Packaging waste by waste operations and waste flow (env_waspac)

Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Compiling agency: Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4. Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and comparability
16. Cost and Burden
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

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1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union

1.2. Contact organisation unit

E2: Environmental statistics and accounts; sustainable development

1.5. Contact mail address

2920 Luxembourg LUXEMBOURG


2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 18/08/2017
2.2. Metadata last posted 18/08/2017
2.3. Metadata last update 18/08/2017


3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

This dataset provides data on packaging and packaging waste in order to monitor compliance with the quantitative recovery and recycling targets. Data is collected on the basis of the European Parliament and Council Directive 94/62/EC of 20 December 1994 on packaging and packaging waste, as last amended. The reporting details are laid down in Commission Decision 2005/270/EC of 22 March 2005 establishing the formats relating to the database system pursuant to Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste.

'Packaging' in this context means all products made of any materials of any nature to be used for the containment, protection, handling, delivery and presentation of goods, from raw materials to processed goods, from the producer to the user or the consumer. 'Non-returnable' items used for the same purposes shall also be considered to constitute packaging.

'Packaging waste' means any packaging or packaging material covered by the definition of waste in the Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/EC, excluding production residues.

Further information on packaging waste can be found on the following website of Directorate General Environment: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/packaging/index_en.htm

3.2. Classification system

The packaging and packaging waste data are broken down by material and by treatment type. The reporting details on packaging and packaging waste are laid down in Commission Decision 2005/270/EC of 22 March 2005 establishing the formats relating to the database system pursuant to Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste.

Packaging material:

  • Paper and cardboard packaging;
  • Plastic packaging;
  • Wooden packaging;
  • Metallic packaging;
  • Glass packaging;
  • Other packaging.

Metallic packaging is further split into the categories aluminium packaging and steel packaging, reporting on these two subcategories is voluntary.

  • Packaging waste treatment:
  • Packaging waste generated;
  • Total recovery;
  • Energy recovery;
  • Recovery other than energy recovery;
  • Incineration with energy recovery at waste incinerators;
  • Total recycling;
  • Material recycling
  • Other forms of recycling (including composting). 
3.3. Coverage - sector

All packaging placed on the market and all packaging waste generated in a country are covered, whether it is used or released at industrial, commercial, office, shop, service, household or any other level, regardless of the material used.

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

The weight of recovered or recycled packaging waste shall be the input of packaging waste to an effective recovery or recycling process. If the output of a sorting plant is sent to effective recycling or recovery processes without significant losses, it is acceptable to consider this output to be the weight of recovered or recycled packaging waste.

Packaging waste sent to other Member States or exported out of the European Union shall be counted as recovered or recycled only if there is sound evidence that the recovery and/or recycling took place under conditions that are broadly equivalent to those prescribed by the European Union legislation on the matter.

Packaging waste generated in a Member State may be deemed to be equal to the amount of packaging placed on the market in the same year within that Member State.

The reporting of data on import/export of packaging is voluntary, except of export for material recycling.

'Rate of recovery means the total quantity of packaging waste recovered or incinerated at waste incineration plants with energy recovery, divided by the total quantity of generated packaging waste.

'Recycling rate' means the total quantity of recycled packaging waste, divided by the total quantity of generated packaging waste.

3.5. Statistical unit

Reporting units might be: producers, importers, exporters, distributors, enterprises, local units, establishments or households, etc. 

Observation units are units of weight of packaging waste.

3.6. Statistical population

All packaging waste generated within a country and treated per year.

3.7. Reference area

EU Member States and EEA/EFTA countries.

3.8. Coverage - Time

Data on packaging waste are published for each year from 1997 onwards.

3.9. Base period

Not applicable.


4. Unit of measure Top

1) Tonnes.

2) Kilogram per capita, based on the annual average of the population: table ‘Demographic balance and crude rates’ (demo_gind), demographic indicator: average population – total (indic_de=AVG).

3) Percentage of packaging waste recovered and recycled.


5. Reference Period Top

The reference period is the calendar year.


6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

European Parliament and Council Directive 94/62/EC of 20 December 1994 on packaging and packaging waste.

Amending acts and secondary legislation:

  • Directive 2004/12/EC amending Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste.
  • Directive 2005/20/EC amending Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste (extension of deadlines for the attainment of the recycling and recovery targets for the Member States acceding the EU in 2004).
  • Commission Directive 2013/2/EU amending Annex I to Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste.

Commission Decision 2005/270/EC of 22 March 2005 establishing the formats relating to the database system pursuant to Directive 94/62/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on packaging and packaging waste.

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

There is no data sharing with other international organisations; international organisations can use the data as published in the dissemination database.


7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

Not applicable, there are no confidential data in this dataset.


8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

There is no release calendar, data dissemination is explained in item 9 below.

8.2. Release calendar access

See 8.1.

8.3. Release policy - user access

In line with the European Union legal framework and the European Statistics Code of Practice Eurostat disseminates European statistics on Eurostat's website (see item 10 - 'Accessibility and clarity') respecting professional independence and in an objective, professional and transparent manner in which all users are treated equitably. The detailed arrangements are governed by the Eurostat protocol on impartial access to Eurostat data for users.


9. Frequency of dissemination Top

Data received by 30 of June, 18 months after the end of the reference period (T+18; where T = reference year), will be published two months later T+20). An update of the dataset is done in November (T+23) and March of the following year (T+27).


10. Accessibility and clarity Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

Not available.

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications

Statistics Explained article : Packaging Waste Statistics.

10.3. Dissemination format - online database

Please consult free data on-line:

http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/waste

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Not applicable, there are no micro data.

10.5. Dissemination format - other

Dedicated website on waste statistics:

http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/waste

http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat

10.6. Documentation on methodology

Details on the reporting intervals, definitions and breakdown of data can be found in the European Parliament and Council Directive 94/62/EC of 20 December 1994 on packaging and packaging waste and the amending acts [See amending acts], and in the Commission Decision Decision 2005/270/EC of 22 March 2005 establishing the formats relating to the database system pursuant to Directive 94/62/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on packaging and packaging waste.

Guidance on reporting is provided here: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/waste/reporting

10.7. Quality management - documentation

Reporting countries submit, together with the completed tables, an appropriate description of how the data have been compiled. That description shall also give an explanation of any estimates used.


11. Quality management Top
11.1. Quality assurance

The original data collection is made by the Member States, while Eurostat collects and checks the assembled country compilations. The quality assurance and documentation of the quality is a joint responsibility of Eurostat and the Member States.

Certain data format checks are carried out during the data entry into the webform. The validation routines at Eurostat include checks related to consistency, plausibility, development over time and observations are discussed with the countries.

A validation report is submitted each year to the European Commission DG Environment, as the responsible body for the monitoring of the implementation of the Packaging Directive.

11.2. Quality management - assessment

Overall data are of good quality. Data are collected from reliable sources applying high standards with regard to the methodology and ensuring a high degree of comparability.


12. Relevance Top
12.1. Relevance - User Needs

Main users are: the European Commission (for purposes of monitoring waste legislation), the Council, the European Parliament, researchers, politicians, general public, etc.

User needs as defined in the whereas of the Directive 94/62/EC:

National measures concerning the management of packaging and packaging waste should be harmonized in order, on the one hand, to prevent any impact thereof on the environment or to reduce such impact, thus providing a high level of environmental protection, and, on the other hand, to ensure the functioning of the internal market and to avoid obstacles to trade and distortion and restriction of competition within the European Union.

Further information on the policy need of data on packaging can be found here: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/packaging/index_en.htm

12.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

No systematic user satisfaction survey has been conducted. User satisfaction is discussed with the main user from the European Commission.

12.3. Completeness

Reporting is mandatory, the data sets are of a high level of completeness.


13. Accuracy Top
13.1. Accuracy - overall

See 10.7 and 11.1.

13.2. Sampling error

Not applicable.

13.3. Non-sampling error

Not applicable.


14. Timeliness and punctuality Top
14.1. Timeliness

Data have to be submitted 18 months after the reference period (T+18). The delay between the reference period and the data publication is about 20 months (T+20).

14.2. Punctuality

Data have to be submitted 18 months after the reference period. Most countries do respect this deadline, some countries deliver with a small delay. In a few cases the delay is more than 2 months.


15. Coherence and comparability Top
15.1. Comparability - geographical

The comparability across countries is good due to clear statistical concepts and definitions.

15.2. Comparability - over time

Reporting is mandatory, comparability over time is fairly high.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain

Not available. 

15.4. Coherence - internal

Internal coherence is ensured by Eurostat thus aggregates are coherent with sub-aggregates.


16. Cost and Burden Top

Not applicable.


17. Data revision Top
17.1. Data revision - policy

All published data should be regarded as final unless indicated as provisional. Correction of errors is possible. Data revision calendar: November (T+23) and March (T+27).

17.2. Data revision - practice

See 17.1.


18. Statistical processing Top
18.1. Source data

Member States follow different approaches, the set up of 'producer compliance schemes' responsible for the implementation of and the reporting on the Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste is very common.

Member states collect data from various sources depending on the indicator (generation of waste, recycling, recovery, etc.)

  • Surveys,
  • National statistical institute,
  • Administrative sources such as municipalities, e.g.:  waste management facilities, collective management schemes, reprocessing plants,
  • Responsible producer compliance schemes,
  • Responsible producers, exporter/importer businesses.
18.2. Frequency of data collection

Annual.

18.3. Data collection

Data collection is done by Member States, by either the Ministry of Environment or Environmental Protection Agencies.  

Member States are transmitting data via webforms through EDAMIS.

The EDAMIS workflow for Packaging waste is WASTE_PACK_A.

The Member States also transmit a methodology report via EDAMIS: WASTE_PACKMETH_A

18.4. Data validation

Data validation is done by Eurostat in close cooperation with Member States' competent Authorities.

Certain data format checks are carried out during the data entry into the webform. The validation routines at Eurostat include checks related to consistency, plausibility, development over time and clarification requests are sent to countries in case of observations.

Methodology reports from countries are consulted during the validation process. In case of revision of data the Member State transmit a new web-form. 

18.5. Data compilation

The European aggregates are calculated by adding up the national waste amounts. EU aggregates are compiled when the available countries represent 60% of the population and 55% of the number of countries defining the aggregate; data for missing countries are estimated on the basis of the previous year.

For the calculation of kilogram per capita the national amounts of waste generated and treated are divided by the average population of the relevant year.

The average population for the calculation of kg per capita is taken from the table "Demographic balance and crude rates" (demo_gind, indic_de=AVG) in Eurobase.

The recovery and recycling rates are calculated in percentage i.e. the total quantity of recycled or recovered packaging waste divided by the total quantity of generated packaging.

18.6. Adjustment

Not available. 


19. Comment Top

Not available.


Related metadata Top


Annexes Top
Commission Decision of 22 March 2005 establishing the formats relating to the database system pursuant to Directive 94/62/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on packaging and packaging waste