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Informal care forms a cornerstone of all long-term care (LTC) systems in Europe and is often seen as a cost-effective way of preventing institutionalisation and enabling users to remain at home. Most recent LTC reform packages have included important components focused on informal carers. The purpose of this study is to explore the range and meaning of policies which ‘formalise’ the role and status of informal carers in a subset of European countries. These schemes, either directed at carers specifically or indirectly through user policies, ‘formalise’ the caregiving role and, to varying extents, treats carers as recognized care providers. The study also attempts to shed light on the relevance of this policy trend for quality of informal care.
This work documents the shares of non-automatable and automatable jobs in 24 European countries over the last three decades. Knowledge of this distribution is important as it reveals the countries, and the demographics within these countries whose employment is the most vulnerable to disappearing because of automation, as well countries who have tended towards substituting labour with automation at a faster rate over the last two decades. The same distribution also reveals the jobs that are likely to stay with us in the future, to the extent that they are non-automatable.
This study analyses EU-28 and euro area-level income distribution. More specifically it shows the development of inequality in net disposable incomes over the pre- and post-crisis period (2006‒2014). The analysis shows that income inequality in the EU as a whole was falling up until the crisis and then stabilised afterwards. In the euro area it has increased slightly over the same period.
This note estimates the employment effects of statutory minimum wages for a panel of EU member states.
The first Employment and Social Development in Europe (ESDE) Quarterly Review of 2018 highlights the solid economic growth in the EU combined with a positive economic outlook together with general improvements in the labour market.
The number of employed in the EU is above 236 million in the third quarter of 2017. At the same time, unemployment is decreasing at a solid pace. Economic growth and positive developments in the labor market are visible in the majority of Member States. The latest forecasts present a positive outlook for the next years.
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