This paper reports on the joint EU-IMF review of policy conditionality to end-December 2011 under the financial assistance programme for Ireland. It also incorporates in an annex the updated programme documents.
Ireland's real GDP is estimated to have returned to positive growth in 2011 (0.9%) on account of strong exports, aided by recovering cost competitiveness. Domestic demand remains subdued, as much needed balance sheet repair continues. For 2012, the real GDP growth forecast has been revised down (to 0.5%, from 1% in the Autumn review), reflecting slowing growth in trading partners and especially in the euro zone.
Programme implementation remains strong: the 2011 fiscal deficit is estimated to have been kept well below the programme ceiling, and the 2012 budget is consistent with the programme deficit ceiling for this year. Binding expenditure ceilings at the vote-group level lend additional credibility to the government plan to reduce the fiscal deficit to below 3% of GDP by 2015, in line with the excessive deficit procedure. The recapitalisation of domestic banks has been substantively completed, and banks have met their deleveraging targets for 2011 despite an increasingly challenging market environment. Structural reforms continue to be advanced, notably in the labour market (where sectoral wage-setting arrangements are being made more responsive to economic conditions). A privatisation plan has also been drawn up to reduce gross debt, increase overall efficiency, and boost jobs.
On the back of this strong programme performance, yields on Irish government bonds have continued to decline. The programme envelope is now expected to cover financing needs until the second half of 2013, though the Irish authorities intend to re-enter the market sooner, including to keep a sufficiently large cash buffer for the post-programme period. In this respect, a successful debt management operation has smoothened out debt repayments in 2014.
Despite this significant progress, much remains to be done. Key challenges and risks in the period ahead are associated with the potential for further financial market turbulence in the euro area, with the related increasing headwinds to bank deleveraging and funding. A further weakening of the export demand outlook could also weigh on the budget performance through its negative spillover effects on Ireland's growth. To minimise vulnerabilities, continued steadfast implementation of the programme remains essential.
(European Economy. Occasional Papers. 93. March 2012.
Brussels. Paper and internet. 73pp. )