We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
The JRC provides scientific evidence-based policy support to DG Trade by analysing the number of jobs supported by extra-EU exports (by industry, skills, gender and age) and their corresponding embodied value added.To fully understand how trade flows affect employment and income, gathering comprehensive, reliable and comparable information is crucial to support evidence-based policymaking. Guided by this objective, the JRC and DG TRADE have continued their longstanding collaboration to produce a third study in two volumes:
This report features a series of indicators to illustrate in detail the relationship between trade and employment for the EU as a whole and for each EU Member State using the new World Input-Output Database (WIOD), 2016 release, as the main data source. This information has been complemented with data on employment by age, skill and gender from other sources such as EUKLEMS. All the indicators relate to the EU exports to the rest of the world so as to reflect the scope of EU trade policymaking.
Most indicators are available as off 2000 but, due to data constraints, the indicators on employment split by skill, gender and age are only available from 2008 to 2014. The geographical breakdown of the data includes the 28 EU Member States, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Mexico, Norway, Russia, South Korea, Switzerland, Turkey, Taiwan, the United States of America, and an aggregate “Rest of the World” region. On the basis of the number of jobs embodied in every million EUR worth of exports in 2014 and more recent data on international trade in goods and services, this report also provides projections elaborated by the JRC for 2017 using a different methodology, so they should be taken with caution.
The information presented in this pocketbook is complemented with an electronic version with extra downloadable data and visualisations together with country fiches for the EU and its member states.
The JRC and DG TRADE have also produced a new DG TRADE Chief Economist Note (2018) based on the new figures contained in this report.
The JRC and DG TRADE collaborated to produce a second study aiming to be a valuable tool for trade policymakers:EU exports to the world: Effects on employment and income
This second report featured a series of indicators to illustrate in detail the relationship between trade, employment and income for the EU as a whole and for each EU Member State using the World Input-Output Database (WIOD) Release 2013 as the main data source. All the indicators relate to the EU exports to the rest of the world so as to reflect the scope of EU trade policymaking.
Most indicators cover the period 1995-2011 but due to data constraints some are only available up to 2009. The geographical breakdown of the data includes the 27 EU Member States (Croatia was not yet a Member State in the period covered by this analysis), Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Mexico, Russia, South Korea, Taiwan, the United States of America, and an aggregate “Rest of the World” region.
In a first stage, the JRC used the TIMESUT database and the EUKLEMS data on employment, to quantify the number of jobs associated to EU exports to the world (2000-2007). Disaggregated data between countries and between economic sectors were also provided as a result. The outcome of the calculations was published in a DG TRADE Chief Economist Note (2012) and in the Journal of Common Market Studies (2013).
This report is based on the World Input-Output Database (WIOD) and presents for the very first time a series of indicators describing the evolution of the use of natural resources and the emissions of air pollutants around the world, in relation to production, consumption and trade activities. The publications include information on six environmental dimensions, namely: land, materials, water and emissions of acid substances, greenhouse gases and ozone precursors. The time frame covered is the period between 1995 and 2008, and the geographical area includes the EU-27 countries, China, India, Japan, Russia, the United States of America and the Rest of the World as an aggregated region.