CEF investments are programmed via annual and multi-annual work programmes, which specify the set of priorities and the total amount of financial support to be committed for each of these priorities in a given year. The first programming year under the CEF is 2014.
Multi-annual Work Programmes (MAP)
Between 2014 and 2020, MAPs will be allocated between €20 and €21 billion (or 80% – 85% of the total budget).
The first MAP (Commission implementing decision C(2014)1921 [53 KB] and its annex [349 KB] ) was adopted on 26 March 2014. Its financial envelope amounts to 11 billion €. Calls for project proposals based thereon will be published by 1 September 2014.
The MAPs will only cover projects that are pre-identified in Annex I of the CEF Regulation. These are mainly:
- cross-border projects (rail, inland waterway, road), projects to tackle bottlenecks (rail and inland waterway), port and airport connections and motorways of the sea (MoS) projects along nine core network corridors;
- other core network projects (rail, inland waterway, cross-border road, ports);
- horizontal priority projects that implement: telematics applications for all modes (particularly ITS, ERTMS, RIS, VTMIS), SESAR, new technologies, multi-modality, safety, security, MoS.
The objective of placing such a high concentration of EU funds on a limited set of projects is to improve efficiency and strengthen the visibility of the nine Core Network Corridors. These will be the precursors of the core network, which is due to be completed by 2030.
This high concentration (80-85%) of the EU funds on a clearly limited set of projects has as overall objective to stimulate the efficiency and strengthen the visibility of the nine Core Network Corridors as forerunners of the core network implementation (to be completed by 2030).
Annual Work Programmes (AP)
Between 2014 and 2020, APs will be allocated between €5 billion and €6 billion – or roughly 15% to 20% of the total CEF transport budget.
APs will target projects that address transport infrastructure development or shorter-term transport policy priorities. These include initiatives to reduce rail freight noise, support freight transport services, and specific projects related to transport telematics and innovation. AP priorities can be adjusted annually in line with evolving policy needs.
The first AP (Commission implementing decision C(2014)1919 [52 KB] and its annex [94 KB] ) was adopted on 26 March 2014. Its financial envelope amounts to 1 billion €. Calls for project proposals based thereon will be published by 1 September 2014.