Europe's 5G Corridors
A collaborative network of cross-border corridors between European countries will enable a better environment for the testing and deployment of 5G technology.
Member States and industry first agreed to establish cross-border corridors in September 2017, during the round table on Connected and Automated Driving (CAD) in Frankfurt. A number of Member States have gone on to sign and/or announce bilateral agreements among themselves for more test corridors.
Thanks to these 5G corridors, Europe is currently the biggest experiment area in 5G technology. This affirms Europe's ambition to lead in large-scale testing and early deployment of 5G infrastructure, enabling connected and automated driving (or mobility). Only a pan-European effort will create a secure and safe environment for citizens to enjoy the benefits of connected and automated mobility.
The Commission's CAM Objectives
Currently, the Commission is working towards two goals:
- Realising the cross-border test sections agreed in Frankfurt;
- Developing a European-scale network of corridors.
Funding models for testing
Two funding models for testing have developed simultaneously:
The first model provides a framework for private industry to test whatever they deem of relevance (with agreement from the national authorities). This model thus does not necessarily imply government funding.
The second model is projects-driven, with calls for project proposals organised by governments, and the selected projects benefiting from public (co-)funding.
Initiatives in Place
There are already several important initiatives/projects in place:
- France, Germany and Luxembourg have announced a joint corridor between Luxembourg, Metz and Merzig;
- Norway, Finland and Sweden with the E8 corridor between Tromsø (Norway) and Oulu (Finland) and the E18 corridor between Helsinki, Stockholm and Oslo;
- The Netherlands and Belgium have agreed to the Rotterdam – Antwerp - Eindhoven corridor;
- Spain and Portugal signed a letter of intent to have two joint corridors between Vigo and Porto and between Evora and Mérida, allowing connected automated driving to be tested across borders (April 2018, Digital Day in Brussels);
- Slovenia, Hungary and Austria signed a memorandum of understanding on cross-border cooperation in developing and testing electric, integrated and autonomous vehicles;
- Bulgaria, Greece and Serbia signed a letter of intent on the corridor Thessaloniki – Sofia – Belgrade to develop experimental 5G cross-border corridors that will allow for the testing of driverless vehicles (June 2018, Digital Assembly in Sofia);
- Poland and Lithuania signed a letter of intent on 5/9/2018 to cooperate on technical, legal and policy of the cross-border CAD corridor 'via Baltica' (Warsaw, Kaunas, Vilnius);
- Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia signed a memorandum of understanding for the 'Via Baltica - North'
- Italy and the three presidents of Euroregion Tirol-Südtirol-Trentino have confirmed their intention to work, in cooperation with other interested Member States, on the development of the 5G Corridor on the Brenner-pass motorway.