Tourism statistics - nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments

Data extracted in January 2018. Most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database. Planned article update: March 2018
Please also see the monthly Eurostat News Release 24 January 2018.

This article focuses on the short-term evolutions in the nights spent in tourist accommodation in the European Union (EU). The data from the most recent reference month available (October 2017) are compared with the same month of the previous year. In addition, data from January 2017 to October 2017 are compared with the same period of the previous year.

Furthermore, the article includes estimates for the annual comparison of the entire year 2017 with 2016.

Figure 1: Percentage change in number of nights spent in tourist accommodation establishments, October 2017 compared with October 2016 (%) - Source: Eurostat (tour_occ_nim)
Table 1: Nights spent in tourist accommodation establishments, October 2017 and October 2016 (thousand nights) - Source: Eurostat (tour_occ_nim)
Table 2: Nights spent in tourist accommodation establishments, January to October 2017 and January to October 2016 (thousand nights) - Source: Eurostat (tour_occ_nim)
Figure 2: Evolution of the number of nights spent in EU-28 tourist accommodation establishments, January to October 2017 and January to October 2016 (million nights) - Source: Eurostat (tour_occ_nim)
Table 3: Annual estimates - Percentage change in number of nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments by NACE class, 2017 compared with 2016 (%) - Source: Eurostat (tour_occ_nim)
Figure 3: Annual estimates - Percentage change in number of nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments, 2017 compared with 2016 (%) - Source: Eurostat (tour_occ_nim)
Figure 4: Annual estimates - Percentage change in number of nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments, 2017 compared with 2016 (%) - Source: Eurostat (tour_occ_nim) (tour_occ_ninat)
Figure 5: Annual estimates - Percentage change in number of nights spent by non-residents at tourist accommodation establishments, 2017 compared with 2016 (%) - Source: Eurostat (tour_occ_nim)
Figure 6: Annual estimates - Percentage change in number of nights spent by residents at tourist accommodation establishments, 2017 compared with 2016 (%) - Source: Eurostat (tour_occ_nim)


Main statistical findings

October and the first 10 months of 2017

In October 2017 compared with October 2016, 5.3 million more nights (+2.8 %) were spent in tourist accommodation in the European Union (see Figure 1 and Table 1). This increase, which was observed in 23 out of 26 EU Member States for which data are available, was due to both non-residents (inbound tourists) who spent 3.8 million more nights (+4.2 %) and residents (domestic tourists travelling inside their own country of residence) who spent 1.4 million more nights (+1.5 %).

The biggest increase was recorded in Croatia (+11.2 %) followed by Portugal (+9.0 %) and Slovenia (+8.0 %), while three Member States recorded drops in October 2017 compared with October 2016: Bulgaria (-1.9 %), the Netherlands (-1.1 %) and Sweden (-0.6. %).

In the segment of hotels, the number of nights spent in October 2017 increased also by 2.8 % compared with October 2016 . Croatia, Slovenia, the Netherlands, Cyprus and Lithuania were the Member States which recorded the biggest increase (all above +7.0 %), while Bulgaria recorded a drop of -2.3 %.

Looking at the ten-month period from January to October 2017, an increase of 4.9 % was recorded in the number of nights spent in tourist accommodation establishments, compared with the same period one year earlier (see Table 2). This was mainly due to the number of nights spent in April (Easter holidays) and June 2017 which increased by +24.3 % and +12.0 % respectively compared with the same months of 2016 (see Figure 2).

First results for 2017

Nights spent at tourist accommodation across the EU grew by 5.1 % in 2017

Estimates for the entire year were obtained by extrapolating the evolution for the first ten or eleven months of the year to the remaining months. Compared with 2016, the total number of nights spent at tourist accommodation in the EU is estimated to have increased by 5.1 % in 2017.

Estimates for all three types of tourist accommodation establishments show rises for 2017; the number of nights spent at hotels, at rented holiday accommodation and at campsites increased by 4.9 %, 4.7 % and 6.9 % respectively (see Table 3).

The increase at EU level reflected national evolutions; in all but one of the 26 Member States where data is available the number of nights spent at tourist accommodation increased in 2017. Latvia, Slovenia and Croatia recorded the highest growth (+12.0 %, +11.3 % and +10.6 % respectively), while Luxembourg registered drops (see Figure 3).

Increase in total nights spent at tourist accommodation establishments due to both residents and non-residents

In 2017 the EU tourist accommodation sector continued its recovery that started in 2010 following the two years of decline, in 2008 and 2009 (see Figure 4).

The nights spent by both non-residents and residents grew faster in 2017 (+6.9 % and +3.5 % respectively) than in 2016 (+5.1 % and 3.1 %).

The growth of non-resident nights at EU level was reflected in all EU Member States for which data is available, except Luxembourg (-0.6 %) (see Figure 5).

Despite the positive growth at EU level for nights spent by residents, six Member States reported drops. This was the case for Luxembourg, Greece, Cyprus, Bulgaria, Sweden and Belgium while Malta (+14.1 %) and Latvia (+12.8 %) reported the highest growth rates (see Figure 6).

Data sources and availability

This article presents the short-term trends in nights spent in tourist accommodation in the European Union (EU), analysing monthly data provided by Member States.

For the year-to-year evolution of the number of nights spent in tourist accommodation and a detailed analysis of 2016 annual data, see Tourism statistics - annual results for the accommodation sector.

Context

The EU is a major tourist destination, with five Member States among the world’s top ten destinations for holidaymakers, according to UNWTO[1] data. Tourism is an important activity in the EU which contributes to employment and economic growth, as well as to the development of rural, peripheral or less-developed areas. These characteristics drive the demand for reliable and harmonised statistics on this activity, as well as within the wider context of regional policy and sustainable development policy areas.

See also

Further Eurostat information

Publications

Main tables

Database

Dedicated section

Methodology / Metadata

Source data for tables and figures on this page (MS Excel)

Other information

  • With 2012 as reference year:
Regulation (EU) No 692/2011 of 6 July 2011 concerning European statistics on tourism and repealing Council Directive 95/57/EC.
Regulation (EU) No 1051/2011 of 20 October 2011 implementing Regulation (EU) No 692/2011 concerning European statistics on tourism, as regards the structure of the quality reports and the transmission of the data.
  • Previous legal acts (concerning reference periods before 2012):
Commission Decision 1999/35/EC of 9 December 1998 on the procedures for implementing Council Directive 95/57/EC on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism.
Commission Decision 2004/883/EC of 10 December 2004 adjusting the Annex to Council Directive 95/57/EC on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism as regards country lists.
Directive 95/57/EC of 23 November 1995 on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism.
Directive 2006/110/EC of 20 November 2006 adapting Directives 95/57/EC and 2001/109/EC in the field of statistics, by reason of the accession of Bulgaria and Romania.

External links

Notes

  1. UNWTO Tourism Highlights