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Jordan

Jordan

Under their Association Agreement which entered into force in May 2002, the EU and Jordan established a Free Trade Area (FTA) liberalising two-way trade in goods. They have subsequently developed the FTA further through an agreement on trade in agricultural, agro-food and fisheries products in 2007 and a protocol establishing a bilateral Dispute Settlement Mechanism in 2011.

Trade picture

  • The EU is Jordan's largest trading partner, accounting for 16.8% of its trade in 2015. Jordan is the EU’s 62nd trading partner representing 0.1% of the EU’s total trade with the world.
  • Total trade in goods between the EU and Jordan in 2015 amounted to €4.4 billion.
  • The EU imported €0.4 billion of goods from Jordan in 2015, mostly made up of chemicals (47.2%) and machinery and transport equipment (14.1%).
  • The EU's exports to Jordan are dominated by machinery and transport equipment (34.8%), followed by agricultural products (18.9%) and chemicals (15.9%).
  • Two-way trade in services amounted to €1.5 billion in 2014 with EU imports of services representing €0.6 billion and exports €0.9 billion.

EU-Jordan "trade in goods" statistics

Trade in goods 2013-2015, € billions
Year EU imports EU exports Balance
2013 0.4 3.7 3.4
2014 0.3 3.7 3.3
2015 0.4 4.0 3.6

EU-Jordan "trade in services" statistics

Trade in services 2012-2014, € billions
Year EU imports EU exports Balance
2012 0.5 0.8 0.3
2013 0.5 0.9 0.5
2014 0.6 0.9 0.3

Foreign direct investment

Foreign direct investment 2014, € billions
Year Inward stocks Outward stocks Balance
2014 0.5 2.3 1.8

Date of retrieval: 14/04/2016

More statistics on Jordan

EU and Jordan

The Free Trade Area created under the EU-Jordan Association Agreement provides for:

  • tariff-free two-way trade of all industrial products together with a selective liberalisation of trade in agricultural, agro-food and fisheries products
  • rules and disciplines on non-tariff based trade measures
  • a general right to establish businesses and provide services in the other territory
  • current payments and capital movements
  • common rules on competition and intellectual property

The EU and Jordan concluded an Agreement on further trade liberalisation of agricultural and fisheries products in 2006.

The Council of the European Union adopted negotiating directives for a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) with Jordan in 2011. This will build on the existing FTA and bring in issues not presently covered such as trade in services and investment.  One objective would be to support economic reforms in Jordan and bring Jordanian legislation closer to that of the EU in trade-related areas. Preparations for DCFTA negotiations are ongoing.

A Sustainability Impact Assessment on a DCFTA was carried out by an independent contractor in 2014.

Jordan in Euromed

Jordan is a partner of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (Euromed). This initiative includes working towards improvements in trade and investment for the EU's partners in the Euromed region.

The EU's European Neighbourhood Policy offers its neighbours a privileged relationship, building upon a mutual commitment to common values including democracy, human rights, market economy principles and sustainable development.

More information on the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership

Pan-Euro-Mediterranean cumulation and the PEM Convention

Jordan adopted the Pan-Euro-Mediterranean system of cumulation of origin in September 2006. This is based on a network of Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) across Europe and the Mediterranean and aims to promote regional integration through a common system of rules of origin.

Cumulation of origin means a product of one participant can be processed in or added to a product of a second participant and still considered an originating product for the purposes of a trade agreement.

Participants are now negotiating in the Regional Convention on pan-Euro-Mediterranean preferential rules of origin to update the rules of origin used in the PEM zone.

Jordan acceded to the Regional Convention in 2013.

For more information, please see The Pan-Euro-Mediterranean cumulation of origin system

Trading with Jordan