Glossary:High-tech classification of manufacturing industries

In order to compile statistics on high-tech economic activities, Eurostat uses an aggregation of the manufacturing industry according to technological intensity and based on NACE Rev.2. for compiling aggregates related to high-technology, medium high-technology, medium low-technology and low-technology.

Based on NACE Rev. 2 3-digit level

  • High-technology:
  • Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations (21);
  • Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products (26);
  • Manufacture of air and spacecraft and related machinery (30.3)
  • Medium-high-technology:
  • Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products (20);
  • Manufacture of weapons and ammunition (25.4);
  • Manufacture of electrical equipment (27);
  • Manufacture of machineryand equipment n.e.c. (28);
  • Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers (29);
  • Manufacture of other transport equipment (30) excluding Building of ships and boats (30.1) and excluding Manufacture of air and spacecraft and related machinery (30.3);
  • Manufacture of medical and dental instruments and supplies (32.5)
  • Medium-low-technology:
  • Reproduction of recorded media (18.2);
  • Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products (19);
  • Manufacture of rubber and plastic products (22);
  • Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products (23);
  • Manufacture of basic metals (24);
  • Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment (25) excluding Manufacture of weapons and ammunition (25.4);
  • Building of ships and boats (30.1);
  • Repair and installation of machinery and equipment (33)
  • Low-technology:
  • Manufacture of food products (10);
  • Manufacture of beverages (11);
  • Manufacture of tobacco products (12);
  • Manufacture of textiles (13);
  • Manufacture of wearing apparel (14);
  • Manufacture of leather and related products (15);
  • Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials (16);
  • Manufacture of paper and paper products (17);
  • Printing and reproduction of recorded media (18) excluding Reproduction of recorded media (18.2);
  • Manufacture of furniture (31);
  • Other manufacturing (32) excluding Manufacture of medical and dental instruments and supplies (32.5)

Based on NACE Rev. 2 2-digit level

In a few cases (Research and development (R & D), Employment in high-tech and Human resources in science and technology (HRST)), due to restrictions of the source data used, Eurostat also uses a classification based on NACE Rev. 2 at 2-digit level.

  • High-technology:
  • Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations (21);
  • Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products (26)
  • Medium-high-technology:
  • Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products (20);
  • Manufacture of electrical equipment (27);
  • Manufacture of machineryand equipment n.e.c. (28);
  • Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers (29);
  • Manufacture of other transport equipment (30)
  • Medium-low-technology:
  • Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products (19);
  • Manufacture of rubber and plastic products (22);
  • Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products (23);
  • Manufacture of basic metals (24);
  • Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment (25)
  • Repair and installation of machinery and equipment (33)
  • Low-technology:
  • Manufacture of food products (10);
  • Manufacture of beverages (11);
  • Manufacture of tobacco products (12);
  • Manufacture of textiles (13);
  • Manufacture of wearing apparel (14);
  • Manufacture of leather and related products (15);
  • Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials (16);
  • Manufacture of paper and paper products (17);
  • Printing and reproduction of recorded media (18)
  • Manufacture of furniture (31);
  • Other manufacturing (32)

Related concepts

Statistical data