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Biodiversity Strategy


In a nutshell

The EU Biodiversity Strategy aims to halt the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the EU and help stop global biodiversity loss by 2020. It reflects the commitments taken by the EU in 2010, within the international Convention on Biological Diversity.

In practice

In 2011, the EU adopted an ambitious strategy setting out 6 targets and 20 actions to halt the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the EU by 2020 (read the Strategy). The mid-term review of the strategy assesses whether the EU is on track to achieve this objective. It shows progress in many areas, but highlights the need for much greater effort.

On 16 December 2015, the Environmental Council adopted Conclusions on the mid-term review of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020.

On 2 February 2016, the European Parliament adopted a Resolution on the mid-term review of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020.

Protect species and habitats - Target 1

By 2020, the assessments of species and habitats protected by EU nature law show better conservation or a secure status for 100 % more habitats and 50 % more species.

Maintain and restore ecosystems - Target 2

By 2020, ecosystems and their services are maintained and enhanced by establishing green infrastructure and restoring at least 15 % of degraded ecosystems.

Achieve more sustainable agriculture and forestry - Target 3

By 2020, the conservation of species and habitats depending on or affected by agriculture and forestry, and the provision of their ecosystem services show measurable improvements

Make fishing more sustainable and seas healthier - Target 4

By 2015, fishing is sustainable. By 2020, fish stocks are healthy and European seas healthier. Fishing has no significant adverse impacts on species and ecosystems.

Combat invasive alien species - Target 5

By 2020, invasive alien species are identified, priority species controlled or eradicated, and pathways managed to prevent new invasive species from disrupting European biodiversity.

Help stop the loss of global biodiversity - Target 6

By 2020, the EU has stepped up its contribution to avert global biodiversity loss.

Horizontal measures

  • Financing: The Commission aims to track EU expenditure for biodiversity and proof all EU spending against adverse effects on biodiversity. It also provides funding for biodiversity through LIFE and the NCFF.
  • Partnerships: To support the objectives of the strategy, partnerships with private stakeholders and the civil society are needed. The B@B platform, BEST and the TEEB initiative all represent considerable progress in this respect.
  • Knowledge base: The strategy contains several actions to improve monitoring and reporting, to build on the biodiversity knowledge base and fill research gaps.

Mid-term review of the strategy

For more information

For the actual strategy

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