Inspiring non-EU countries
- 'Delivering the New Urban Agenda through the Urban Agenda for the EU':
- 'Developing a global, harmonised definition of cities';
- 'Fostering cooperation between cities in the field of sustainable urban development'.
- To identify common agendas and mutual learning and networking opportunities and to contribute to consolidating and enhancing knowledge exchange and cooperation between EU and non-EU cities in the field of sustainable and integrated urban development.
- Based on the experience of the URBELAC and World Cities projects, to promote learning and to identify approaches that can be shared on innovative solutions to sustainable and integrated urban development, including methodological issues.
- To raise awareness of the new possibilities for international cooperation offered by the new International Urban Cooperation programme and to attract cities and other relevant actors, private and public, to join the programme.
EU international cooperation in regional policy showcased at UN Habitat III
Commissioner Creţu travelled to the important United Nations Habitat III conference, 17-20 October 2016, held in Quito, Ecuador, at which a global New Urban Agenda was adopted. The Agenda sets out guidelines in an effort to promote urban development that is more inclusive, greener, safer and prosperous. It is a cornerstone in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and other key reform agendas, in particular the Paris Agreement.
The conference was also an opportunity to present REGIO's ongoing actions in the field of international cooperation in regional and urban policy. This included a networking event organized by REGIO on "Cities contributing to the New Urban Agenda through International Cooperation" where REGIO was accompanied by partners from UN Habitat and the Inter-American Development Bank, together with representatives of countries that have participated in recent EU-sponsored international cooperation projects: China, Spain and Portugal. REGIO also played a major role in providing the Commission's stand in the Habitat III exhibition area, which was opened by Commissioner Creţu.
Commissioner Creţu put forward three specific EU voluntary commitments to take forward the urban agenda both in the EU and internationally:
The latter includes the concrete initiatives involving REGIO which will help to advance the New Urban Agenda on a global stage: "World Cities II" and the "International Urbanisation Cooperation programme"
HABITAT III Networking event : Cities contributing to the new Urban Agenda through international cooperation
Join this event organised during the HABITAT III conference in Quito on Tuesday 18 October (14.00-16.00) in room MR2.
And discover innovative approaches and programmes on sustainable urban development as promoted by the European Commission and other partners such as the Inter-American Development Bank, and will support the implementation of the SDGs, UNFCCC and the new Urban Agenda.
Main objectives of the event:
Dr. Ronald Hall, Principal Advisor to the Director-General for Regional and Urban Policy, European Commission
Mr Filiberto Ceriani, Head of Division, European External Action Service;
Mr. Elkin Velasquez, Director, Regional Office Latin America and the Caribbean, UN-Habitat
Mr Andrés Blanco, Senior Expert, Urban Division, Inter-American Development Bank
Ms. Sandra Marin Herbert, Founder of the Urban Environment Observatory and Coordinator of the CAT-MED Platform for Sustainable Urban Models, City of Málaga;
Mr Zhou Yiren, Division Director, National Development and Reform Commission, PR China;
Ms. Catarina Freitas, Head of Sustainable Environmental Management and Planning Department, City of Almada;
In the international relations arena, the Directorate General for Regional and Urban Policy acts in support of, and in cooperation with the External Relations family of Directorates General (European External action Service EEAS and DEVCO) and with DG TRADE. There is a growing interest in different parts of world in the process of European integration, not just from an institutional point of view but also in terms of the policies that promote European cohesiveness. First and foremost among the latter is European regional policy which seeks to ensure that the benefits of the single market in Europe based on the free movement of goods and services, labour and capital, are as widely spread as possible.
Principal among the features of EU regional policy that are of interest to third countries such as China, Russia and Brazil, as well as to international organisations such as MERCOSUR and ASEAN, are the financial dimension and the geographical targeting of resources between Member States and regions; the geographical and strategic objectives; and the different dimensions of the implementation system. So far as countries in the European Neighbourhood are concerned the EU wishes to promote key concepts of EU regional policy such as open markets, respect for the environment, participative democracy and partnership in the conception and implementation of development policy.
This interest comes at a time when the policy has undergone substantial changes. In effect, EU regional policy today is a means of delivering the Union's policy priorities across its territory. It does so by co-financing integrated, national or regional investment programmes, where the Union's contribution to the programmes is greatest in the least prosperous areas.
Today therefore, EU regional policy is an integral part of economic policy, but with the unique feature that it is delivered with the consent and involvement of the grassroots through a multi-level governance system where each level - European, national, regional and local - has a role to play. The involvement of the grassroots, for example, in devising regional and local strategies and selecting projects creates a sense of ownership of European policy and in that way contributes to territorial integration. It is these features that have inspired interest in large countries with major territorial imbalances that are seeking to combine the pursuit of a more even pattern of growth with governance systems that contribute to transparent public policies and that help to further integration through decentralisation.
As well as projecting notions of inter-regional solidarity and good governance, cooperation in the field of regional policy also provides the opportunity to project other values such as respect for the free market through competition, state aid and public procurement rules, for environmental rules and policies and for equal opportunities and minority rights. These create the framework conditions under which EU financial support is granted and provide positive incentives to achieving high standards in public policy.
Regional Policy Dialogues
The Commission, DG REGIO, has concluded formal agreements on regional policy cooperation with China , Russia , Brazil , and Ukraine , Georgia , Moldova , Chile , Peru , Argentina (in progress), Japan , Mexico , Sistema de Integracion de Centro-America (SICA) , Colombia . These countries are confronted with wide regional disparities as well as major challenges in terms of coordinating the different levels of government, and ensuring that decentralization can be achieved without compromising efficiency.