Economic analysis

Macro-financial assistance

Since 2011, the Jordanian economy has been significantly affected by regional unrest, notably in neighbouring Iraq and Syria. The European Commission is providing Jordan with Macro-Financial Assistance (MFA) to cope with economic shocks, including the impact on its economy from the conflict in Syria and the presence of a large number of Syrian refugees.

MFA in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic

On 22 April 2020, the Commission adopted a proposal for a €3 billion MFA package to ten enlargement and neighbourhood partners to help them limit the economic fallout of the coronavirus pandemic. The decision was adopted by the European Parliament and the Council on 25 May 2020. As part of this package, the EU agreed on a MFA programme of EUR 200 million to Jordan (reinforcing the resources made available under MFA-III that was approved by co-legislators in January 2020).  

MFA III

The third programme of Macro-Financial Assistance, totalling EUR 500 million, was adopted by the co-legislators on 15 January 2020. The programme aims at supporting economic stabilisation, enhancing public debt sustainability and accelerating the implementation of economic reforms in the country. The Memorandum of Understanding between the EU and Jordan is being negotiated.

MFA II

The second programme of Macro-Financial Assistance, totalling EUR 200 million, was adopted by the co-legislators on 14 December 2016. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed on 19 September 2017, while the funds were fully disbursed in July 2019.

MFA I

The first programme of Macro-Financial Assistance, totalling EUR 180 million, was adopted by the co-legislators on 11 December 2013. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed in March 2014, while the funds were fully disbursed in 2015.

Press releases

The links below provide additional information on EU-Jordan relations: