EDUCATION AND TRAINING

National Reference Metadata in ESS Standard for Quality Reports Structure (ESQRS)

Compiling agency: National Statistics Office (NSO)

Time Dimension: 2019-A0

Data Provider: MT1

Data Flow: EDUCAT_ESQRS_A


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Statistical presentation
3. Statistical processing
4. Quality management
5. Relevance
6. Accuracy and reliability
7. Timeliness and punctuality
8. Coherence and comparability
9. Accessibility and clarity
10. Cost and Burden
11. Confidentiality
12. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)
 



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

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1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

National Statistics Office (NSO)

1.2. Contact organisation unit

Tourism and Education Statistics

1.5. Contact mail address

National Statistics Office, Lascaris, Valletta, VLT 2000


2. Statistical presentation Top
2.1. Data description

A general description of the statistical process and its outputs, and their evolution over time.

 

NATIONAL EDUCATION SYSTEM
The following documents provide general information on the educational system; please add the relevant links for your country.

General link to Eurydice:
https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/home_en
National system broad overview:

http://ncfhe.gov.mt/en/aboutus

National Education System Description:
 http://education.gov.mt/en/Pages/educ.aspx
National Education System - Provisions regarding language learning:

https://education.gov.mt/en/Documents/A%20National%20Curriculum%20Framework%20for%20All%20-%202012.pdf

https://curriculum.gov.mt/en/new_syllabi/Documents/Other/Foreign_Languages_MQF_Level_3.pdf

Structure of Education and Training Systems:
 https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/malta_en

 

Please, use the box below if you wish to complement or amend the information provided by Eurydice:
 

 

Link to the ISCMAP programme and qualification:
Annex I
National link to programmes and qualifications:
https://ncfhe.gov.mt/en/services/Pages/All%20Services/mqric.aspx

 

Further information on data flagged ‘d’ in the database is available to download from the Annex of the Metadata page for Education administrative data from 2013 onwards (ISCED 2011):
https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/cache/metadata/en/educ_uoe_enr_esms.htm


Annexes:
Malta ISCED Map 2017-2018
2.2. Classification system

 ISCED CLASSIFICATION & ISCED Fields of Education and Training:

http://uis.unesco.org/en/topic/international-standard-classification-education-isced

2.3. Coverage - sector

All institutions offering formal education in the public, government dependent and independent sectors.

2.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

https://circabc.europa.eu/w/browse/9a687a2c-b8a9-4ccb-8c15-67e07099c35f

2.5. Statistical unit

Institutions providing formal education.

2.6. Statistical population

All students, graduates and personnel in formal education from public, government dependent and independent sectors.

2.7. Reference area

National.

2.8. Coverage - Time

Detailed information on Education Statistics is available as from 2012.

2.9. Base period

Not applicable.


3. Statistical processing Top
3.1. Source data

For each UOE table, please list the source(s) used to compile information: UOE table, name, type, date of availability and responsibility.

 

Sources used for data on enrolments
Detailed variables concerned Name of the source Type (Survey / Register / Estimation / Other) Responsible of the source (UOE data provider / Other: which-one?)
ISCED 0 - 3 School Information System (SIS) for students in state schools Register Ministry for Education and Employment
ISCED 0 - 3 NSO census among State-dependent and Independent schools Survey Heads of schools
ISCED 3-6 General and Vocational post secondary institutions Survey Heads of institutions and Ministry for Education and Employment
ISCED 5-8 Tertiary education institutions (including University of Malta and other private institutions) Survey Heads of institutions

 

Sources used for data on entrants
Detailed variables concerned Name of the source Type (Survey / Register / Estimation / Other) Responsible of the source (UOE data provider / Other: which-one?)
ISCED 0 - 3 School Information System (SIS) for students in state schools Register Ministry of Education and Employment
ISCED 0 - 3 NSO census among State-dependent and Independent schools Survey Heads of schools
ISCED 3-6 General and Vocational post secondary schools Survey Heads of institutions
ISCED 5-8 Tertiary education institutions (including University of Malta and other private institutions) Survey Heads of institutions

 

Sources used for data on personnel
Detailed variables concerned Name of the source Type (Survey / Register / Estimation / Other) Responsible of the source (UOE data provider / Other: which-one?)
ISCED 0 - 3 State teaching and non teaching data, independent teaching data, and church teaching and non teaching staff data Register Ministry of Education and Employment
ISCED 0 - 3 NSO census among Independent schools for non teaching staff data Survey Heads of schools
ISCED 3-6 General and Vocational post secondary schools Survey Heads of institutions
ISCED 5-8 Tertiary education institutions (University of Malta and other private insitutions) Survey  Heads of institutions

 

Sources used for data on enrolments at regional level
Detailed variables concerned Name of the source Type (Survey / Register / Estimation / Other) Responsible of the source (UOE data provider / Other: which-one?)
Not Applicable      

 

 

Sources used for data on foreign languages learning
Detailed variables concerned Name of the source Type (Survey / Register / Estimation / Other) Responsible of the source (UOE data provider / Other: which-one?)
ISCED 1 - 3 School Information System (SIS) for students in state schools Register Ministry of Education and Employment
ISCED 1 - 3 NSO census among State-dependent and Independent schools Survey Heads of schools

 

 

Sources used for data on graduates
Detailed variables concerned Name of the source Type (Survey / Register / Estimation / Other) Responsible of the source (UOE data provider / Other: which-one?)
ISCED 3 Exams database Register Ministry of Education and Employment
ISCED 3 NSO census of State-dependent and Independent schools Survey Heads of schools
ISCED 3-5 General and Vocational post secondary schools Survey Heads of institutions
ISCED 5-8 Tertiary education institutions (University of Malta and other private institutions) Survey Heads of institutions

 

Sources used for data on education expenditure
Detailed variables concerned Name of the source Type (Survey / Register / Estimation / Other) Responsible of the source (UOE data provider / Other: which-one?)
ISCED 0 - 3 NSO census of Independent schools Survey Heads of schools
All ISCED levels  Public Finance Unit (NSO) Register  NSO
ISCED 0 - 3 Secretariat for Catholic Schools Register  Curia
ISCED 4-8 Post-secondary and Tertiary education institutions (University of Malta and other private institutions) Survey Heads of institutions

 

Sources used for data on credit mobility
Detailed variables concerned Name of the source Type (Survey / Register / Estimation / Other) Responsible of the source (UOE data provider / Other: which-one?)
ISCED 5-8 Tertiary education institutions (University of Malta and other private institutions) Survey Heads of institutions

 

 

3.2. Frequency of data collection

Annual.

3.3. Data collection

Information regarding state-owned pre-primary, primary and secondary schools is received from MEDE, while electronic questionnaires are sent to church and independent schools covering pre-primary to upper-secondary levels.

Institutions offering post-secondary and Tertiary education are contacted directly by NSO via an email questionnaire.

Prior to data analysis, data from different sources are checked for completeness and merged into a single data file.



Annexes:
Finance Questionnaire Tertiary
Finance Questionnaire Pre-Primary to Post-Secondary
Further and Higher Institutions Questionnaire
Non-teaching Questionnaire
Post-Secondary Private Questionnaire
Post-secondary State and Church Questionnaire
Pre-primary students Questionnaire
Primary students questionnaire
Secondary students questionnaire
3.4. Data validation

Data checking and validation takes place at different stages of production. In the first instance data is checked for completeness and a broad comparison with data from the previous academic years is carried out. Subsequently, data is appropriately coded.

3.5. Data compilation

Operations performed on data to derive new information according to a given set of rules.

Weighting methods
Weighted figures for differing reference periods Weighted figures for differing theoretical ages Conversion factors from part-time to full-time equivalent (FTE) data
 Not applicable  Not applicable  2 part-timers are equivalent to 1 full timer.

 

Estimations methods used in the UOE questionnaires
Type of data Detailed variables concerned ISCED level Reference year(s) Data source (internal to UOE or not) Data type (sample-based or not) Data source name in English Reason Description of the estimation method
Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
3.6. Adjustment
Finance: Students are adjusted for the financial year by taking two thirds of academic year t+3 and one third of year t+2.


4. Quality management Top
4.1. Quality assurance

Significant investment has been made in order to improve the quality of education statistics and the efficiency with which these are produced. All variables are realistically achieved.

4.2. Quality management - assessment

Education datasets are considered very exhaustive: For this reason a lot of time and effort goes into cleaning the data especially since the administrative sources (registers) on which they are based are not designed for statistical reasons.

Auxiliary sources and past data are consulted in the case of missing data.

The NSO also works to establish better relationships with its administrative data providers; with the knowledge that if these understand better what data is sought, the data quality will also improve. NSO also proposed and succeeded in convincing administrative data providers to modify the content of their databases to better cater for its statistical requirements. To this end, education statistics can be considered to be of good quality in view of more accurate administrative data being collected.


5. Relevance Top
5.1. Relevance - User Needs

The main users of UOE data are:

  • Central government - Particularly the Ministry for Education and Employment (MEDE)
  • The National Commission for Further and Higher education (NCFHE)
  • The Central Bank of Malta (CBM)
  • Other units within NSO
  • Other institutions falling under the education domain
  • Independent educational institutions
  • Researchers and students.
  • General public.
5.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

A user satisfaction survey was carried out by the NSO to measure the degree with which it meets its obligations towards its users.  The survey was held in 2014, and a dedicated news release outlines main results from this survey, which can be accessed through: 

http://nso.gov.mt/en/News_Releases/View_by_Unit/Unit_01/Methodology_and_Research/Pages/User-Satisfaction-Survey.aspx

5.3. Completeness

The extent to which all statistics that are needed are available.

ISCED levels not covered
  Enrolments Entrants Personnel Foreign languages learning Regional enrolments Graduates Credit Mobility Education expenditure
Data not covered Students in adult education are only included in total ENROLMENTS. ISCED01 is not included.       Not Applicable      
Reasons for unavailable data and, planned actions to improve coverage

Data on formal adult education can only be derived from students' ages. Although the AES will provide some information on adult formal education, this survey is not conducted on an annual basis. One should also point out that in AES, data is collected from individuals and not directly from institutions. The latest AES was carried out for reference year 2016.

ISCED 0 data is representative without ISCED 01 enrolments. Following the ETS-WG, we are still working on a methodology to include ISCED 01 figures.

      Not Applicable      
5.3.1. Data completeness - rate

The NSO has full coverage of all education institutions offering formal education. Microdata are collected in sufficient detail to cater for a variety of users' requests. Furthermore the collection covers all mandatory information requested by Eurostat for UOE data transmission.

As per EC Regulation No 912/2013, courses for which the duration is less than the equivalent of part-time, as calculated in full-time equivalent, are excluded in the data collection.  Furthermore all courses that are not delivered in Malta are excluded.


6. Accuracy and reliability Top
6.1. Accuracy - overall

The NSO has full coverage of all education institutions in the target population. Consistency checks are carried out with data provided from previous academic years and coherence tests are made with other auxiliary sources.

6.2. Sampling error

Not Applicable, a census of institutions is undertaken.

6.2.1. Sampling error - indicators

Not Applicable, a census of institutions is undertaken.

6.3. Non-sampling error

Every effort is made to minimise the incidence of non-sampling error such as unit non-response and item non-response, in which case imputations are performed. Nevertheless, since the questionnaire is filled in by the respondents independently, this may cause non-sampling error which can be reduced by adequate validations.

 

6.3.1. Coverage error

Divergence between the frame population and the target population.

 

Vocational training Programmes shorter than one semester
(or Implementation of the semester rule)
Are vocational and technical training programmes in enterprises included in the UOE data collection (YES/NO)? If Yes, how is the 10% school based component over the whole length of the programme assessed? Do (formal) programmes of shorter duration than one semester, full time equivalent duration as defined nationally, exist (YES/NO)? If Yes, how their duration (shorter than one semester) is assessed? Are all programmes of shorter duration than one semester, full time equivalent duration as defined nationally excluded from the UOE data collection (YES/NO)? If NO, how does the coverage deviate from the UOE Manual recommendation?
Yes Based on information provided by the school

Yes

By number of ECTS OR the figure for course duration given as a number of months  Yes  

 

Early childhood education programmes
ISCED 01 programmes Reporting of Age in ISCED 0 Personnel in ISCED 0 What is the starting age of compulsory Primary education (ISCED 1)? This is needed for the calculation of ECE indicators such as 'Pupils aged between 4 years old and the starting age of compulsory education, by sex - as % of the population of the corresponding age group'
Do Early Childhood Educational Development programmes (ISCED 01) exist in the country
(YES/NO)?
If Yes, are these programmes included in the UOE data collection
(YES/NO)?
Are children under the age of 3 reported as participating in ISCED 02 Pre-primary education programmes? (YES/NO) If YES, please explain why. Are Classroom Teachers and Teacher Aides reported separately in the UOE data collection? (YES/NO) If NO, why? How are they reported? What is the minimum level of qualification required to become a Classroom Teacher at ISCED 01 and 02? Please give ISCED level. What is the minimum level of qualification required to become a Teachers’ Aide at ISCED 01 and 02? Please give ISCED level.
 Yes  No  Yes State schools have two intakes for the first year in ISCED02. The first intake includes younger students who would need to repeat the first year in ISCED02. We confirm that younger students (those aged 2 year olds from the 2nd intake) are engaged in the same setting as all other children (those aged 3 year olds from the 1st intake) at the ISCED 02 level in terms of class level and educational content of that academic year.  Yes    Minimum requirement for ISCED01 is ISCED35. Minimum requirement for ISCED02 is ISCED6.  ISCED 3  5 Years old

 

Special education needs (SNE) programmes

Are students in special education included in the data provided on enrolments, entrants, graduates and regional data
(YES/NO)?
If NO, could you please specify for which questionnaires and explain why?
 

Enrolments - Yes

Graduates - No

Not included in the graduates questionnaire as the ISCED level attained by these students is insufficient for level completion. 

 

Adult education programmes and "continuing education"

Are adult education programmes included in the data? (YES/NO)  If NO, why?  If YES, does the national definition of “adult” or “continuing” education fully comply with the category as defined by the UOE manual? If the national definition of “adult” or “continuing” education programmes does not fully comply with the category as defined by the UOE manual, how it is assessed that the national “adult” or “continuing” programmes are similar or equivalent to corresponding initial education? 
 Yes    Yes  

 

Students enrolled in educational institutions organised by ministries other than ministry of education

Do educational programmes organised by Ministries other than Ministry of education exist in the country (YES/NO)?  If Yes, what is the coverage of these programmes in the UOE data collection?  If Yes, and if relevant,which of those programmes are excluded from the UOE data collection?
 Yes  Depends on the duration. Exclusion of programmes which do not satisfy duration and courses not delivered in Malta, as specified in Manual. 

 

Domestic educational activities Distance learning / e-learning programmes
Are all country’s domestic educational activities reported in the UOE data collection (YES/NO)? If NO, which domestic educational activity (e.g. for example Distance learning/e-learning involving two countries, commuting students, foreign campus, European administration schools, etc.) are not reported and why? Are distance learning programmes data reported in the UOE questionnaires? (YES / NO / Partially / Not relevant) If NO, please explain why. If Partially, which ones are excluded and for what reasons? If distance students are included in the data, are national distance learners in programmes organised by institutions outside your country excluded?
 Yes    Yes      Yes

 

Students participating in exchange programmes (credit mobile students) Foreign languages learning
Are students in short term postings (i.e. exchange programmes (credit mobility)) excluded from the population of students in the data collection (YES/NO)? If Yes, how the length of their stay abroad is assessed? If NO, why they are not excluded? Are students with SNE (Special Needs Education) enrolled in special schools excluded from the data on foreign languages? (YES/NO) Apart from SNE pupils, is the scope of the population the same as the total of students enrolled? (YES/NO) If NO, which pupils are not included?
 No   They are included in the national enrolments for academic year.

Students remain enrolled with the local institution.

 Yes  Yes  

 

National programmes not covered by the UOE data collection, by ISCED level - Reasons why they are not covered
Programmes not covered at ISCED 0-Early childhood education Programmes not covered at ISCED 1-primary level of education Programmes not covered at ISCED 2-lower secondary level of education Programmes not covered at ISCED 3-upper secondary level of education Programmes not covered at ISCED 4-post-secondary non-tertiary education Programmes not covered at ISCED 5-short-cycle tertiary education Programmes not covered at ISCED 6– Bachelor's or equivalent level Programmes not covered at at ISCED 7 – Master's or equivalent level Programmes not covered at ISCED 8 – Doctoral or equivalent level  
ISCED 01 is not included. ISCED 0 data is representative without ISCED 01 enrolments. Following the ETS-WG, we are still working on a methodology to include ISCED 01 figures.     Programmes of a duration less than the equivalent of part time FTE are excluded. Programmes of a duration less than the equivalent of part time FTE are excluded. Programmes of a duration less than the equivalent of part time FTE are excluded.  Programmes of a duration less than the equivalent of part time FTE are excluded.  Programmes of a duration less than the equivalent of part time FTE are excluded.     

 

Graduates: unduplicated count
Is the method of unduplicated count used for calculation of Graduates in the UOE data collection
(YES/NO)?
If YES, please explain the method.
Yes If a student attains more than one qualification in the same ISCED level in a given academic year, he is only counted as one graduate.

 

Tertiary education programmes (ISCED Levels (5-8)
Orientation of programme in tertiary education Personnel in tertiary education, Academic staff
Does the orientation (general/academic, vocational/professional) in tertiary education (ISCED levels 5 to 7) exist in the country
(YES/NO)?
If YES, what is the national definition of the programme orientation? Are PhD candidates who are employed and hold titles such as teaching assistant, teaching associate, teaching fellow, research assistant reported as academic staff in the UOE data collection (YES/NO)?
 No    Currently we do not have a database for personnel by qualification.
6.3.1.1. Over-coverage - rate

Not applicable.

 

6.3.1.2. Common units - proportion

Not applicable.

6.3.2. Measurement error

Not applicable.

6.3.3. Non response error

In circumstances where variables are missing, these are retrieved from auxiliary administrative registers or past data.

6.3.3.1. Unit non-response - rate

Not applicable.

6.3.3.2. Item non-response - rate

Minimal.

6.3.4. Processing error

Not applicable.

6.3.4.1. Imputation - rate

Not Applicable.

6.3.5. Model assumption error

Not applicable.

6.4. Seasonal adjustment

Not applicable.

6.5. Data revision - policy

Education statistics are not normally subject to revisions. However, whenever revisions are carried out, these are always adequately documented both in the quality report that is annually sent to Eurostat and in the methodological sheet accompanying NSO news releases.

6.6. Data revision - practice

Any change in a value of a statistic released to the public.

 

Type of data reviewed Detailed variables concerned Reference time period Year when the revision was made Reason having led to the revision Consequences on accuracy
Enrolments

ENRL4 and ENRL5 tables for fields 0588 and 0910.

 

2016-2017

 

2019

Minimal misclassification of fields 0588 which are now recoded in field 0910.

Improvement in accuracy.
Finance Overall quality enhancement 2018 2019  Further enhancement in methodology and ISCED allocation
  Improvement in accuracy.
Finance  Provisional revision of ISCED 4 2017 2019

Over reporting in expenditure in ISCED 4 

Improvement in accuracy.
Entrants  Mobile Entrants in ISCED 7 Long First degree 2016-2017 2019

Over reporting

Improvement in accuracy.
6.6.1. Data revision - average size

Not available.


7. Timeliness and punctuality Top
7.1. Timeliness

Length of time between data availability and the event or phenomenon they describe. Typically includes:

 

Information related to the latest reference year (academic year t-t+1, or financial year t)
Data collection Post-collection phase Dissemination/publication in your country Additional comments on deadlines and timeliness
Type of data Start date End date Start date End date Start date End date
Students / Personnel April year t+1 May of year t+1 for all education levels This process commences as soon as all the data is received. September year t + 2 April t+3 May t+3 Deadlines are consistently met.
Graduates December year t+1 February of year t+2 for Post-secondary and tertiary institutions This process commences as soon as all the data is received. November year t +2

May t+3

June t+3 Deadlines are consistently met.
Finance April t+1 September t+1 This process commences as soon as all the data is received. November t+2

N/A

N/A Deadlines are consistently met.
7.1.1. Time lag - first result

September year t+2 for student UOE Enrolments, Entrants, Class, Languages and Personnel. November year t+2 for UOE Graduates, Credit Mobility and Finance.

7.1.2. Time lag - final result

Not applicable.

7.2. Punctuality

All information was submitted to Eurostat on time.

7.2.1. Punctuality - delivery and publication

The number of days between the delivery/release date of data and the target date on which they were scheduled for delivery/ release.

 

Submission dates for the latest reference year (academic year t-t+1, or financial year t)
Deadline for transmission of data: 30 September t+2 Deadline for transmission of data: 30 November of t+2
Enrolments Entrants Personnel Foreign languages learning Regional data Graduates Education expenditure Credit mobility
September year t+2 September year t+2 September year t+2 September year t+2 NA November year t +2 November year t+2 November year t+2

 

If relevant, reasons for late delivery and action taken or planned for improving punctuality
Enrolments Entrants Personnel Foreign languages learning Regional data Graduates Education expenditure Credit Mobility
         NA      


8. Coherence and comparability Top

The UOE manual is adhered to for the whole procedure, thus enabling geographical comparability across EU Member states, OECD members and the EFTA countries.

8.1. Comparability - geographical

The extent to which statistics are comparable between countries.

A. Deviations between the national methodology and the UOE Manual: non financial data

Reference period Data collection period Reference date for student and personnel ages
 2018 (academic year 2017/2018) April-June 2018  01 January 2018

 

Enrolment: data collection period Enrolment in multiple fields of education Count of students: if relevant, detailed list of variables for which double counting are significant and why. Regional enrolment Foreign languages learning
 April-June 2018        

 

Entrants New entrants by field of education Graduates from specific programmes Graduates by field of education
        

 

Educational personnel in work- and school-based combined programmes Educational personnel taxonomy: classroom teachers (ISCED 0-4) and academic staff (ISCED 5-8) Educational staff at ISCED level 0 Educational personnel at ISCED levels 5-8 Educational personnel and temporary replacements
         

 

B. Deviations between the national methodology and the UOE Manual: financial data

Expenditure at the pre-primary level - the childcare component
Reference period Expenditure at the pre-primary level: is the childcare component excluded (yes/no/partially)? If yes, which is exactly the share of "day care component" to be excluded from the data on the pre-primary level? If no, which estimation method is used to determine the share? Expenditure for teaching/academic hospitals Ancillary services expenditure Evening child care
2017 Partially. ISCED 01 is not included.  No deviation No deviation Not included

 

Cost of a dual-system programme to the employer. Adjustment of enrolments in case there is no data on expenditure at the workplace Expenditure for contributions on pension schemes Households' payments for private tutering Student living costs Ancillary services coverage
No deviation No deviation No deviation No information available No information available No deviation
8.1.1. Asymmetry for mirror flow statistics - coefficient

Not applicable.

8.2. Comparability - over time

The extent to which statistics are comparable or reconcilable over time.

 



Main changes compared to data transmitted for the previous reference period
Enrolments Entrants Personnel Foreign languages learning Regional data Graduates Education expenditure Credit Mobility
Changes in the educational system          NA      
Changes in the coverage As from academic year 2017/18, various institutions changed the method of enrolment and started enrolling directly at ISCED level 6 instead of level 5. As from academic year 2017/18various institutions changed the method of enrolment and started enrolling directly at ISCED level 6 instead of level 5.      NA As from academic year 2017/18various institutions changed the method of enrolment and started enrolling directly at ISCED level 6 instead of level 5.   As from academic year 2017/18various institutions changed the method of enrolment and started enrolling directly at ISCED level 6 instead of level 5.
Changes in the methodology          NA   As from 2017 an enhancement in data analysis and methodology was adopted. The NSO plans to adopt these measures for years 2013-2015 to ensure coherence and comparability.  
Other changes          NA      

 

Main changes over time
Type of data Detailed variables concerned Reference year(s) Changes in the educational system Changes in the coverage Changes in the methodology Other changes
    2012-2013   Upper secondary education Reclassification from ISCED 2 to ISCED 3  
    2012-2013   Courses of duration lower than 30 ECTS (equivalent to part-time FTE) were removed from the data Students/ Persons age is being calculated as at 1st January  
    2012-2013   Distinction between vocational and pre-vocational education ISCED 97 TO ISCED 11  
    2014-2015   Fields of study 1999 classification to 2013 classification  
    2013-2016   Students attending vocational institutions at level 4. ISCED 45  to ISCED 35  
8.2.1. Length of comparable time series

Data prior to academic year 2012/2013 has not been revised to include the reclassification of upper secondary education and is therefore not comparable to other data. 

ISCED 11 was used, as requested, for the first time for academic year 2012/2013. Previous data is classified in ISCED 97.

Fields classification 2013 was used as from 2014/2015, previous data was classified in Fields classification 1999.

ISCED 45 was revised and recoded into ISCED 35. This change has been applied as from academic year 2012/2013.

8.3. Coherence - cross domain

The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with those obtained through other data sources or statistical domains.

 

Name of the national publication Coherence issues
 Further and Higher Education Statistics  MQF level vis-a-vis ISCED level; NCFHE includes short courses.
8.4. Coherence - sub annual and annual statistics

Not applicable.

8.5. Coherence - National Accounts

The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with National Accounts.

 

Calculation method Scope of education
 By ISCED  
8.6. Coherence - internal

Some aggregated data is shared on an annual basis with other units within NSO and consistency with their datasets is assured.


9. Accessibility and clarity Top
9.1. Dissemination format - News release

The following two news releases in relation to education statistics were published during 2019. These cover scholastic years 2014/2015, 2015/2016 and 2016/2017:

Additionally, a release on Teaching English as a Foreign Language was published in 2019 covering year 2018:

 

9.2. Dissemination format - Publications

Students and Graduate data are included in the NSO's publication 'Regional Statistics MALTA 2019 Edition'

(https://nso.gov.mt/en/publicatons/Publications_by_Unit/Documents/02_Regional_Statistics_(Gozo_Office)/Regional%20Statistics%20MALTA%202019%20Edition.pdf)

 

 

9.3. Dissemination format - online database

Not available.

9.3.1. Data tables - consultations

Not available.

9.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

No microdata access is available on this topic.

NSO grants access to microdata under strict conditions to institutions or persons regarded as research entities or researchers. Further information about access to microdata from NSO can be retrieved through: http://nso.gov.mt/en/Services/Microdata/Pages/Access-to-Microdata.aspx

9.5. Dissemination format - other

Ad hoc requests for statistical information can be made through the NSO online portal: http://nso.gov.mt/en/Services/Pages/Request-for-Information.aspx

9.6. Documentation on methodology

Metadata file is available on the NSO's website and can be accessed at: https://nso.gov.mt/metadata/reports.aspx?id=41

9.7. Quality management - documentation

The UOE methodological manual supplied by Eurostat is constantly consulted in order to ensure full conformity with Eurostat definitions.

All methods are documented in a quality report which is updated annually.

Consistency checks are carried out with data provided during previous academic years and coherence tests are made with the use of other auxiliary sources.

9.7.1. Metadata completeness - rate

N/A

9.7.2. Metadata - consultations

N/A


10. Cost and Burden Top

Indication of the cost associated with the collection and production of a statistical product and burden on respondents.

 

Time spent (in working days) Comments
Not available The process to compile and analyse education data is a lenghty one. In fact, three statisticians work on the data collection, cleaning, analysis and dissemination of Education statistics.


11. Confidentiality Top
11.1. Confidentiality - policy

At National level: Confidentiality is one of the major principles guiding the activities of the NSO.

Article 40 of the Malta Statistics Authority Act – Cap. 422 of the Laws of Malta, stipulates the restrictions on the use of information and in Article 41, the prohibition of disclosure of information. Furthermore, Section IX of the Act (Offences and Penalties) lays down the measures to be taken in case of unlawful exercise of any officer of statistics regarding confidentiality of data. No cases of breaches in the law have been recorded to date.

Since its inception, the NSO has always operated within a culture of strict confidentiality to which it is also bound by the provisions of the Data Protection Act – Cap. 586 of the Laws of Malta. 

Refer also to the NSO policy on access to microdata on the NSO's website through: https://nso.gov.mt/en/Services/Microdata/Pages/Access-to-Microdata.aspx

An internal Statistical Disclosure Committee ensures that statistical confidentiality is observed and analyses requests for microdata received by the NSO.

Upon employment, NSO employees are informed of the rules and duties pertaining to confidential information and its treatment. According to the MSA Act, before commencing work, every employee is required to take an oath of secrecy which text is included in the Act. 

At European level: Regulations (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics and its amending Regulation 2015/759, stipulate the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

11.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

Education statistics are released in aggregated format. UOE data collection caters for data to be flagged as ‘c’ (confidential) and this decision is at the discretion of each Member State. The criterion used to determine if a stratum is confidential refers to the absolute count of persons in that stratum. A stratum with less than 3 counts is flagged as confidential.


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ISCED Map 2017-2018 Malta