Improving semantic interoperability in European eGovernment systems
Promoting semantic interoperability amongst the European Union Member States
When is this action of interest to you?
You work in the area of government metadata management and want to check upon and possibly reuse semantic assets (metadata and/or reference data), understand semantic interoperability requirements, approaches, tools, lessons learnt and case studies. You want to share your own semantic assets.
What is this action about?
The environment in which data exchange takes place amongst Member States is very complex, creating many barriers and challenges to the exchange of data during the execution of European Public Services. These barriers include divergent interpretations of the data, lack of commonly agreed and widely used metadata, absence of universal reference data (e.g. code lists, taxonomies), the multilingual challenge, etc. Due to these pressures, semantic interoperability becomes an important element in many eGovernment and interoperability national agendas and interesting experience and lessons-learnt can already be shared at a European level. The Action tries to reduce the consequences of semantic interoperability conflicts.
The action relies on Joinup (funded by ISA) as a platform to support the collaborative development of Core Concepts and Vocabularies, the search and re-use of interoperability assets with the use of enhanced indexing and browsing functionalities, and its promotional activities.
What are the objectives?
The main objectives include:
- Documenting what is available in each Member State with regards to metadata policies and the management of semantic interoperability assets and raising awareness on the importance of metadata management;
- Identifying opportunities for alignment on semantic definitions, metadata and reference data sources with special focus on identification and definitions of Core Concepts/ Vocabularies;
- Promoting, share and reuse of semantic assets, experiences and tools and facilitating agreements in key areas;
- Promoting the Asset Description Metadata Schema (ADMS) as a common specifications for enabling federation of repositories storing semantic assets and OSS.
What are the benefits?
- Access to a European repository of reusable semantic interoperability assets (via the Joinup platform).
- Forum to identify opportunities for alignment at European level.
- Reduced development costs due to reuse during the initial development phase and due to less interoperability conflicts while integrating systems or providing cross-agency/domain/country services.
- A platform and central point of reference for collecting, organizing, storing and making available semantic interoperability assets which have been created by various EU entities.
- An infrastructure that allows the Member States and the Commission services to identify conflicts, overlaps, duplication of work and possibilities for metadata and semantic assets.
Case Study - What do our users say ?
The Finnish Interoperability Portal
In autumn 2011 the Finnish Ministry of Finance launched Yhteentoimivuus.fi (Finnish for interoperability) – a new portal for sharing interoperability assets among public administrations in Finland. The portal reuses the open-source software from the former SEMIC.EU platform, which has been made publicly available by the former OSOR.EU. In the meantime both platforms have merged to Joinup.
What are the benefits?
- Yhteentoimivuus.fi enables the Finnish public administrations to share and reuse already existing semantic interoperability assets instead of re-inventing new ones.
- By reusing the technology from SEMIC.EU it was possible to reduce the development costs and risks compared to building a repository from scratch.
Which challenges did you face during the implementation phase?
The main challenge is to ensure that Yhteentoimivuus.fi has an impact on interoperability of electronic public services in Finland. Besides technical implementation challenges, decisions needed to be made on the nature of assets, their lifecycle and processes and the format in which the assets would be made available on the platform.
Have you reused existing software/tools/building blocks?
We used the SEMIC.EU platform available on the former OSOR.EU platform (in the meantime both platforms have merged under the new name Joinup). A key feature of SEMIC.EU is an ebXML Registry/ Repository for managing so called ‘Semantic Interoperability Assets’. SEMIC.EU also contains a forum to enable operating a community network for eGovernment projects and initiatives.
Do you have any recommendations for other public administrations that would like to implement your measure?
Any national or regional government should be aware that the architecture models, data models, taxonomies, code lists, software, etc. that it uses are of considerable value and should therefore be managed as interoperability assets. Consequently, governments should encourage public administrations to share and reuse these assets of interoperability at a level that surpasses the individual public administration.
Contact: Anne Kauhanen-Simanainen, Interoperability Portal Chief Counsellor, Ministry of Finance, FI, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Report on high-value datasets from EU institutions
- Training course on core vocabularies
- Metadata management requirements and existing solutions in EU Institutions and Member States
- SEMIC 2014 Highlights Report
- Promoting Semantic Interoperability for Open Public Data
- SEMIC 2014 Conference
- Core vocabularies Leaflet
- ADMS Leaflet
- DCAT-AP Leaflet
- Good practices for persistent URIs Leaflet
- Business models for LOGD Leaflet
- Case study : How Linked Data is transforming eGovernment
- Case study : Cookbook for translating relational data models to RDF schemas
- Study on business models for Linked Open Government Data (BM4LOGD)
- Business models for Linked Government Data: What lies beneath?
- Promoting Semantic Interoperability in Europe - 21 October 2013
- EGOV 2013 – ISA expert delivers opening keynote speech
- SEMIC 2013 Highlights Report
- Asset Description Metadata Schema (ADMS)
- Contact the ISA unit