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European Red List

The European Red List is a review of the status of European species according to IUCN Regional Red List guidelines. It identifies those species that are threatened with extinction at the European level (Pan-Europe and the European Union) so that appropriate conservation action can be taken to improve their status.

Common Fire Salamander
Common Fire Salamander
Salamandra salamandra
Photo © Roberto Sindaco

The European Red List is compiled by IUCN's Global Species ProgrammeSpecies Survival Commission and European Regional Office. To date 15,060 species have been assessed on the European Red List, through a mix of funding schemes, including all vertebrate species (mammals, amphibians, reptiles, birds and fishes), freshwater and terrestrial molluscs, trees and medicinal plants, bryophytes, dragonflies, butterflies, bees, grasshoppers, crickets and bush-crickets, and a selected set of saproxylic beetles and plants (shrubs, crop wild relatives, aquatic plants, and the species that are listed under European or international policy instruments).

Additionally, IUCN has recently been awarded a project funded by the European Commission (EC) to assess the extinction risk of all native European hoverfly species (approx. 900 species). This project started in January 2019 and will run until December 2021. The European Red List of Hoverflies stems from Action 1B of the EU Pollinators Initiative put forward by the EC in June 2018 to address the decline of pollinators in the European Union.

To find detailed information on a particular species, click the “Search for a Species” button in the top left-hand corner of the page. This website includes background information on the assessment process and methods, along with an overview of the key findings of the European Red List. More detailed results and discussion can be found in the individual European Red List publications, which can be downloaded in electronic format (see links in menu bar on left).

Global Species Programme: https://www.iucn.org/theme/species

Species Survival Commission: https://www.iucn.org/species/about/species-survival-commission

European Regional Office: https://www.iucn.org/regions/europe