Primary energy consumption (sdg_07_10)

ESMS Indicator Profile (ESMS-IP)

Compiling agency: Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union

Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Relevance
4. Statistical Indicator
5. Frequency and Timeliness of dissemination
6. Coverage and comparability
7. Accessibility and clarity
8. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)
Eurostat Quality Profile
4.5. Source data


5.1. Frequency of dissemination Every year
5.2. Timeliness T+2 years
6.1. Reference area All EU MS
6.2. Comparability - geographical All EU MS
6.3. Coverage - Time > 10 years
6.4. Comparability - over time > 4 data points

Description of Eurostat quality grading system under the following link.

For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT


1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union

1.2. Contact organisation unit

E2: Environmental statistics and accounts; sustainable development

1.5. Contact mail address

e-mail contact:

2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 19/03/2018
2.2. Metadata last posted 28/05/2020
2.3. Metadata last update 28/05/2020

3. Relevance Top

This indicator is part of the indicator sets:

a) EU Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) indicator set where it is used to monitor progress towards SDG 7 on affordable and clean energy, SDG 12 on ensuring sustainable consumption and production patterns and SDG 13 on climate action. SDG 7 calls for ensuring universal access to modern energy services, improving energy efficiency and increasing the share of renewable energy. To accelerate the transition to an affordable, reliable, and sustainable energy system, countries need to facilitate access to clean energy research, promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology. SDG 12 envisions sustainable consumption and production, which uses resources efficiently, reduces global food and other waste, disposes safely toxic waste and pollutants. SDG 13 aims to implement the commitment to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and operationalise the Green Climate Fund.

b) EU 2020 strategy indicators where it is used to monitor progress towards the EU's objective for climate and energy policy 'Moving towards a 20 % increase in energy efficiency' - to be reached by 2020.

Furthermore, indicator is part of the impact indicators for Strategic plan 2016-2020 referring to the 10 Commission priorities; and is included in the set for the EU's framework Strategy for a Resilient Energy Union.

The Europe 2020 strategy set a target of moving towards a 20 % increase in energy efficiency by 2020. By 2030, the share should further increase to at least a 27 % improvement in energy efficiency (increased to a target of at least 30 % improvement in the Commission’s proposal for a recast energy efficiency directive) according to the 2030 Climate and Energy Policy Framework. The Energy Union strategy highlights that improved energy efficiency will reduce our dependence on energy imports, reduce emissions and drive jobs and growth.

4. Statistical Indicator Top
4.1. Data description

The indicator measures the total energy needs of a country excluding all non-energy use of energy carriers (e.g. natural gas used not for combustion but for producing chemicals).

"Primary Energy Consumption" covers the energy consumption by end users such as industry, transport, households, services and agriculture, plus energy consumption of the energy sector itself for production and transformation of energies, losses occurring during the transformation of energies (e.g. the efficiency of electricity production from combustible fuels) and the transmission and distribution losses of energy).

4.2. Unit of measure

million tonnes of oil equivalent (TOE), index 2005 = 100 and TOE per capita

4.3. Reference Period

Calendar year.

4.4. Accuracy - overall

The indicator is produced according to the high-level quality standards of European Statistics. Details on accuracy can be found in the metadata of the source datasets (see link to related metadata).

From 2005 onwards with all countries conducting the continuous quarterly survey the indicator can be considered fully developed. No estimates are necessary.

4.5. Source data


Data source: European Statistical System (ESS).

Data provider: Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, based on Energy saving - annual data.

5. Frequency and Timeliness of dissemination Top
5.1. Frequency of dissemination

Every year

Indicator is updated annually in May.

5.2. Timeliness

T+2 years

New data points are disseminated within two years after the reference year.

6. Coverage and comparability Top
6.1. Reference area


Data are presented for all EU Member States plus the United Kingdom, Iceland, Norway, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Albania, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Turkey.

6.2. Comparability - geographical


Data are comparable between all EU Member States respectively other presented countries due to the use of joint questionnaires (harmonised methodology for all EU and OECD countries).

6.3. Coverage - Time

> 10 years

Presented time series (including EU aggregates) starts in year 2000.

6.4. Comparability - over time

> 4 data points

Length of comparable time series without methodological break is longer than 4 data points.

7. Accessibility and clarity Top
7.1. Dissemination format - Publications

Analysis of indicator is presented in

a) Eurostat's annual monitoring report on Sustainable development in the EU (progress towards SDGs in the EU context).

b) Eurostat's annual monitoring report on the Europe 2020 strategy 'Smarter greener, more inclusive? - Indicators to support the Europe 2020 strategy'.

7.2. Dissemination format - online database

See tables:

a) sdg_07_10

b) t2020_33

7.3. Dissemination format - other

Eurostat dedicated section on:

a) SDGs:

b) EU 2020 strategy:

8. Comment Top

Copyrights: Eurostat Copyright/Licence Policy is applicable.

Related metadata Top
nrg_ind_eff_esms - Energy efficiency

Annexes Top