.

12.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

No user satisfaction surveys are carried out.

12.3. Completeness

The data collection is done on voluntary basis. Data completness fully depends on the tranmissions made by the national statisticsl institutes to Eurostat and on the data availability at national level.


13. Accuracy Top
13.1. Accuracy - overall

Data referring to recent weeks may be under-reporting the actual number of deaths and they are likely to be revised. The table below offers a preview on data coverage for the most recent weeks for which data were received by Eurostat from the countries, where this information is available. For some countries information on data coverage is available by week, starting from the most recent week and going back to previous several weeks, while for others the information on coverage refers to all 2020 weekly deaths data available so far.

 

 

 

Most recent week

(W)

Most recent week minus 1

(W-1)

Most recent week minus 2

(W-2)

Most recent week minus 3

(W-3)

Most recent week minus 4

(W-4)

Most recent week minus 5

(W-5)

Most recent week minus 6

(W-6)

Most recent week minus 7

(W-7)

Comment / Further info

BE

98-99%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

 

BG

98%

98-99%

98-99%

98-99%

98-99%

98-99%

98-99%

99%

 

CZ

97-98.0%

98-99%

99-99.5%

99-99.5%

99-99.5%

99-99.5%

99-99.5%

99-99.5%

 

DK

98%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

 

DE

97%

98%

98%

98%

>99%

>99%

>99%

>99%

 

ES

99%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

The data for the most recent months are labeled as "estimated." They come from Civil Registers, which collect 94% of deaths, and from these data, a total number of deaths is estimated.

HR

98-99%

98-99%

98-99%

98-99%

98-99%

98-99%

98-99%

98-99%

 

IT

95%

95%

95%

95%

95%

95%

95%

95%

Preliminary 2020 weekly data on deaths of resident population (first six months) referred to 7357 municipalities (out of 7904, 93.1%), respectively to 95.0% of resident population.

CY

90%

90%

90%

90%

90%

90%

90%

90%

 

LV

98%

98%

98%

98%

98%

98%

98%

98%

 

LT

87.4%

95%

95%

97.4%

97.4%

99.1%

99.1%

99.8%

 

HU

96%

97%

98%

99%

99%

100%

100%

100%

 

AT

98%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

 

PT

99%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

 

RO

70-71%

98%

98-98.5%

98-99%

99%

99%

99%

99-99.5%

 

SI

99%

99%

99%

99%

99%

99%

99%

99%

 

SK

75%
(W31 is incomplete, as it contains only 5 days of July)

94%

94%

94%

96%

96%

96%

96%

If the last week for which data are available stretches over 2 months only deaths occurred in the oldest month are reported in 1st transmission and the completeness is improved in further data transmissions.

FI

55-60%

85-90%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

 

SE

90-95%

97-98%

97-98%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

 

IS

60%

93%

93%

99%

99%

99%

99%

99.6%

 

LI

85%

85%

85%

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

 

CH

85.98%

92.36% 94.69% 95.88% 96.72% 97.32%

97.7%

98%

 

AL

70%

90%

90%

90%

90%

98%

98%

98%

 

ME

90%

90%

90%

90%

90%

90%

90%

90%

 

AM

90-95%

90-95%

90-95%

90-95%

90-95%

90-95%

90-95%

90-95%

 

GE

98%

98%

98%

98%

98%

98%

98%

98%

 

13.2. Sampling error

Not applicable.

13.3. Non-sampling error

Not applicable.


14. Timeliness and punctuality Top
14.1. Timeliness

The latest available weekly data are transmitted by the national statistical institutes to Eurostat every week.  No reference week is set up, as every country has its own data processing and release calendar. Data are processed by Eurostat as soon as they are transmitted, for a timely dissemination.

14.2. Punctuality

Not applicable.


15. Coherence and comparability Top
15.1. Comparability - geographical

Eurostat’s recommendation for the definition of time of death is by ‘date of occurrence’, but data by ‘date of registration’ are accepted.

 

The definition of time of death was reported by the countries as follows (more information will be added):

- date of occurrence: BE, BG, CZ, DK, DE, EE, EL, ES, FR, HR, IT, CY, LV (2000-2019 data), LT, LU, HU, MT, NL, AT, PL, PT, RO, SI, SK, FI, SE, IS, LI, NO, CH, ME, RS, AD, GE;

- date of registration:  LV (2020), UK and AM.

 

Notes by country:

Hungary, Latvia and Sweden report a number of deaths where the week of death is unknown. The respective data for the unknown week of death are published in Eurostat’s online tables under the code TIME=YYYYW99, where YYYY is the year and W99 means ‘unknown week’.

15.2. Comparability - over time

Not available.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain

Not available.

15.4. Coherence - internal

Eurostat efforts are concentrated on providing quickly statistics that show the changing situation as concerns the total number of weekly deaths from early 2020 onwards. Work is ongoing to improve data quality and user friendliness.

Incoming weekly statistics are not submitted to Eurostat's regular validation process. Consistency of the weekly deaths data has not been checked against the annual or the monthly deaths series available in Eurostat's online tables demo_magec, demo_mmonth, demo_r_magec and demo_r_magec3

Data referring to recent weeks may be under-reporting the actual number of deaths and they are likely to be revised. 


16. Cost and Burden Top

Not applicable.


17. Data revision Top
17.1. Data revision - policy

Eurostat’s policy on demographic statistics is to carry out updates as soon as updated data are received from the national statistical institutes.

17.2. Data revision - practice

The online weekly deaths data are expected to be revised according to the most recent data released and sent to Eurostat by the national statistical institutes.

Data referring to recent weeks may be under-reporting the actual number of deaths and they are likely to be revised.


18. Statistical processing Top
18.1. Source data

Data are collected by Eurostat from the national statistical institutes.

18.2. Frequency of data collection

Weekly.

18.3. Data collection

In April 2020 Eurostat set up an exceptional temporary data collection on total weekly deaths. Data are transmitted by the national statistical institutes on voluntary basis, depending on data availability at national level.

18.4. Data validation

Eurostat efforts are concentrated on providing quickly statistics that show the changing situation as concerns the total number of weekly deaths from early 2020 onwards. Work is ongoing to improve data quality and user friendliness.

Incoming weekly statistics are not submitted to Eurostat's regular validation process. Consistency of the weekly deaths data has not been checked against the annual or the monthly deaths series available in Eurostat's online tables demo_magec, demo_mmonth, demo_r_magec and demo_r_magec3.. Higher level totals by age or by region may not always be available if they were not transmitted by the countries.

18.5. Data compilation

Not applicable.

18.6. Adjustment

Not applicable.


19. Comment Top

Not applicable.


Related metadata Top


Annexes Top