Glossary:Excessive deficit procedure (EDP)
The Excessive deficit procedure, abbreviated as EDP, is an action launched by the European Commission against any European Union (EU) Member State that exceeds the budgetary deficit ceiling imposed by the EU's Stability and growth pact legislation. The procedure entails several steps, potentially culminating in sanctions, to encourage a Member State to get its budget deficit under control, a requirement for the smooth functioning of Economic and monetary union (EMU).
According to the "Protocol on the Excessive deficit procedure", annexed to the Maastricht Treaty on economic and monetary union, Member States in the euro area and euro area candidate countries must demonstrate sound public finances. There are two criteria:
- the budget deficit must not exceed 3 % of gross domestic product (GDP);
- public debt must not exceed 60 % of GDP.
For the sake of comparability between Member States, these criteria are measured on the basis of two economic categories from the national accounts framework:
- net lending and net borrowing;
- gross debt at face value - including liabilities of general government in the following financial instruments: currency and deposits, debt securities and loans.
As part of the procedure and on the basis of Council Regulation 479/2009 as amended by Commission Regulation 220/2014, all Member States are requested to report their data to Eurostat before 1 April and 1 October each year. Following assessment of the quality of deficit and debt data provided and their compliance with national accounts rules (European system of national and regional accounts), Eurostat publishes, within three weeks after the deadline, the notified government deficit and debt data by way of a news release. When Eurostat has doubts on the quality of reported data, it may express reservations on the data of the Member State concerned. In addition to the notification periods, Eurostat maintains very close contacts with the national statistical institutes of Member States, by way of technical working group meetings, visits to Member States, exchange of correspondence, etc.
The respective National accounts and EDP definitions presented in the following table:
|National accounts (ESA 2010)||Excessive deficit procedure (EDP)|
|Net lending (+)/ net borrowing (-)||Government surplus / deficit (net lending/ borrowing under EDP)|
| = (conceptually) net acquisition of financial assets less net incurrence
of liabilities or
= gross saving (defined as gross disposable income less final consumption expenditure) less net capital transfers less gross acquisitions less disposals of non-financial assets, or
|= net lending (+)/ net borrowing (-) of 'general government' (as defined in ESA 2010)|
|Liabilities||Government consolidated gross debt (“Maastricht debt”)|
| eight categories of (instruments in) liabilities:
|| sum of government liabilities as defined in ESA 2010 in:
measured at nominal (face) value and consolidated.
- European Commission - Economic and Financial Affairs - The corrective arm / Excessive deficit procedure