Matteo Salto, Alessandro Turrini (European Commission)
This paper compares alternative methodologies for estimating real exchange rate misalignment for EU countries. It is shown that current account-based approaches (based on NFA stabilisation and current account norms) and relative-price based approaches (BEER and PPP-based) deliver broadly consistent assessments, however sometimes differences are non-negligible. Current account-based misalignment appears to be driven to a larger extent by shocks affecting domestic absorption and national savings and quite often becomes manifest before price-based misalignment. All misalignment measures, and especially the BEER, are related with medium-term developments in real exchange rates, while only current-account based misalignment is a significant predictor of forthcoming current account developments.
|ISBN 978-92-79-14913-9 (online)|