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List of Invasive Alien Species of Union concern

The core of Regulation (EU) 1143/2014 is the list of Invasive Alien Species of Union concern (the Union list). The species included on the Union list are subject to restrictions and measures set out in the Regulation. These include restrictions on keeping, importing, selling, breeding and growing. Member States are required to take action on pathways of unintentional introduction, to take measures for the early detection and rapid eradication of these species, and to manage species that are already widely spread in their territory.

The initial Union list entered into force on 3 August 2016. Press release and questions & answers.

The first update of the Union list entered into force on 2 August 2017. Press release.

The second update of the Union list entered into force on 15 August 2019.

Process towards adding species on the Union list

Both the European Commission and the Member States can propose additional species for inclusion on the Union list, according to Article 4(4) of the Regulation, including a risk assessment.

The deadline to submit risk assessments for the next update of the Union list is 10 February 2020. An overview of risk assessments under preparation is available here. A horizon scanning has been commissioned in support of the selection process. It cannot in any way be regarded as the list that the Commission will be proposing, nor to represent the opinion of the Commission.

Proposed risk assessments are first reviewed by the Scientific Forum. It provides an opinion on whether the risk assessments are robust and fit for purpose, according to an agreed procedure. While the Scientific Forum is reviewing these risk assessments, stakeholders are invited to submit additional evidence that could improve the risk assessments. The risk assessments currently under review by the Scientific Forum are available here.

Proposals for which the underpinning risk assessments receive a positive opinion from the Scientific Forum are forwarded to the IAS Committee. It examines the compliance of the proposed species with the criteria for listing (cf. Art 4(3) and 4(6) of the IAS Regulation). The approved risk assessments ready for the opinion of the IAS Committee are available here.

The Commission makes the draft proposal for an update of the Union list available for public feedback. Having considered this feedback, the Commission submits the final proposal for an update of the Union list to the IAS Committee. Any update of the Union list is subject to the positive opinion of the IAS Committee.

Consolidated List of Invasive Alien Species of Union concern

This brochure includes a short description of all invasive alien species of Union concern, offering brief, non-technical and informal summaries of their origin, their present distribution in the EU, how they threaten our native biodiversity, and how the applicable restrictions and obligations will help mitigate their negative impacts. An update of this brochure including the second list update is in preparation.

Reports showing the baseline distribution of the species on the Union list published by the Joint Research Centre can be found here. An update of the baseline distribution including the second list update is in preparation.

PLANTS

Scientific name

English name

Entry into force

Acacia saligna (Acacia cyanophylla)

Golden wreath wattle

15 August 2019

Ailanthus altissima

Tree of heaven

15 August 2019

Alternanthera philoxeroides

Alligator weed

2 August 2017

Andropogon virginicus

Broomsedge bluestem

15 August 2019

Asclepias syriaca

Common milkweed

2 August 2017

Baccharis halimifolia

Eastern baccharis

3 August 2016

Cabomba caroliniana

Fanwort

3 August 2016

Cardiospermum grandiflorum

Balloon vine

15 August 2019

Cortaderia jubata

Purple pampas grass

15 August 2019

Eichhornia crassipes

Water hyacinth

3 August 2016

Elodea nuttallii

Nuttall's waterweed

2 August 2017

Ehrharta calycina

Perrenial veldt grass

15 August 2019

Gunnera tinctoria

Chilean rhubarb

2 August 2017

Gymnocoronis spilanthoides

Senegal tea plant

15 August 2019

Heracleum mantegazzianum

Giant hogweed

2 August 2017

Heracleum persicum

Persian hogweed

3 August 2016

Heracleum sosnowskyi

Sosnowsky's hogweed

3 August 2016

Humulus scandens

Japanese hop

15 August 2019

Hydrocotyle ranunculoides

Floating pennywort

3 August 2016

Impatiens glandulifera

Indian balsam

2 August 2017

Lagarosiphon major

Curly waterweed

3 August 2016

Lespedeza cuneata (Lespedeza juncea var. sericea)

Chinese bushclover

15 August 2019

Ludwigia grandiflora

Water-primrose

3 August 2016

Ludwigia peploides

Floating primrose-willow

3 August 2016

Lygodium japonicum

Vine-like fern

15 August 2019

Lysichiton americanus

American skunk cabbage

3 August 2016

Microstegium vimineum

Japanese stiltgrass

2 August 2017

Myriophyllum aquaticum

Parrot's feather

3 August 2016

Myriophyllum heterophyllum

Broadleaf watermilfoil

2 August 2017

Parthenium hysterophorus

Whitetop weed

3 August 2016

Pennisetum setaceum

Crimson fountaingrass

2 August 2017

Persicaria perfoliata

Asiatic tearthumb

3 August 2016

Prosopis juliflora

Mesquite

15 August 2019

Pueraria lobata

Kudzu vine

3 August 2016

Salvinia molesta (Salvinia adnata)

Salvinia moss

15 August 2019

Triadica sebifera (Sapium sebiferum)

Chinese tallow

15 August 2019

 


ANIMALS


Scientific name

English name

Entry into force

Acridotheres tristis

Common myna

15 August 2019

Alopochen aegyptiacus

Egyptian goose

2 August 2017

Arthurdendyus triangulates

New Zealand flatworm

15 August 2019

Callosciurus erythraeus

Pallas' squirrel

3 August 2016

Corvus splendens

Indian house crow

3 August 2016

Eriocheir sinensis

Chinese mittencrab

3 August 2016

Herpestes javanicus

Small Asian mongoose

3 August 2016

Lepomis gibbosus

Pumpkinseed

15 August 2019

Lithobates catesbeianus

American bullfrog

3 August 2016

Muntiacus reevesi

Muntjac deer

3 August 2016

Myocastor coypus

Coypu

3 August 2016

Nasua nasua

Coati

3 August 2016

Nyctereutes procyonoides

Raccoon dog

2 February 2019

Ondatra zibethicus

Muskrat

2 August 2017

Orconectes limosus

Spiny-cheek crayfish

3 August 2016

Orconectes virilis

Virile crayfish

3 August 2016

Oxyura jamaicensis 

Ruddy duck

3 August 2016

Pacifastacus leniusculus

Signal crayfish

3 August 2016

Percottus glenii

Amur sleeper

3 August 2016

Plotosus lineatus

Striped eel catfish

15 August 2019

Procambarus clarkii

Red swamp crayfish

3 August 2016

Procambarus fallax f. virginalis

Marbled crayfish

3 August 2016

Procyon lotor

Raccoon

3 August 2016

Pseudorasbora parva

Stone moroko

3 August 2016

Sciurus carolinensis

Grey squirrel

3 August 2016

Sciurus niger

Fox squirrel

3 August 2016

Tamias sibiricus

Siberian chipmunk

3 August 2016

Threskiornis aethiopicus

Sacred ibis

3 August 2016

Trachemys scripta

Red-eared, yellow-bellied and Cumberland sliders

3 August 2016

Vespa velutina nigrithorax

Asian hornet

3 August 2016

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