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List of Invasive Alien Species of Union concern

The core of Regulation (EU) 1143/2014 is the list of Invasive Alien Species of Union concern (the Union list). The species included on the Union list are subject to restrictions and measures set out in the Regulation. These include restrictions on keeping, importing, selling, breeding and growing. Member States are required to take action on pathways of unintentional introduction, to take measures for the early detection and rapid eradication of these species, and to manage species that are already widely spread in their territory.

The initial Union list entered into force on 3 August 2016. Press release and questions & answers.

The first update of the Union list entered into force on 2 August 2017. Press release.

A consolidated version of the Union list is available here. The Union list is updated regularly.

Both the European Commission and the Member States can propose additional species for inclusion on the Union list, according to Article 4(4) of the Regulation, including a risk assessment. These risk assessments are first reviewed by the Scientific Forum. Members of the Forum arerepresentatives of the scientific community appointed by the Member States. It provides an opinion on whether the risk assessments are robust and fit for purpose, according to an agreed procedure. While the Scientific Forum is reviewing these risk assessments, stakeholders are invited to submit additional evidence that could improve the risk assessments.

Stakeholders are invited to provide feedback on the risk assessments under review

The Scientific forum is currently reviewing 16 new risk assessments. These are available here. Stakeholders are invited to provide additional evidence and information by 31 May 2019 to ENV-IAS@ec.europa.eu.

Proposals for which the underpinning risk assessments receive a positive opinion from the Scientific Forum are forwarded to the IAS Committee. This consists of representatives of all Member States and examines the compliance of the proposed species with the criteria for listing (cf. Art 4(3) and 4(6) of the IAS Regulation).

The Commission makes the draft proposal for an update of the Union list available for public feedback. Having considered this feedback, the Commission submits the final proposal for an update of the Union list to the IAS Committee. Any update of the Union list is subject to the positive opinion of the IAS Committee.

Stakeholders are invited to provide feedback on the proposals for the update of the Union list

The Commission will soon propose a second update of the list of invasive alien species of Union concern, based on risk assessments that received a positive opinion from the Scientific Forum. The draft Implementing Regulation is available for public feedback here until 5 April 2019. The risk assessments underpinning this proposal are available here.

The deadline to submit risk assessments for the next update of the Union list is 10 February 2020. An overview of risk assessments under preparation is available here.

Other risk assessments under revision are available here and risk assessments for which a final opinion of the Scientific Forum is pending are available here.

Consolidated List of Invasive Alien Species of Union concern

This brochure includes a short description of all invasive alien species of Union concern, offering brief, non-technical and informal summaries of their origin, their present distribution in the EU, how they threaten our native biodiversity, and how the applicable restrictions and obligations will help mitigate their negative impacts.

Reports showing the baseline distribution of the species on the Union list published by the Joint Research Centre can be found here.

PLANTS

Scientific name

English name

Entry into force

Alternanthera philoxeroides

Alligator weed

2 August 2017

Asclepias syriaca

Common milkweed

2 August 2017

Baccharis halimifolia

Eastern baccharis

3 August 2016

Cabomba caroliniana

Fanwort

3 August 2016

Eichhornia crassipes

Water hyacinth

3 August 2016

Elodea nuttallii

Nuttall's waterweed

2 August 2017

Gunnera tinctoria

Chilean rhubarb

2 August 2017

Heracleum mantegazzianum

Giant hogweed

2 August 2017

Heracleum persicum

Persian hogweed

3 August 2016

Heracleum sosnowskyi

Sosnowsky's hogweed

3 August 2016

Hydrocotyle ranunculoides

Floating pennywort

3 August 2016

Impatiens glandulifera

Indian balsam

2 August 2017

Lagarosiphon major

Curly waterweed

3 August 2016

Ludwigia grandiflora

Water-primrose

3 August 2016

Ludwigia peploides

Floating primrose-willow

3 August 2016

Lysichiton americanus

American skunk cabbage

3 August 2016

Microstegium vimineum

Japanese stiltgrass

2 August 2017

Myriophyllum aquaticum

Parrot's feather

3 August 2016

Myriophyllum heterophyllum

Broadleaf watermilfoil

2 August 2017

Parthenium hysterophorus

Whitetop weed

3 August 2016

Pennisetum setaceum

Crimson fountaingrass

2 August 2017

Persicaria perfoliata

Asiatic tearthumb

3 August 2016

Pueraria lobata

Kudzu vine

3 August 2016

 


ANIMALS


Scientific name

English name

Entry into force

Alopochen aegyptiacus

Egyptian goose

2 August 2017

Callosciurus erythraeus

Pallas' squirrel

3 August 2016

Corvus splendens

Indian house crow

3 August 2016

Eriocheir sinensis

Chinese mittencrab

3 August 2016

Herpestes javanicus

Small Asian mongoose

3 August 2016

Lithobates catesbeianus

American bullfrog

3 August 2016

Muntiacus reevesi

Muntjac deer

3 August 2016

Myocastor coypus

Coypu

3 August 2016

Nasua nasua

Coati

3 August 2016

Nyctereutes procyonoides

Raccoon dog

2 February 2019

Ondatra zibethicus

Muskrat

2 August 2017

Orconectes limosus

Spiny-cheek crayfish

3 August 2016

Orconectes virilis

Virile crayfish

3 August 2016

Oxyura jamaicensis 

Ruddy duck

3 August 2016

Pacifastacus leniusculus

Signal crayfish

3 August 2016

Percottus glenii

Amur sleeper

3 August 2016

Procambarus clarkii

Red swamp crayfish

3 August 2016

Procambarus fallax f. virginalis

Marbled crayfish

3 August 2016

Procyon lotor

Raccoon

3 August 2016

Pseudorasbora parva

Stone moroko

3 August 2016

Sciurus carolinensis

Grey squirrel

3 August 2016

Sciurus niger

Fox squirrel

3 August 2016

Tamias sibiricus

Siberian chipmunk

3 August 2016

Threskiornis aethiopicus

Sacred ibis

3 August 2016

Trachemys scripta

Red-eared, yellow-bellied and Cumberland sliders

3 August 2016

Vespa velutina nigrithorax

Asian hornet

3 August 2016

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