Glossary:Country codes

Member States of the European Union (EU) and other countries have been assigned a two-letter country code, always written in capital letters, and often used as an abbreviation in statistical analyses, tables, figures or maps.

The protocol order in which countries are often listed is based on the alphabetical list of countries in their national language for EU and EFTA Member States and for candidate countries; for potential candidates, it is based on the alphabetical order of their country code.

EU Member States come first, followed by European Free Trade Association (EFTA) Member States, candidate countries for EU membership, potential candidates and, finally, other countries. The order in the tables below is first column down, then second column down, etc..

European Union (EU)

Belgium (BE) Greece (EL) Lithuania (LT) Portugal (PT)
Bulgaria (BG) Spain (ES) Luxembourg (LU) Romania (RO)
Czech Republic (CZ) France (FR) Hungary (HU) Slovenia (SI)
Denmark (DK) Croatia (HR) Malta (MT) Slovakia (SK)
Germany (DE) Italy (IT) Netherlands (NL) Finland (FI)
Estonia (EE) Cyprus (CY) Austria (AT) Sweden (SE)
Ireland (IE) Latvia (LV) Poland (PL) United Kingdom (UK)

European Free Trade Association (EFTA)

Iceland (IS) Norway (NO)
Liechtenstein (LI) Switzerland (CH)

EU candidate countries

Montenegro (ME)
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (MK[1])
Albania (AL)
Serbia (RS)
Turkey (TR)

Potential candidates (all other Western Balkan countries)

Kosovo*[2] (XK[3])
Bosnia and Herzegovina (BA)

European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP)-East countries:

Armenia (AM) Belarus (BY) Georgia (GE)
Azerbaijan (AZ) Moldova (MD) Ukraine (UA)

European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP)-South countries:

Algeria (DZ) Lebanon (LB) Syria (SY)
Egypt (EG) Libya (LY) Tunisia (TN)
Israel (IL) Morocco (MA)    
Jordan (JO) Palestine* [4] (PS)    

Other European countries

Russia (RU)

Non-European countries

Argentina (AR) China (except Hong Kong) (CN_X_HK) Mexico (MX) South Africa (ZA)
Australia (AU) Hong Kong (HK) Nigeria (NG) South Korea (KR)
Brazil (BR) India (IN) New Zealand (NZ) Taiwan (TW)
Canada (CA) Japan (JP) Singapore (SG) United States (US)

Further information

Related concepts

Notes

  1. 'MK' is a provisional code which does not prejudge in any way the definitive nomenclature for this country, which will be agreed following the conclusion of negotiations currently taking place on this subject at the United Nations.
  2. This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo Declaration of Independence.
  3. 'XK' is a code used for practical reasons and not an official ISO country code.
  4. This designation shall not be construed as recognition of a State of Palestine and is without prejudice to the individual positions of the Member States on this issue.