Bioeconomy policy

Policy background, strategy and contribution to the Commission's political agenda of bioeconomy policy

Europe is setting course for a resource-efficient and sustainable economy. The goal is a more innovative and low-emissions economy, reconciling demands for sustainable agriculture and fisheries, food security, and the sustainable use of renewable biological resources for industrial purposes, while ensuring biodiversity and environmental protection.

To achieve this, the European Commission has set a Bioeconomy Strategy and action plan which focuses on three key aspects:

  • developing new technologies and processes for the bioeconomy;
  • developing markets and competitiveness in bioeconomy sectors;
  • pushing policymakers and stakeholders to work more closely together.

Moreover the Commission works on ensuring a coherent approach to the bioeconomy through different programmes and instruments including the Common Agricultural Policy, the Common Fisheries Policy, Horizon 2020, European environmental initiatives, the Blue Growth initiative for the marine sector and the European Innovation Partnership on Sustainable Agriculture.

How does the bioeconomy contribute to the Commission's political agenda

In his Agenda for Jobs, Growth, Fairness and Democratic Change, President Juncker identified 10 key priorities for the European Commission. The bioeconomy is central to three of them:

  • A New Boost for Jobs, Growth and Investment
    The innovative bioeconomy is an important source of new jobs – especially at local and regional level, and in rural and coastal areas – and there are big opportunities for the growth of new markets, for example in bio-fuels, food and bio-based products.
  • A Resilient Energy Union with a Forward-Looking Climate Change Policy
    Europe needs to diversify its sources of energy and can support breakthroughs in low-carbon technologies with coordinated research. Replacing fossil raw materials with biological resources is an indispensable component of a forward-looking climate change policy.
  • A Deeper and Fairer Internal Market with a Strengthened Industrial Base
    Innovative bio-based and food industries will contribute in raising the share of industry in GDP from 16% to 20%.and to creating a circular, resource-efficient economy. The food and drink industry is already the largest manufacturing sector in the EU.

In addition, marine issues and food security are two aspects of the bioeconomy where Europe can and should lead the global agenda as part of President Juncker's strategy to make the EU a stronger global actor.

The Bioeconomy and Commissioner's Carlos Moedas agenda for Research and Innovation

One of Commissioner Carlos Moedas' responsibilities during his mandate is to make sure that research funding programmes, notably Horizon 2020, contribute to the Commission's jobs, growth and investment package.

To achieve this, the Commissioner identified three strategic priorities at European level Open Innovation, Open Science, Open to the World.

The Bioeconomy clearly fits and contributes to these three strategic priorities:

  • it can help tackle grand challenges regarding food and energy that require an open innovation approach, with close collaboration among all stakeholders;
  • it is open science as it promotes research across disciplines and borders;
  • it is open to the world because it promotes research across the EU and outside the EU borders and cooperation at a global scale to tackle global challenges.


  • Bioeconomy Policy Day
    On 16 November 2017, the European Commission organized a high level event, together with nine Directorates General, to discuss the outcome of the review of the 2012 Bioeconomy Stategy.

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