What is it about?

When speaking about 'cultural and creative sectors' we speak about all sectors whose activities are based on cultural values or artistic and other individual or collective creative expressions.

The ‘cultural and creative industries’, on the other hand, focus more on the further stages of the value chain, including the production and dissemination stages of industrial and manufacturing operations.

Why is it needed?

The cultural and creative sectors have an important role to play in the continuous transition of our societies, and are at the heart of the creative economy. Knowledge-intensive and based on individual creativity and talent, they generate considerable economic wealth and form European identity, culture and values. They show above-average growth and create jobs – particularly for young people – while strengthening social cohesion.

They are at the forefront of innovation and are also at the origin of spillovers to other sectors, as well as to society at large. With the emergence of more and more complex and intertwined value chains and business models, the cultural and creative sectors are increasingly becoming a decisive component in the value chain of almost every product and service.

What is the EC's role?

The 2015-18 Work Plan for Culture, adopted by EU Culture Ministers in December 2014, sets out 4 main priorities for European cooperation in cultural policy-making. One of them concerns the Cultural and creative sectors, the creative economy and innovation. These are complemented through a variety of actions and initiatives, as well as the Creative Europe Programme, and funding from other Commission sources.

What is being done?

The European Union (EU) supports Cultural and Creative Sectors through:

  • Advocacy, evidence on the economy of culture, visibility
  • Regulatory environment for CCS (contribution to Intellectual Property rights revisions in the framework of the the Digital Single Market Strategy
  • EU support programmes: Creative Europe, H2020, Cosme, (including Erasmus for Young Entrepreneurs), Regional Development and Cohesion Funds, Investment Fund, etc.
  • EU cultural policy to enhance peer learning and exchange of best practice (through the Work Plan for Culture, the OMC (Open Method of Coordination) Member States expert groups, civil society dialogues, other peer learning activities with creative hubs, cities, regions,…).