Il-Fond ta' Solidarjetà tal-UE

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Il-Fond ta' Solidarjetà tal-Unjoni Ewropea (EUSF) twaqqaf biex iwieġeb għad-diżastri naturali ewlenin u jesprimi solidarjetà Ewropea mar-reġjuni milquta minn diżastri fl-Ewropa. Il-Fond inħoloq bħala reazzjoni għall-għargħar kiefer fl-Ewropa Ċentrali fis-Sajf tal-2002. S'issa, hu ntuża għal 67 diżastru li jkopru firxa ta' avvenimenti katastrofiċi differenti fosthom għargħar, nirien fil-foresti, terremoti, tempesti u nixfa. 24 pajjiż Ewropej differenti kienu appoġġati s'issa għal ammont ta' aktar minn 3.7 biljun ewro. Ikklikkja għal-lista tal-interventi kollha PDF en

Kull applikazzjoni jinħtiġilha li tasal għand il-Kummissjoni fi żmien 12 ġimgħat mid-data tal-ewwel ħsara kkawżata mid-diżastru.

Hu rrakkomandat b'mod qawwi li l-entità responsabbli għat-tħejjija ta' applikazzjoni tistabbilixxi kuntatt dirett bikri mas-servizz responsabbli fid-DĠ tal-Politika Reġjonali li jkun jista' joffri firxa ta' pariri li jħaffu l-proċedura tal-applikazzjoni kemm jista' jkun possibbli.

Din il-paġna tiġi aġġornata regolarment, jekk jogħġbok niżżel l-aktar verżjoni reċenti tal-formola ta' applikazzjoni.

  • Formola ta' applikazzjoni (L-aħħar aġġornament: 02-02-2015) Word en
  • Noti ta' gwida Word en
  • Limiti għal diżastri kbar PDF en
  • Limiti għal diżastri reġjonali PDF en
  • Kif tiddetermina l-limitu għad-diżastri li jaffettwaw ħafna reġjuni (ibbażat fuq il-medja peżata tal-PDG) xls en
  • Kemm flus tista' tistenna? PDF en

Il-Kummissjoni tivvaluta l-applikazzjoni u - jekk l-applikazzjoni tiġi aċċettata - tipproponi ammont ta' għajnuna lill-Parlament Ewropew u lill-Kunsill li jrid japprovaha qabel ma tkun tista' titħallas. Ladarba l-fondi jkunu disponibbli, l-għajnuna titħallas immedjatament f'pagament wieħed wara l-iffirmar ta' ftehim bejn il-Kummissjoni u l-Istat benefiċjarju. Meta l-għotja titħallas, l-Istat affettwat hu responsabbli għall-implimentazzjoni inkluż l-għażla ta' operazzjonijiet u tal-awditjar u l-kontroll tagħhom. Miżuri ta' emerġenza jista' jkunu ffinanzjati b'mod retroattiv mill-ewwel ġurnata tad-diżastru.

Ta' min jinnota li l-EUSF mhux strument ta' respons rapidu biex jiġu ttrattati l-effetti ta' diżastru naturali. L-għajnuna finanzjarja tista' tingħata biss lill-Istat li japplika wara applikazzjoni u proċess baġitarju li jista' jieħu diversi xhur biex jitlesta.

Il-Kummissjoni Ewropea
Id-Direttorat Ġenerali għall-Politika Reġjonali u Urbana
Unit E1/EUSF
B-1049 Brussels
Belgium
Johannes Wachter
Telefown: + 32 2 296 65 15
Andrea Lamprecht
Telefown: +32 2 298 10 68

In what cases does the EUSF assist?

The EUSF The EUSF can provide financial aid to Member States and countries engaged in accession negotiations

  1. in the event of a 'major disaster': total direct damage exceeding € 3 billion at 2011 prices or 0.6% of the GNI of the affected State, whichever is the lower.
  2. in the event for smaller, so-called ‘regional disasters': total direct damage exceeding 1.5% of regional GDP (at NUTS2 level). For outermost regions the threshold of 1% of regional GDP is applied.
  3. in the event that an eligible State is affected by the same major disaster as an eligible neighbouring State.

With what budget?

Solidarity Fund aid can be mobilised up to a maximum annual total of € 500 million (in 2011 prices) plus the unspent allocation from the preceding year which is raised over and above the normal EU budget. Individual grants have to be approved by the European Parliament and the Council following a proposal from the Commission. One quarter of this amount must remain available on 1 October of every year to meet possible needs through to the end of the year. In exceptional cases and if the resources remaining for the rest of the year are insufficient, the shortfall may be met out of the next year's budget.

For what actions?

The EUSF The EUSF supplements Member States' public expenditure for the following essential emergency operations:

  • restoring the working order of infrastructure and plant in the fields of energy, water and waste water, telecommunications, transport, health and education;
  • providing temporary accommodation and funding rescue services to meet the needs of the population concerned;
  • securing preventive infrastructure and measures of protection of cultural heritage;
  • cleaning up disaster-stricken areas, including natural zones, in line with, where appropriate, eco-system based approaches, as well as immediate restoration of affected natural zones to avoid immediate effects from soil erosion.

The EUSF was not set up with the aim of meeting all the costs linked to natural disasters. The Fund is limited in principle to non-insurable damage and does not compensate for private losses. Long-term action – such as lasting reconstruction, economic redevelopment and prevention – are not eligible for EUSF aid. It could, however, qualify for aid under other instruments, most notably the Structural Funds and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development.

Examples

Austria - Flooding of August 2005 (regional disaster)

In August 2005, heavy flooding occurred in parts of two Austrian Länder Vorarlberg and Tyrol. The flooding caused severe damage to the agricultural sector, to tourism, residential properties and businesses, to the transport network and other infrastructure. The total direct damage was estimated at EUR 591.94 million which represents approximately 0.27 % of Austria's GNI. Since the figure is lower than the applicable threshold for mobilising the Solidarity Fund for major disasters (0.6 % of Austria's GNI, i.e. EUR 1.3363 billion), the application was therefore examined under exceptional criteria for so-called extraordinary regional disasters. The Commission came to the conclusion that the application provided sufficient evidence to allow exceptionally mobilising the Solidarity Fund and to grant financial aid amounting to EUR 14.79 million. The aid was used for:

  1. the immediate restoration to working order of infrastructure, in particular in restoration of state roads. Total EUSF contribution: EUR 9.86 million.
  2. the immediate securing of preventive infrastructures, in particular of restoration of damaged embankments of water courses, including the removal of trees and rubble, damming, stabilisation and restoration of river beds. Total EUSF contribution: EUR 4.93 million.

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