EU Science Hub

Economic, environmental and social effects of globalisation

WIOD Environmental Accounts (2019)

The tables below provide the environmental accounts consistent with the World Input Output Database Release 2016, including gross energy use, emission relevant energy use and CO2 emissions by 64 sectors and by households, for 12 energy commodities. The database covers 28 EU countries and 13 other major countries in the world for the period 2000 to 2016.

When using this database, a reference should be made to the following report containing an overview of the sources and characteristics of this new release:

Corsatea T.D., Lindner S., Arto, I., Román, M.V., Rueda-Cantuche J.M., Velázquez Afonso A., Amores A.F., Neuwahl F.;  World Input-Output Database Environmental Accounts. Update 2000-2016, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2019, ISBN 978-92-79-64439-9, doi:10.2791/947252, JRC116234.

Description of the variables:

Energy use, Gross:


Energy use, Emission Relevant:


CO2 Emissions:


EU Exports: effects on employment and income (2018)

Employment Income Intra-EU



The JRC provides scientific evidence-based policy support to the European Commission by analysing the number of jobs supported by EU exports (by industry, skills, gender and age) and their corresponding embodied value added. To fully understand how trade flows affect employment and income, gathering comprehensive, reliable and comparable information is crucial to support evidence-based policymaking. Guided by this objective, the JRC has continued producing a third study in three volumes:

EU Exports to the world: effects on employment and income (2015)

View all data per country on the interactive map
View all data per country on the interactive map

The JRC and DG TRADE collaborated to produce a second study aiming to be a valuable tool for trade policymakers: EU exports to the world: Effects on employment and income (2015)

Global Resources Use and Pollution (2015)

This report is based on the World Input-Output Database (WIOD) and presents for the very first time a series of indicators describing the evolution of the use of natural resources and the emissions of air pollutants around the world, in relation to production, consumption and trade activities. The publications include information on six environmental dimensions, namely: land, materials, water and emissions of acid substances, greenhouse gases and ozone precursors. The time frame covered is the period between 1995 and 2008, and the geographical area includes the EU-27 countries, China, India, Japan, Russia, the United States of America and the Rest of the World as an aggregated region.

Data are presented in two pocket books; the first one presents the global evolution of each indicator and the second shows a series of country factsheets:

EU Exports and Employment (2012)

In a first stage, the JRC used the TIMESUT database and the EUKLEMS data on employment, to quantify the number of jobs associated to EU exports to the world (2000-2007). Disaggregated data between countries and between economic sectors were also provided as a result. The outcome of the calculations was published in a DG TRADE Chief Economist Note (2012) and in the Journal of Common Market Studies (2013).