Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) by waste management operations (env_waselee)

Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Compiling agency: Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union

Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4. Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and comparability
16. Cost and Burden
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)

For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT


1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union

1.2. Contact organisation unit

E2: Environmental statistics and accounts; sustainable development

1.5. Contact mail address

2920 Luxembourg LUXEMBOURG

2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 05/02/2018
2.2. Metadata last posted 05/02/2018
2.3. Metadata last update 12/02/2019

3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

Data on Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) is collected on the basis of  Directive 2012/19/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2012 on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE).The purpose of the collected data is to monitor compliance of countries with the quantitative targets for collection, reuse and recycling, and recovery of WEEE that are set out in Article 7 (collection rate) and article 11 ( recovery targets).

Directive 2012/19/EU on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) introduces stepwise higher collection targets that will apply from reference year 2016 and 2019.

Further information on the policy need of data on WEEE can be found on the following website of Directorate General Environment: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/weee/index_en.htm

3.2. Classification system

Annex I to Directive 2012/19/EU defines 10 categories of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) covered by the Directive:

1. Large household appliances
2. Small household appliances
3. IT and telecommunications equipment
4. Consumer equipment and photovoltaic panels
5. Lighting equipment
6. Electrical and electronic tools (with the exception of large-scale stationary industrial tools)
7. Toys, leisure and sports equipment
8. Medical devices (with the exception of all implanted and infected products)
9. Monitoring and control instruments
10. Automatic dispensers


Annex II contains an indicative list of EEE falling under the categories in Annex I.


EEE listed in (Article 2(3) of Directive 2012/19/EU are excluded from the scope of the Directive:

a) equipment which is necessary for the protection of the essential interests of the security of Member States, including arms, munitions and war material intended for specifically military purposes;
b) equipment which is specifically designed and installed as part of another type of equipment that is excluded from or does not fall within the scope of this Directive, which can fulfil its function only if it is part of that equipment;
c) filament bulbs.

In addition, EEE listed in Article 2(4) of Directive 2012/19/EU are excluded as from 15 August 2018:

a) equipment designed to be sent into space;
b) large-scale stationary industrial tools;
c) large-scale fixed installations, except any equipment which is not specifically designed and installed as part of those installations;
d) means of transport for persons or goods, excluding electric two-wheel vehicles which are not type-approved;
e) non-road mobile machinery made available exclusively for professional use;
f) equipment specifically designed solely for the purposes of research and development that is only made available on a business-to-business basis;
g) medical devices and in vitro diagnostic medical devices, where such devices are expected to be infective prior to end of life, and active implantable medical devices. 


Commission Decision 2005/369/EC of 3 May 2005 is laying down rules for monitoring compliance of Member States and establishing data formats for the purposes of  Directive 2012/19/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2012 on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE)..


For each product category data are broken down by the following categories:

• put on the market
• collection (from private households; other than from private households; total collected)
• treatment (in the Member State; in another MS; outside the EC);
• recovery
• reuse and recycling
• reused as whole appliances

3.3. Coverage - sector

All sectors and households.

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

Waste electrical and electronic equipment’ (WEEE) and electrical and electronic equipment’ (EEE) and other key concepts for the purpose of monitoring the WEEE management are defined in the Directive 2012/19/EU in Article 3 as follows: ‘electrical and electronic equipment’ or ‘EEE’ means equipment which is dependent on electric currents or electromagnetic fields in order to work properly and equipment for the generation, transfer and measurement of such currents and fields and designed for use with a voltage rating not exceeding 1 000 volts for alternating current and 1 500 volts for direct current.‘

‘Waste electrical and electronic equipment’ or ‘WEEE’ means electrical or electronic equipment which is waste within the meaning of Article 3(1) of  the Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/EC, ‘waste’ means any substance or object which the holder discards or intends or is required to discard‘, including all components, sub-assemblies and consumables which are part of the product at the time of discarding;

From reference year 2014 onwards, Article 11 (2) of Directive 2012/19/EU applies for the calculation of the “recovery rate” and the “reuse and recycling rates” (%)  and stipulates that: “The achievement of the targets shall be calculated, for each category, by dividing the weight of the WEEE that enters the recovery or recycling/preparing for re-use facility, after proper treatment in accordance with Article 8(2) with regard to recovery or recycling, by the weight of all separately collected WEEE for each category, expressed as a percentage.

Preliminary activities including sorting and storage prior to recovery shall not count towards the achievement of these targets”.

Beginning with the reference year 2014, the collected WEEE is considered the denominator to calculate the rates.

Until  reference  year  2013 the ‘recovery rate’ and the ‘reuse and recycling rates' (%) of WEEE were defined as ratio between the 'recovered' and 'recycled and re-used' amounts versus the total amount of WEEE 'treated' (Article 7 (2) of Directive 2002/96/EC).

3.5. Statistical unit

The statistical unit is the reporting company or institution. Statistical unit may vary across reporting countries. Reporting units might be: producers, importers, exporters, distributors, enterprises, local units, establishments or households, etc.

3.6. Statistical population

All WEEE waste generated and treated per year.

3.7. Reference area

EU Member State and EEA/EFTA countries.

3.8. Coverage - Time

Data on WEEE waste are published for the years since 2005.

3.9. Base period

Not applicable

4. Unit of measure Top

1) Tonnes,
2) Kilogram per capita; based on the annual average of the population: Eurobase table ‘Demographic balance and crude rates’(demo_gind), demographic indicator: average population – total (indic_de=AVG),
3) Percentage of waste electrical and electronic equipment  recovered and  reused and recycled,
4) For the category ‘put on the market’ the number of equipment were reported until 2011 by one country (NL),
5) ‘3-years average‘ unit is equivalent to  ‘collection rate in % of ‘put on the market’ in the 3 preceding years’


5. Reference Period Top

The reference period is the calendar year.

6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

Directive 2012/19/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2012 on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) has replaced Directive 2002/96/EC from 15 February 2014.
Amending acts and secondary legislation:

Commission Decision 2005/369/EC of 3 May 2005 laying down rules for monitoring compliance of Member States and establishing data formats for the purposes of Directive 2002/96/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on waste electrical and electronic equipment.

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

There is no data sharing with other international organisations; international organisations can use the data as published in the dissemination database.

7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

Not applicable, there are no confidential data in this dataset.

8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

There is no release calendar, data dissemination is explained in item 9 below.

8.2. Release calendar access

Not applicable

8.3. Release policy - user access

In line with the Community legal framework and the European Statistics Code of Practice Eurostat disseminates European statistics on Eurostat's website (see item 10 - 'Accessibility and clarity') respecting professional independence and in an objective, professional and transparent manner in which all users are treated equitably. The detailed arrangements are governed by the Eurostat protocol on impartial access to Eurostat data for users.

9. Frequency of dissemination Top

Data received by 30 of June, 18 months after the end of the reference period (T+18; where T = reference year), will be published two months later T+20). An update of the dataset is done in November (T+23) and March of the following year (T+27).

10. Accessibility and clarity Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

Not applicable

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications

Statistics Explained article: Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment

Eurostat statistical book: Energy transport and environment indicators

10.3. Dissemination format - online database

Please consult free data on-line

WEEE data in the Eurostat dissemination database

Environmental Data Centre on Waste

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Not applicable, there are no micro data.

10.5. Dissemination format - other

Not applicable

10.6. Documentation on methodology

As of 15 February 2014 the Directive 2012/19/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 04 July 2012 on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) applies.

Details on the reporting intervals, definitions can be found in the above mentioned Directive.

Reporting of data is implemented by Commission Decision 2005/369/EC.

10.7. Quality management - documentation

Guidance on reporting is provided here: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/waste/reporting/2018

• Applied Rules for validation and checking in the WEBFORMS on reporting on WEEE
• Guidance document on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) according to Commission Decision 2005/369/EC
• Waste electrical and electronic equipment, Data Quality Report (Word format, can be used for reporting)

11. Quality management Top
11.1. Quality assurance

The original data collection is made by the Member States, while Eurostat collects and checks the assembled country compilations. The quality assurance and documentation of the quality is a joint responsibility of Eurostat and the Member States.

Certain data format checks are carried out during the data entry into the webform. The validation routines at Eurostat include checks related to consistency, plausibility, development over time and observations are discussed with the countries.

A validation report is submitted each year to the European Commission DG Environment, as the responsible body for the monitoring of the implementation of the WEEE Directive.

11.2. Quality management - assessment

Overall data are of good quality. Data are collected from reliable sources applying high standards with regard to the methodology and ensuring a high degree of comparability.

12. Relevance Top
12.1. Relevance - User Needs

Main users are: the European Commission (for purposes of monitoring waste legislation), the Council, the European Parliament, researchers, politicians, general public, etc.

Data is collected for the monitoring of the WEEE collection rate, WEEE recycling and recovery targets set by the Directive 2012/19/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 04 July 2012 on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE).

More information on the policy context can be found here: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/weee/index_en.htm

12.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

No systematic user satisfaction survey has been conducted. User satisfaction is discussed with the main user from the European Commission.

12.3. Completeness

Reporting is mandatory and the data sets have a high level of completeness.

13. Accuracy Top
13.1. Accuracy - overall


The accuracy is of high quality.

13.2. Sampling error

Not applicable

13.3. Non-sampling error

Not applicable

14. Timeliness and punctuality Top
14.1. Timeliness

Data have to be submitted 18 months after the reference period (T+18). The delay between the reference period and the data publication is about 20 months (T+20).

14.2. Punctuality

Data have to be submitted 18 months after the reference period.  Most countries do respect this deadline, some countries deliver with a small delay. In a few cases the delay is more than 6 months.

15. Coherence and comparability Top
15.1. Comparability - geographical

The comparability across countries is good due to clear statistical concepts and definitions.

15.2. Comparability - over time

Reporting is mandatory, comparability over time is fairly high as of reference year 2006.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain

Not available

15.4. Coherence - internal

Internal coherence is ensured by Eurostat thus aggregates are coherent with sub-aggregates.

16. Cost and Burden Top

Not applicable

17. Data revision Top
17.1. Data revision - policy

All published data should be regarded as final unless indicated as provisional. Correction of errors is possible. Data revision calendar: November (T+23) and March (T+28).

17.2. Data revision - practice

See 17.1

18. Statistical processing Top
18.1. Source data

Member States follow different approaches, the set-up of "producer compliance schemes" responsible for the implementation of and the reporting on  Directive 2012/19/EU  on WEEE is very common.

Competent authorities like Ministries of Environment or Environmental Protection Agencies) collect data from various sources:

• Surveys
• National statistical institute
• Administrative sources such as municipalities or other local authorities (provinces, regions, etc.), waste collectors at municipal/local level, waste treatment facilities
• Responsible producers, exporter/importer businesses.

18.2. Frequency of data collection


18.3. Data collection

Data collection is done by reporting countries, either the Ministry of  Environment, or Environment Agency collect the data and provide the methodology report on WEEE.
The EDAMIS workflow for WEEE is WASTE_WEEET1_A  , WASTE_WEEET2_A (data) and WASTE_WEEEMTH_ methodology report).

18.4. Data validation

Data validation is done by Eurostat in close cooperation with Member States' competent Authorities. Certain data format checks are carried out during the data entry into the webform. The validation routines at Eurostat include checks related to consistency, plausibility, development over time and clarification requests are sent to countries in case of observations. Methodology reports from Member States are consulted during the validation process. In case of revision of data the Member State transmit a new web-form.

18.5. Data compilation

The European aggregates are calculated by adding up the national waste amounts. EU aggregates are compiled when the available countries represent 60% of the population and 55% of the number of countries defining the aggregate; data for missing countries are estimated on the basis of the previous year.

Eurostat calculates the collection rate, e.g. the "per capita" value by dividing the reported amount of separately collected WEEE from households by the average population of the relevant year.
The average population for the calculation of kg per person is taken from the table "Demographic balance and crude rates" (demo_gind, indic_de=AVG) in Eurobase.

18.6. Adjustment

Not available

19. Comment Top

Not available

Related metadata Top

Annexes Top
Country specific notes_WEEE.pdf