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The studies are subject to a disclaimer and copyright. The studies have been carried out for the European Commission and express the opinions of the organisations having undertaken them. The views have not been adopted or in any way approved by the European Commission and should not be relied upon as a statement of the European Commission's views. The European Commission does not guarantee the accuracy of the information given in the studies, nor does it accept responsibility for any use made thereof.

Copyright in these studies is held by the European Union. Persons wishing to use the contents of these studies (in whole or in part) for purposes other than their personal use are invited to submit a written request to the following address: European Commission - Mobility and Transport DG - Library (DM28, 0/36) - B-1049 Brussels or by electronic form

July 2015

February 2014

  • Report on the State of the EU Road Haulage Market
    • Task A: Collection and Analysis of Data on the Structure of the Road Haulage Sector in the European Union
    • Task B: Analyse the State of the European Road Haulage Market, Including an Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Controls and the Degree of Harmonisation

February 2013

February 2012

December 2010

October 2010

July 2010

June 2009

Appendix A: Case study reports pdf - 2 MB [2 MB]
Appendix B: Country reports (non-case study) pdf - 4 MB [4 MB]
Appendix C: Study of coach terminals pdf - 431 KB [431 KB]
Appendix D: Investigation of the Role of Fatigue in Coach Accidents pdf - 487 KB [487 KB]
Appendix E: Stakeholder Workshop pdf - 89 KB [89 KB]

January 2009

This study has been carried out for the Directorate-General for Energy and Transport in the European Commission and expresses the opinion of the Consortium having undertaken it, led by Transport & Mobility Leuven (Belgium) and also composed by TNO (Netherlands), Laboratoire Central des Ponts et Chaussées (France) and RWTH Aachen University (Germany). It assesses positive and negative implications of a possible revision of the rules in force on weights and dimensions of heavy commercial vehicles, and will be one of the pieces of information that the Commission is assembling before taking a decision on whether or not to proceed with a revision to the current Directive. The views expressed in it have not been adopted or in any way approved by the European Commission and should not be relied upon as a statement of the European Commission's or the Transport and Energy DG's views. The European Commission does not guarantee the accuracy of the information given in the study, nor does it accept responsibility for any use made thereof.

January 2007

Summary Report pdf - 3 MB [3 MB]

Country reports pdf - 3 MB [3 MB]

This study has been undertaken as part of the pilot project on secure parking areas for international lorry drivers on the trans-European road transport network. Its aim was to assess the extent to which road transport employees and industry are faced with security risks at parking areas and to explore possible solutions . The preliminary findings of the study were presented on the 19th September 2006 to representatives of Member States and a number of interested organisations. The final recommendations integrate, to some extent, the comments received during this meeting .

As a follow-up, the Commission services have launched a "call for proposals with a view to obtaining grants for pilot projects to promote secure rest places along the trans-European road network" to support the construction of model parking areas. The constructions are due to start soon.

December 2006

Annexes pdf - 2 MB [2 MB]

The study has been carried out with regard to the Directive 2002/15/EC concerning the organization of working time of persons performing mobile road transport activities.

It investigated the consequences of the exclusion of the self-employed drivers from the scope of the Directive's provisions in respect of road safety, conditions of competition, the structure of the profession and social aspects.

The aim of the study was threefold:

  • to provide an overview of the current state of implementation of the Directive 2002/15/EC,
  • to examine the potential consequences of exclusion of self-employed drivers from the scope of the Directive,
  • to assess the Directive's night time provisions.

The preliminary findings of the study were discussed with experts from stakeholder organisations and member States representatives on 19 September 2006. A summary of the stakeholder discussion is included in the annex of the document.

The European Commission services have taken into consideration the findings and recommendations contained in this study for a report to the European Parliament and the Council concerning the exclusion of self-employed drivers from the scope of the Directive.

April 2006

This report has been written in response to a request for services in the context of the multiple Framework Contract for Economic Assistance Activities (Lot 2) between the European Commission (DG TREN) and a consortium lead by ECORYS .

This study is set around the question to what extent the transport sector and the economy are affected by substantial increases in the price of oil on the world market. It is aimed at to provide a comprehensive insight into the reactions of different actors in the economy (‘economic agents’) to such price shocks, which have occurred several times since the first oil crisis in 1973.

The main objective of the study is to gain a better understanding of the impacts that substantial rises in oil prices have on producers. It provides a set of socio-economic analyses of the impact of oil prices on the transport services users, and on other agents in the economy which are directly or indirectly related to the transport services market. In order to meet the fundamental objective of the research ECORYS and Consultrans have produced the present report on the basis of existing literature, market data and cost models.

The Terms of Reference have distinguished four elements:

  • An analysis of the composition of total transport costs for different modes and Member States to identify the main elements affected by oil price variations
  • An analysis of the impact on different segments of transport users, on the short and longer term, taking into account differences between passenger and freight transport
  • An analysis of the impact on different economic agents, including suppliers of transport services, manufacturers of transport equipment, etc
  • An analysis of reactions by political decision makers.

March 2006

The main findings are:

  • Road cabotage still only accounts for about 1% of total road transport in the EU, despite an 100% increase since its liberalization in 1998; however, in some Member States, road cabotage takes a bigger share of the national market (almost 3% in France and Belgium).
  • For hauliers from certain Member States road cabotage is an important part of their business: for hauliers from Luxemburg, for instance, cabotage represents almost 25% of their total transport performance.
  • While road cabotage is governed by a Council regulation and the Commission has adopted an interpretative communication on road cabotage, several Member States and road transport associations have expressed the need for a more precise and clearer definition of this activity. The current rules are seen to leave too much room for interpretation and to be difficult to enforce.

These findings and the recommendations contained in the study will be taken into account in this year’s revision of the market access legislation for road transport.

June 2005