Tourism statistics - winter season occupancy
- Data from August 2017. Most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database. Planned article update: September 2018.
This article analyses the tourism trends of the 2016-2017 winter season in the European Union (EU) Member States, EFTA and candidate countries. In terms of nights spent at hotels and similar accommodation establishments, tourism recorded positive growth rates in most countries compared with the same period in 2015-2016.
- 1 Main statistical findings
- 2 Data sources and availability
- 3 Context
- 4 See also
- 5 Further Eurostat information
- 6 External links
- 7 Notes
Main statistical findings
In the 2016-2017 winter season, tourism recorded positive growth compared with the same period in 2015-2016
Comparing the monthly figures for the entire 2016-2017 winter season with the same period of the previous year, 30.5 million more nights (+5.2 %) were spent in hotels and similar establishments in the European Union. This positive growth was reflected in the national figures of 24 out of 26 Member States where data is available. The highest increase was observed in Croatia (+21.6 %) followed by Cyprus (+18.4 %), while declines were reported by Portugal (-6.9 %) and Luxembourg (-2.5 %) (See Figure 1 and Table 1).
The most popular destinations for tourists travelling outside their own country of residence during the winter season 2016-2017 were Spain, Italy and Austria. The flows to these three countries accounted for half of all nights spent by non-residents in the EU-28.
Residents and non-residents contributed equally to the increase of nights spent
At EU-28 level the number of nights spent by non-residents in hotels and similar accommodation establishments increased by 6.0 % in the winter season 2016-2017 compared with the same period of the previous year. With the exception of Luxembourg and Portugal, this increase was reflected in the national figures of all Member States where data is available (see Table 1).
The highest shares of non-residents were recorded in Malta, Cyprus and Luxembourg (94.1 %, 90.9 % and 90.6 % respectively), while they were particularly low in Sweden (22.0 %), Germany (24.0 %) and Romania (24.7 %).
The number of nights spent by residents in hotels and similar accommodation increased by 4.5 % at EU-28 level, following the increase of domestic tourism in all Member States except Greece and Luxembourg.
Malta was the country with the highest occupancy rate of bed places ...
Compared with the same period of the previous year, net occupancy rates of bed places in the European Union increased by 2.4 percentage points during the 2016-2017 winter season. These rates ranged from 18.4 % in Croatia (January) to 71.4 % in Malta (April) (See Table 2).
In most of the countries, April was the month with the highest occupancy rates of bed places (See Figure 2). Malta was the country with the highest net occupancy rate in the peak month (71.4 %, April), followed by Austria (65.3 %, February), Spain (62.9 %, April) and Cyprus (62.5 %, April).
...and of bedrooms
During the winter season 2016-2017 net occupancy rates of bedrooms in hotels and similar accommodation establishments ranged from 20.8 % in Greece (November) and in Croatia (January) to 82.3 % in Malta (April) (See Table 3).
In most of the countries April was the month with the highest occupancy rates of bedrooms (See Figure 3). Malta was the country with the highest net occupancy rate in the peak month (82.3 %, April) followed by the Netherlands (78.1 %, April) and Austria (75.1 %, February).
Data sources and availability
Net occupancy rates of bedrooms: aggregates for EU-28 and estimates for periods longer than one month are not available for bedroom occupancy rates.
In terms of nights spent at hotels and similar accommodation establishments, in the 2016-2017 winter season, tourism recorded positive growth rates in most of the EU countries, compared with the same period in 2015-2016.
- Seasonality in the tourist accommodation sector
- Seasonality in tourism demand
- Tourism statistics
- Tourism statistics - summer season occupancy
- Tourism statistics at regional level
Further Eurostat information
Methodology / Metadata
- Occupancy of tourist accommodation establishments (ESMS metadata file — tour_occ_esms)
- Tourism statistics in the European Statistical System - 2008 data
Source data for tables and figures on this page (MS Excel)
- With 2012 as reference year:
- Regulation 692/2011 of 6 July 2011 concerning European statistics on tourism and repealing Council Directive 95/57/EC.
- Regulation 1051/2011 of 20 October 2011 implementing Regulation 692/2011 concerning European statistics on tourism, as regards the structure of the quality reports and the transmission of the data.
- Previous legal acts (concerning reference periods before 2012):
- Commission Decision 1999/35/CE of 9 December 1998 on the procedures for implementing Council Directive 95/57/EC on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism.
- Commission Decision 2004/883/CE of 10 December 2004 adjusting the Annex to Council Directive 95/57/EC on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism as regards country lists.
- Directive 95/57/EC of 23 November 1995 on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism.
- Directive 2006/110/EC of 20 November 2006 adapting Directives 95/57/EC and 2001/109/EC in the field of statistics, by reason of the accession of Bulgaria and Romania.
- Agenda for a sustainable and competitive European tourism (Communication from the European Commission, October 2007)
- European Commission - Directorate-General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs - Tourism
- The winter season runs from November to April of the following year. For example, the 2016-2017 winter season ran from November 2016 to April 2017.