EDUCATION AND TRAINING

National Reference Metadata in ESS Standard for Quality Reports Structure (ESQRS)

Compiling agency: Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia

Time Dimension: 2019-A0

Data Provider: LV1

Data Flow: EDUCAT_ESQRS_A


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Statistical presentation
3. Statistical processing
4. Quality management
5. Relevance
6. Accuracy and reliability
7. Timeliness and punctuality
8. Coherence and comparability
9. Accessibility and clarity
10. Cost and Burden
11. Confidentiality
12. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)
 



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

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1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia

1.2. Contact organisation unit

Social Statistics Methodology Section

Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia

1.5. Contact mail address

Lāčplēša Street 1

Riga, LV-1301, Latvia


2. Statistical presentation Top
2.1. Data description

This domain covers data on key aspects of the education system.The data show entrants and enrolments in education levels, education personnel and the cost and type of resources dedicated to education.

The following topics are covered:

  • Pupils and students – Enrolments and Entrants
  • Learning mobility
  • Education personnel
  • Education finance
  • Graduates
  • Language learning
National education system description:
2.2. Classification system

International Standard Classification of Education ISCED 2011

ISCED-F 2013 - ISCED Fields of Education and Training 2013 - is a classification of fields of education, which accompanies ISCED 2011 (http://uis.unesco.org/en/topic/international-standard-classification-education-isced). 

2.3. Coverage - sector

Formal education

2.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

Data in UOE tables are presented according to the concepts and definitions of the UOE data collection manuals on education systems statistics. 

2.5. Statistical unit

In the UOE data collection on education statistics, the statistical units collected are students enrolled, entrants, graduates, mobile students enrolled and graduated, education personnel and expenditure.

In the data collection on language learning the statistical unit is enrolments in studies of foreign languages. 

2.6. Statistical population

The statistics refer to education in the school and university system, as defined in the International Standard Classification of Education . The basic unit of classification  is the educational programme. The data collection covers formal education programmes that present at least the equivalent of one semester of full-time study and are provided within the Latvia.  

The UOE data collection covers all organised and sustained learning opportunities for children, youth and adults, including those with special educational needs, irrespective of the institutions or organisations providing them or the form in which they are delivered. They cover school-based general education and vocational education/training (including combined school- and work-based programmes such as dual system apprenticeship). 

2.7. Reference area

Latvia

2.8. Coverage - Time

For non-finance data: school/academic year.

For finance data: calendar year.

2.9. Base period

For expenditure data, the base period is the calendar year and thus running from 1st of January to 31st of December. 

For graduates, period is the calendar year and data refer to all graduates during the calendar year.

Data on students refer to the beginning of the school/academic year. Data on personnel refer  to the beginning of the school/academic year.


3. Statistical processing Top
3.1. Source data

The UOE data collection on education statistics are compiled on the basis of administrative sources, reported by Ministries of Education and Science and surveys conducted by Central Statistical Bureau. Data are coming from administrative records.

Data collections on enrolments, graduates, personnel are census. Data on expenditure is compiled using data from the Ministry of Finance, Household Budget Survey, statistical reports.

3.2. Frequency of data collection

Annual

3.3. Data collection

Data for UOE at ISCED levels 0 and 1-3 (General) are collected using summary data provided by Ministry of Education and Science. Data at ISCED levels 2, 3 (Vocational), 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 are collected by Central Statistical Bureau using statistical reports from education institutes.

3.4. Data validation

To ensure quality of statistical data, Central Statistical Bureau validated results of data compilation. Data collection is compared to data from previous years to observe trends and changes.

3.5. Data compilation

Data are provided in absolute figures. Conversion factors from part-time to full-time equivalent (FTE) data are used for all ISCED levels differently.

Estimation methods used in the UOE questionnaire:

Finance: Each variable concerns all ISCED levels. Data source - Statistics from Ministry of Education and Science, Vocational schools statistics, Higher education statistics, the Treasury and Household Budget Survey. Reason - No breakdown by ISCED level in general education, vocational education and higher education.

Funding on education is divided in compliance with the number of students in corresponding level of education, based on the allocation of the budget in general education, vocational education and higher education.

3.6. Adjustment

Enrolment data are adjusted to the reference period of the financial year. 

According to the OECD recomendations for table FIN-STUDENTS applied formula for number of students to reflect 5/9 from 2016/2017 and 4/9 from 2017/2018.


4. Quality management Top
4.1. Quality assurance

The quality of the education systems statistics from UOE data collection is ensured through specific requirements set in Regulation (EC) No 452/2008 and the details provided in Commission Regulation (EU) No 912/2013 for data from 2013 onwards and Commission Regulation (EU) No 88/2011 for 2011 and 2012 data.

Quality is ensured trough the use of harmonised definitions and concepts.  The quality is discussed in working groups at Eurostat. Central Statistical Bureau respects Eurostat recommendations.

4.2. Quality management - assessment

UOE data collection for Latvia is considered to be of good quality thanks to a harmonised production process. All data used in UOE questionnaires meets national and international requirements and criteria.

CSB of Latvia has provided standard Quality Report and ISCED mapping of national programmes to Eurostat every year.


5. Relevance Top
5.1. Relevance - User Needs

User needs are notified during the time of annual Statistics Surveys Programme creation. Data user needs at national level are discussed and if possible taken into account during the data collection. 

5.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

A specific survey has not been conducted to determine user satisfaction with UOE data collection at national level.

5.3. Completeness

Enrolments – data on homecoming students are not available.

Entrants – data on new entrants to tertiary education (unduplicated count) are not available.

Foreign languages learning – data are not collected by age, only totals for each ISCED level are available.

Personnel – data on management personnel and teacher aides are not available.

Education expenditure -  for all ISCED levels transfers and payments to other private entities are not separated in statistical reports. CSB is receiving information from the Ministry of Education and Science and from Treasury therefore we can not influence data collection process in other institution.

5.3.1. Data completeness - rate

UOE 2019 data collection:

ENRL_2019 - 90%

ENTR_2019 – 84%

GRAD_2019 - 100%

PERS_2019 - 91%

FIN_2019 - 90%


6. Accuracy and reliability Top
6.1. Accuracy - overall

The accuracy of UOE data collection is high.

Possible incompleteness of private expenditure on education might occur, because data on transfers and payments to other private entities are not available separately for all ISCED levels.

6.2. Sampling error

Not applicable.

6.2.1. Sampling error - indicators

Not applicable.

6.3. Non-sampling error

Vocational training

Programmes shorter than one semester
(or Implementation of the semester rule)

Are vocational and technical training programmes in enterprises included in the UOE data collection (YES/NO)?

If Yes, how is the 10% school based component over the whole length of the programme assessed?

Do (formal) programmes of shorter duration than one semester, full time equivalent duration as defined nationally, exist (YES/NO)?

If Yes, how their duration (shorter than one semester) is assessed?

Are all programmes of shorter duration than one semester, full time equivalent duration as defined nationally excluded from the UOE data collection (YES/NO)?

If NO, how does the coverage deviate from the UOE Manual recommendation?

No       Yes  

 

Early childhood education programmes

ISCED 01 programmes

Reporting of Age in ISCED 0

Personnel in ISCED 0

What is the starting age of compulsory Primary education (ISCED 1)? This is needed for the calculation of ECE indicators such as 'Pupils aged between 4 years old and the starting age of compulsory education, by sex - as % of the population of the corresponding age group'

Do Early Childhood Educational Development programmes (ISCED 01) exist in the country
(YES/NO)?

If Yes, are these programmes included in the UOE data collection
(YES/NO)?

Are children under the age of 3 reported as participating in ISCED 02 Pre-primary education programmes? (YES/NO)

If YES, please explain why.

Are Classroom Teachers and Teacher Aides reported separately in the UOE data collection? (YES/NO)

If NO, why? How are they reported?

What is the minimum level of qualification required to become a Classroom Teacher at ISCED 01 and 02? Please give ISCED level.

What is the minimum level of qualification required to become a Teachers’ Aide at ISCED 01 and 02? Please give ISCED level.

 Yes

 Yes

 No

 

Yes

 

 

 

 7 years old

Special education needs (SNE) programmes

Are students in special education included in the data provided on enrolments, entrants, graduates and regional data
(YES/NO)?

If NO, could you please specify for which questionnaires and explain why?

 Yes

 

Adult education programmes and "continuing education"

Are adult education programmes included in the data? (YES/NO) 

If NO, why?

 If YES, does the national definition of “adult” or “continuing” education fully comply with the category as defined by the UOE manual?

If the national definition of “adult” or “continuing” education programmes does not fully comply with the category as defined by the UOE manual, how it is assessed that the national “adult” or “continuing” programmes are similar or equivalent to corresponding initial education? 

Yes    

Students enrolled in educational institutions organised by ministries other than ministry of education

Do educational programmes organised by Ministries other than Ministry of education exist in the country (YES/NO)? 

If Yes, what is the coverage of these programmes in the UOE data collection? 

If Yes, and if relevant, which of those programmes are excluded from the UOE data collection?

Yes Covered  

 

Tertiary education programmes (ISCED Levels (5-8)

Orientation of programme in tertiary education

Personnel in tertiary education, Academic staff

Does the orientation (general/academic, vocational/professional) in tertiary education (ISCED levels 5 to 7) exist in the country
(YES/NO)?

If YES, what is the national definition of the programme orientation?

Are PhD candidates who are employed and hold titles such as teaching assistant, teaching associate, teaching fellow, research assistant reported as academic staff in the UOE data collection (YES/NO)?

Yes

 

 Yes

Not applicable.

6.3.1. Coverage error

Vocational training

Programmes shorter than one semester
(or Implementation of the semester rule)

Are vocational and technical training programmes in enterprises included in the UOE data collection (YES/NO)?

If Yes, how is the 10% school based component over the whole length of the programme assessed?

Do (formal) programmes of shorter duration than one semester, full time equivalent duration as defined nationally, exist (YES/NO)?

If Yes, how their duration (shorter than one semester) is assessed?

Are all programmes of shorter duration than one semester, full time equivalent duration as defined nationally excluded from the UOE data collection (YES/NO)?

If NO, how does the coverage deviate from the UOE Manual recommendation?

No       Yes  

  

Early childhood education programmes

ISCED 01 programmes

Reporting of Age in ISCED 0

Personnel in ISCED 0

What is the starting age of compulsory Primary education (ISCED 1)? This is needed for the calculation of ECE indicators such as 'Pupils aged between 4 years old and the starting age of compulsory education, by sex - as % of the population of the corresponding age group'

Do Early Childhood Educational Development programmes (ISCED 01) exist in the country
(YES/NO)?

If Yes, are these programmes included in the UOE data collection
(YES/NO)?

Are children under the age of 3 reported as participating in ISCED 02 Pre-primary education programmes? (YES/NO)

If YES, please explain why.

Are Classroom Teachers and Teacher Aides reported separately in the UOE data collection? (YES/NO)

If NO, why? How are they reported?

What is the minimum level of qualification required to become a Classroom Teacher at ISCED 01 and 02? Please give ISCED level.

What is the minimum level of qualification required to become a Teachers’ Aide at ISCED 01 and 02? Please give ISCED level.

 Yes

 Yes

 No

 

 Yes

 

 

 

 7 years old

 

Special education needs (SNE) programmes

Are students in special education included in the data provided on enrolments, entrants, graduates and regional data
(YES/NO)?

If NO, could you please specify for which questionnaires and explain why?

 Yes

 

 

Adult education programmes and "continuing education"

Are adult education programmes included in the data? (YES/NO) 

If NO, why?

 If YES, does the national definition of “adult” or “continuing” education fully comply with the category as defined by the UOE manual?

If the national definition of “adult” or “continuing” education programmes does not fully comply with the category as defined by the UOE manual, how it is assessed that the national “adult” or “continuing” programmes are similar or equivalent to corresponding initial education? 

Yes      

 

Students enrolled in educational institutions organised by ministries other than ministry of education

Do educational programmes organised by Ministries other than Ministry of education exist in the country (YES/NO)? 

If Yes, what is the coverage of these programmes in the UOE data collection? 

If Yes, and if relevant, which of those programmes are excluded from the UOE data collection?

Yes Covered  

 

Domestic educational activities

Distance learning / e-learning programmes

Are all country’s domestic educational activities reported in the UOE data collection (YES/NO)?

If NO, which domestic educational activity (e.g. for example Distance learning/e-learning involving two countries, commuting students, foreign campus, European administration schools, etc.) are not reported and why?

Are distance learning programmes data reported in the UOE questionnaires? (YES / NO / Partially / Not relevant)

If NO, please explain why.

If Partially, which ones are excluded and for what reasons?

If distance students are included in the data, are national distance learners in programmes organised by institutions outside your country excluded?

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

Students participating in exchange programmes (credit mobile students)

Foreign languages learning

Are students in short term postings (i.e. exchange programmes (credit mobility)) excluded from the population of students in the data collection (YES/NO)?

If Yes, how the length of their stay abroad is assessed?

If NO, why they are not excluded?

Are students with SNE (Special Needs Education) enrolled in special schools excluded from the data on foreign languages? (YES/NO)

Apart from SNE pupils, is the scope of the population the same as the total of students enrolled? (YES/NO)

If NO, which pupils are not included?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

National programmes not covered by the UOE data collection, by ISCED level - Reasons why they are not covered

Programmes not covered at ISCED 0-Early childhood education

Programmes not covered at ISCED 1-primary level of education

Programmes not covered at ISCED 2-lower secondary level of education

Programmes not covered at ISCED 3-upper secondary level of education

Programmes not covered at ISCED 4-post-secondary non-tertiary education

Programmes not covered at ISCED 5-short-cycle tertiary education

Programmes not covered at ISCED 6– Bachelor's or equivalent level

Programmes not covered at at ISCED 7 – Master's or equivalent level

Programmes not covered at ISCED 8 – Doctoral or equivalent level

           

 

 

 

 

Graduates: unduplicated count

Is the method of unduplicated count used for calculation of Graduates in the UOE data collection
(YES/NO)?

If YES, please explain the method.

 

 

 

Tertiary education programmes (ISCED Levels (5-8)

Orientation of programme in tertiary education

Personnel in tertiary education, Academic staff

Does the orientation (general/academic, vocational/professional) in tertiary education (ISCED levels 5 to 7) exist in the country
(YES/NO)?

If YES, what is the national definition of the programme orientation?

Are PhD candidates who are employed and hold titles such as teaching assistant, teaching associate, teaching fellow, research assistant reported as academic staff in the UOE data collection (YES/NO)?

Yes

 

 Yes

6.3.1.1. Over-coverage - rate

Not applicable.

6.3.1.2. Common units - proportion

Not applicable.

6.3.2. Measurement error

Not applicable.

6.3.3. Non response error

Not applicable.

6.3.3.1. Unit non-response - rate

Not applicable.

6.3.3.2. Item non-response - rate

Not applicable.

6.3.4. Processing error

Not applicable.

6.3.4.1. Imputation - rate

Not applicable.

6.3.5. Model assumption error

Not applicable.

6.4. Seasonal adjustment

Not applicable.

6.5. Data revision - policy

The revision of UOE data collection on education statistics occurs, when the methodology is being changed.

6.6. Data revision - practice

Data is revised after OECD, Eurostat and UNESCO-UIS recommendations.

6.6.1. Data revision - average size

Not applicable.


7. Timeliness and punctuality Top
7.1. Timeliness

Data on pre-primary and general education are collected by Ministry of Education and Science and provided to Central Statistical Bureau in March year t+2.

Vocational education and Higher education data are collected by Central Statistical Bureau in October t+1.

Education expenditure data are collected by Central Statistical Bureau  in October t+1.

7.1.1. Time lag - first result

Not available.

7.1.2. Time lag - final result

Not available.

7.2. Punctuality

Data delivered on time.

7.2.1. Punctuality - delivery and publication

Data delivered on time.


8. Coherence and comparability Top
8.1. Comparability - geographical

Data are considered to be internationally comparable as no deviations between the national methodology and the UOE Manual occur.

Reference period - school/academic year t, t=1 is used.

Data collection period - Enrolments, entrants, graduates, class, personnel and language learning ISCED levels 1, 2, 3 (general education) - as of 1st September t+1.

Enrolments, entrants, graduates, personnel ISCED levels 3 (Vocational), 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 - as of 15th October t+1.

Reference data for students and personnel age - on 1st January. 

8.1.1. Asymmetry for mirror flow statistics - coefficient

Not applicable.

8.2. Comparability - over time

Introduction of ISCED 2011 for UOE 2014 data collection. Non-finance education data up to reference year 2012 are based on ISCED 1997, as from the reference year 2013 ISCED 2011 is applied. Education expenditure data use respectively ISCED 1997 until 2011 data, and ISCED 2011 as from the reference year 2012.

8.2.1. Length of comparable time series

Not available.

8.3. Coherence - cross domain

Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia is the responsible institution for providing and publishing statistical data on education based on internationally used definitions and methodology. Ministry of Education and Science also collects data on education (general education), but data collection is based on internal definitions. Data on enrolments in formal education collected with survey (i.e. Labour Force survey) is not coherent with registered data due to the differences in the time frame. 

8.4. Coherence - sub annual and annual statistics

Not available.

8.5. Coherence - National Accounts

Data on educational expenditure for UOE data collection are compiled on a cash accounting basis.
Under cash basis, expenditure is recorded when cash is paid and revenue is recorded when cash is received.
In the National Accounts system, flows are recorded on an accrual basis.  

8.6. Coherence - internal

Not available.


9. Accessibility and clarity Top
9.1. Dissemination format - News release

A press release is published every January on the website (https://www.csb.gov.lv/en)

More information on planned dissemination of education statistics is available in the release calendar (https://www.csb.gov.lv/en/statistics/calendar)

9.2. Dissemination format - Publications

Education statistics are published in annuals "Statistical Yearbook of Latvia", "Latvia. Statistics in Brief" and "Children in Latvia".

9.3. Dissemination format - online database

https://www.csb.gov.lv/en/statistika/db

9.3.1. Data tables - consultations

Not available.

9.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Not available.

9.5. Dissemination format - other

Not available.

9.6. Documentation on methodology

Methodology notes are published on the website (https://www.csb.gov.lv/en/statistics/statistics-by-theme/social-conditions/education/tables/metadata-educational-institutions-teaching-staff-and)

9.7. Quality management - documentation

Consistency checks are regularly carried out to ensure data quality.

Metadata are published on the website (https://www.csb.gov.lv/en)

9.7.1. Metadata completeness - rate

Not available.

9.7.2. Metadata - consultations

Not available.


10. Cost and Burden Top

Estimation of approximately 100 working days full-time equivalent.


11. Confidentiality Top
11.1. Confidentiality - policy

All data are protected by Statistics Law: https://likumi.lv/ta/en/en/id/274749-statistics-law

11.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

In compliance to the Statistics Law.


12. Comment Top

No additional comments.


Related metadata Top


Annexes Top
ISCED MAPPING