On this page you will find reports and analysis on the trends of ICT Sector and R&D provided by the European Commission as well as external studies conducted at the request of the European Commission.

Digital Economy and Society Index Report 2018 -  Research and Development ICT

The Research and Development ICT presents analysis on the trends of ICT Sector and R&D provided by the European Commission as well as external studies conducted at the request of the European Commission. 

In its first four years, Horizon 2020 (H2020) has allocated EUR 5.7 billion of EU funding to 1 969 projects in the field of ICT, attracting 6 250 organisations. SMEs make up more than 25 % of the participating organisations. 95 % of EU funding in H2020 is allocated to EU Member States, followed by associated countries. Third countries take part in H2020 but with little EU funding (1 %).

The ICT sector value added amounted to EUR 632 billion in 2015. ICT services represented 92 % of total ICT sector value added. ICT services (excluding telecoms) were the dominant sector and the only one to be expanding. The value added of the ICT sector grew much faster than the rest of the economy in real terms. At global level, the share of the ICT sector value added in EU's GDP is lagging behind the main competitors (Japan, United States, China).

The EU's five largest economies (Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Spain) were the five biggest contributors to ICT sector value added in 2015. However, Ireland, a medium-sized country, has by far the highest ICT sector share of GDP (11.6 % in 2014, latest data available).

The ICT sector employed 6.4 m people in 2015. The main employer was the ICT services sector (excluding telecommunications) with 4.7 m people in 2015. The share of employment in the ICT sector relative to total employment was 2.8 % in Europe in 2015.

The EU's five largest economies (Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Spain) were the five biggest employers in the EU's ICT sector in 2015. However, small countries like Malta and Estonia had the highest rate of ICT sector employment as a share of total employment in 2015.

R&D expenditure by business companies (BERD) in the ICT sector amounted to EUR 32 billion in 2015. The ICT services sector was responsible for 63 % (EUR 20 billion) of ICT BERD in 2015. The estimated level of publicly funded expenditure on R&D in the ICT sector in the EU reached EUR 6.4 billion in 2016. Estimated public R&D expenditure in the ICT sector was more than 25 % below the necessary trend line for doubling publicly funded R&D in the ICT sector between 2007 and 2020.

Archive Documents

Documents 2017

  • ICT Sector and R&D performance in the EU 2017 (ppt)
  • Horizon 2020 Research Projects in the ICT domain in the EU 2016 (ppt)

Documents 2016

  • ICT Sector and R&D performance in the EU 2016 (ppt)
  • Horizon 2020 Research Projects in the ICT domain in the EU 2015 (ppt)

Documents 2015

  • Trends in European Research & Development in the EU 2015 (ppt)
  • Trends in European Research & Development in the EU 2015 (pdf)
  • Horizon 2020 Research Projects in the ICT domain in the EU 2015 (ppt)
  • Horizon 2020 Research Projects in the ICT domain in the EU 2015 (pdf)

Documents 2014

  • The EU ICT Sector and its R&D Performance 2014 (ppt/pdf)
  • An Overview of Participation to FP7 and CIP Programs in the ICT Domain 2014 (ppt/pdf)

Documents 2013

StReAM 2012 - annual monitoring report (pdf)

Documents 2012

  • ICT sector and R&D&I (pdf)
  • Pillar actions overview (pdf)
  • StReAM 2011 - annual monitoring report (pdf)
  • Database of ICT research projects (xls)

Documents 2011

  • Monitoring research and innovation (pdf)