Natural disasters and man-made crises are not gender neutral: they have a different impact on women, girls, boys, and men of all ages. Thus, in order to respond effectively to the different needs of various gender-related groups, humanitarian assistance supported by the European Union must take gender considerations into account.
Integrating gender and age enhances the quality of humanitarian programming, in line with the EU's humanitarian mandate and other international commitments. Aid that is not gender- and age-sensitive is less effective. It risks not reaching the most vulnerable people or failing to respond adequately to their specific needs. Furthermore, it could expose vulnerable populations to risks such as sexual and gender-based violence.
The European Consensus on Humanitarian Aid stresses the need to integrate gender considerations, including protection strategies against sexual and gender-based violence, in humanitarian response. It highlights the importance of promoting the participation of crisis-affected women, girls, boys, and men in the design, implementation and evaluation of humanitarian actions.
The European Commission's gender policy 'Gender in Humanitarian Aid: Different Needs, Adapted Assistance', of July 2013, outlines a reinforced policy approach to gender and gender-based violence in humanitarian settings. To ensure the effective implementation of this policy, the European Commission introduced a Gender-Age Marker in 2014. This is a quality and accountability tool that measures the extent to which EU-funded humanitarian actions integrate gender and age considerations. A first assessment report on the Gender-Age Marker (2014-2015) highlights the usefulness of the marker and calls upon partners to continue investing in capacity-building on gender and age. In 2015, 81% of all EU humanitarian aid integrated gender and age considerations 'strongly’ or 'to a certain extent'. Preliminary data suggests that in 2016, 87.5% of all projects integrated gender and age to some extent. For 2017, preliminary data suggests that this is 89.1%.
In 2016, the European Commission issued a new policy on protection 'Humanitarian Protection: Improving protection outcomes to reduce risks for people in humanitarian crises' that includes further guidance for protection activities, including on gender-based violence. Ensuring that gender is considered in the EU’s humanitarian aid is also laid out in the 'European Union Gender Action Plan 2016-2020'. It sets out the framework for action for all activities on gender equality and women's empowerment in the EU's external relations, including for EU Member States.
From June 2017 to December 2018, the EU led the 'Call to Action on Protection from Gender-Based Violence in Emergencies', a global initiative which aims to drive structural change in the humanitarian system to address gender-based violence. The Call to Action brings together 82 partners, including 17 EU Member States. The EU has been an active member of the Call to Action since its creation in 2013. A Call to Action Road Map 2016-2020 sets out an operational framework with common objectives for the humanitarian community to be translated into targeted actions on the ground. During its leadership of the Call to Action, the EU facilitated the drafting of the 2017 Call to Action Progress Report.
Translating these policies into actions, the EU strives to ensure: