Navigation path

Heterogeneity in money holdings across euro area countries: the role of housing

Ralph Setzer, Paul van den Noord, Guntram B. Wolff (European Commission)

Heterogeneity in money holdings across euro area countries: the role of housingpdf(937 kB) Choose translations of the previous link 

Summary for non-specialistspdf(31 kB) Choose translations of the previous link 

In this paper we examine why monetary aggregates of euro area Member States have developed differently since the inception of the euro. We derive a money demand equation that incorporates housing wealth and collateral as well as substitution effects on real money holdings. Empirically, we show that cross-country differences in real balances are determined not only by income differences, a standard determinant of money demand, but also by house price developments.

Higher house prices and higher user costs of housing are both associated with larger money holdings. Country-specific money holdings are also connected with structural features of the housing market.

(European Economy. Economic Papers. 407. February 2010. Brussels. PDF. 30pp. Tab. Graph. Bibliogr. Free.)

KC-AI-10-407-EN-N (online)
ISBN 978-92-79-14893-4 (online)
ISSN 1725-3187
doi:doi 10.2765/40813 (online)

JEL classification: E41, E51, E52

Economic Papers are written by the staff of the Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs, or by experts working in association with them. The Papers are intended to increase awareness of the technical work being done by staff and to seek comments and suggestions for further analysis. The views expressed are the author’s alone and do not necessarily correspond to those of the European Commission.

Additional tools

  • Print version 
  • Decrease text 
  • Increase text