Packaging waste by waste operations and waste flow (env_waspac)

Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Compiling agency: Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4. Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and comparability
16. Cost and Burden
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

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1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union

1.2. Contact organisation unit

E2: Environmental statistics and accounts; sustainable development

1.5. Contact mail address

2920 Luxembourg LUXEMBOURG


2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 08/06/2011
2.2. Metadata last posted 08/06/2011
2.3. Metadata last update 04/06/2015


3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

Data on packaging and packaging waste is collected on the basis of Directive 94/62/EC of 20 December 1994 on packaging and packaging waste, last amended by Regulation (EC) No 219/2009.

'Packaging' in this context means all products made of any materials of any nature to be used for the containment, protection, handling, delivery and presentation of goods, from raw materials to processed goods, from the producer to the user or the consumer. 'Non-returnable' items used for the same purposes shall also be considered to constitute packaging. The examples given in Annex I to Directive 94/62/EC to illustrate the definition of the term "packaging" are regularly updated.

'Packaging waste' means any packaging or packaging material covered by the definition of waste in Directive 2008/98/EC, excluding production residues.

3.2. Classification system

The packaging and packaging waste data are broken down by material and by treatment type. The reporting details on packaging and packaging waste are laid down in Commission Decision 2005/270/EC of 22 March 2005 establishing the formats relating to the database system pursuant to Directive 94/62/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on packaging and packaging waste.

3.3. Coverage - sector

All packaging placed on the market in the Community and all packaging waste are covered, whether it is used or released at industrial, commercial, office, shop, service, household or any other level, regardless of the material used.

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

Packaging material: Paper and cardboard packaging; plastic packaging; wooden packaging; metallic packaging; glass packaging; other packaging. Metallic packaging is further split into the categories aluminium packaging and steel packaging, reporting on these two subcategories is voluntary.

Packaging waste treatment: Packaging waste generated; total recovery; energy recovery; recovery other than energy recovery; incineration with energy recovery at waste incinerators; total recycling; material recycling and other forms of recycling (including composting). 

'Rate of recovery or incineration at waste incineration plants with energy recovery' for the purposes of Article 6(1) of Directive 94/62/EC means the total quantity of packaging waste recovered or incinerated at waste incineration plants with energy recovery, divided by the total quantity of generated packaging waste.

'Recycling rate' for the purposes of Article 6(1) of Directive 94/62/EC means the total quantity of recycled packaging waste, divided by the total quantity of generated packaging waste.

3.5. Statistical unit

The statistical units are households and all economic activities according to Nace Rev. 2 that generate or treat waste.

3.6. Statistical population

All packaging waste generated and treated per year.

Packaging waste generated in a Member State may be deemed to be equal to the amount of packaging placed on the market in the same year within that Member State.

Packaging waste generated in another Member State or outside the Community which is sent for recovery or recycling to a Member State shall not be counted as recovered or recycled in the Member State to which this packaging waste was sent.

3.7. Reference area

Data are published for the European Union as well as for each Member State separately. The European Union is presented in its current composition (EU-28). The publication also contains data for countries of the European Economic Area.

3.8. Coverage - Time

Data on packaging and packaging waste are published for the period 1997 to 2013.

3.9. Base period

Not applicable


4. Unit of measure Top

Tonnes, kilo per habitant and percentage


5. Reference Period Top

The reference period is the calendar year.

The weight of recovered or recycled packaging waste shall be the input of packaging waste to an effective recovery or recycling process. If the output of a sorting plant is sent to effective recycling or recovery processes without significant losses, it is acceptable to consider this output to be the weight of recovered or recycled packaging waste.

Packaging waste exported out of the Community shall be counted as recovered or recycled only if there is sound evidence that the recovery and/or recycling took place under conditions that are broadly equivalent to those prescribed by the Community legislation on the matter.


6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

European Parliament and Council Directive 94/62/EC of 20 December 1994 on packaging and packaging waste.

  • Amending acts:
    • Directive 2004/12/EC amending Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste
    • Directive 2005/20/EC amending Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste (extension of deadlines for the attainment of the recycling and recovery targets for the Member States acceding the EU in 2004)
    • Commission Directive 2013/2/EU amending Annex I to Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste Commission Decision 2005/270/EC of 22 March 2005 establishing the formats relating to the database system pursuant to Directive 94/62/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on packaging and packaging waste.
6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

not applicable 


7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

None


8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

Data received in June will be published three months later.

8.2. Release calendar access

see 8.1

8.3. Release policy - user access

In line with the Community legal framework and the European Statistics Code of Practice Eurostat disseminates European statistics on Eurostat's website (see item 10 - 'Dissemination format') respecting professional independence and in an objective, professional and transparent manner in which all users are treated equitably. The detailed arrangements are governed by the Eurostat protocol on impartial access to Eurostat data for users.


9. Frequency of dissemination Top

Annually


10. Accessibility and clarity Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

Not available

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications

Statistics Explained article : Packaging Waste Statistics

10.3. Dissemination format - online database

Please consult free data on-line

http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/waste

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Not applicable, there are no micro data, Member States compile data.

10.5. Dissemination format - other

Data centre waste website:

http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/waste

http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat

10.6. Documentation on methodology

Details on the reporting intervals, definitions and breakdown of data can be found in the European Parliament and Council Directive 94/62/EC of 20 December 1994 on packaging and packaging waste and the amending acts [See amending acts].

10.7. Quality management - documentation

  Not available.


11. Quality management Top
11.1. Quality assurance

 Not available. 

11.2. Quality management - assessment

  Not available. 


12. Relevance Top
12.1. Relevance - User Needs

Data is collected for the monitoring of the packaging waste recycling and recovery targets set by Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste and the amending acts [See amending acts].

12.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

Not applicable

12.3. Completeness

Reporting is mandatory, the data sets are of a high level of completeness.


13. Accuracy Top
13.1. Accuracy - overall

  Not available. 

13.2. Sampling error

Not applicable

13.3. Non-sampling error

Not applicable


14. Timeliness and punctuality Top
14.1. Timeliness

Data has to be submitted 18 months after the reference period. The delay between the reference period and the data publication is about 21 months.

14.2. Punctuality

Data has to be submitted 18 months after the reference period.


15. Coherence and comparability Top
15.1. Comparability - geographical

  Not available. 

15.2. Comparability - over time

Reporting is mandatory, comparability over time is fairly high

15.3. Coherence - cross domain

   Not available. 

15.4. Coherence - internal

   Not available. 


16. Cost and Burden Top

No information


17. Data revision Top
17.1. Data revision - policy

If necessary, data are revised 6 months after publication

17.2. Data revision - practice

See 19.1


18. Statistical processing Top
18.1. Source data

Member States follow different approaches, the set up of 'producer compliance schemes' responsible for the implementation of and the reporting on the Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste is very common.

Member states collect data from various sources depending on the indicator (Generation of waste, recycling, recovery, etc.)

  • Surveys
  • National statistical institute
  • Administrative sources such as municipalities, e.g.:  Waste management facilities, collective management schemes, reprocessing plants,
  • Responsible producers, exporter/importer businesses
18.2. Frequency of data collection

Annually

18.3. Data collection

Data collection is done by Member States, by either the Ministry of Environment or Environmental Protection Agencies.  

Member States are transmitting data according to the Commission Decision 2005/270/EC filling in webforms through EDAMIS.

The EDAMIS workflow for Packaging waste is WASTE_PACK_A.

The Member States also transmit a methodology report via EDAMIS: WASTE_PACKMETH_A

The reporting of data on import/export of packaging is voluntary.

18.4. Data validation

Data validation is done by Eurostat in close cooperation with Member States' competent Authorities.

Analysis of the data is performed and in case of outliers or breaks in series clarification requests are sent to the Member States. In case of revision of data the Member State transmit a new web-form. 

Methodology reports from Member States are consulted.

18.5. Data compilation

For the calculation of kg per person the national amounts of waste generated and treated are divided by the average population of the relevant year.

The average population for the calculation of kg per person is taken from the table "Demographic balance and crude rates" (demo_gind, indic_de=AV) in Eurobase.

The recovery and recycling rates are calculated in percentage i.e. the toal quantity of recycled or recovered packaging waste divided by the total quantity of generated packaging.

18.6. Adjustment

  Not available. 


19. Comment Top

Not available


Related metadata Top


Annexes Top
Commission Decision of 22 March 2005 establishing the formats relating to the database system pursuant to Directive 94/62/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on packaging and packaging waste