The information on this site is subject to a disclaimer, copyright notice and rules related to personal data protection.


The European Commission Directorate General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology maintains this website on behalf of the European Commission to enhance public access to information about its initiatives and European Union policies in general. Our goal is to keep this information timely and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, the Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information on this site.

This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity
  • not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which the Commission services have no control and for which the Commission assumes no responsibility
  • not professional or legal advice (if you need specific advice, you should always consult a suitably qualified professional).

Please note that it cannot be guaranteed that a document available online exactly reproduces an officially adopted text. Only the Official Journal of the European Union (the printed edition or, since , the electronic edition on the EUR-Lex website) is authentic and produces legal effects.

It is our goal to minimise disruption caused by technical errors. However some data or information on our site may have been created or structured in files or formats that are not error-free, and we cannot guarantee that our service will not be interrupted or otherwise affected by such problems. The Commission accepts no responsibility with regard to such problems incurred as a result of using this site or any linked external sites.

This disclaimer is not intended to limit the liability of the Commission in contravention of any requirements laid down in applicable national law nor to exclude its liability for matters which may not be excluded under that law.

© European Union, 1995-2017

Reuse is authorised, provided the source is acknowledged. The Commission's reuse policy is implemented by the Decision of 12 December 2011 - reuse of Commission documents [PDF, 728 KB].

The general principle of reuse can be subject to conditions which may be specified in individual copyright notices. Therefore, users are advised to refer to the copyright notices on individual websites maintained under Europa and in individual documents. Reuse is not applicable to documents subject to intellectual property rights of third parties.

Personal Data Protection

The European Union is committed to user privacy.

The policy on "protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the Community institutions" is based on Regulation 45/2001 on processing of personal data by the EU institutions [PDF, 234 KB] of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2000.

This general policy covers the European Union's family of institutional website, within the .eu domain. Although you can browse through most of these Web Sites without giving any information about yourself, in some cases, personal information is required in order to provide the e-services you request. Websites that require such information treat it according to the policy described in the Regulation above and provide information about the use of your data in their specific privacy policy statements.

In this respect:

  • for each specific e-service, a controller determines the purposes and means of the processing of personal data and ensures conformity of the specific e-service with the privacy policy;
  • within each Institution, a Data Protection Officer ensures that the provisions of the Regulation are applied and advises controllers on fulfilling their obligations (see art. 24 of the Regulation);
  • for all the Institutions, the European Data Protection Supervisor will act as an independent supervisory authority (see art. 41 to 45 of the Regulation).

What is an e-service?

An e-service on Europa is a service or resource made available on the Internet in order to improve the communication between citizens and businesses on the one hand and the European Institutions on the other hand.

3 types of e-services are or will be offered by Europa:

  1. information services that provide citizens, media, business, administrations and other decision-makers with easy and effective access to information, thus increasing transparency and understanding of the policies and activities of the EU
  2. interactive communication services that allow better contacts with citizens, business, civil society and public actors, thus facilitating policy consultations, and feedback mechanisms, in order to contribute to the shaping of policies, the activities and the services of the EU
  3. transaction services that allow access to all basic forms of transactions with the EU bodies, e.g. procurement, financial operations, recruitment, event enrolment, acquisition or purchase of documents, etc.

Information contained in a specific privacy statement

A specific privacy policy statement will contain the following information about the use of your data:

  • what information is collected, for what purpose and through which technical means the EU bodies collect personal information exclusively to the extent necessary to fulfil a specific purpose. The information will not be re-used for an incompatible purpose
  • to whom your information is disclosed. The EU bodies will only disclose information to third parties if that is necessary for the fulfilment of the purpose(s) identified above and to the mentioned (categories of) recipients. The EU bodies will not divulge your personal data for direct-marketing purposes
  • how you can access your information, verify its accuracy and, if necessary, correct it. As a data subject, you also have the right to object to the processing of your personal data on legitimate compelling grounds, except when it is collected in order to comply with a legal obligation, or is necessary for the performance of a contract to which you are a party, or is to be used for a purpose for which you have given your unambiguous consent
  • how long your data is kept. The EU bodies only keep the data for the time necessary to fulfil the purpose of collection or further processing
  • what security measures are taken to safeguard your information against possible misuse or unauthorised access
  • whom to contact if you have queries or complaints

Europa Analytics

Europa Analytics is the corporate service which measures the effectiveness and efficiency of the European Commission's websites on Europa.

By default, website visitors may be tracked using the first-party persistent cookies from Europa. You may choose not to be tracked by Europa Analytics (opt-out); if you change your mind, you can opt-in at a later stage.

Choosing not to be tracked does not affect your navigation experience on Europa sites.

To check your current status and make your choice, tick the corresponding box in the text appearing below.

European Union bodies other than the European Commission (i.e. European Parliament) may use their own Analytics system. Visit their websites for more information.

How do we treat emails you send us?

Europa websites may include contact forms and email protocols, which trigger your email software and allows you to send your comments to a specific functional mailbox.

When you send such a message, your personal data is collected only to the extent necessary to reply. If the team responsible for the mailbox is unable to answer your question, it will forward your email to another service. You will be informed, via email, about which service your question has been forwarded to.

Privacy Statement for Newsroom of the Digital Single Market (DSM)

Service Description

The Newsroom of the Digital Single Market website ("DSM Newsroom") is an on-line service offering a set of features to:

  1. Subscribe to DSM Newsletters;
  2. Self-register, manage your personal profile or cancel it;
  3. Create news; and modify, category and publish news and newsletters on the Internet, via email or RSS.

Why, What, How, and for How Long Time Your Personal Data is Collected

DSM Newsletters' Subscription

  • Why and How: To subscribe for DSM Newsletter(s), you have to select newsletter(s) and provide email address where you wish to receive them.
  • What: DSM Newsroom collects only the list of currently chosen newsletters with the associated email address. No other information at any moment is transferred to other systems, exported from the DSM Newsroom or otherwise further treated.
  • How Long: The DSM Newsroom keeps only the current state of data. No history is saved. Each change of you subscription erases instantly previous data; this includes also cancelling your subscription(s).
    Personal data will be retained for a period of five years after the last interaction of the subject with the Commission Services.

Personal Profile

  • Why and How: For advanced use of DSM Newsroom (like to contribute to its content and so on), you have to create your personal profile. Note that the DSM Newsroom relies on EU Login, the central European Commission Authentication Service. The EU Login transmits to the DSM Newsroom your user name (login) to authenticate you and your email address to enable the Newsroom to send you alerts.
    (If you do not have already an EU Login account, you'll be prompted to create one at the beginning of the registration process.)
  • What: You may edit your own personal profile, namely to add or modify your personal and family names, titles and country you wish to be associated with. This additional information may be displayed to other DSM Newsroom users. You can modify at any moment your own profile, including its cancellation.
  • How Long: The Newsroom keeps only the current state of data. No history is registered. Each change of your profile replaces instantly all (your) data in the DSM Newsroom. This includes also cancelling of your profile – an integral part of modifications available when editing your profile. And this change is instant as well.
    Attention, once you cancel your profile, there are no means to restore it.
    Personal data will be retained for a period of five years after the last interaction of the subject with the Commission Services.
  • Exception: Your user name (login) and email address cannot be changed in the DSM Newsroom because it is provided (and stored) by the EU Login.

Content creation and modification

  • Why and How: Once you have your personal profile in DSM Newsroom, its administrator can grant your profile specific rights as creation of news items, their modification, categorisation, adding comments etc.
  • What: When you create, modify, comment, publish or otherwise alter content in the DSM Newsroom, your user named (login) is associated with the action you have performed to the related piece of content.
  • How Long: Your user name (login) is kept for the whole life-span of a piece of content in question in order to ensure integrity of data and quality control of the content. When you delete your personal profile all references to your user name (login) are erased too and replaced with a generic anonymous name. There is no other treatment of this information.

How do we protect and safeguard your personal data

The DSM Newsroom is developed, maintained and managed by the European Commission.

All information related to the content and users of DSM Newsroom is stored in databases on the servers (all located on the EU territory) in the European Commission Data Centre (ran by DIGIT), the operations of which abide by the Commission's security decisions and provisions established by the Directorate of Security for this kind of servers and services.

The relevant processing operations are under the responsibility of the Head of the Communication Unit, Cooperation Directorate, European Commission Directorate General for Communications Networks, Content & Technology, acting as the Controller.

As this online service collects and further processes personal data, Regulation (EC) 45/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2000 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the Community institutions and bodies and on the free movement of such data, is applicable.

Contact Information

If you have questions regarding this service or concerning any information processed in the service or on your rights contact the support team, operating under the responsibility of the Controller.

Recourse and Complaints

Remarks can be addressed to the European Commission Data Protection Officer.

Complaints, in case of conflict, can be addressed to the European Data Protection Supervisor.