Economic growth and globalisation have led to a worldwide increase of waste transports across borders, whether on the road, by railway or ship. These waste movements or "shipments" sometimes involve hazardous wastes and can pose potential risks to the human health and the environment. In other cases wastes are traded to replace natural resources in industrial facilities with high environmental standards. In order to control waste shipments and by this to ensure an environmentally sound management of the waste, certain procedures and requirements have been introduced in international and EU law.
This webpage explains the rules and provides additional relevant information pertaining to the control of transboundary waste shipments within, into, out of, and through the EU.
Frequently Asked Questions*: DG Environment's document on waste shipments, September 2010