Fondul de Solidaritate al UE

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Fondul de Solidaritate al Uniunii Europene (FSUE) este principalul instrument de care dispune UE pentru a face faţă catastrofelor naturale majore şi pentru a-şi manifesta solidaritatea cu regiunile din Europa afectate de dezastre. Fondul a fost creat ca reacţie la inundaţiile devastatoare care au lovit Europa Centrală în vara anului 2002. De atunci, a fost utilizat în cazul a 67 de dezastre de diverse tipuri: inundaţii, incendii forestiere, cutremure, furtuni şi secetă. Până în prezent, au fost sprijinite 24 de ţări europene diferite, suma totală alocată depăşind 3.7 miliarde de euro. Clic aici pentru a accesa lista tuturor intervenţiilor PDF en

Cererile trebuie să ajungă la Comisie în termen de 12 săptămâni de la data primelor pagube cauzate de dezastru.

Este recomandabil ca organismul responsabil de întocmirea cererii să stabilească, cât mai curând, un contact direct cu serviciul responsabil din cadrul Direcţiei Generale Politică Regională, care poate oferi consultanţă de specialitate utilă pentru o accelerare a procedurii.

Această pagină este actualizată periodic. Vă rugăm să descărcați ultima versiune a formularului de cerere.

  • Formular de cerere (Ultima actualizare: 02-02-2015) Word en
  • Note orientative Word en
  • Praguri pentru catastrofe majore PDF en
  • Praguri pentru catastrofe regionale PDF en
  • Calcularea pragului pentru catastrofele care afectează mai multe regiuni (pe baza PIB-ului mediu ponderat) xls en
  • La ce sume vă puteți aștepta? PDF en

Comisia evaluează cererea şi, dacă o consideră acceptabilă, propune Parlamentului European şi Consiliului o sumă pe care aceste instituţii trebuie să o aprobe înainte de a fi acordată. De îndată ce fondurile devin disponibile în bugetul UE, ajutorul este plătit imediat, într-o singură tranşă, după semnarea unui acord între Comisie şi statul beneficiar. După efectuarea plăţii, statul afectat răspunde de implementare, inclusiv de selectarea operaţiunilor, precum şi de auditarea şi monitorizarea acestora. Măsurile de urgenţă pot fi finanţate retroactiv, începând cu ziua în care a survenit dezastrul.

De reţinut că FSUE nu este un instrument de reacţie rapidă vizând înlăturarea efectelor unui dezastru natural. Ajutorul financiar nu poate fi acordat statului solicitant decât pe baza unei cereri şi a unui proces bugetar care poate dura câteva luni.

Comisia Europeană
Direcția Generală Politică Regională și Urbană
Unit E1/EUSF
B-1049 Brussels
Belgium
Johannes Wachter
Tel: +32 2 296 65 15
Andrea Lamprecht
Tel: +32 2 298 10 68

In what cases does the EUSF assist?

The EUSF The EUSF can provide financial aid to Member States and countries engaged in accession negotiations

  1. in the event of a 'major disaster': total direct damage exceeding € 3 billion at 2011 prices or 0.6% of the GNI of the affected State, whichever is the lower.
  2. in the event for smaller, so-called ‘regional disasters': total direct damage exceeding 1.5% of regional GDP (at NUTS2 level). For outermost regions the threshold of 1% of regional GDP is applied.
  3. in the event that an eligible State is affected by the same major disaster as an eligible neighbouring State.

With what budget?

Solidarity Fund aid can be mobilised up to a maximum annual total of € 500 million (in 2011 prices) plus the unspent allocation from the preceding year which is raised over and above the normal EU budget. Individual grants have to be approved by the European Parliament and the Council following a proposal from the Commission. One quarter of this amount must remain available on 1 October of every year to meet possible needs through to the end of the year. In exceptional cases and if the resources remaining for the rest of the year are insufficient, the shortfall may be met out of the next year's budget.

For what actions?

The EUSF The EUSF supplements Member States' public expenditure for the following essential emergency operations:

  • restoring the working order of infrastructure and plant in the fields of energy, water and waste water, telecommunications, transport, health and education;
  • providing temporary accommodation and funding rescue services to meet the needs of the population concerned;
  • securing preventive infrastructure and measures of protection of cultural heritage;
  • cleaning up disaster-stricken areas, including natural zones, in line with, where appropriate, eco-system based approaches, as well as immediate restoration of affected natural zones to avoid immediate effects from soil erosion.

The EUSF was not set up with the aim of meeting all the costs linked to natural disasters. The Fund is limited in principle to non-insurable damage and does not compensate for private losses. Long-term action – such as lasting reconstruction, economic redevelopment and prevention – are not eligible for EUSF aid. It could, however, qualify for aid under other instruments, most notably the Structural Funds and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development.

Examples

Austria - Flooding of August 2005 (regional disaster)

In August 2005, heavy flooding occurred in parts of two Austrian Länder Vorarlberg and Tyrol. The flooding caused severe damage to the agricultural sector, to tourism, residential properties and businesses, to the transport network and other infrastructure. The total direct damage was estimated at EUR 591.94 million which represents approximately 0.27 % of Austria's GNI. Since the figure is lower than the applicable threshold for mobilising the Solidarity Fund for major disasters (0.6 % of Austria's GNI, i.e. EUR 1.3363 billion), the application was therefore examined under exceptional criteria for so-called extraordinary regional disasters. The Commission came to the conclusion that the application provided sufficient evidence to allow exceptionally mobilising the Solidarity Fund and to grant financial aid amounting to EUR 14.79 million. The aid was used for:

  1. the immediate restoration to working order of infrastructure, in particular in restoration of state roads. Total EUSF contribution: EUR 9.86 million.
  2. the immediate securing of preventive infrastructures, in particular of restoration of damaged embankments of water courses, including the removal of trees and rubble, damming, stabilisation and restoration of river beds. Total EUSF contribution: EUR 4.93 million.

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